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Name Descriptor: Otero, Alejandro, 1921-1990×
  • El arte suramericano capta el cambio del mundo, mientras el de Europa ha caído en lo decorativo y el de los Estados Unidos es muy literario
    Ratto Ciarlo, José, 1904-1997
    In this interview with Paul Keeler, director of Signals gallery in London, the journalist Ratto-Ciarlo asks him about the differences he sees among European, Latin American, and North American art in the mid-1960s. Keeler says he is determined to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472285

  • El director del museo inaugurará en Alemania la exposición de 12 pintores Venezolanos
    This anonymous article provides a brief review of the exhibition schedule that the Venezuelan artist, curator, and museologist, Miguel Arroyo, who at the time was the director of the Museo de Bellas Artes de Caracas, is organizing. The curator’ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472283

  • Painter from Venezuela
    Brett, Guy
    This is an anonymous review of the retrospective exhibition of Cruz-Diez’s work at the Signals gallery in London in 1965. The reviewer notes a constant quality in Venezuelan painting—“clarity, order, and a distinct gentleness&rdquo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472279

  • 1x9
    This article appeared on the Venezuelan magazine Imagen, focusing on the opening of 1x9, a silkscreen exhibition by the modernist abstract artist Mercedes Pardo, held at the Museo de Bellas Artes in Caracas. After a brief introduction with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1331596

  • Mercedes Pardo : el encuentro consigo mismo
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    Art critic Roberto Guevara states in El Nacional that Venezuelan plastic arts are facing “one of the most difficult periods of their history.” According to him, there is, in spite of their talent, a lack of “creative determination& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1331580

  • Art in Latin American Today : Venezuela
    Diament Sujo, Clara
    This text was written for the series Art of Latin America Today: Venezuela by the critic and art historian Clara Diament Sujo. The text historically summarized the development of contemporary art in Venezuela from the Pre-Columbian, colonial, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1214123

  • Alejandro Otero, permaneciendo : retrospectiva en el Museo de Arte Contemporáneo
    Ramos, María Elena, 1947-
    The curator María Elena Ramos provides a broad overview of Alejandro Otero’s oeuvre on the occasion of a retrospective exhibition of his work. Ramos reflects on the Venezuelan painter and sculptor’s essential concerns which, in her opinion, wove [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172282

  • Exposiciones en Caracas : Alejandro Otero - Galería Mendoza
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    Juan Calzadilla refers to the latest installment in Alejandro Otero’s Papeles coloreados series; he calls the artist’s current period his most important one since Coloritmos, and identifies an underlying synthesis of the artist’s creative [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172174

  • Realidad e irrealidad: El postigo de Alejandro Otero
    Guillent Pérez, J. R.
    Critic and philosopher J. R. Guillent Pérez reflects on the 1960s series by Alejandro Otero, Ensamblajes y encolados [Assemblages and Glued Pieces]. From his point of view, the author explains Otero’s journey through informalism, and afterward, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172158

  • Los coloritmos de Alejandro Otero
    Schön, Elizabeth
    Writer Elizabeth Schön critiques the Coloritmos series by Alejandro Otero, and speculates that the intention of the series is its potential for producing visual-chromatic emotions. In this regard, Schön examines the theme of the Coloritmos, whose [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172142

  • La vertical vibrante de Maracay, 1968
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    The Venezuelan critic Roberto Guevara discusses Vertical vibrante—the work by the Venezuelan painter and sculptor Alejandro Otero—which he considers to be a seminal achievement in the Venezuelan visual arts. Guevara ponders the different stages [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1168201

  • Tablones de Alejandro Otero, 1974
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    Roberto Guevara writes this criticism about the series Tablones by Alejandro Otero. The writer refers to a dynamic that prevails in art: providing solutions that feature continuity along with a range of explorations. Guevara analyzes how the “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1168185

  • Las cafeteras
    Figarella, Mariana, 1959- 1996
    In this text, researcher Mariana Figarella reflects on the Las cafeteras series (1949) by Venezuelan painter and sculptor Alejandro Otero on exhibit at the Museo de Bellas Artes de Caracas. On the grounds of certain characteristics of Otero’s work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1168153

  • Alejandro Otero y la enseñanza del arte
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    In this essay, Juan Calzadilla discusses Alejandro Otero’s contribution to the field of visual art instruction. Calzadilla acknowledges Otero’s leading role in the promotion of Abstract painting and sculpture, and education, by noting the support [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167940

  • El espacio dinámico en la obra de Alejandro Otero
    Bayón, Damián
    Damián Bayón reviews Alejandro Otero’s paintings and sculptures in search of what he calls their “dynamic space.” The Argentine critic and historian discusses Otero’s earliest work and the synthesis in his landscapes, then associates his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167828

  • Alejandro Otero : indagar en las estructuras de la realidad
    Ramos, María Elena, 1947-
    The curator María Elena Ramos reflects once again on the role of “structure” in Alejandro Otero’s work on the occasion of an exhibition of works that address that theme. Ramos notes the Venezuelan painter and sculptor’s curiosity that leads [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167733

  • Sólo quisiera ser puntual : el tiempo en la pintura de Alejandro Otero : introducción
    Guevara, Ernesto, 1928-1967
    “Time” and its “behavior” are the ideas used by the Venezuelan curator Ernesto Guevara as a starting point for his analysis of the artwork of Alejandro Otero (1921–1990). After focusing on this concept and its relationship to life and other [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163813

  • Alejandro Otero : los fundamentos de sus esculturas a escala cívica
    Guédez, Víctor
    In this essay, the critic Víctor Guédez reviews Alejandro Otero’s sculptural work, basing his comments on its visual, technical, and conceptual aspects. As regards the visual aspects, Guédez identifies movement, time, space, and light as Otero [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163158

  • Una conciencia de arte latinoamericano
    Palenzuela, Juan Carlos, 1954-
    The Venezuelan critic Juan Carlos Palenzuela examines the career trajectory of Alejandro Otero from the perspective of the notions of “innovation” and “renewal.” [According to Palenzuela,] the lucidity that the Venezuelan artist and sculptor [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163142

  • Un legado a las ideas de arte en el nuevo milenio : Jesús Soto; Alejandro Otero y Gertrud Goldschimidt (Gego), "Adelantados de su tiempo"
    Ramos, María Elena, 1947-
    In her essay, “Un legado a las ideas de arte en el nuevo milenio” [A Legacy for Ideas on Art in the New Millennium], María Elena Ramos sets forth the hypothesis that the Venezuelan artists, Jesús Rafael Soto, Alejandro Otero, and Gego may be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159896

  • Five unique artists in one exhibition
    Ponte, Ray
    The journalist Raquel Chonchol wrote under the pseudonym, “Ray Ponte,” for The Daily Journal, a Venezuelan English language newspaper. She reviewed this exhibition on the occasion of a visit by some high-profile members of The International [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159848

  • La mano, la seda, el color
    Espinoza, Manuel
    Venezuelan artist, curator, and cultural manager Manuel Espinoza presents the exhibition La mano, la seda, el color [Hand, Silk and Color] (Museo de Arte Contemporáneo of Caracas, 1978), which featured prints on silk by nine Venezuelan artists: [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159106

  • Sigfredo Chacón
    Miguel García, Miguel
    In his prologue to the catalogue for the exhibition of work by Sigfredo Chacón held at the Centro Culural Corp Group in Caracas in 2000, curator Miguel Miguel identifies Chacón as part of a “breed” of creators born in the mid-20th century who [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1157110

  • La colección Clara Diament Sujo
    Benko, Susana
    Divided into eight chapters, this text by scholar Susana Benko is a study of contemporary Venezuelan art. The first part serves as an introduction, and consists of a brief overview of the Clara Diament Sujo collection. Afterward, she turns her focus [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156736

  • La resistencia de las sombras : Alejandro Otero y Gego = The shadow's resistance : Alejandro Otero and Gego
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    In this essay, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas finds that the work of Armando Reverón is the source of a “formalist tale,” defined as a theme of “traces and shadows.” It is a theme that Pérez Oramas pursues through the entire period when modern [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156379

  • "Signos" de la pintora Mercedes Pardo
    Batallán, Lorenzo
    The journalist Lorenzo Batallán writes about the impending opening of Signos, the exhibition of works by the painter Mercedes Pardo at the Sala Mendoza (Caracas). In his article, Batallán describes this Venezuelan artist’s experimentation with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155975

  • Alirio Palacios : el arte de la violencia
    Molina, Igor
    This is the Venezuelan writer Igor Molina’s article about the work of the Venezuelan artist Alirio Palacios who, at the time this article was published, was thirty years old and had already had a considerable amount of experience. Molina, however, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155701

  • Los principales artistas venezolanos proceden de Los Disidentes
    Sanhueza, María Cristina
    In this interview, journalist María Cristina Sanhueza takes up the opinion of J. R. Guillent Pérez regarding the assertions of Oswaldo Vigas, which question the contribution of Los Disidentes [The Dissidents] (Paris, 1950) to Venezuelan art. After [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155563

  • Guayasamín y el derecho a disentir
    León, Carlos Augusto, 1914-1997
    In this essay, the poet Carlos Augusto León writes at length about what is going on in the field of art criticism; he is responding to the debate sparked by an article by Alejandro Otero (“¿Dónde está Guayasamín?” 1953). León does not agree [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141821

  • Jesús Rafael Soto : La Gran Pintura es cosa de progreso histórico
    Díaz Sosa, Carlos
    This newspaper article by Carlos Díaz Sosa is about Jesús Soto—and Alejandro Otero and Víctor Valera—at the XXXIII Biennale di Venezia (1966). It talks about his career, from his early days in Ciudad Bolívar to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1097076

  • Creado el taller de artistas gráficos : en la dimensión de la venezuela verdadera
    This newspaper article (signed with the initials L. B. S.) is a review of the founding of the TAGA (Taller de Artistas Gráficos Asociados), which is described as being an extension of the 1960s printmaking movement connected to the workshop of Luisa [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1081157

  • De frente a la realidad : el balance justo de la verdad
    León Castro, Pedro, 1913-
    This article by the painter Pedro León Castro was written in response to the article by Alejandro Otero entitled “Cómo trabajamos los pintores venezolanos en París,” in which the latter mentions the negative comments about the Venezuelan [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074093

  • Introduction
    Messer, Thomas M.
    In this text, Thomas Messer explains the logic behind how he selected the works for his exhibition The Emergent Decade: Latin American Painters and Painting in the 1960s. He also considers the questions that the exhibition raises about how [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1061823

  • VII : Formas nuevas y sinceridad : Conceptos concretos sobre la pintura abstracta
    Otero Silva, Miguel
    Adopting a different tone from the one he used in his previous article (“El regreso a lo funcional y a lo decorativo”), Miguel Otero Silva assures his readers he has nothing against new trends in art; but he objects to the assumption that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 856923

  • Ocho puntos finales : conceptos concretos sobre la pintura abstracta
    Otero Silva, Miguel
    In this final article in his polemic against the opinions of painter Alejandro Otero, writer Miguel Otero Silva recapitulates the arguments put forth in the other eight articles in the series Conceptos concretos… He repeats, for instance, his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855517

  • En pro y en contra de Alejandro Otero
    Ratto Ciarlo, José, 1904-1997
    In 1949, the journalist José Ratto-Ciarlo outlined the exhibition of [work] by Alejandro Otero at the Museo de Bellas Artes de Caracas. The beginning of the outline and the two first subtitles (“Comprensión de Otero” and “La parte por el todo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850770

  • Alejandro Otero
    The catalogue for the exhibition Alejandro Otero, presented at the Museo de Bellas Artes de Caracas, (which opened on January 30, 1949) contains four texts, three photographic reproductions of works and a reproduction of a photographic portrait of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850732

  • La nueva plástica venezolana
    Mujica, Héctor, 1927-
    This essay by Héctor Mujica comments on the absence of rigorous and honest art criticism within the Venezuelan milieu. The author assumes a Marxist aesthetic as an analytical framework and applies it to the work of Alejandro Otero. In his commentary [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850512

  • [Letter] 1950 Marzo 31, Caracas [to] Alejandro Otero
    Boulton, Alfredo, 1908-1995
    In this letter, art critic Alfredo Boulton voices some dismay to his artist friend, Alejandro Otero. After having written generalizations on traditional western art and on the irruption of the abstract art movement, the critic adds a long postscript [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850312

  • [Letter] [1961 Noviembre 15, Caracas to Alejandro Otero]
    Boulton, Alfredo, 1908-1995
    In this letter, art critic Alfredo Boulton reveals to his friend, the artist Alejandro Otero, then in Paris, about his reservations with the new extra-pictorial [habitually not used] materials he had begun using after the Coloritmos series created by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850274

  • Disiente del criterio del jurado el pintor Alejandro Otero, por lo que atañe al Premio de Escultura
    Alejandro Otero publicly expresses his disagreement with the choice for the Official Sculpture Prize, which the jury at the XVIII Salón Oficial de Arte Venezolano awarded to the Spanish sculptor Eduardo Gregorio shortly after the latter’s arrival [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813821

  • Alejandro Otero en el Salón de las Américas de la Unión Panamericana
    Gómez Sicre, José
    This article by José Gómez-Sicre is on Alejandro Otero’s exhibition held at the Pan-American Union in Washington, D.C., in 1948. On that occasion, the artist showcased his well-known series Las Cafeteras at the OAS’s Salón de las Américas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813709

  • Un salto radical
    Brett, Guy
    This text by British critic Guy Brett analyzes Latin American art movements of the fifties and sixties, specifically Kinetic art, Op art, and Concretism. Brett argues that those movements formulated a radical change on the level of theory and of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808389

  • Rigor y autenticidad
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    In this article, the critic Roberto Guevara harshly rebuts the theses of Marta Traba, who argued in the mid-1960s that Latin American art had been “depersonalized” and contaminated by the “mimicry” of international art. Guevara, who felt the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799462

  • Por mi parte, punto final
    Traba, Marta
    In this article Marta Traba takes the thoughts expressed by her opponents in their ongoing debate—in particular those by J. R. Guillent Pérez—and distills them down to what she considers to be the focal point of the controversy, which is her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799411

  • Desafiando la pistola cargada de piroxilina de Siqueiros : José Luis Cuevas arremete contra la falsa pintura oficial
    Cuevas, José Luis
    Following a trip through South America, José Luis Cuevas published this article to announce that in many countries there was no longer any interest in the “rubble” of the Mexican School of painting and its nationalist inclinations. In Venezuela [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772239

  • Do mundo, a América Latina. Entre as geometrias, a sensível
    Pontual, Roberto, 1939-
    This essay posits the concept of “geometría sensível” [Sensitive Geometry] as one of the unitary characteristics of contemporary Latin American art, and notes the growing interest (within the region and further afield) in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771399