Year (normalized) before 1950×
  • ¡¡Asesinos!!
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1924
    This article by Diego Rivera denounces the “reactionary” agents of Delahuertismo who were the true architects of the conspiracy to infiltrate Masonic lodges at the beginning of 1924 in order to murder the governor of Yucatan, Felipe Carrillo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763275

  • ¡¡Fíjate, Trabajador!!
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1924
    This document is a didactic-political text directed toward the working class organized around identification of its enemies. These include the fake socialist parties (equated with the Italian fascists). And also the intellectuals unable to understand [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763293

  • ¡Cuarenta y un maricones!
    1901
    After a scandalous raid in Mexico City in which forty-two homosexual men were detained, known as the Ball of the Forty-One, the poem describes the possible foundation of a mutual aid society in which a dance was mentioned: “El traje debía de ser [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 778106

  • ¿Adónde va la pintura?
    Plá, Roger
    1945
    In this article, Roger Plá refers to Contrapunto magazine’s strategy of inviting artists to discuss the future of painting. The survey asked the following questions: 1. In your opinion, what is the material future of painting (as regards its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731018

  • ¿Adónde va la pintura? : Contesta Manuel O. Espinosa
    Espinosa, Manuel
    1945
    Response given by Manuel Espinosa in the survey presented by the Contrapunto [Counterpoint] journal. In it he confronts the defenders of figuration by explaining that realist work is not that which copies, but that which asserts the material reality [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730996

  • ¿Adónde va la pintura? : Contesta Tomás Maldonado
    Maldonado, Tomás, 1913-
    1945
    This is Tomás Maldonado’s response to the survey conducted by Contrapunto magazine. He is sanguine, not only about the future of the visual arts — “one of the most effective lubricants for revolutionary tension” — but about the future of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731031

  • ¿Cómo quiere que responda a Tamayo, en broma, o en serio?
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    José Clemente Orozco believed that opposition to political painting was nothing new in Mexico; it had been around since the start of the mural movement. Some painters tried to stamp out all forms of figurative or representative expression. When [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755517

  • ¿Cuál es el pintor más grande de México?
    Ortega, Febronio
    1922
    In the Survey Section, the journalist Ortega decided to go to the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria to ask the painters there the following question: Who is the greatest painter in Mexico? The caricaturist Ernesto García Cabral ironically responds that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755251

  • ¿El abandono de su tradicional plataforma ideológica servirá a la pintura mexicana?
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1948
    In this short article by Antonio Rodríguez, the art critic shows his support for an article published in the previous issue of the journal Espacios by the artist Roberto Berdecio, in defense of “social painting.” Rodríguez believes that “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799572

  • ¿Existe América Latina?
    1945
    In these two chapters of text from the book ¿Existe América Latina?, Luis Alberto Sánchez discusses the idea of “Latin America” as both a political bloc and a cultural value, ultimately arguing for a dynamic concept of Latin America that is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 843743

  • ¿Exposición de arte español contemporáneo? : un manifiesto de artistas argentinos
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1947
    In response to the absence of artists, such as Pablo Picasso and Juan Gris at the Contemporary Spanish Art Exhibition shown at the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes in December 1947, the Argentinian artists expressed their disagreement by signing a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730388

  • ¿Hay problema indígena en México?
    Gamio, Manuel, 1883-1960
    1921
    In “¿Hay problema indígena en México?” Mexican writer and anthropologist Manuel Gamio examines the “indigenous problem,” or the question of how to integrate indigenous Mexicans into Mexican society. Gamio argues that the government of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737307

  • ¿México tendría hoy una escuela de pintura propia, de haber seguido la ruta de Tamayo?
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1948
    Antonio Rodríguez analyzed Rufino Tamayo’s work, basing his remarks on the retrospective of his paintings exhibited at the Palacio de Bellas Artes. According to the exhibition catalog, Tamayo’s greatest contribution was his handling of color. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758248

  • ¿Qué opina usted del estridentismo?
    Leblanc, Oscar
    1923
    Based on the criticisms that the emergence of Estridentismo gave rise to, Oscar Leblanc, a journalist of El Universal Ilustrado carries out a survey about the movement, interviewing several personalities. The responses are really extreme. The writer [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737534

  • ¿Quién es Martín Fierro?
    Méndez, Evar, 1888 -1955
    1924
    The article discusses the constant attacks that the newspaper Martín Fierro receives and all the conflicts and difficulties that result from these attacks. It also explains the attitude that will be assumed with regard to the situation created by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732421

  • ¿Son inmorales estas pinturas? Los murales del pintor González Camarena en el edificio Guardiola actualizan la debatida cuestión de la moral en el arte
    Rodríguez, Antonio
    1942
    The critic Antonio Rodríguez uses this article to defend the murals painted by Jorge González Camarena in the main hall of the Edificio Guardiola, in the center of Mexico City. The author believes that the short newspaper article calling for these [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804294

  • "7 pintores argentinos"
    Rinaldini, Julio
    1935
    Julio Rinaldini criticizes the leaflet with the manifesto of the Seven Artists (Antonio Berni, Lino Enea Spilimbergo, Horacio Butler, Ramón Goméz Cornet, Héctor Basaldúa, Aquiles Badi, and Emilio Pettoruti) who participated in the exhibition at [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733926

  • “El Machete” ante la polémica de Cardoza y Aragón y Cabada
    1936
    The dispute begun by Luis Cardoza y Aragón against the frente único [single front] policy of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] culminated with this declaration in El Machete. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779297

  • “Estéticamente reaccionarios” son los pintores modernos : Dice el pintor David Alfaro Siqueiros
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    Antonio Rodríguez portrayed painter David Alfaro Siqueiros as an avant-garde artist because of his approach to using new pictorial materials. In this interview, Siqueiros declared that contemporary painters remained “impassive before the progress [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758048

  • “La Piedad” : un fresco de Rodríguez Lozano en la penitenciaría del D. F.
    Bergamín, José, 1895-1983
    1942
    In this article the Spanish writer José Bergamín analyzes the mural, La Piedad [Mercy] that Manuel Rodríguez Lozano painted at the Lecumberri prison in Mexico City. He finds aspects of Lozano’s work within the Hispanic heritage adopted by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 789210

  • “Martín Fierro” y Marinetti
    1926
    The article points out the importance of the activity brought forth by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti in “our milieu” as a “very valuable collaboration to the renovation movement,” started—long ago—by the group involved in the publication Mart [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731306

  • [¿Quiénes levantaran el monumento a Posada?=Who will raise the monument to Posada?]
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1930
    This issue contains more than 400 engravings by José Guadalupe Posada, with a preface by Diego Rivera, in which he redefines the engraver as a “worker,” “warrior of leaflets,” the “greatest artist” produced by the people, and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757821

  • [A arte decorativa, no Brasil]
    Carvalho, Ronald de, 1893-1935
    1921
    In this article, the writer Ronald de Carvalho questions the undeniable presence of foreign styles in the decorative art to be seen in the city of Rio de Janeiro, and suggests using ornamental motifs inspired by Brazilian flora and fauna and native [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785037

  • [A arte preside o destino da humanidade]
    Leite, Barboza
    1949
    In this article, Barboza Leite identifies the artists who contributed to the founding of the SCAP (Sociedade Cearense de Artes Plásticas) from 1941 to 1949, when the association was launched. He provides a detailed description of the endemic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110786

  • [A pintura mural de autoria de Cândido Portinari]
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1949
    In this text critic Mário Pedrosa discusses the Tiradentes mural by Candido Portinari, commissioned by the Colégio dos Cataguases (in the state of Minas Gerais) to be created in a building by architect Oscar Niemeyer. The mural represents the key [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110857

  • [Abstractos]
    Degand, León
    1949
    Léon Degand, the French art critic, delivers a lengthy review of figurative painting in order to explain that abstract art is not the one that is constantly subordinating input from external sources to the demands of plastic expression, but rather [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743033

  • [Amaioria das peças de escultura popular...]
    Saia, Luiz
    1944
    This text by architect Luis Saia discusses the collection of popular sculptures he put together during his trip to northern and northeastern Brazil in 1938. The architect presents a thesis on the African origin of the “miracle,” the name used for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110430

  • [Anita Malfatti é uma colorista...]
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1921
    While researching feminine strokes in Anita Malfatti’s painting, Mário de Andrade discerns her impetuous nature, the masculine strength of her colors, and the tragic energy of her subjects, though he also glimpses hints of humor and sadness. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085102

  • [Ante la decadencia y espíritu negativo...]
    Lozza, Raúl
    1949
    Manifesto included in the catalogue of the Primera Exposición de Pintura Perceptista [First Exhibition of Perceptivist Painting] carried out in Galería Van Riel in Buenos Aires, in October of 1949. Raúl Lozza states that Perceptivism inaugurates a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731656

  • [Ata da primeira reunião do]
    Handa, Tomoo, 1906-
    1935
    This text is the minutes of the first meeting of the Grupo Seibi (1935). It presents the deliberations that took place in a meeting that stated the following objectives for the group: (1) Encourage ties among the members; (2) Hold a monthly meeting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110650

  • [C'est avec la Mort de Maximilien...]
    Salmon, André
    1929
    André Salmon introduces Lola Cueto’s work by referring to certain moments that he considers important. He suggests that Edouard Manet’s painting, La Muerte de Maximiliano [The Death of Maximilian], was Mexico’s debut in the visual arts. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1104283

  • [Caberá abrirmos, nesse passo...]
    Machado, Lourival Gomes
    1948
    This is the third chapter of the book by Lourival Gomes Machado that analyzes the development of modern art in Brazil, in which the author includes a reference to the contribution made to contemporary painting by the “spontaneous” artists (whose [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110358

  • [Calaveras del Mausoleo nacional]
    1934
    This print by Leopoldo Méndez was used for the cover of the first issue of Frente a Frente [Face to Face], in which the inauguration of the Palacio de Bellas Artes was satirized as an act of cultural exclusion. At the bottom of the page, a policeman [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774365

  • [Comité Ejecutivo de la Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) to Joseph Freeman, National Secretary of the John Reed Club (JRC). Communique]
    1935
    This communiqué outlines the growth of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] in the last ten months, explaining the organizational structure and activities. It highlights the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 800989

  • [Compreender el mesaje expresivo]
    Romero Brest, Jorge
    1945
    In this essay, the well-known Argentinean critic Jorge Romero Brest attempts to assess national problems as they were understood by the most famous Brazilian artists, touching on a raw nerve concerning the differences between the art produced in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808053

  • [Con el presente LA CAMPANA DE PALO, inicia lo que será...]
    Grupo Editor de La Campana de Palo
    1926
    The text reports on the context surrounding the publication of Zancadillas [Missteps] by Alvaro Yunque (1926) within the editorial plan of La Campana de Palo [The Wooden Bell]. It also reports on forthcoming publications as well as the reasons and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737879

  • [Depois de muita hesitação...]
    Schenberg, Mário
    1945
    In this essay the critic Mário Schenberg discusses the political and cultural changes he sees in the wake of the uprising led by Getúlio Vargas that was known as the Revolução de 1930. Schenberg believes that the agricultural oligarchy’s loss [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091507

  • [Descoberta de rythmos, revelacao de possibilidades novas...]
    Martins, Luís
    1937
    In this lecture, Luis Martins discusses various aspects of modern Brazilian painting from the 1920s through the mid-1930s. He describes Brazil as a “country of reflections” that passively echoes the challenges faced by the visual arts in the rest [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110456

  • [Después de varias semanas...]
    Eiger, Casimiro, 1909- 1987
    1949
    In this text, Polish art critic Casimiro Eiger praises Luis Alberto Acuña’s art. He specifically mentions the artist’s use of color, the monumentality of his painting, the severity of his sculptural volumes, and his controversial approach to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1132676

  • [Digno es de notarse que mientras mas pura es la Raza...]
    Ramos Martínez, Alfredo
    1926
    This text underscores the originality, expression and strength of the works created at the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Schools of Painting], arguing that these qualities are the product of racial purity and that as mestizaje [racial [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825947

  • [Discurso de inauguración de la Exposición de Bellas Artes en la Celebración del Centenario]
    Marroquín Osorio, José Manuel, 1874-
    1911
    This document reproduces the speech given by priest and historian José Manuel Marroquín Osorio at the opening of the exhibition of fine arts on the occasion of the celebration of the centennial of Colombian independence—Celebración del Primer [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093433

  • [Durante mucho tiempo el criterio...]
    Bayley, Edgar
    1944
    This is an analytical essay in which Edgar Bayley affirms the autonomy of the pictorial image. Based on that opinion, widely held among his generation, he champions “invention” over symbolism, expressionism, and romanticism [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730241

  • [El arte concreto constituye la culminación de un proceso estético]
    Bayley, Edgar
    1946
    The list of artists whose work was shown at the Arte Concreto-Invención Exhibition, held at the Sociedad Argentina de Artistas Plásticos [Argentine Society of Visual Artists], is as follows: Antonio Caraduje, Manuel Espinosa, Alfredo Hlito, Enio [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731701

  • [El arte de la pintura es el arte del espacio...]
    Ospina, Marco, 1912-1983
    1949
    The artist Marco Ospina begins by criticizing Colombian painters who value volume over content and as a result produce totally insignificant work. According to Ospina, there are substantial theoretical lapses in these paintings, which he dismisses as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1094284

  • [El café de nadie]
    Alva de la Canal, Ramón
    1924
    This stylized painting portrays some of the members of the Estridentista movement in their meeting place: El Café de Nadie [No Man’s Café]. Manuel Maples Arce is in the upper center of the picture, flanked by both Germán List and Salvador [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799703

  • [El caso de Germán Cueto en la escultura contemporánea...]
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1948
    In this essay, the painter Carlos Mérida emphasizes Germán Cueto’s capacity to work with different materials such as iron, tin, and plastics, by connecting them to a new aesthetic modality called “design.” For Mérida, design is the vital [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736834

  • [El filisteísmo artístico, que se manifiesta hoy...]
    Hlito, Alfredo
    1946
    This article challenges the arts teachings offered by Professor Cecilia Marcovich. In it, Hlito reproaches her not only for her reactionary revisionism but also for teaching that modern art ended with Cubism [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730104

  • [El hecho de presentarnos en un grupo limitado...]
    Badi, Aquiles, 1894-1976
    1935
    In this brief text, the subscribing artists (participants in the exhibition 7 pintores argentinos [Seven Argentinean Painters] in August 1935) maintain that they do not support any specific pictorial trend; they have however conflicting ideologies. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733845

  • [El hombre es libre]
    Basso Maglio, Vicente, 1889-
    1931
    Vicente Basso Maglio sees “creative freedom” as a constant that lies outside historical time. In his view, it is intrinsically human—a pure concept not bound to questions of style in art, which are to his thinking, vulgar, ornamental, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1229417

  • [EL jueves 17 de junio a las 18, se inaugurará una exposición de los pintores modernos...]
    1926
    Invitation to the Exposición de Pintores Modernos [Modern Painters Exhibition], which took place at Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art] (Buenos Aires, June, 1926), and included the following artists: Emilio Pettoruti, Norah Borges, Xul Solar, and Piero [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732226