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Name Descriptor: Vasconcelos, José×
  • In reply to a question: ‘When will the Art of Latin America become Latin American Art?'
    Bayón, Damián
    In this text, Damián Bayón considers the question: What qualities make art produced by Latin American artists Latin American? He begins by declaring that the art of Latin America becomes Latin American when an artist—because of his or her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1061734

  • The Historical and Intellectual Presence of Mexican-Americans
    Romano, Octavio Ignacio
    In this essay, Octavio Ignacio Romano argues that three main philosophical orientations shape contemporary Mexican American identity, and that their formation occurred in Mexico during the era of the Mexican Revolution. Romano identifies these [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1061603

  • Las decoraciones que pasaron a ser revolucionarias
    Acevedo, Esther
    Using newspaper sources, Esther Acevedo explores the diverse ways in which different groups of artists and intellectuals arose during 1920-1924 around the concept of “what is national,” particularly in the visual arts. She also investigates the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833203

  • La función social del arte
    Tablada, José Juan, 1871-1945
    In his introduction to Método de Dibujo [Drafting Method], José Juan Tablada identifies it as a weapon in the struggle to establish harmony and democracy amid the chaos and authoritarianism in the artistic milieu. He states that the process at work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825932

  • Las ideas del Señor C. Presidente
    Reynoso, Leobardo
    Leobardo Reynoso, the representative for the Partido Revolucionario Mexicano (PRM) [Mexican Revolutionary Party], questions the president concerning any Communist influence in the government. President Lázaro Cárdenas replies that there is not and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 816286

  • [Chicago State University observed the sixty sixth anniversary of the Mexican Revolution of 1910]
    Sorell, V. A. (Victor A.)
    In this text, Victor Alejandro Sorell writes that Chicago State University observed the 66th anniversary of the Mexican Revolution with a dedication of an eight-panel portable mural by Raymond Patlan entitled El Grito de la Raza Cósmica, [The Cry of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801909

  • Un decorado cubista se inauguró en la Preparatoria
    During the inaugural ceremony for Diego Rivera’s mural, La creación [Creation], the poet Manuel Maples Arce described the painter as the prototype of the Estridentista artist who would lead the charge on behalf of the insurrection of the visual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799719

  • El pintor muralista Fernando Leal
    Izquierdo, María
    This short article discusses the mural work of Fernando Leal, who has just completed the fresco El triunfo de la locomotora [The Triumph of the Locomotive] at the railroad station in San Luis Potosí. The writer painter María Izquierdo is amazed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799507

  • Vasconcelos: Voz clamante en el desierto
    Carballo, Emmanuel
    This is an article directed to José Vasconcelos, the ex-minister of Public Education during the Obregón administration (1920–24) and a patron of the Muralist movement from inception in 1921. In the article, the author questions him on his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 798291

  • El Dr. Atl y los antecedentes de la pintura mural contemporánea
    Moyssén Echeverría, Xavier
    Xavier Moyssén writes about mural painting’s nineteenth-century precedents, in private houses and in pulquerías [agave sap saloons,] and works painted by nineteenth-century students at the Academia; the artists, he includes, are José Obregón, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792934

  • La Confederación Reg. Obrera aboga por el Lic. Toledano : pero el Secretario de Educación no está dispuesto a revocar el acuerdo que tomó contra el Director de la Preparatoria
    Vasconcelos, José
    The Confederación Regional Obrera [Regional Workers Confederation] became involved in the dismissal of Vicente [Lombardo] Toledano, who was at that time Director of the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria [National Preparatory School] and a member of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 788609

  • Nueva York de día y de noche : México se revela
    Tablada, José Juan, 1871-1945
    José Juan Tablada believes that art has become the “most powerful and effective” force, and is capable of finally securing Mexico’s well-being because it has been the single most influential factor in terms of strengthening political, cultural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783827

  • De la independencia a la revolución
    This article contains concise reports on Mexican history regarding the intellectual ideas that brought about the principle episodes of Mexico’s independent era. After a quick summary of the imposition of Catholicism on the indigenous peoples, it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780066

  • La pintura monumental y de experimentación en México
    Crespo de la Serna, Jorge Juan
    In this article, art critic Jorge Juan Crespo de la Serna wrote about mural painting and its importance in the evolution of Mexican art. He believed the murals should be intimately connected to the life of the country that produces them given their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779993

  • Vasconcelos : nuevo mesías
    This article attacks the José Vasconcelos candidacy within the context of the 1929 presidential campaign. The author mocks the campaign tours on which he implies that Vasconcelos spoke only to ladies, students, the “bourgeois” and “reactionary [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776698

  • Los artistas son las manos de la divinidad
    Mendoza Rivera, Ignacio
    Ignacio Mendoza Rivera describes a conversation with José Vasconcelos, the former Minister of Public Education. In this interview, the religious convictions of Vasconcelos emerge through his belief that historically, there had always been a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776604

  • Una nueva política clerical
    Cuesta, Jorge
    This article outlines writer Jorge Cuesta’s position on the establishment of new educational, cultural and artistic principles, allowing us to glimpse his critique of José Vasconcelos and his romantic ideas about a university for the people; the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773445

  • El estadio nacional significa un gran esfuerzo en pro de la cultura del país : Lo que costó al gobierno el soberbio estadio, será reembolsado en breve tiempo si se le explota convenientemente
    This article describes in detail the creation of the National Stadium—inaugurated a month earlier—completed by the initiative of the Minister of Public Education José Vasconcelos (1921-1924). The text reproduces his statements as he mentions the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771755

  • Zig- zags en el mundo de las letras
    Ortega, Febronio
    In this interview, the Minister of Public Education points out some of the aspects he considers fundamental in the promotion of art and culture, aside from the fact that this campaign is of the utmost importance for the Mexican people. José [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771724

  • Artistas e iniciados en la obra de Orozco
    Ramírez, Fausto
    In this lengthy article, Fausto Ramírez discusses the importance of paying attention to the creative work of men of art and science as one contemplates the future of the world, as was done at the New School for Social Research (1930). This topic was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759244

  • Roberto Montenegro
    Fernández, Justino
    In a retrospective article written in 1962, Justino Fernández discusses Roberto Montenegro, the man and the painter. As he reviews Montenegro’s art, he compares the latter’s studio to the portrait painter’s room where someone poses, someone [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759234

  • El “93” de la pintura mexicana
    Leal, Fernando
    Fernando Leal’s article talks about the dearth of art criticism, which uses different names to describe the movement: “al fresco decorations,” “national art,” “Cubism,” “revolutionary art,” “academic art,” and “Renaissance [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755413

  • Diego Rivera, íntimo
    Ortega, Febronio
    In this piece, Febronio Ortega gathered a variety of opinions from the art world. Among them, he recalled Diego Rivera’s description of his visit to the “Museo de Mediocridades” [Museum of Mediocrities]—Rivera’s characterization of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755334

  • Continuara el señor licenciado Vasconcelos en la secretaria.-retiro su renuncia al saber que se exigiran responsabilidades por la muerte de Field Jurado
    This article conveys the opinions expressed by a variety of institutions in response to José Vasconcelos’ resignation in late 1923 as a result of the crimes committed a few days earlier, particularly the death of Francisco Field Jurado, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755316

  • Un decorado cubista se inauguró en la Preparatoria
    Diego Rivera’s mural La Creación [The Creation] was unveiled during a showing at the amphitheater of the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria de México—with the assistance of the painter and the Minister of Public Education, José Vasconcelos. After [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755288

  • Roberto Montenegro : el dibujante de los refinamientos
    Noriega Hope, Carlos, 1896-1934
    The intention of the writer, José Corral Rigand, was to create a written portrait of Roberto Montenegro. He visited Montenegro accompanied by Juan José Tablada (a poet) and Juan Sánchez Azora. Right beside the artist was his painting, Hembra [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755195

  • Educación : Tiempos de Renovación
    Molina, Enrique
    In this article, Enrique Molina, President of the Universidad de Concepción in Chile, compares the negative impact of World War I with the educational reconstruction undertaken by José Vasconcelos in Mexico, which he refers to as a time of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754089

  • Protesta del S. R. de P. y E. Por nuevas profanaciones de pinturas murales
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    In El Machete, number 13 (September 11-18, 1924), Siqueiros rails against the recent desecration of Orozco and Rivera’s murals. He accuses as false revolutionaries those who minimize the problem and complains that reactionaries have free rein at [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751107

  • Los Nuevos Valores en la Pintura Mexicana
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    This article by Carlos Mérida begins by citing Raynolds Maryland, who stated in a text published in the New York Herald, that Mexico was experiencing a birth and not a renaissance, with reference to Mexican art. This birth resulted in a discovery [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747178

  • Jean Charlot
    Baciu, Stefan
    Baciu produces a panorama of the work by French painter Jean Charlot, from his early links to his country’s avant-garde and his integration into the first Mexican muralist movement, through to his relationships with the Estridentista movement and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737793