Subject: http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300056550×
Topic Descriptor: realism×
Topic Descriptor (local): http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300056550×
Name Descriptor: http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300056550×
  • ¿Adónde va la pintura?
    Plá, Roger
    1945
    In this article, Roger Plá refers to Contrapunto magazine’s strategy of inviting artists to discuss the future of painting. The survey asked the following questions: 1. In your opinion, what is the material future of painting (as regards its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731018

  • ¿Adónde va la pintura? : Contesta Manuel O. Espinosa
    Espinosa, Manuel
    1945
    Response given by Manuel Espinosa in the survey presented by the Contrapunto [Counterpoint] journal. In it he confronts the defenders of figuration by explaining that realist work is not that which copies, but that which asserts the material reality [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730996

  • ¿Adónde va la pintura? : Contesta Tomás Maldonado
    Maldonado, Tomás, 1913-
    1945
    This is Tomás Maldonado’s response to the survey conducted by Contrapunto magazine. He is sanguine, not only about the future of the visual arts — “one of the most effective lubricants for revolutionary tension” — but about the future of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731031

  • “Grano” y otras obras de Miguel Ángel Rojas
    Serrano, Eduardo, 1939-
    1981
    In 1981, Eduardo Serrano, the director of the Museo de Arte Moderno of Bogotá at the time, wrote a profile introducing to the Colombian public the life and work of young artist Miguel Ángel Rojas, which in Serrano’s view are intrinsically bound [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 860486

  • [Ante la decadencia y espíritu negativo...]
    Lozza, Raúl
    1949
    Manifesto included in the catalogue of the Primera Exposición de Pintura Perceptista [First Exhibition of Perceptivist Painting] carried out in Galería Van Riel in Buenos Aires, in October of 1949. Raúl Lozza states that Perceptivism inaugurates a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731656

  • [Cuando un artista llega a tener cincuenta años, su estilo está generalmente marcado...]
    Romero Brest, Jorge
    1965
    Jorge Romero Brest, the art critic and director of the Centro de Artes Visuales [Center for the Visual Arts], writes about the style and attitude he sees in Antonio Berni’s work, discussing the changes that can be observed in the artist’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779908

  • [La aventura de Berni]
    Gassiot-Talabot, Gérald
    Gérald Gassiot-Talabot writes about discovering Antonio Berni’s work at the Venice Biennial, and describes the Ramona Montiel series. He speaks poetically about the artist’s Monsters, discussing the allegorical aspect of Berni’s production, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779935

  • [Las obras expuestas dan una idea ajustada...]
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1952
    Antonio Berni writes about Nuevo Realismo [New Realism], which he defines as an aesthetic identity that, in Latin America, vacillates between form and content [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794426

  • [Son las condiciones materiales de la sociedad, las que condicionan las superestructuras ideológicas]
    Arden Quin, Carmelo, 1913-
    1944
    An analytical piece in which Carmelo Arden Quin uses dialectical materialism to explain the transition from representation to the phase of “invention” and pure creation in art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 729906

  • Abstracción y realismo : comentario sobre la ideología en las artes plásticas
    Renau Montoro, José
    1950
    This essay is a continuation of the exiled artist, José Renau’s, reflections on the preeminence of realism over abstraction. He believes that in the years following World War I, the art trends were characterized by an unbridled exaltation of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756518

  • Abstracción y realismo : Comentarios sobre la ideología en las artes plásticas
    Renau Montoro, José
    1949
    The author reflects on a comparison between abstraction and realism, presenting it as a grave problem of the era. For José Renau, the main trend of the “bourgeois” culture is based on the abstract and trivial aspect of intellectual creation. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756512

  • Acotación al Nuevo Realismo
    Lozza, Raúl
    1945
    In this article, Raúl Lozza responds to the ideas expressed by Héctor Agosti Pablo in his essay on “The Defense of Realism”. Lozza contends that Agosti’s thesis is nothing by confused theorizing, which encourages a new combination of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731009

  • Actualidad de Leonardo
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1952
    Antonio Berni writes about the continuing relevance of Leonardo’s method, and the deep affinities that exist between the work of Leonardo and contemporary art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794412

  • Aire polémico de París. Realismo socialista y arte abstracto
    Torre, Guillermo de, 1900-1971
    1952
    This text analyzes the opposition between social realism and abstraction in light of the Parisian debates occurring at the time; it analyzes the application of social realism to art, not in opposition to, but instead in relation to Abstract art. De [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757470

  • Alejandro Otero Rodríguez polemiza con Mario Briceño Iragorry : a propósito de arte abstracto, de carrillones y campanas
    Otero Rodríguez, Alejandro
    1952
    In this essay, the Venezuelan painter and art critic, Alejandro Otero, questions the chronicler of the city of Caracas, Mario Briceño Iragorry, about his article “Abstraccionismo y carillones” [Abstract Art and Carillons]. The painter finds [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855479

  • Algunas reflexiones sobre la pintura actual
    Vela, Rubén
    1961
    Rubén Vela writes about the relationship of Argentine artists to international art. He believes that Argentine artists are working on a purely aesthetic plane of creation. He studies the Juanito Laguna series in Antonio Berni’s work, previously [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779972

  • Antonio Berni incorpora el fotomontaje a sus diversificados mecanismos expresivos
    1974
    Antonio Berni states his position on hyperrealism; he mentions the work of his surrealist stage in order relate the mechanisms of creation for photomontage and the collages from his Juanito Laguna series [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785316

  • Antonio Berni
    Rozzisi, Miguel Angel
    1965
    Miguel Angel Rozzisi writes about Antonio Berni’s art as though it has overcome the decadence of the system. He maintains the existence of class warfare between the official culture and that of the people, with Berni as the representative for the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785457

  • Antônio Henrique em alto mar
    Araújo, Olívio Tavares de
    1981
    These paintings by Antonio Henrique Amaral are introduced in this text by Olívio Tavares de Araújo, who calls into question the terms “realism” and/or “hyperrealism” used to describe the artist’s work. In the writer’s opinion, these [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111202

  • Arte y sujeto
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1938
    Antonio Berni writes about the development of modern art since impressionism, focusing in particular on both Paul Cézanne and cubism. In particular, his analysis of surrealism stands out. The artist likewise analyzes the dehumanization of art, pure [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 775602

  • Berni : collages para el tercer mundo : de la mano de Juanito y Ramona
    1968
    This document is an interview with Antonio Berni in which he describes the relationship between the landscapes he painted in the 1950s and the collages of his Juanito Laguna and Ramona Montiel series. He also comments on some aspects of his engraving [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785377

  • Berni : la plena libertad
    1977
    In this interview, artist Antonio Berni explains his vision of North American culture, and contemporary art and techniques. He also speaks about his work in the print medium and his notion of realism [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785417

  • Berni y el mundo de Ramona Montiel
    Zaldívar, Eduardo
    1963
    Eduardo Zaldívar writes about the Antonio Berni exhibition at the Museo de Arte Moderno de Buenos Aires, where the artist presented his series of prints on Ramona Montiel [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785440

  • Berni, pintor de la Argentina campesina expone en París
    Solsona, Braulio
    1955
    Braulio Solsona writes about the success Antonio Berni achieved with his exhibition in Paris (Galerie R. Creuze, 1955), while also affirming the importance of representing local problems; he also comments on the introduction by Louis Aragon [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780006

  • Brevísima historia de la pintura moderna
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1938
    Antonio Berni writes about the history of art from the nineteenth century on, and Nuevo Realismo [New Realism], which breaks with Argentine art that looks to Europe [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794479

  • Competencia entre la realidad y el arte
    Hernández Rosselot
    1976
    In this essay, Hernández Rosselot claims that reality competes with art in Antonio Berni’s work. He writes about the materials Berni uses and reviews the collages in the Juanito Laguna and Ramona Montiel series. Rosselot goes on to compare Berni [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785336

  • Confusión de terminos : realismo y abstraccionismo
    Arroyo, Miguel, 1920-2004
    1948
    In this article Miguel Arroyo disagrees with using the terms “Realism” and “Abstractionism” when referring to art, because several members of the latter movement also call themselves Realists, inspired by a definition proposed by Aristotle, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813807

  • Consideraciones sobre el arte colonial en América
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1950
    Antonio Berni muses on the originality of Latin American colonial art, and suggests a way to distinguish between each of the three periods involved by naming them: pre-Columbian, colonial, and “contemporary” (post-independence). He goes on to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774919

  • Cuatro pintores peruanos modernos
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1942
    This is Antonio Berni’s essay on four Peruvian painters,José Sabogal, Julia Codesido, Camilo Blas, and Teresa Carvallo, in which he describes both their technical abilities and the subject matter of their works. Berni stresses the importance of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 775198

  • Cuevas ataca el realismo superficial y regalón de la escuela mexicana
    Cuevas, José Luis
    1958
    This letter by José Luis Cuevas, sent from Philadelphia, was published in the newspaper Novedades on February 15, 1958. The missive is a response to an article by Andrés Henestrosa published three weeks earlier. Here, Cuevas defends German [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772074

  • De frente a la realidad : el balance justo de la verdad
    León Castro, Pedro, 1913-
    1949
    This article by the painter Pedro León Castro was written in response to the article by Alejandro Otero entitled “Cómo trabajamos los pintores venezolanos en París,” in which the latter mentions the negative comments about the Venezuelan [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074093

  • De lo abstracto a lo real
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1951
    Antonio Berni writes about developments in modern art and of formalism in art. He analyzes the artists who adhere to Nuevo Realismo [New Realism] and discusses the meaning of that movement [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794394

  • Defensa del realismo
    Agosti, Héctor Pablo
    1945
    This essay by Héctor Pablo Agosti discusses the philosophical grounds of the new realism as viewed from the perspective of a dialectical knowledge of outer reality. Agosti preferred to call it “dynamic realism,” which he conceived as being a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730983

  • Del abstraccionismo a un nuevo realismo : presente y porvenir de la pintura
    Rengifo, César, 1915-1980
    1948
    In this article César Rengifo explains why the art world is disappointed in abstract formalism, and notes a resurgence of the realist movement. He refers to statements made or positions taken by artists such as Salvador Dalí, Giorgio de Chirico, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074194

  • Die deutsche Graphik der Gegenwart = A gravura alemã contemporanea
    Kuhn, Alfredo
    1930
    This text appears in the bilingual catalogue (Portuguese/ German) for the “Exposição Alemã de Livros e Artes Gráficas na América do Sul” exhibition, held in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro and organized by gallerist Theodor Heuberger. The show [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782992

  • Dos utopías artísticas
    Torre, Guillermo de, 1900-1971
    1952
    The text continues the analysis of the article “Aire polémico de París” [Polemical Air of Paris] written by Guillermo de Torre on the opposition between socialist realism and abstraction, in light of the debates underway in those days in Paris [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743556

  • El arte como experiencia : Antonio Berni : La pintura
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1952
    Antonio Berni writes about his early experiences in art, both in Spain and France, and the formation of his personal approach to Nuevo Realismo [New Realism [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776947

  • El arte de la época colonial : Gorivar, un pintor quiteño
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1942
    Antonio Berni writes about painting in Quito during the colonial period, describing the quality of its works and the themes in [seen in] cloisters and churches. He places particular emphasis on the Prophets series that Gorívar painted at the Iglesia [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 775117

  • El arte moderno de Julia Codesido
    Puppo, Juan
    1938
    This review considers Julia Codesido’s work within the context of art and literature produced by women, noting that this genre “is uniquely attuned to feeling and expression.” Though historically recognized solely in terms of family or social [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136567

  • El crítica en América
    Bercowitz, Marc
    1955
    In this article, Brazilian critic Marc Bercowitz reflects on the role of art criticism in Latin America, considering that a new group of young international-quality artists has emerged in Peru. Bercowitz perceives their understandable discontent at [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137952

  • El nuevo movimiento en la pintura mexicana
    Guerrero Galván, Jesús
    1952
    In this speech delivered at the Universidad Obrera [Workers’ College] and transcribed in this article, the artist Jesús Guerrero Galván discusses the perspective and mission of the artist: “ . . . when confronted with social problems . . . it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 770214

  • El nuevo realismo
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1936
    The Argentinean painter Antonio Berni surmises that the perceived decadence of art is a result of a disconnection between the artist and the public. In his judgment, art has always been firmly rooted in a search for realism. Then, Berni proposes that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 767930

  • El pintor colonial Melchor Pérez de Holguín y su realismo dramático
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1942
    Antonio Berni describes Melchor Pérez de Holguín as the finest artist of the Potosí and Chuquisaca schools. He defines Pérez de Holguín’s work as being in the Spanish tradition, and analyzes the painter’s technique while commenting on [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774978

  • El realismo en el arte de Gómez Cornet
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1940
    In this article, Antonio Berni reviews the exhibition of drawings by Ramón Gómez Cornet at the Viau Gallery (Buenos Aires, 1940) which, in his opinion, represent something new in Argentine art—something with a strong connection to the earth. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774856

  • El tema del espacio en la pintura actual
    Hlito, Alfredo
    1955
    This article discusses the various ways in which the question of space has been addressed in sculpture, architecture, and painting over the course of time, and reflects simultaneously on how space is portrayed in abstract and concrete painting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730755

  • Em prol de uma pintura nacional
    Andrade, Oswald de, 1890-1954
    1915
    This article was originally published in the “Lanterna mágica” [Magic Lantern] section of O Pirralho [The Brat], a magazine founded by Oswald de Andrade (in São Paulo, 1912). The article by the young writer lobbies for a “greater expression [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783886

  • En torno al taller escuela de C. Marcovich
    Melé, Juan N., 1923-
    1946
    This article discusses different concepts associated with the representation of objective reality. In the discussion, Mele focuses on those tenets expressed in the manifesto of the school-workshop directed by Professor Cecilia Marcovich [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730306

  • Ensayo sobre la pintura peruana contemporánea
    Pereira, Raúl María, 1916-2007
    1942
    In this essay, Peruvian art critic and diplomat Raúl María Pereira provides an overview of Peruvian painting from the first half of the twentieth century. While the author praises the first generation of academic painters, he believes that their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293152

  • Estética de la fealdad
    Saco, Carmen, 1882-1948
    1925
    Carmen Saco, who studied at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes (ENBA) in the 1920s, was one of the first professional women sculptors in Peru. The time she spent at the ENBA proved decisive to the nationalist bent of a body of work characterized by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150475

  • Expozitia de arta plastica : Antonio Berni, pictor argentinian
    1956
    Originally published in Romanian, this unsigned text describes the career of Antonio Berni, who is presented as an intellectual and artist deeply committed to the social situation of the Argentine people. This essay was written on the occasion of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780104