Year (normalized) from 1940×
Year (normalized) before 1950×
  • Arte Si... pero sin dogmas
    Navarro Velásquez, Pascual, 1923-1985
    1945
    Painter Pascual Navarro refutes the views of anthropologist and artist Gilberto Antolínez regarding the proposed reforms in the Academia de Artes Plásticas y Aplicadas in Venezuela in 1945. He objects to Antolínez’s prejudice against foreign [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809992

  • arte y comunismo
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    In this essay, Joaquín Torres García attempts to link this sociopolitical doctrine with that of modern art after presenting a succinct historical review starting from “primitive communism” up through the Marxist doctrine. He does so by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245711

  • Arte, necessidade vital
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1949
    Among the triumphs of modern art were the rediscovery of an emotional dimension and artistic sentiment in all their purity; something which becomes evident in the work of anonymous “primitive” artists and of the people who still live on a tribal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110355

  • Artes populares peruanas
    Sabogal, José, 1888-1956
    1940
    In this article, José Sabogal discusses Peruvian traditional art, which in his opinion, is “the key point, in the Americas, where Hispanic America began. When indigenous cultural expressions were combined with the invasion of Mediterranean visual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1289545

  • Artes-Ciencias-Letras : la exposición Sabogal
    Raygada, Carlos, 1898-1953
    1940
    Though he does not mention a change as such in José Sabogal’s latest paintings, the author detects the presence or hint of certain nuances he had not noticed before. Carlos Raygada compares Procesión del Señor de los Milagros—painted in 1923, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140572

  • Artistas no figurativos
    Stábile, Blanca
    1949
    In this article, Blanca Stábile reviews the exhibitions of nonfigurative art at the Galería Van Riel. She reports that, other than the works produced by artists of the Madí or Vainstein trends, the bulk of the exhibitions are inspired by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742309

  • Arturo Souto : pintor español
    Suárez Solís, Rafael
    1940
    Going through the exhibition of the work by Arturo Souto, Spanish painter exiled in Mexico, the author of this article sets down his reflections about the perennial characteristics of Spanish painting, including work that is produced in other [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756540

  • Arturo Souto : Un pintor en plenitud
    Prieto, Miguel
    1947
    The critic, painter and graphic designer Miguel Prieto visits the exhibition of Arturo Souto, with whom he shares the condition of being in exile. He discovers that Souto’s painting has taken elements from Spain’s dark days—visiting the towns, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773022

  • Aspectos da pintura através de "Marco Zero"
    Andrade, Oswald de, 1890-1954
    1944
    Oswald de Andrade was invited by the American Contemporary Arts to give this lecture in São Paulo in 1944, in which he discusses the two characters he created for a series of novels (that was never completed) entitled Marco Zero. He used these [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783942

  • Atmósfera y sangre del color : Roberto Balbuena
    1948
    In this article Ceferino Palencia, the Spanish art critic and painter living in exile in Mexico, sketches a brief biography of Roberto Fernández Balbuena, portraying him as a well-known architect and painter with a clearly defined vision. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765762

  • Autobiografía de José Clemente Orozco : La mesa puesta. Los primeros ensayos. Capacidad crítica de los pintores. Jean Charlot. Pintura europea. Artistas de hoy
    Orozco, José Clemente
    1942
    In this document, José Clemente Orozco provides a vast panorama of what he believes was thought in Mexico in 1920 regarding art: 1. Any person could feel he was a painter; 2. Pre-Cortés art was the only tradition and everyone spoke of the “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796164

  • Autobiografía de José Clemente Orozco : Sindicato de Pintores y Escultores. “El Manifiesto”. Socialización del Arte. Arte burgués y arte proletario. Rectificaciones
    Orozco, José Clemente
    1942
    In this text, the painter José Clemente Orozco states that the “Manifiesto del Sindicato” [the Painters and Sculptors Manifesto] is “extraordinarily important; its influence has been felt for two decades and younger painters have fought [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796183

  • Autobiografía de José Clemente Orozco.
    Orozco, José Clemente
    1942
    This is an autobiographical account by the Mexican muralist José Clemente Orozco that reveals the extraordinary influence exerted on his life and work by Dr. Atl. When Dr. Atl returned from Europe, he sought the support of his old colleagues at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796158

  • Autobiografía de José Clemente Orozco. Los talleres de Gedovius. La exposición española y la mexicana de 1910. El "Centro Artístico". El hijo del Ahuizote. Huelga de estudiantes. Raziel Cabildo
    Orozco, José Clemente
    1942
    This article centers on two events: Orozco’s participation in the student exhibition at the Academia de Bellas Artes de San Carlos during the critical year of 1910 and his start as a caricaturist for opposition newspapers. The government planned a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 793221

  • Bases y fundamento del arte constructivo
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    This article is called a “lesson” (as are all the chapters in the book Universalismo Constructivo, which is a collection of lectures), a reference to Joaquín Torres García’s didactic style throughout the lengthy volume. The project is the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1242058

  • Batlle Planas
    Bayón, Damián
    1948
    In this article, Damián Bayón describes and analyzes the painting of Juan Batlle Planas, an Argentine painter influenced by surrealism. Bayón believes him to be one of the “most gifted surrealists, replete with great pictorial knowledge and a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785966

  • Bosquejo histórico de los museos : Museo Nacional de Higiene
    Urrutia, Manuel
    1944
    In this article, Dr. Manuel Urrutia, a prominent figure in the field of hygiene education in Mexico during the 1940s and 1950s, explains the etymological origin of the word “museums” in order to introduce the reader to the Mexican Museum of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783800

  • Brazil Builds
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1944
    Mário de Andrade begins this text by questioning the term “architecture” and its meaning. In his view, architectural laws obey both the laws of nature and the laws of humans that lead to arbitrary personal impulses. He establishes a difference [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074892

  • Brazilian Bombshell : Candido Portinari's work is best of Latin-Americans
    Sater, Katharine
    1940
    In this magazine article, Katharine Sater introduces the Brazilian painter Candido Portinari to the North American public as “a real bombshell.” She is referring to the works presented at the Riverside Museum at an exhibition during the 1939 New [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110884

  • Breve psicología de arte abstracto
    Degand, León
    1949
    This text argues that the viewing public must change its attitude in order to appreciate the expressive and emotional power of abstract art, a power once believed to be the sole terrain of figurative art. In this respect, Dégand states that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 819294

  • Bruno Giorgi
    Ceschiatti, Alfredo, 1918-1989
    1944
    In this article, the sculptor Alfredo Ceschiatti examines Brazilian modern sculpture. It is his belief that between the artistic manifestations produced by the Semana de Arte of 1922, sculpture was the least affected. However, he considers it to be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110885

  • Cae decorado de Berni bajo la piqueta del G.O.U
    1944
    This article reports on the destruction of a theater set made by Antonio Berni at the Teatro del Pueblo in Buenos Aires. The report mentions the situation that artists were facing under the repressive measures of the G.O.U. (a group of Argentinian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225213

  • Cambio de plano
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    In this lecture, Joaquín Torres García (JTG) asserts that groups of artists that are not joined by theoretical ideas or stand behind a distinct ethical platform are pointless. He therefore repudiates the schools and groups in Uruguay, supporting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245979

  • Caminos de Damasco en la estética de Croce : noticia de un filósofo idealista
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    1946
    In this article, Luis Vidales explains and critiques the aesthetics of Italian idealist philosopher Benedetto Croce. Vidales starts out with an introduction to Croce, emphasizing his importance to European aesthetics of the time. He then mentions the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1088014

  • Caminos del arte abstracto
    1949
    This is a review of a lecture given by Juan Zocchi, director of the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, during the exhibition, De Manet a nuestros días [From Manet to Our Times]. Rather than defend or attack abstract art, Zocchi indicates his interest [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 819272

  • Cándido Portinari no es un creador
    Castillo, Guido, 1922-2010
    1947
    In this article, Guido Castillo does not launch an all-out attack on Cándido Portinari because he recognizes the Brazilian artist’s “human values” and his compassion for the suffering endured by some people in the world. But [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263707

  • Carta a Jorge Enciso
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1944
    In a letter to Jorge Enciso, addressed to the Dirección de Monumentos Nacionales [National Monuments Administration], Siqueiros announces that Javier Rojo Gómez has commissioned him to paint murals in the tower of what was known as the former [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786065

  • Carta a Mario de Andrade
    Baratta, Mário, 1914-1983
    1946
    This is a letter published in the newspaper O Estado by the art critic Mário Baratta, written posthumously to the modernist poet Mário de Andrade, a year after his death. Baratta wanted to convey to the reader a hypothetical letter that he would [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110783

  • Carta a Orozco : en presencia de su actual exposición de pinturas, dibujos y grabados : en la casa del Colegio Nacional, (del 25 de septiembre pasado al 25 de octubre en curso)
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1944
    In 1944, David Alfaro Siqueiros wrote an open letter to José Clemente Orozco in which he admitted that he could identify the different stages of his work. Siqueiros begins by saying that an artist’s work is not an individual creation but the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760439

  • Carta abierta a Gonzalo Ariza
    Engel, Walter, 1908-2005
    1944
    In this letter to Gonzalo Ariza published in Bogotá-based newspaper El Tiempo, Austrian-born critic Walter Engel responds to statements by Ariza, a Colombian artist, published in the same newspaper a few days earlier. Engel asserts that the fact [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1134678

  • Carta abierta a Jaime Torres Bodet : Secretario de Educación Pública : no hay tal dirección de Educación Estética! : la acción de Carlos Pellicer y sus colaboradores se oponen al programa general de la Secretaría
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1945
    This is an open letter written by David Alfaro Siqueiros to the Minister of Education Jaime Torres Bodet that explains the discrepancy between his humanistic, revolutionary discourse on the one hand, and the function of the Dirección de Educación [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760412

  • Carta abierta a M. Lobato
    Lozza, Raúl
    1946
    This is an open letter written by Raúl Lozza in defense of modern painting. It is a response to statements made by the Brazilian writer José Bento Monteiro Lobato published by the Buenos Aires daily newspaper El Mundo on November 1, 1946. In his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730052

  • Carta de Diego Rivera al Seminario de Cultura Mexicana
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1943
    Diego Rivera writes a long letter to the Seminario de Cultura Mexicana [Mexican Cultural Seminary] in which he challenges the statements made by the Spanish writer José Bergamín about landscape painter José María Velasco and José Clemente Orozco [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735531

  • Cartas de Nova York : Portinari of Brazil
    Carvalho, Victor de
    1940
    This text records comments on the success of Cândido Portinari’s exhibition opening in New York at the MoMA (Museum of Modern Art), achievemnent reinforced with his exhibition in Detroit and with the murals displayed at the World’s Fair in New [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110888

  • Catálogo da exposição promovida pelo Ministério da Educação
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1943
    The exhibition of works by the painter Lasar Segall at the Museu Nacional de Belas Artes in Rio de Janeiro (1943), under the auspices of the recently-opened Ministério da Educação e Saúde, was the largest show the Lithuanian-born artist had ever [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783296

  • Catorce pintores checoslovacos
    Bayón, Damián
    1948
    In this article, Damián Bayón focuses on a description of the formal characteristics of the work each of the fourteen Czechoslovakian painters who exhibited at the Asociación Estímulo de Bellas Artes (Buenos Aires). He maintains that despite [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786132

  • Cícero Dias e seu "nonsense"
    Freyre, Gilberto, 1900-1987
    1948
    This essay is an analysis by Gilberto Freyre on what he felt was a “lack of common sense” with regard to the work of Cícero Dias, declaring that there was no “conventionalism” in his paintings. At times, their titles brought contradictory [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110804

  • Cícero Dias, no Rio
    Milliet, Sérgio, 1898-1966
    1948
    This text by Sérgio Milliet is a review of a show of recent abstract paintings by Cícero Dias held in Rio de Janeiro. In it, Milliet formulates an opposition between figuration and abstraction. The author also asserts that, in his view, Dias’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110880

  • Ciencia, americanismo y venezolanidad
    Antolínez, Gilberto, 1908-
    1946
    In this chapter of the book Hacia el indio y su mundo, by the Venezuelan indigenous scholar Gilberto Antolínez, the author presents the ideas that inform his anthropological research, as well as his critique of the Venezuelan American tradition. In [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1171880

  • Climent : Pintor intemporal : Consideraciones sobre su pintura
    Renau, Juan
    1948
    Juan [sic, Josep] Renau begins by pointing to the contradictions inherent in an art criticism that examines an artist’s work armed with scant understanding of the difficulties involved in creation. In the first place, an artist’s production does [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765756

  • Columnas del Periquillo : Un "Hitazo"
    1940
    This article discusses a plan by the Museum of Modern Art in New York City to purchase works by José Clemente Orozco, Diego Rivera, Rufino Tamayo, Jesús Guerrero Galván, and Juan Soriano. The chosen artists’ formal and artistic qualities are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769992

  • Como trabajamos los pintores venezolanos en París : por un balance más justo de la verdad
    Otero Rodríguez, Alejandro
    1949
    In this article, Alejandro Otero [Rodríguez] discusses the accusations that the realist painter Pedro León Castro made in 1949 against young artists living in Paris, himself included. Among other things, León Castro accuses them of having “weak [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102443

  • Con respecto a una futura creación literaria
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    Article in which Joaquín Torres-García analyzes literary creation, stemming from the guidelines of Constructivism. From this point of view, he proposes that poets should “build up” accordingly to the harmonic law, looking for invention within [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730292

  • Concepto de Creación é Invención Madí
    Kosice, Gyula, 1924-
    1948
    This article stresses the importance of invention to Madí artists. Having broken free from the older forms of conception and composition, the Madí group worked with a dialectic theory that offered a new set of principles based on invention to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731954

  • Confusión de terminos : realismo y abstraccionismo
    Arroyo, Miguel, 1920-2004
    1948
    In this article Miguel Arroyo disagrees with using the terms “Realism” and “Abstractionism” when referring to art, because several members of the latter movement also call themselves Realists, inspired by a definition proposed by Aristotle, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813807

  • Congresso afro-brasileiro da Bahia
    Carneiro, Edison; Ferraz, Aydano do Couto, 1914-
    1940
    This is a preface to the book O negro no Brasil. Trabalhos apresentados ao 2º Congresso afro-brasileiro da Bahia (11 a 20 de janeiro de 1937) consisting of a collection of lectures presented at the event. The sociologists Edson Carneiro and Aydano [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110850

  • Considerações sôbre o desenho
    Carvalho, Flávio de
    1948
    In this essay, Flávio de Carvalho discusses the role that drawing has played in art, and its importance in establishing a contrast between composition and movement. The artist from São Paulo claims that the thickness of a line is to drawing what [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110882

  • Construtivismo
    Ruchti, Jacob
    1941
    In the view of Jacob Ruchti, the origin of Constructivism can be traced to the analytic investigation of Cubism. He believes that Constructivism implies “a new conceptual vision of things,” where colors, lines, and forms have an expressive power [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780261

  • Contemporary Regional Schools in Latin America
    Morley, Grace, 1900-1985
    1945
    In this text, Grace L. McCann Morley reviews recent developments in Latin American art, and makes a number of suggestions about how the appreciation of Latin American art can be furthered in the United States. McCann Morley begins by reminding us of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833729

  • Contra los “Grandes” : la pintura mural no puede sujetarse a ningún control
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    The Comisión Nacional de Pintura Mural [National Commission for Mural Painting], which consisted of Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siqueiros, was founded in late August 1947. The Commission’s goal was to stimulate and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755474