Year (normalized) before 1950×
  • [Letter] 1936 December [to] Pollock, Sandy, Lehman
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1936
    In this brief letter, David Alfaro Siqueiros advises Jackson Pollock and his team that the studio in New York will be closed during the day while he prepares for his forthcoming exhibition in Manhattan. Siqueiros explains that he needs to be alone to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751122

  • [Letter] 1936 Abril 4, New York [to] Leopoldo Mendez
    Tamayo, Rufino
    1936
    In this letter, Rufino Tamayo hints at the friction experienced by an artist who put his personal goals above the demands of political activism. Tamayo promises to report on the failings of the delegation to the LEAR and apologizes for asking the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801636

  • [Letter] 1937 June 9, São Paulo, Brasil [to] Luiz da Câmara Cascudo
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1937
    In this letter, the writer Mário de Andrade critiques the researcher Luiz da Câmara Cascudo’s articles about folklore. He notes, however, the latter’s rigorous, scientific approach to the subject. The letter mentions (though not explicitly) [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1084833

  • [Letter] 1938 Abril 27, [España to] María Teresa León, [México]
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1938
    David Alfaro Siqueiros writes a letter to Teresa León from a military command post in Spain during the Civil War, telling her of his combat experiences at the front and comparing procedures there with artistic work. He sees that in both there are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786046

  • [Letter] 1943 Julio 20, Buenos Aires [to] Presidenta de la Federación de Estudiantes Plásticos del Uruguay
    Oliva Navarro, Juan Carlos, 1888-; Mazza, Raul, 1888-
    1943
    This letter from the Asociación Estímulo de Bellas Artes (AEBA) in Argentina to the Federación de Estudiantes Plásticos del Uruguay (FEPU) invited the Uruguayan students to attend the opening of the exhibition Arte argentino del pasado y del [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1210802

  • [Letter] 1946 Abril 3, [Quito, Ecuador] [to] Libero Badii
    Chale, Gertrudis, 1898-
    1946
    Gertrudis Chale writes to Libero Badii about her stay in the Peruvian city of Arequipa. She mentions the Indianist Peruvian artists José Sabogal and Julia Codesido, commenting sensitively on the native and popular art, seminal concerns of her work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759659

  • [Letter] 1946 Mayo 20, Quito [to] Libero Badii
    Chale, Gertrudis, 1898-
    1946
    Gertrudis Chale writes to Libero Badii about her stay in Quito, Ecuador, and the impact of Quito's landscapes, architecture, and painting on her. She mentions the Peruvian artist Julia Codesido [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759676

  • [Letter] 1948 dec. 21, São Paulo [to] René Drouin, Paris
    Degand, León
    1948
    Letter from Léon Degand—director of the Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo (MAM-SP)—to René Drouin—a Parisian gallerist and the partner of Leo Castelli—discussing details related to the first exhibition at MAM-SP. According to the letter, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110822

  • [Letter] 1965 Junio 8, México D. F., [to] Juan Bracho, Antonio Pujol y Rufino Tamayo
    Pizarro Suárez, Nicolás
    1936
    According to the communiqué, several members of the LEAR [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] were scolded by the League’s Executive Committee for overextending their stay in New York and abandoning their League duties, The members were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801646

  • [Letter] Al Comité Central del Partido Comunista del Uruguay
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1933
    While stating his unflinching loyalty to the communist cause, David Alfaro Siqueiros also provides some important autobiographical information in this letter to the Uruguayan Communist Party Central Committee. He talks about being under house arrest [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238917

  • [Letter] Enero 1930, París, Francia [to] José Cuneo y Bernabé Michelena
    Raykis, Wladimir, 1899-
    1930
    In 1930, Wladimir Raykis (director of Galerie Zak in Paris) sent this letter inviting Uruguayan artists José Cúneo and Bernabé Michelena to exhibit at his exhibition venue which promoted Latin American art between the wars. The dialogue and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1233623

  • [Los cuadros que explico en esta exposición...]
    Espinosa Saldaña, Antonino, 1888-1969
    1947
    This draft of a text by painter Antonino Espinosa Saldaña was for a presentation at an exhibition of his work that did not take place. In it he justifies the absence of titles or any references for the works, “because one should not impose a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143457

  • [Los jóvenes pintores venezolanos que realizan su activa...]
    Liceo Fermín Toro (Caracas, Venezuela)
    1949
    The anonymous author of the prologue to this exhibition catalogue places emphasis on the need for the Taller Libre de Arte (TLA) to prepare high school students—especially those enrolled in the Liceo Fermín Toro—to become a source of aesthetic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101620

  • [MADÍ ha inventado el marco recortado e irregular...]
    Eitler, Esteban, 1913-1960
    1946
    This is the Manifesto in which the Madí group claims to have invented the irregular, cut-out frame; painting and sculpture that incorporate articulated movement; and a form of artistic expression that is both plural and playful. The group also [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731625

  • [Nous autres madistes, prenant les éléments propres de...]
    Movimiento Madí
    1946
    This text describes in French a manifesto by the artists who were members of the Movimiento Madí [Madí Movement], in which they propose the idea of the “invención real” [actual invention]. This is a creation whose aesthetic corresponds as much [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751035

  • [Nuestra encuesta sobre la nueva generación literaria : de Jorge Luis Borges]
    Borges, Jorge Luis, 1899-1986
    1923
    Jorge Luis Borges answer to an opinion poll conducted by the Nosotros [We] journal of writers younger than thirty and trying to determine the existence and qualities of Argentina’s “new literary generation.” The poll consisted of seven [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730796

  • [Por segunda vez, ante la numerosa indiferencia de los muchos...]
    Borges, Jorge Luis, 1899-1986
    1922
    This text refers to the second issue of Prisma: revista mural; underscoring the bold and at times inscrutable quality that characterized the first number of the magazine—which did not exclude the unusual way in which it was published. In this sense [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732628

  • [Se reconocerá por Arte Madí...]
    1947
    The Madí group expressed a desire to invent and construct objects in the very heart of a society that is capable of releasing energy and controlling both space and time. They also proposed that their ideas could be applied to all artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732008

  • [Sem data]
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1924
    This document is a reply by Mário de Andrade to the poet Carlos Drummond de Andrade, dated November 22, 1924. In it, de Andrade voices his opposition to what he considers to be the false binomial that distinguishes national from universal criteria, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782800

  • [Si nos remitimos a la aparición del hombre...]
    Kosice, Gyula, 1924-
    1945
    In this article, Gyula Kosice analyzes the function of art from prehistoric times until the present, thus stressing the importance—to modern art—of invention and of pure composition achieved by means of concrete elements [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 770319

  • [Son las condiciones materiales de la sociedad, las que condicionan las superestructuras ideológicas]
    Arden Quin, Carmelo, 1913-
    1944
    An analytical piece in which Carmelo Arden Quin uses dialectical materialism to explain the transition from representation to the phase of “invention” and pure creation in art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 729906

  • [Terá existido um pintor verdadeiramente surrealista?]
    Mendes Monteiro, Murilo
    1948
    This text by writer Murilo Mendes addresses the connections between the work of Brazilian painter Nery and the Surrealist movement. It contains an account of when, in 1927, Nery met Russian painter Marc Chagall and remarks on certain affinities [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110384

  • [Testimonio de casi tres años de batallar...]
    Bayley, Edgar
    1947
    This prologue introduces an exhibition of works by Manuel Espinosa and Tomás Maldonado, held at theSociedad Argentina de Artistas Plásticos [Argentine Society of Visual Artists], in September 1947. Bayley chronicles the development of both artists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731723

  • [Un signo positivo de esta generación de pintores...]
    Chataing, Bernardo
    1948
    In Bernardo Chataing’s preface, he explains that the Taller Libre de Arte (TLA) invited young painters to participate in its exhibition, which would hold them responsible for creating new art forms. In turn, this would generate multiple trends. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101666

  • [When, in 1926, Tamayo was preparing his first exhibition...]
    Goldwater, Robert John, 1907-1973
    1947
    In this article, art historian Robert Goldwater analyzes the life and work of Mexican painter Rufino Tamayo. Goldwater explains that although Tamayo is thought to have an individual style, when his works are assembled, it is apparent that his work is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126437

  • 1917 - Anita Malfatti
    Malfatti, Anita
    1917
    In this article written in 1917, Anita Malfatti records her impressions of her travels in the United States and Europe. The Brazilian artist enthusiastically describes the protests prompted by the paintings she exhibited on her return to São Paulo. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780289

  • 1er Manifiesto Treintatrentista
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    The first treinta-treintista manifesto is aimed against academics, public officials, thieves of public offices, and in general, all kinds of layabouts and rascals who pretend to be intellectuals. Using iconoclastic language, the ¡30-30! Group [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779430

  • 1er Salón Independiente de Artes Plásticas
    Ateneo de Montevideo
    1937
    There are basically three sections in the catalogue for the Primer Salón Independiente de Artes Plásticas: (1) Statement of principles; (2) List of participating artists; and (3) The text of the tribute to the painter Milo Beretta, mentor to young [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1186701

  • 1er Salón Municipal de Artes Plásticas : Su contenido artístico
    Vitureira, Cipriano S. (Cipriano Santiago), 1907-
    1940
    This special edition of the magazine AIAPE (Agrupación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores) was devoted entirely to the first Salón Municipal de Artes Plásticas (Montevideo, 1940). The sole article in the magazine was written by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1184568

  • 1o. Salão de Arte - Feira Nacional de Indústrias
    1941
    The catalogue for I Salão, the exhibition sponsored by the Feira de Indústrias, includes essays written by the organizers of the event: Elias Chaves Neto, Vittorio Gobbis, and Quirino da Silva. Gobbis talks about the meaning of art and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785193

  • 2° Manifiesto Treintatrentista
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    In the second treinta-treintista manifesto, the group declares the reason for its dispute. It states that the struggle between independent painters and the academics intensified when the presidency changed hands, since certain conservative teachers [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779440

  • 2ª exposición al aire libre en homenaje a Stalingrado : Domingo 8 de Noviembre, 1942
    Federación de Estudiantes Plásticos del Uruguay
    1942
    This document contains information on an exhibition of the Federación de Estudiantes Plásticos del Uruguay (FEPU) held in 1942. A pro-Soviet text is transcribed and a list of participants in the show appears, among them eminent local artists. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1210566

  • 3 llamamientos de orientación actual a los pintores y escultores de la nueva generación americana
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1921
    With his manifesto, David Alfaro Siqueiros sought to position the avant-garde project anew, doing away with belated modernism and impressionism, in favor of Cubo-Futurist expressions and the incipient eruption of Dadaism. This eagerness for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801659

  • 3. Salão da Pro Arte = 3. Jahres-Kunstausstellung der Pro Arte
    Heuberger, Theodor
    1933
    This text is the monthly bulletin of the Sociedade Pro Arte which includes the list for the catalogue of works presented at the III Salão da Pro Arte, a few of which it reproduces within. The following artists participated in the exhibition: Alberto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785228

  • 32 artistas de las Américas : exposición organizada por la Unión Panamericana
    Gómez Sicre, José
    1949
    The exhibition 32 artistas de las Américas was held in Bogotá from February 7–17, 1949. The show was one of the cultural activities promoted by the Visual Arts Unit of the Cultural Affairs Department of the Pan American Union/General Secretariat [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1131079

  • 3er. Manifiesto Treintatrentista
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    The third treinta-treintista manifesto is a flyer written in opposition to the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes, its instruction methods, and the works produced at the school. Subdivided into eight points, the group’s statement describes the basic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779450

  • 4° Manifiesto treintatrentista
    Alva de la Canal, Ramón
    1928
    This manifesto from the Treinta-treintistas [¡30-30! mouvement] discusses the incorporation of new elements and announces the group’s purging and expulsion of old members, either for being neo-academics or for attempting to eliminate the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779471

  • 42, 43 y 44
    1901
    [This document entails] humorous dialogue between two apparent homosexuals. The anonymous writer refers to a word game with the numbers (forty-two, forty-three and forty-four) that would represent the masculinity of the two workers who are attacking [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 778156

  • 5° Manifiesto treintatrentista : Contra los académicos : los covachuelistas : los salteadores de puestos públicos : En general contra toda clase de sabandijas y zánganos intelectualoides
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    In this manifesto, the ¡30-30! collective of painters announced that its struggle against academism was once again alive and thriving. The reason for this was that the president’s office of the Escuela de Bellas Artes [School of Fine Arts] [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786596

  • 500ª Conferencia
    1940
    In his 500ª Conferencia (the five hundredth lecture given in the six years since he returned to Montevideo in 1934), Joaquín Torres García (JTG) presents what he calls “a new theory.” This is his final attempt to adapt his universalist model [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1250460

  • 7 pintores argentinos : exposición restrospectiva
    Badi, Aquiles, 1894-1976
    1935
    The checklist of the retrospective exhibition of modern artists at Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art] in 1935. Those who participated, with important works created since the 1920s, were Aquiles Badi, Héctor Basaldúa, Antonio Berni, Horacio Butler, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733857

  • A Europa e a América Latina a opinião corrente
    Bomfim, Manoel José do, 1868-
    1903
    In this text, Manoel Bomfim criticizes the European attitude toward Latin America. According to the author, this attitude is due to sheer European ignorance about Latin American countries. He acknowledges that this posture had been changing, with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 832506

  • A "descida" antropophaga
    Costa, Oswaldo
    1928
    This document claims that one of the fundamental tenets of the so-called Movimento Antropófago is a return to a “natural state” (understood as a kind of “beauty with natural features” that is ugly, rough, barbaric, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784397

  • A America Latina : I
    Romero, Sílvio, 1851-1914
    1906
    Echoing what Manoel de Bonfim had written previously, in his 1903 book A América Latina: males de origem [832506 and 833254], Sílvio Romero attributes the “ills” of Latin America to the Iberian colonization inflicted by predatory nations like [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776408

  • A arte moderna
    Inojosa, Joaquim, 1901-
    1924
    This [text] is a “literary letter” sent by critic Joaquim Inojosa to the editors of Era Nova magazine in João Pessoa (in the state of Paraíba), which was later published as a book. It is considered a type of manifesto belonging to the Brazilian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083630

  • A arte na Inglaterra
    Carvalho, Flávio de; Head, H. Herbert (Henry Herbert)
    1935
    This is the statement of the British art critic Herbert Read, interviewed by the Brazilian artist Flávio de Carvalho. Read stresses the importance of the influence of black art on international modernism and claims that art is currently split into [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110385

  • A arte tradicional no Brasil : a casa e o templo
    Severo, Ricardo, 1869 - 1940
    1916
    This landmark manifesto by architect and intellectual Ricardo Severo da Fonseca e Costa (1869–1940) was delivered in São Paolo, Brazil, at the 1914 conference, A Arte Tradicional no Brasil: a Casa e o Templo [Traditional Art in Brazil—The House [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125864

  • A casa do homem do século XX
    Carvalho, Flávio de
    1938
    Flávio de Carvalho proposes that, in the twentieth century, man’s dwelling be transformed in response to a new reality. In de Carvalho’s view, man spends most of the day in the urban universe—that is his primary dwelling—and hence it should [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110345

  • A emoção eshetica na arte moderna
    Aranha, Graça, 1868-1931
    1925
    In discussing paintings by Anita Malfatti such as O homem amarelo, as well as work by Zina Aita and Vicente do Rego Monteiro, Graça Aranha asserts that visitors to the Semana de Arte Moderna of 1922 would consider the exhibition a “heap of ‘ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110362

  • A epopéa do teatro da experiencia e o bailado do deus morto
    Carvalho, Flávio de
    1939
    In 1933, the artist Flávio de Carvalho discussed the founding of the Teatro da Experiência at the premises of the CAM [Modern Artists Club] in São Paulo. Speaking from his broader experience as an architect and set designer, he sees the theater as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780339