Year (normalized) from 1940×
Year (normalized) before 1950×
  • ¡En la guerra, arte de guerra!
    Ministerio de Defensa Nacional, Dirección de Propaganda de Guerra (Cuba)
    1943
    The National War Propaganda Department, on behalf of Cuba’s Ministry of National Defense, published the script of the lecture to be delivered by David Alfaro Siqueiros on May 8, 1943, in Havana. The script provides a summary of his life from 1909 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751133

  • ¿Adónde va la pintura?
    Plá, Roger
    1945
    In this article, Roger Plá refers to Contrapunto magazine’s strategy of inviting artists to discuss the future of painting. The survey asked the following questions: 1. In your opinion, what is the material future of painting (as regards its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731018

  • ¿Adónde va la pintura? : Contesta Manuel O. Espinosa
    Espinosa, Manuel
    1945
    Response given by Manuel Espinosa in the survey presented by the Contrapunto [Counterpoint] journal. In it he confronts the defenders of figuration by explaining that realist work is not that which copies, but that which asserts the material reality [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730996

  • ¿Adónde va la pintura? : Contesta Tomás Maldonado
    Maldonado, Tomás, 1913-
    1945
    This is Tomás Maldonado’s response to the survey conducted by Contrapunto magazine. He is sanguine, not only about the future of the visual arts — “one of the most effective lubricants for revolutionary tension” — but about the future of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731031

  • ¿Cómo quiere que responda a Tamayo, en broma, o en serio?
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    José Clemente Orozco believed that opposition to political painting was nothing new in Mexico; it had been around since the start of the mural movement. Some painters tried to stamp out all forms of figurative or representative expression. When [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755517

  • ¿El abandono de su tradicional plataforma ideológica servirá a la pintura mexicana?
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1948
    In this short article by Antonio Rodríguez, the art critic shows his support for an article published in the previous issue of the journal Espacios by the artist Roberto Berdecio, in defense of “social painting.” Rodríguez believes that “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799572

  • ¿Existe América Latina?
    1945
    In these two chapters of text from the book ¿Existe América Latina?, Luis Alberto Sánchez discusses the idea of “Latin America” as both a political bloc and a cultural value, ultimately arguing for a dynamic concept of Latin America that is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 843743

  • ¿Exposición de arte español contemporáneo? : un manifiesto de artistas argentinos
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1947
    In response to the absence of artists, such as Pablo Picasso and Juan Gris at the Contemporary Spanish Art Exhibition shown at the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes in December 1947, the Argentinian artists expressed their disagreement by signing a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730388

  • ¿México tendría hoy una escuela de pintura propia, de haber seguido la ruta de Tamayo?
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1948
    Antonio Rodríguez analyzed Rufino Tamayo’s work, basing his remarks on the retrospective of his paintings exhibited at the Palacio de Bellas Artes. According to the exhibition catalog, Tamayo’s greatest contribution was his handling of color. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758248

  • ¿Son inmorales estas pinturas? Los murales del pintor González Camarena en el edificio Guardiola actualizan la debatida cuestión de la moral en el arte
    Rodríguez, Antonio
    1942
    The critic Antonio Rodríguez uses this article to defend the murals painted by Jorge González Camarena in the main hall of the Edificio Guardiola, in the center of Mexico City. The author believes that the short newspaper article calling for these [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804294

  • “Estéticamente reaccionarios” son los pintores modernos : Dice el pintor David Alfaro Siqueiros
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    Antonio Rodríguez portrayed painter David Alfaro Siqueiros as an avant-garde artist because of his approach to using new pictorial materials. In this interview, Siqueiros declared that contemporary painters remained “impassive before the progress [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758048

  • “La Piedad” : un fresco de Rodríguez Lozano en la penitenciaría del D. F.
    Bergamín, José, 1895-1983
    1942
    In this article the Spanish writer José Bergamín analyzes the mural, La Piedad [Mercy] that Manuel Rodríguez Lozano painted at the Lecumberri prison in Mexico City. He finds aspects of Lozano’s work within the Hispanic heritage adopted by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 789210

  • [A arte preside o destino da humanidade]
    Leite, Barboza
    1949
    In this article, Barboza Leite identifies the artists who contributed to the founding of the SCAP (Sociedade Cearense de Artes Plásticas) from 1941 to 1949, when the association was launched. He provides a detailed description of the endemic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110786

  • [A pintura mural de autoria de Cândido Portinari]
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1949
    In this text critic Mário Pedrosa discusses the Tiradentes mural by Candido Portinari, commissioned by the Colégio dos Cataguases (in the state of Minas Gerais) to be created in a building by architect Oscar Niemeyer. The mural represents the key [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110857

  • [Abstractos]
    Degand, León
    1949
    Léon Degand, the French art critic, delivers a lengthy review of figurative painting in order to explain that abstract art is not the one that is constantly subordinating input from external sources to the demands of plastic expression, but rather [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743033

  • [Amaioria das peças de escultura popular...]
    Saia, Luiz
    1944
    This text by architect Luis Saia discusses the collection of popular sculptures he put together during his trip to northern and northeastern Brazil in 1938. The architect presents a thesis on the African origin of the “miracle,” the name used for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110430

  • [Ante la decadencia y espíritu negativo...]
    Lozza, Raúl
    1949
    Manifesto included in the catalogue of the Primera Exposición de Pintura Perceptista [First Exhibition of Perceptivist Painting] carried out in Galería Van Riel in Buenos Aires, in October of 1949. Raúl Lozza states that Perceptivism inaugurates a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731656

  • [Caberá abrirmos, nesse passo...]
    Machado, Lourival Gomes
    1948
    This is the third chapter of the book by Lourival Gomes Machado that analyzes the development of modern art in Brazil, in which the author includes a reference to the contribution made to contemporary painting by the “spontaneous” artists (whose [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110358

  • [Compreender el mesaje expresivo]
    Romero Brest, Jorge
    1945
    In this essay, the well-known Argentinean critic Jorge Romero Brest attempts to assess national problems as they were understood by the most famous Brazilian artists, touching on a raw nerve concerning the differences between the art produced in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808053

  • [Depois de muita hesitação...]
    Schenberg, Mário
    1945
    In this essay the critic Mário Schenberg discusses the political and cultural changes he sees in the wake of the uprising led by Getúlio Vargas that was known as the Revolução de 1930. Schenberg believes that the agricultural oligarchy’s loss [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091507

  • [Después de varias semanas...]
    Eiger, Casimiro, 1909- 1987
    1949
    In this text, Polish art critic Casimiro Eiger praises Luis Alberto Acuña’s art. He specifically mentions the artist’s use of color, the monumentality of his painting, the severity of his sculptural volumes, and his controversial approach to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1132676

  • [Durante mucho tiempo el criterio...]
    Bayley, Edgar
    1944
    This is an analytical essay in which Edgar Bayley affirms the autonomy of the pictorial image. Based on that opinion, widely held among his generation, he champions “invention” over symbolism, expressionism, and romanticism [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730241

  • [El arte concreto constituye la culminación de un proceso estético]
    Bayley, Edgar
    1946
    The list of artists whose work was shown at the Arte Concreto-Invención Exhibition, held at the Sociedad Argentina de Artistas Plásticos [Argentine Society of Visual Artists], is as follows: Antonio Caraduje, Manuel Espinosa, Alfredo Hlito, Enio [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731701

  • [El arte de la pintura es el arte del espacio...]
    Ospina, Marco, 1912-1983
    1949
    The artist Marco Ospina begins by criticizing Colombian painters who value volume over content and as a result produce totally insignificant work. According to Ospina, there are substantial theoretical lapses in these paintings, which he dismisses as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1094284

  • [El caso de Germán Cueto en la escultura contemporánea...]
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1948
    In this essay, the painter Carlos Mérida emphasizes Germán Cueto’s capacity to work with different materials such as iron, tin, and plastics, by connecting them to a new aesthetic modality called “design.” For Mérida, design is the vital [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736834

  • [El filisteísmo artístico, que se manifiesta hoy...]
    Hlito, Alfredo
    1946
    This article challenges the arts teachings offered by Professor Cecilia Marcovich. In it, Hlito reproaches her not only for her reactionary revisionism but also for teaching that modern art ended with Cubism [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730104

  • [El Museo Nacional de Artes Plasticas]
    Gamboa, Fernando
    1947
    This text, attributed to Fernando Gamboa, defines how Mexican Art is to be classified in the coming decades: Pre-Hispanic, colonial, nineteenth-century, popular, and contemporary art. His department’s fundamental goal was to create a Museo Diná [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732919

  • [En el nuevo arte, la pintura, la música y el poema...]
    Bayley, Edgar
    1946
    In the prologue that he wrote for the catalogue of the 4th Arte Concreto — Invención exhibition, held in October 1946 at the Ateneo Popular, in La Boca district of Buenos Aires, Edgar Bayley states that in the new art, painting, music, and poetry [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731691

  • [Esta exposición y muchas experiencias...]
    León Castro, Pedro, 1913-
    1949
    This essay by Pedro León Castro appeared in the catalogue for his exhibition of paintings at the Museo de Bellas Artes de Caracas in 1949. Following a brief introductory paragraph, in which he explains that the exhibition is a reflection of his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813765

  • [Hay dos categorías de pintores...]
    Eiger, Casimiro, 1909- 1987
    1949
    In this manuscript, Polish critic Casimiro Eiger, who lived in Colombia, discusses the work in the first solo exhibition of painter Marco Ospina, held at Galerías de Arte in 1949. In Eiger’s view, the merit of Ospina’s work lies in its order. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1132692

  • [Ismael Nery nasceu em Belém do Pará]
    Mendes Monteiro, Murilo
    1948
    In his text on the life and work of Ismael Nery, writer Murilo Mendes asserts that, though Nery was mostly known as a painter, his true focus was philosophy. Mendes provides an overview of Nery’s “essentialism”—a philosophical system he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110383

  • [La aclimatación gratuita a las llamadas escuelas]
    Kosice, Gyula, 1924-
    1944
    In this article, Gyula Kosice speaks out against surrealism and reaffirms his belief in abstract art inspired by the image itself. In the author’s opinion, the latter view guarantees multidimensional harmony with no need for psychic adaptations [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 729940

  • [La era artística de la ficción representativa toca a su fin]
    Bayley, Edgar
    1946
    The Inventionist manifesto—published in the catalogue for the first exhibition of the Asociación de Arte Concreto — Invención [Concrete Art and Invention Association] (1946)—discards the illusory image of representative art and extols life, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731641

  • [La Sociedad de Arte Moderno ha sido fundada con el fin de contribuir al desarrollo de la cultura...]
    Sociedad de arte moderno (México, D. F.)
    1944
    During the presentation of the catalog for the first exhibition by the Sociedad de Arte Moderno it is established that Mexico must become “one of the most important cultural centers of the world, since its great past and vigorous present compel it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752636

  • [Letter] 1943 Julio 20, Buenos Aires [to] Presidenta de la Federación de Estudiantes Plásticos del Uruguay
    Oliva Navarro, Juan Carlos, 1888-; Mazza, Raul, 1888-
    1943
    This letter from the Asociación Estímulo de Bellas Artes (AEBA) in Argentina to the Federación de Estudiantes Plásticos del Uruguay (FEPU) invited the Uruguayan students to attend the opening of the exhibition Arte argentino del pasado y del [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1210802

  • [Letter] 1946 Abril 3, [Quito, Ecuador] [to] Libero Badii
    Chale, Gertrudis, 1898-
    1946
    Gertrudis Chale writes to Libero Badii about her stay in the Peruvian city of Arequipa. She mentions the Indianist Peruvian artists José Sabogal and Julia Codesido, commenting sensitively on the native and popular art, seminal concerns of her work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759659

  • [Letter] 1946 Mayo 20, Quito [to] Libero Badii
    Chale, Gertrudis, 1898-
    1946
    Gertrudis Chale writes to Libero Badii about her stay in Quito, Ecuador, and the impact of Quito's landscapes, architecture, and painting on her. She mentions the Peruvian artist Julia Codesido [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759676

  • [Letter] 1948 dec. 21, São Paulo [to] René Drouin, Paris
    Degand, León
    1948
    Letter from Léon Degand—director of the Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo (MAM-SP)—to René Drouin—a Parisian gallerist and the partner of Leo Castelli—discussing details related to the first exhibition at MAM-SP. According to the letter, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110822

  • [Los cuadros que explico en esta exposición...]
    Espinosa Saldaña, Antonino, 1888-1969
    1947
    This draft of a text by painter Antonino Espinosa Saldaña was for a presentation at an exhibition of his work that did not take place. In it he justifies the absence of titles or any references for the works, “because one should not impose a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143457

  • [Los jóvenes pintores venezolanos que realizan su activa...]
    Liceo Fermín Toro (Caracas, Venezuela)
    1949
    The anonymous author of the prologue to this exhibition catalogue places emphasis on the need for the Taller Libre de Arte (TLA) to prepare high school students—especially those enrolled in the Liceo Fermín Toro—to become a source of aesthetic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101620

  • [MADÍ ha inventado el marco recortado e irregular...]
    Eitler, Esteban, 1913-1960
    1946
    This is the Manifesto in which the Madí group claims to have invented the irregular, cut-out frame; painting and sculpture that incorporate articulated movement; and a form of artistic expression that is both plural and playful. The group also [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731625

  • [Nous autres madistes, prenant les éléments propres de...]
    Movimiento Madí
    1946
    This text describes in French a manifesto by the artists who were members of the Movimiento Madí [Madí Movement], in which they propose the idea of the “invención real” [actual invention]. This is a creation whose aesthetic corresponds as much [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751035

  • [Se reconocerá por Arte Madí...]
    1947
    The Madí group expressed a desire to invent and construct objects in the very heart of a society that is capable of releasing energy and controlling both space and time. They also proposed that their ideas could be applied to all artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732008

  • [Si nos remitimos a la aparición del hombre...]
    Kosice, Gyula, 1924-
    1945
    In this article, Gyula Kosice analyzes the function of art from prehistoric times until the present, thus stressing the importance—to modern art—of invention and of pure composition achieved by means of concrete elements [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 770319

  • [Son las condiciones materiales de la sociedad, las que condicionan las superestructuras ideológicas]
    Arden Quin, Carmelo, 1913-
    1944
    An analytical piece in which Carmelo Arden Quin uses dialectical materialism to explain the transition from representation to the phase of “invention” and pure creation in art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 729906

  • [Terá existido um pintor verdadeiramente surrealista?]
    Mendes Monteiro, Murilo
    1948
    This text by writer Murilo Mendes addresses the connections between the work of Brazilian painter Nery and the Surrealist movement. It contains an account of when, in 1927, Nery met Russian painter Marc Chagall and remarks on certain affinities [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110384

  • [Testimonio de casi tres años de batallar...]
    Bayley, Edgar
    1947
    This prologue introduces an exhibition of works by Manuel Espinosa and Tomás Maldonado, held at theSociedad Argentina de Artistas Plásticos [Argentine Society of Visual Artists], in September 1947. Bayley chronicles the development of both artists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731723

  • [Un signo positivo de esta generación de pintores...]
    Chataing, Bernardo
    1948
    In Bernardo Chataing’s preface, he explains that the Taller Libre de Arte (TLA) invited young painters to participate in its exhibition, which would hold them responsible for creating new art forms. In turn, this would generate multiple trends. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101666

  • [When, in 1926, Tamayo was preparing his first exhibition...]
    Goldwater, Robert John, 1907-1973
    1947
    In this article, art historian Robert Goldwater analyzes the life and work of Mexican painter Rufino Tamayo. Goldwater explains that although Tamayo is thought to have an individual style, when his works are assembled, it is apparent that his work is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126437

  • 1er Salón Municipal de Artes Plásticas : Su contenido artístico
    Vitureira, Cipriano S. (Cipriano Santiago), 1907-
    1940
    This special edition of the magazine AIAPE (Agrupación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores) was devoted entirely to the first Salón Municipal de Artes Plásticas (Montevideo, 1940). The sole article in the magazine was written by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1184568