• La colección Clara Diament Sujo
    Benko, Susana
    Divided into eight chapters, this text by scholar Susana Benko is a study of contemporary Venezuelan art. The first part serves as an introduction, and consists of a brief overview of the Clara Diament Sujo collection. Afterward, she turns her focus [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156736

  • 11 Tipos : arte en Venezuela en los años setenta
    Palenzuela, Juan Carlos, 1954-
    In the book 11 tipos. Arte en Venezuela en los años setenta, the researcher Juan Carlos Palenzuela makes an exhaustive study of Venezuelan art in the1970s, a time when conceptual art was unquestionably being produced in that country. The author [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1051955

  • Itinerario de Marisol
    Diament Sujo, Clara
    In this essay about the work of the sculptress Marisol, the gallery owner Clara Diament de Sujo provides a brief biographical sketch of the artist’s childhood and youth, and a list of the group exhibitions in which she has participated. She [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163573

  • Art in Latin American Today : Venezuela
    Diament Sujo, Clara
    This text was written for the series Art of Latin America Today: Venezuela by the critic and art historian Clara Diament Sujo. The text historically summarized the development of contemporary art in Venezuela from the Pre-Columbian, colonial, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1214123

  • Una mañana con Gego
    Diament Sujo, Clara
    In this article, Argentine critic and gallerist Clara Diament Sujo—who lived in Caracas for a time before settling in New York—describes the activities that German-Venezuelan artist Gego engaged in during her one-year stay in the United States. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864793

  • Elsa Gramcko
    Diament Sujo, Clara
    In this text, gallerist Clara Diament de Sujo offers a poetic description of the work of Venezuelan artist Elsa Gramcko. She mentions specifically how the work transforms form and matter and uses light and color. Sujo places emphasis on the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153604

  • Who's who in graphic art
    Diament Sujo, Clara
    Gallery owner Clara Diament Sujo reviews the book Who’s Who in Graphic Art (Zurich: The Graphic Press, 1962), which gathers together the most renowned graphic designers and illustrators in the world. The author describes the characteristics of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1169097

  • [Latin American Art Today; Venezuela]
    In this translated and edited text by Ralph E. Dimmick for a monograph on Venezuelan art as part of the series Art of Latin America Today, the critic and art historian Clara Diament de Sujo offers an overview of the state of art in 1961. In her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1214154

  • Así nace un mural con Jesús Soto : el arte en la pantalla
    Diament Sujo, Clara; Hurtado, Angel
    This is the script for a documentary about Jesús Rafael Soto, written by Clara Diament de Sujo—the noted essayist and gallery owner, who lived in Caracas at that time—and produced by Ángel Hurtado for National Television – Canal 5 (Venezuela [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1168365

  • Gego : el prodigioso juego de crear
    Peruga, Iris
    In this essay, Iris Peruga analyzes most of the work created by Gego between 1955 and 1990. The curator examines the similarities between Gego’s artwork and that of her contemporaries. Examining the artist’s relationship with the trends of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1152737

  • Cal : Crítica, arte, literatura
    The fifth issue of the magazine CAL contains an array of articles on literature, the visual arts, poetry, philosophy, photography, and criticism relevant to the Venezuelan cultural scene of the day. Outstanding in this issue are the following [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1169078

  • El arte de una sociedad en transformación
    Yurkiévich, Saúl, 1931-
    In this text, Saúl Yurkievich examines how Latin American art has been affected by its context, arguing that even as art becomes increasingly autonomous it is still a means of communication and as such must be considered in relationship to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 832488

  • Consideraciones preliminares
    Palomera, Federica, 1954-
    The researcher Federica Palomero reviews the history of Venezuelan art in the 1960s, which she describes as “the prodigious decade.” She discusses the major artists, movements, works, exhibitions, salons, biennials, and exhibition spaces of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162487

  • Nuevos horizontes para el arte cinético
    This article argues that, despite multiple pronouncements to the effect that it is dead, Kinetic art is still very much alive and strengthening as a result of its achievements at an international level. The article points to the example set by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472318

  • De la evocación posmodernista a la ilusión moderna
    Silva, Carlos
    The critic Carlos Silva wrote a study of the work of the Venezuelan sculptor Edgar Guinand, pointing out two fundamental periods in his life in art. The first is defined by the writer in the visual arts context that follows the Latin American Post- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1169271

  • Marisol
    Bernstein, Roberta
    In this essay on sculptor Marisol [Escobar], North American curator Roberta Bernstein provides a chronological description of her work, analyzing the vast majority of her creations and the different phases of her production. She describes the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163557

  • Pintura y vida
    Palacios, María Fernanda, 1945-
    This essay by María Fernanda Palacios was for the Moradas del Color exhibition catalogue (Caracas: Galería de Arte Nacional, 1991) of work by Mercedes Pardo. The author delves deeply into the life and work of the Venezuelan painter through a series [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102253

  • Diego Barboza : el festín de la nostalgia
    Chacón, Katherine
    In her essay “Diego Barboza: El festín de la nostalgia,” published in the catalogue for the eponymous exhibition, curator Katherine Chacón, after providing information on the artist’s youth, studies, and his start in painting and drawing in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156981

  • Vanguarda e subdesenvolvimento
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    In this essay the controversial Brazilian art theoretician Ferreira Gullar challenges the universality of the notion of an aesthetic avant-garde, as well as its relevance in underdeveloped countries. Particularly in Brazil, where the pursuit of avant [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110361

  • Problemas de influencias, de universalismo y localismo, de técnicas y de significados en la obra de Andrés de Santamaría
    Traba, Marta
    Marta Traba begins the fourth chapter of her book Historia abierta del arte colombiano [Open History of Colombian Art] (1970) with a quote from the Colombian art historian Eugenio Barney Cabrera, from which she extrapolates the three points around [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1098661

  • Confrontación 68 : Álvarez, Mérida, Morera, Nedo, Régulo
    Ateneo de Caracas
    This catalogue includes the writings of five Venezuelan researchers and critics who studied the works of the exhibiting artists at Confrontación 68 (Ateneo de Caracas, 1968). Juan Calzadilla introduces the architect Domingo Álvarez, and mentions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1171800

  • Gego : arquitecto
    Gómez, Hannia
    Hannia Gómez provides an overview of Gego’s architectural/engineering training and how it influenced her work. The former outlines the latter’s academic education and describes the didactic style of most fashionable architectural schools in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148288

  • Lucena
    Lucena, Clemencia, 1945-
    In 1971 Clemencia Lucena issued a statement of principles on what Latin American art has been and what it should be. According to Lucena, an active member of MOIR (Movimiento Obrero Independiente Revolucionario) [Independent Revolutionary Workers [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 860326

  • Mercedes Pardo : el espejo inverso
    Balza, José
    After a preface that addresses Mercedes Pardo’s painting [production], writer José Balza analyzes the Signes series. He explains that Pardo began that series by chance, owing to an impression of a nail cast on a piece of paper. Balza argues that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1157206

  • Museo de Arte Moderno de Bogotá
    Issued between August and September of 1963, this document is the first annual report of the activity of the Museo de Arte Moderno of Bogotá (MAM). A foldable brochure, the document consists of a list of actions undertaken and of individuals and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093526

  • Nedo : relieves en el espacio
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    This article—which appeared in the catalogue for Relieves en el espacio (Caracas: Galería Estudio Actual, 1970), the exhibition of works by the Italian graphic designer Nedo—discusses the last twenty years of the latter’s career as a painter. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153980

  • Proyectos y artistas
    Duque, Luis Ángel
    Curator Luis Ángel Duque describes each of the installations for the show Venezuela, nuevas cartografias y cosmogonías [Venezuela, New Cartographies and Cosmogonies] held at the Galería de Arte Nacional in Caracas. He describes the content, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1160711

  • Rojas
    Rojas, Carlos, 1933-
    In this text, Carlos Rojas discusses the close relationship between art and the natural and social environment in which it is produced. Rojas asserts that every society has certain unifying notions that determine a collective personality. That [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 860353

  • Soto, una poética vibratoria del espacio y su habitabilidad
    In his essay about the work of Jesús Rafael Soto, Carlos Contramaestre mentions certain biographical details, such as Soto’s arrival in France in the early 1950s and his relationship to the Los Disidentes group (Paris, 1950). He names some of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102301

  • Victor Valera : papeles perforados
    López Quintero, Juan Carlos
    In his essay on Víctor Valera’s Papeles Perforados [Perforated Papers] series, curator Juan Carlos López Quintero describes his stay in Paris during the 1950s and his connections to other Venezuelan artists; especially Jesús Soto, with whom he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161080

  • Public voices and private transcendence=Voces públicas y transcendencia privada
    Trasobares, César
    In this bilingual essay, Cuban-American artist César Trasobares reflects on the work of his late friend and fellow artist Carlos Alfonzo .Trasobares notes that Alfonzo developed different public and private personas, and throughout his life Alfonzo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847846

  • Daniel Senise
    Cocchiarale, Fernando França
    In a text about the work of Daniel Senise, critic Fernando Cocchiarale presents a reading of the retro tendency known as the “retorno à pintura” that took place in the eighties. Cocchiarale underscores the unique nature of the artist’s work. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110946

  • Introducción
    Medina, José Ramón, 1921-
    This essay by José Ramón Medina studies the production of artist Marisol [Escobar]. Medina discusses specific traits of the artist’s personality pertinent to her work, among them an incisive sense of satire, a spirit of protest, and an interest [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167893

  • Engenho e arte : a fala dos gravadores
    Carvalho, Gilmar de
    “Engenho e Arte. A Fala dos Gravadores” [Ingenuity and Art: The Speech of the Engravers] is one of seven chapters of a book by Gilmar de Carvalho entitled Madeira Matriz, a subject he developed in a doctoral thesis done at Pontifícia [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110758

  • Gosto deste cheiro de pintura
    Morais, Frederico, 1936-
    This is a text with a pronounced personal tone that was written for the purpose of erasing the line that divides an object from an interpretative reading of it. Frederico Morais pointed out a set of factors underlying the resurgence of painting at [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110992

  • Yeni y Nam: Evento de lenguajes de acción. Performance Art 1979-1981
    Galería de Arte Nacional (Venezuela)
    This is the catalogue for the event organized by the Venezuelan artists Yeni and Nan (Jennifer Hackshaw and María Luisa González), which included Integraciones en agua, the performance work they presented at the Galería de Arte Nacional (Caracas, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1097470

  • Alirio Palacios se propone rescatar el grabado milenario de China
    Guzmán, Edith
    The journalist Edith Guzmán interviews Alirio Palacios about his printmaking and the exhibitions he was involved in at the time. Palacios explains that he has taken up woodcut printing again and has been experimenting with that technique, using what [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155809

  • 8. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    The flier for the eighth edition of the salão paulista de arte moderna has been redesigned and relies mainly on lowercase letters, double-page spreads, and a simple cover design. Willys de Castro is a member of the jury responsible for the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334788

  • Andrés de Santamaría y su época
    Barney Cabrera, Eugenio, 1917-1980
    This essay, by the art historian Eugenio Barney Cabrera, discusses the work of the painter Andrés de Santa María in five distinct categories, as follows: (I) his social background; (II) his long absence from Colombia; (III) his connection to Europe [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1098646

  • Entrevista con Elsa Gramcko : realizada el 30 de agosto de 1976
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    This article is written in the form of an interview; it consists of a series of questions that the critic Juan Calzadilla asked the Venezuelan visual artist Elsa Gramcko. The questions focus on Gramcko’s artistic development and especially on her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1152673

  • Extractos de entrevistas de Soto con Claude-Louis Renard, París, 1974
    Renard, Claude-Louis, 1928-2005; Soto, Jesús Rafael, 1923-2005
    In this interview, Claude-Louis Renard seeks insights into the Venezuelan visual artist Jesús Rafael Soto’s thinking and character. Chronologically structured along biographical lines, the conversation begins with Soto’s early days as an artist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1080788

  • Jesús Rafael Soto : La Gran Pintura es cosa de progreso histórico
    Díaz Sosa, Carlos
    This newspaper article by Carlos Díaz Sosa is about Jesús Soto—and Alejandro Otero and Víctor Valera—at the XXXIII Biennale di Venezia (1966). It talks about his career, from his early days in Ciudad Bolívar to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1097076

  • Visita al XIX salón de arte venezolano
    Erminy, Perán
    In his review of the XIX Salón de Arte Venezolano (1958), the critic Perán Erminy notes the ingenious reliance on historical criteria in the arrangement of works selected for the event, from the old landscape masters to the new style of Abstract [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172221

  • No me retiro
    Traba, Marta
    In this article, written after the final debate at the Ateneo in Caracas, Marta Traba reviews the controversy that was unleashed by her ideas in 1965. She comes to the conclusion that there was no controversy, just an ongoing rebelliousness, as shown [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799360

  • La trascendental exposición de la LEAR
    Urueta, Chano, 1904-1979
    The film director and screenwriter Chano Urueta reviews the group exhibition of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios [LEAR, League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] held at the former church of Santa Clara, which was later converted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 770220

  • Signes de Mercedes Pardo en la Sala Mendoza."
    Otero, Alejandro, 1921-1990
    Alejandro Otero writes this article for Revista Cal to reflect on the work of fellow pioneer in abstract art (and his wife) Mercedes Pardo. It focuses on Pardo’s series of Signes, on view at the Sala Mendoza in Caracas. The Venezuelan modernist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1331628

  • El artista debe superar las limitaciones de las ideologías : Jacobo Borges en Nueva York
    Florez, Armando J.
    In this interview with Armando J. Florez, Jacobo Borges states that an artist should have a global perspective when it comes to politics and mankind’s real values, and should be free of any limitations imposed by ideologies. The painter believes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065435

  • Jóvenes muralistas apuestan a un proyecto popular : El Mercado Abelardo R. Rodríguez
    Acevedo, Esther
    The Aberlardo Rodríguez market was conceived as part of an urban development plan that would allow for the control of the itinerant commerce that encroached upon Mexico City downtown as well as the revaluation of the property within the zone. Its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833191

  • Una persona silenciosa que se autoexpone descaradamente
    Ramos, María Elena, 1947-
    Curator María Elena Ramos interviews Antonieta Sosa in the framework of the exhibition of her installation Cas(a)anto at the Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas. Ramos introduces the dialogue with a brief description of the concept of “self-monitoring [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1157737

  • [Nunca ha sido expuesta en Venezuela...]
    Hernández, Agueda
    In this essay on Marisol [Escobar], Venezuelan curator and gallery director Águeda Hernández analyzes her creative concept by drawing relationships between the works that (at that moment) were in Venezuela, in both public spaces and museums, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163350