Topic Descriptor: aesthetics×
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  • Hacia una crítica marxista del marxismo. Entre Marx y la Estética
    Lauer, Mirko, 1947-; Buntinx, Gustavo, 1957-; Fetscher, Iring, 1922-
    [This article is] a debate between the German Marxist intellectual Iring Fetscher and the writer Mirko Lauer for the Peruvian magazine U-tópicos Entornoalovisual, moderated by Gustavo Buntinx, the editor of the magazine. This issue of the magazine [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1292607

  • Cuál debiera ser nuestro arte
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    His extensive preaching in favor of spiritual rectitude led Joaquin Torres García to reject the “superfluous” in art and keep the fundamental elements that make up the concept and structure of Constructivist art. The resulting logic of this [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245873

  • Consideraciones sobre la expresión heroica
    Ortiz Saralegui, Juvenal, 1907-1959
    Juvenal Ortiz Saralegui discusses Vicente Basso Maglio’s ideas about what the literary critic describes as “heroic expression,” with oblique references to the painting of another Uruguayan, Rafael Barradas. Based on literary ideas in particular [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225615

  • Presencia de Siqueiros en la estética contemporánea
    Pombo, Luis Eduardo
    In this article, Luis Eduardo Pombo reveals himself as the first Uruguayan art critic to ideologically wrap himself in the aesthetics of David Alfaro Siqueiros. Generally, even the commentaries made by those intellectuals closest to the Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1217038

  • Transfiguraciones de Miguel Von Dangel
    Montero Castro, Roberto
    Critic Roberto Montero Castro examines the roots of the modernist aesthetic, its evolution, and its characteristics up to the 1970s, which was marked by a rupture with the formalists and rationalists that preceded it. This gave birth to a new ( [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153996

  • Estética de la fealdad
    Saco, Carmen, 1882-1948
    Carmen Saco, who studied at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes (ENBA) in the 1920s, was one of the first professional women sculptors in Peru. The time she spent at the ENBA proved decisive to the nationalist bent of a body of work characterized by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150475

  • El rostro de José Gabriel
    Miró, César, 1907-1999
    This is the first article by the writer César Miró about efforts to create an official image of Túpac Amaru II, the indigenous hero of Peruvian independence, to be used as an icon during the first phase of the self-styled Gobierno Revolucionario [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139165

  • Crítica de la ideología del arte
    Lauer, Mirko, 1947-
    This critical review suggests that “art” is not an expression of the human spirit—as philosophical idealism would have us believe—but something created by culture and class; it is therefore a historically determined phenomenon that is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136512

  • The trace and the body
    Best, Susan
    Susan Best, the North American researcher and art critic, suggests that Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenological reflections on perception and aesthetic experience are especially well suited to interpreting (non-representational) contemporary works [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1134563

  • Programa
    Jiménez, Carlos, 1947-
    In discussing the underlying theory that connects the essays in his book Los rostros de Medusa [Medusa’s Faces], Carlos Jiménez describes photography in terms of the question of mechanical time in the modern era. According to Jiménez, photography [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1131159

  • El arte indígena
    Gerchunoff, Alberto, 1883-1950
    This article by Alberto Gerchunoff, a Russian writer and journalist based in Buenos Aires, criticizes “los predicadores del americanismo, (…) a la vez nacionalistas y continentalistas” [the preachers of Latin Americanism, (…) who are both [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125784

  • Estética e uma nova consciência ética
    Leirner, Sheila, 1948-
    In Sheila Leirner’s opinion, “reductive art” is an important factor in the moral compass of contemporary international artwork. In order to have its effect, the reductive approach would have to bring about a radical change in Brazilian art and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111366

  • Em Brasil High Tech, o xeque ao pós-modernismo
    Kac, Eduardo
    In this introduction, Eduardo Kac shows that the artists known as “Geração Brasil High-Tech” (including Otávio Donasci, Mario Ramiro, and Paulo Bruscky) represent a type of work that refers back to both Waldemar Cordeiro and Abraham Palatnik. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111320

  • A estética rica e a estética pobre dos professores francêses
    Souza, Gilda de Mello e
    In this text, professor Gilda Mello e Souza discusses the contribution that the work of Jean Maugüé, Claude Lévi-Strauss, and Roger Bastide—three French academics—made to the early stages of the Universidade de São Paulo (USP) founded in 1934 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111151

  • Arte, ciência e trópico
    Freyre, Gilberto, 1900-1987
    The five lectures given by Gilberto Freyre in his city of Recife and in São Paulo comprise this book. The one theme that tied all five lectures together was the imperative need to instill a tropical equatorial Portuguese Brazilian lifestyle. In a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110800

  • Considerações sobre a estética da violência
    Xavier, Ismail
    Ismael Xavier refers to Glauber Rocha’s essay “Uma Estética da Fome” [An Aesthetic of Hunger] in which he sees a connection to Frantz Fanon’s theory concerning an intellectual response to the consequences of colonialism. In so doing, Xavier [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110711

  • Cultura e política, 1964-1969 : algums esquemas
    Schwarz, Roberto
    In this essay, Roberto Schwarz discusses the growing prevalence of leftist politics in Brazilian cultural circles after the military coup of 1964 (which kept its grip on power for two decades). He confirms that, the right wing military dictatorship [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110509

  • O tropicalismo é nosso, viu?
    This article describes Tropicalism as an enigmatic and ambiguous movement. It emerged from a fusion of a number of cultural expressions and forms in the wake of the rivalry that pitted the Jovem Guarda (who were fans of British Yeah-Yeah-Yeah and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110422

  • As artes industriais na cidade nova
    Dorfles, Gillo, 1910-
    Theorist Gillo Dorfles underscores his belief that cities could emerge from industrial production that included everything from domestic gadgets to buildings. In his judgment, the industrial aesthetic plays an important role in the formation of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110404

  • Wiedemann y Richter : dos descubridores de Colombia
    Traba, Marta
    In this article, Marta Traba maintains that the German artists Guillermo Wiedemann and Leopoldo Richter achieved an understanding of, and transmitted the essence and spirit of “the black race and the Indian race, and the ambience characteristic of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1104960

  • Fotografía y sociedad
    Goyeneche Gómez, Edward, 1978-
    “Fotografía y sociedad” [Photography and Society], is the title of the first chapter of the book by the same name by the Colombian researcher and photographer Edward Goyeneche Gómez. The text includes a well-reasoned [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1100724

  • La estética contemporánea
    Arango, Daniel
    In this article, Daniel Arango criticizes the poetics (or theory of composition) underlying Modern art, which he calls “the new aesthetic.” He argues that there is a void innate to a conception of art at the margin of history, an art that eschews [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1100204

  • Reflexiones sobre arte : el intelectualismo y la evolución estética en Colombia
    Tavera, Rafael, 1878 -1957
    The text “Reflexiones sobre arte: el intelectualismo y la evolución estética en Colombia” [Reflections on Art: Intellectualism and the Aesthetic Evolution in Colombia] proclaims that the fine arts in Colombia have failed. According to painter [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1098030

  • La verdad en el arte : simpatías y diferencias
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    In this article, the writer Luis Cardoza y Aragón reviews the Tratado de Estética [Aesthetics Treatise] by Luis Vidales Jaramillo, a few months after it was published. The Guatemalan author contextualizes Vidales Jaramillo’s work, describing its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089477

  • Caminos de Damasco en la estética de Croce : noticia de un filósofo idealista
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    In this article, Luis Vidales explains and critiques the aesthetics of Italian idealist philosopher Benedetto Croce. Vidales starts out with an introduction to Croce, emphasizing his importance to European aesthetics of the time. He then mentions the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1088014

  • La estética de nuestro tiempo
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    On the basis of a critical discussion of Colombian poet Rafael Maya, Luis Vidales states that he does not consider the times mundane or individualistic, but rather he thinks we are facing major changes including the bold emergence of a new aesthetic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1087884

  • Da lógica na apreciação artística
    Pedrosa, Mário
    In this text, art critic Mário Pedrosa argues that reason and logic can interfere with appreciation of a work of art or, even, a work of architecture. Citing architecture critic Geoffrey Scott, Pedrosa advocates “simple and immediate perception [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1086587

  • Apuntes para una estética
    Guillén Martínez, Fernando, 1925-
    In this article, critic Fernando Guillén Martínez reflects on the relationship between the artist and the environment surrounding the creative process. To that end, he starts out by explaining the universal law of symmetry that maintains the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1084552

  • Identifying the links between photography and painting in Latin America visual thinking = Identificación de los nexos entre fotografía y pintura en el pensamiento visual Latinoamericano
    Pau-Llosa, Ricardo
    In this bilingual essay, Cuban poet and art critic Ricardo Pau-Llosa argues that Latin American painting and photography are inextricably linked by the presence of thematic similarities and shared motifs, despite their obvious formal differences. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1081936

  • Rudimentos de estética
    García, Juan Crisóstomo, 1883-1967
    After defining aesthetics as “the study of the causes of beauty” and beauty as a synonym of perfection, Colombian priest and critic Juan Crisóstomo García explains his conception of art. “Beautiful” art is an ideal since the existence of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1080492

  • Prólogo
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    In this prologue to Tratado de Estética [Aesthetic Treatise], Colombian poet and critic Luis Vidales outlines the tenets of his theory and the framework of his research. In essence, his treatise attempts to refute “aesthetic systems” that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1080374

  • Origen del estilo en el arte : especial para la "Revista Contemporánea"
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    In this text, writer Luis Vidales compares an aesthetic method grounded on spiritual causality to positivist formulations that see causality as residing in external phenomena. Vidales maintains that style (defined as technical aspects of the work of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1079647

  • Brazil Builds
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    Mário de Andrade begins this text by questioning the term “architecture” and its meaning. In his view, architectural laws obey both the laws of nature and the laws of humans that lead to arbitrary personal impulses. He establishes a difference [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074892

  • La necesaria pluralidad del arte latinoamericano = The neccesary plurality of Latin American art
    Felguérez, Manuel, 1928-
    In this text, Manuel Felguérez considers the problems associated with identifying and defining a Latin American aesthetic within contemporary artistic production. He begins by explaining that the Brazilian government’s display of aspects of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065156

  • Etsedrón : Respuesta a Aracy A. Amaral = Comments on the article by Aracy A. Amaral
    Acha, Juan, 1916-1995
    In this text, Juan Acha responds to Aracy A. Amaral’s article arguing that the installation entitled Etsedrón, which appeared at the 1975 (XIII) São Paulo Biennial (October 17-December 14), constituted a promising new direction for Latin [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065118

  • Does present-day Latin American art exist as a distinct expression? If It does, on what terms?
    Acha, Juan, 1916-1995
    In this text, Juan Acha poses the question, “Does present-day Latin American art exist as a distinct expression?”, that is, as a way of examining the broader and more fundamental question of what constitutes an original aesthetic expression. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065080

  • Vertientes plásticas y estéticas en Carlos Cruz-Diez
    Guédez, Víctor
    This article by the critic Víctor Guédez was written at the time of Carlos Cruz-Diez en la arquitectura, the exhibition at the Centro Cultural Consolidado (Caracas, 1991). In Guédez’s opinion, there are two facets to Cruz-Diez’s Kine-chromatic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 857000

  • Tenth Anniversary of Taller Boricua- Vaya!
    Casiano, Américo
    This tenth anniversary article, written by Nuyorican poet Americo Casiano, recounts the origins of Taller Boricua [Puerto Rican Workshop] as a visual arts organization born from the need to decentralize the dissemination of art from major New York [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841691

  • Tres dias de controversia
    Traba, Marta
    In this article, the well-known art historian, Marta Traba, summarizes the content of the three lectures she gave at the Museo de Bellas Artes [Museum of Fine Arts] in Caracas in 1965. The purpose of the lectures, Traba explains, was to provide the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799394

  • A "descida" antropophaga
    Costa, Oswaldo
    This document claims that one of the fundamental tenets of the so-called Movimento Antropófago is a return to a “natural state” (understood as a kind of “beauty with natural features” that is ugly, rough, barbaric, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784397

  • Sobre uma esthetica dynamista
    This is a review of “La psychanalyse et l'esthétique dynamiste,” the article that was originally published in French in Cahiers idéalistes, the French magazine, in May 1924. According to Charles Baudouin, the Franco-Swiss psychoanalyst, our own [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781887

  • Como eu penso...
    Menotti del Picchia, 1892-
    In this paean to modern urban life, written by the well-known modernist poet Menotti del Picchia, the highways, the media, and the industrial sector all work together in perfect harmony to consolidate “new values.” He bemoans “our obsolete [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780648

  • [El fenómeno estético, como cualquier otro fenómeno cultural...]
    Rosa, Nicolás
    [Literary critic and intellectual] Nicolás Rosa presented this text for discussion at the Primer Encuentro Nacional del Arte de Vanguardia [First National Encounter of Avant-garde Art] (Rosario, Argentina, 1968). It appeals to the communications [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760282

  • La obra de arte como producto de la relación conciencia ética- conciencia estética : (Intento de fundamentación del temario presentado al “Primer encuentro nacional del arte de vanguardia)
    Renzi, Juan Pablo, 1940-
    The text presented by Juan Pablo Renzi at the Primer Encuentro Nacional de Arte de Vanguardia [First National Encounter of Vanguard Art] is defined as an “attempt to bring about the grounds for the proposed agenda” and presents a framework for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755974

  • Introducción : la orientación del arte moderno
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    Introductory text to the book Nuevas tendencias en la pintura [New Tendencies in Painting] in which Aldo Pellegrini points out some aspects that will affect the treatment of the different stages of Argentine painting. Among others, he mentions the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 745276

  • El poder de la palabra
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    This text reflects on the power of words, keeping in mind that each human being includes a little of himself or herself into the words that he or she uses. Avoiding to discuss the usefulness of language, Aldo Pellegrini raises two points: its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 745248

  • El huevo filosófico
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    In this text, Mario Pellegrini, the Argentinean critic, reflects about the different understandings of reality. Pellegrini states that, while common man takes sensory perception as a source of learning, the Surrealists do not get rid of any aspect [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 745210

  • Advertencia
    Goeritz, Mathias, 1915-1990
    In response to a series of overwhelming news published in the press that month, not having enough time to reflect upon it and adopt a position, Mathias Goeritz wonders what type of art should correspond to these, our times. He insists on placing the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 741783

  • Advertencia
    Goeritz, Mathias, 1915-1990
    With this essay, Mathias Goeritz introduces the Art Section of the magazine Arquitectura México. In this first “Warning,” the author affirms that once visual education and abstract design are officially accepted, no “avant-garde” will exist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 741745

  • El momento actual de la pintura
    Chiáppori, Atilio, 1880-1947
    Atilio Chiappori writes about the current time in Argentinean painting from his authority as the director of Argentina’s Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes [National Museum of Fine Arts] in order to critique the development of modern art. And this in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733960