In this article, the writer and critic Mário de Andrade (1893–1945) focuses on the teaching career of the painter Alberto da Veiga Guignard (1896–1962) in Belo Horizonte, but he also discusses the state of art education in Brazil, especially the kind that is beyond the reach of the academic world of the Fine Arts. While on this subject, he mentions the fleeting (yet paradigmatic) presence of the Instituto de Artes da Universidade do Distrito Federal (which, at the time was in Rio de Janeiro), from 1935 to 1939, where the painter Candido Portinari (1903−1962) and Guignard himself were both teachers.
The Instituto de Belas Artes in the capital city of Minas Gerais to which the writer refers actually did train some students who went on to become outstanding artists in the late 1940s, including the sculptors Amílcar de Castro (1920–2002), Farnese de Andrade (1926–96), Franz Weissmann (1911–2005), and Mary Vieira (1927–2001).
Alberto da Veiga Guignard’s death in 1962 brought an end to an important era for the Instituto which, sometime later was renamed the Fundação Escola Guignard in his honor. The school has since been incorporated into the Departamento de Artes Plásticas da Universidade Estadual de Minas Gerais.