Year (normalized) from 1940×
Year (normalized) before 1950×
  • Conversa com Cícero Dias: "No abstrato está o futuro da pintura"
    Dias, Cícero
    The artist Cícero Dias was the subject of this article that includes a combination of first-hand accounts on his artistic career. The text was originally published due to an exhibition on abstract art by the artist in Recife (Faculdade de Direito) [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111000

  • Conversación con David Alfaro Siqueiros sobre la pintura mural mexicana
    Torriente, Loló de la, 1906-1983
    In this biographical sketch, Loló de la Torriente defines the aspiration of David Alfaro Siqueiros as wanting to be recognized as a leader of socialist fighters rather than as a painter. The text is divided into four parts: Siqueiros, the man; the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772501

  • Corrido de Don Chapulín
    This text contains the lyrics to the song, Corrido de Don Chapulín, [Song of Don Chapulín] that was illustrated by four graphic options so that the reader could select his or her preference. The corrido [Mexican folk song] first defines the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822754

  • Cristóbal Ruiz un pintor sincero
    Best known for his portrait of Andalusian poet Antonio Machado—which hangs in the Ateneo Español de México—Cristóbal Ruiz mostly painted landscapes of Spain. He worked mainly in the region of Castilla, which he portrayed in luminous, vivid [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783756

  • Crítica a la crítica del Arte : A propósito de un reciente artículo de Margarita Nelken sobre la obra total de Diego Rivera
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    In his long essay, Siqueiros defends Diego Rivera’s work in response to Margarita Nelken’s article on the latter’s retrospective exhibition at Bellas Artes published in the latest issue of Cuadernos Americanos. He accuses Nelken of being “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774903

  • Crítica de una obra inmoral
    Murcia Riaño, Jorge, 1895-; Ospinosa, Eduardo, S. J.; García, Juan Crisóstomo, 1883-1967
    This text is a report submitted to the Archbishop of Bogotá in 1942. It was prepared by three priests sent to visit the III Salón Nacional de Artistas held at the Biblioteca Nacional in Bogotá and to report on the painting Anunciación [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1087734

  • Cuál debiera ser nuestro arte
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    His extensive preaching in favor of spiritual rectitude led Joaquin Torres García to reject the “superfluous” in art and keep the fundamental elements that make up the concept and structure of Constructivist art. The resulting logic of this [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245873

  • Cuatro pintores peruanos modernos
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    This is Antonio Berni’s essay on four Peruvian painters,José Sabogal, Julia Codesido, Camilo Blas, and Teresa Carvallo, in which he describes both their technical abilities and the subject matter of their works. Berni stresses the importance of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 775198

  • Cuenta y balance
    List Arzubide, Germán
    This is a summing up, by one key figure of the estridentista movement and of its impact, in spite of the small size of the group. Germán List Arzubide recounts, twenty years later, what Estridentismo consisted of, how the movement started as a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737609

  • Cultura y reacción
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    Antonio Berni writes about the resilience of fascist attitudes and their attacks on the culture of Humanism. He sounds a cautionary note concerning the political history of Nazism, Falangism, and fascism, reminding his readers that these movements [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776987

  • D. A. Siqueiros usa material nuevo para hacer pintura vieja : dice Carlos Mérida que duda si los plásticos líquidos de hoy sean mejores que los legendarios útiles
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    Carlos Mérida was one of the first artists to reply to Antonio Rodríguez’s questionnaire. The Guatemalan painter, a naturalized citizen of Mexico, agreed with David Alfaro Siqueiros regarding the use of new materials. Nevertheless, he doubted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758149

  • David Alfaro Siqueiros : la tercera época
    Velázquez Chávez, Agustín
    This article suggests that the paintings David Alfaro Siqueiros produced after 1936—that is, the ones he painted after traveling through South America and the United States—should be classified as being from a “third period.” Most of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 789217

  • David Alfaro Siqueiros : pintor del año 2000
    Gómez Jaramillo, Ignacio, 1910-1970
    This one-and-a-half column article written in 1944 by Colombian artist Ignacio Gómez Jaramillo precedes Mexican artist David Alfaro Siqueiros’s text, “Finalidad técnico-social del nuevo arte mural en América.” Together they comprise two [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864648

  • De arte : la exposición de María Izquierdo
    This is a review of the exhibition of work by María Izquierdo at the ICPN (Instituto Cultural Peruano Norteamericano) in Lima. “Tiziano” [Titian] describes her exhibition as “an interesting spiritual message from the Aztec nation and a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146668

  • De arte : la exposición pictórica de Alicia Bustamante
    Fuentes Ibáñez, Moisés F.
    In his critical review of Alicia Bustamante’s 1944 exhibition, Fuentes Ibáñez explains that the artist manages to harness “emotional and harmonious moods” to express “the feelings inspired by her surroundings.” He explains that Bustamante [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139459

  • De arte : se efectuó ayer la conferencia del pintor mexicano Siqueiros
    This is a review of the lecture given by David Alfaro Siqueiros—“La pintura mexicana moderna y el arte para la victoria”—at the ENBA (Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes) in Lima. It was billed as an explanation of the “true nature of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143260

  • De frente a la realidad : el balance justo de la verdad
    León Castro, Pedro, 1913-
    This article by the painter Pedro León Castro was written in response to the article by Alejandro Otero entitled “Cómo trabajamos los pintores venezolanos en París,” in which the latter mentions the negative comments about the Venezuelan [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074093

  • De la invención en la pintura
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    In this essay, Joaquín Torres García speaks about “Lesson 50,” which was later published in his book Universalismo Constructivo (1944). In it there are some comments referencing selected paragraphs from another conference under the same title [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245854

  • De la pintura y el pintor
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    This article was written around the time Joaquín Torres García was giving his lecture on “Mística de la Pintura” and reviewing the main points supporting his conception of “art,” that is, immanentism [God or an abstract mind or spirit [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226559

  • De la tierra y de la patria
    Moreno Villa, José
    This article provides thoughts on the meaning of land and the mother country. For José Moreno Villa, a Spanish artist exiled in Mexico during the Spanish Civil War, the mother country is made up of “my friendships, my stuff—or small material [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759104

  • De lo vivo a lo pintado : Viaje imaginativo en torno a la pintura del Cordobés Antonio Rodríguez Luna
    Tapia, Daniel
    By evoking Córdoba, Spain, Antonio Rodríguez Luna’s native city, Daniel Tapia approaches the work of this painter by playing with the terms: “from what is lived to what is painted.” The tragic aspect of living in exile is what his works most [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759127

  • De México, habla ahora José Sabogal
    Falcón, Jorge, 1908-
    The Peruvian intellectual Jorge Falcón interviews José Sabogal about the painter’s visit to Mexico in 1942, mentioning that on his arrival in the country, the Mexican government—via the director of the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes y de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140703

  • Débora Arango, una discípula del Expresionismo : una artista colombiana
    This is an interview, complete with editorial comments, that was published in the newspaper El Heraldo de Antioquia on the occasion of the exhibition of works by the Colombian painter Débora Arango in Bogotá in 1940. Arango mentions the reactions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1099456

  • Defensa del realismo
    Agosti, Héctor Pablo
    This essay by Héctor Pablo Agosti discusses the philosophical grounds of the new realism as viewed from the perspective of a dialectical knowledge of outer reality. Agosti preferred to call it “dynamic realism,” which he conceived as being a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730983

  • Del abstraccionismo a un nuevo realismo : presente y porvenir de la pintura
    Rengifo, César, 1915-1980
    In this article César Rengifo explains why the art world is disappointed in abstract formalism, and notes a resurgence of the realist movement. He refers to statements made or positions taken by artists such as Salvador Dalí, Giorgio de Chirico, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074194

  • Del códice al rotograbado : La ilustración de la noticia en la prensa de México [Primera parte]
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    This article is the first of a series of three written by the critic and historian Antonio Rodríguez on the development and dissemination of the news over several centuries and historical periods in Mexico. He organized the graphic and textual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776606

  • Del códice al rotograbado : La ilustración de la noticia en la prensa de México II
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    This is the second of three articles written by the art critic, Antonio Rodríguez. To provide continuity with the first essay, Rodríguez reviews the progress of illustrated journalism in Mexico from the woodcut print to copper plate print. From [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776619

  • Del códice al rotograbado : La ilustración de la noticia en la prensa de México III
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    This is the third and last article in the series by Antonio Rodríguez. In a quick history of illustrated news, he shows us how it developed from the pre-Hispanic period through the modern world of the twentieth century. In this article, Rodríguez [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776634

  • Desde el destierro : cartas a mi hermana Laura sobre México y el amor
    Gil-Albert, Juan
    The Spanish writer Juan Gil-Albert tells his sister, by way of letters, the traumatic experience of his Mexican exile, which compels him to live full of worries, without roots, under foreign skies. He describes, nevertheless, his liberating joy upon [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756473

  • Discurso de incorporación a una sociedad literaria de Santiago pronunciado en la sesión del 3 de mayo de 1842
    Lastarria, José Victorino, 1817-1888
    This address was given by the Spanish-born, Chilean-based scholar José Victorino Lastarria in 1842 during a meeting of the recently formed Sociedad Literaria, a literary society of important Chilean scholars and politicians. In his speech to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125103

  • Do figurativismo ao abstracionismo
    Degand, León
    This essay was published in the trilingual catalogue (Portuguese, French, and English) for Do figurativismo ao abstracionismo, the exhibition that was organized by the Belgian critic Léon Degand to inaugurate the MAM-SP (Museu de Arte Moderna de Sã [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085735

  • Dos notas sobre Szyszlo / Guido Strazza
    Pérez Barreto, Samuel (1921-2003)
    This page from the culture magazine Espacio reproduces the reviews offered by artist Guido Strazza and critic Samuel Pérez Barreto regarding the second individual show of Fernando de Szyszlo at the Galería de Lima (June 1949). Strazza begins his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1151228

  • Dos pintores colombianos
    Gómez Jaramillo, Ignacio, 1910-1970
    The artist, Ignacio Gómez Jaramillo, presented an exhibition of the Colombian painters, Darío Jiménez Villegas and Jorge Elías Triana, at the Biblioteca Benjamín Franklin [Benjamin Franklin Library] in Mexico City. In his essay, Gómez Jaramillo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1099066

  • El año artístico de 1946: pintura y escultura
    Gaitán Durán, Jorge, 1924-
    In this article, poet and art critic Jorge Gaitán Durán takes stock of the activities that took place on the Colombian art scene in 1946. He begins with a reflection on the overall state of the visual arts in the country. He asserts that 1946 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1132789

  • El arte como expresión de las fuerzas fundamentales de la cultura
    Liévano Aguirre, Indalecio
    This essay by historian and politician Indalecio Liévano Aguirre for the magazine Revista de las Indias contains three parts in addition to the brief and untitled introduction and conclusion. The first provides an overview of art from antiquity, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1084526

  • El arte de América
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    This essay is on another new text about American art by Joaquín Torres García that addresses the distance from Europe after a harsh judgment about the “delay” in aesthetic concepts in Uruguay in which he tries to explain his concept of “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245783

  • El arte de David Alfaro Siqueiros
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    Joaquín Torres García gave this lecture on David Alfaro Siqueiros and his mural painting at a time when several Argentinean artists who had worked closely with the Mexican painter in 1933—in particular Antonio Berni and Demetrio Urruchúa—were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238628

  • El arte de la cerámica amazónica
    Gallagher de Parks, Mercedes, 1883-
    In this article, the essayist and art critic Mercedes Gallagher de Parks discusses the pottery produced in the Amazon region of Peru, noting the wide variety of pieces and their surprising aesthetic. Very little is known about this pottery other than [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141148

  • El arte de la época colonial : Gorivar, un pintor quiteño
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    Antonio Berni writes about painting in Quito during the colonial period, describing the quality of its works and the themes in [seen in] cloisters and churches. He places particular emphasis on the Prophets series that Gorívar painted at the Iglesia [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 775117

  • El arte de la pintura y la realidad
    Ospina, Marco, 1912-1983
    In this article the Colombian artist Marco Ospina defines painting as the art of space, form, and color. He thus rejects the idea of art as representation, instead stressing the artist’s mental experience as the source of inspiration for a painting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1056293

  • El arte dramático de Orozco
    Fernández, Justino
    Justino Fernández describes José Clemente Orozco’s work as “frivolous art,” which explains its limited appeal; but that doesn’t mean that it is not enjoyed, since Orozco documents human reality and, consequently, historic reality. Ferná [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735422

  • El arte en América : ¿evolución o revolución?
    Enjuto Ferrán, Federico
    Federico Enjuto, a Spanish critic in exile in Puerto Rico, claims that the Americas do not have a defined art of their own because the culture is imported from Europe. He asserts that it is important for art from the Americas to gain independence if [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1062989

  • El arte en México
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    This is one of the articles written by Almagre in response to Margarita Nelken’s piece on Diego Rivera published in Cuadernos Americanos [American Notebooks]. He accuses her of “bad faith and myopia,” and of exerting her influence through a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774884

  • El arte independiente y claro de Frida Kahlo
    Palencia Alvarez Tubau, Ceferino
    According to Ceferino Palencia, the Spanish art critic living in exile in Mexico, Frida Kahlo’s pictorial art was an eloquent example of will in service to sensitivity. Palencia speaks of Frida’s lifelong rebellion against her mother’s violent [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 826847

  • El Arte Negro
    Alvarez Bravo, Manuel
    In his essay, “El arte negro” [The Black Art], Manuel Álvarez Bravo mentions several factors that substantiate photography’s standing as an art form. In this photographer’s opinion the practice, like other forms of artistic expression, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 744774

  • El arte popular debe ser el más universal
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    Upholding the need to theorize his practice—Joaquín Torres García once again explains the basis of his Constructivist art; in his view, all artists should engage in permanent reflection. This text is primarily aimed at pointing out the confusion [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1246036

  • El Arte y el panamericanismo : América debe salvarse de perecer bajo los escombros del mundo grecolatino, esclavista, que se derrumba actualmente
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    Diego Rivera believed that art materialized when primitive communities began to show signs of humanity; pre-Columbian, African and European art are proof of this. Those ancestral works already contained all the elements needed to function as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747269

  • El arte y el tiempo
    Diez-Canedo, Enrique
    This is a review of an essay by the Mexican architect Carlos Obregón Santacilia titled “El maquinismo, la vida y la arquitectura” [Machine-ism, Life and Architecture], in which Enrique Díez-Canedo— the Spanish poet, critic, and essayist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759110

  • El arte y la democracia
    Blanco Acevedo, Eduardo, 1884-1971
    Eduardo Blanco Acevedo was ideologically conservative and participated in the 1933 coup d’état of Gabriel Terra. During the elections of 1946, he self-directed the “blancoacevedismo” movement, a major force of conservative ideology within [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1218530

  • El arte y la sociedad
    Nelken, Margarita
    In the late 1940s, Margarita Nelken reflects on the difficulties facing artistic creation during a period marked by a “lack of poise and harmony.” The new art must not distance itself from society: “The individualist formula that has lasted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759115