• Elsa Gramcko
    Schön, Elizabeth
    1997
    This essay by Elizabeth Schön relates the life and work of the Venezuelan artist Elsa Gramcko. She establishes a chronology of her life, explaining her creative phases, and analyzing her philosophy and artistic work. She also places special emphasis [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1152629

  • Elsa Gramcko
    Trejo, Oswaldo, 1924-1996
    1966
    This essay by Venezuelan writer Oswaldo Trejo analyzes the art of Elsa Gramcko. It describes a number of characteristics of the Venezuelan artist’s creative world, specifically how she uses matter as the defining “content” of her work. Trejo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153620

  • Elsa Gramcko
    Gramcko, Elsa
    1970
    In this essay, Venezuelan artist Elsa Gramcko offers a very personal overview of her creative process. She describes what drives her to create and the importance of the intellectual relationship between artist and artwork. She believes art to be the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153636

  • Elsa Gramcko : la atracción de las texturas
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1969
    In this essay, the critic Juan Calzadilla discusses the exploration of Informalist abstract movements by Venezuelan artist Elsa Gramcko, who was in search of new “textures” with which to express her ideas in physical form. Calzadilla describes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153589

  • Elsa Gramcko of Venezuela
    1959
    This catalogue accompanied the 1959 exhibition of twelve oil paintings by Elsa Gramcko, an abstract artist from Venezuela, at the Pan American Union of the Organization of American States in Washington, D.C. This exhibition marked Gramcko’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1222685

  • Elsa Gramcko por ahora el silencio
    Alvarenga, Teresa
    1979
    The Venezuelan artist Elsa Gramcko is interviewed by Teresa Alvarenga, who describes Gramcko’s house as dark and dismal. The artist tells the journalist about her creative process, and talks about her daily life and her relationship with the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153652

  • Elsa Gramcko una alquimista de nuestro tiempo
    López Quintero, Juan Carlos
    1997
    In his essay about Elsa Gramcko’s life, the curator Juan Carlos López Quintero provides a chronological account of her work; he reviews most of her creations and lays out a detailed timeline of her various creative periods. He mentions the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1152657

  • Elsa Gramcko y sus cuadros mágicos
    Anzola, Alberto
    1968
    In this essay, the journalist Alberto Anzola assesses the work of Elsa Gramcko. He mentions some of the elements used by the Venezuelan visual artist: scrap metal, storage batteries and other rusty metal. Anzola makes the connection with Renaissance [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153668

  • Soto
    Leenhardt, Jacques, 1942-
    1988
    In this essay Jacques Leenhardt philosophically discusses the new idea of “knowledge” as applied to art, as in Paul Cézanne’s work. The French intellectual discusses how Jesús Rafael Soto uses “knowledge” in his work and relies on pure [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1073536

  • Soto
    Boulton, Alfredo, 1908-1995
    1983
    In this critical essay, the historian Alfredo Boulton analyzes several of the elements he sees in the work of Jesús Rafael Soto, the great Venezuelan Kinetic artist, focusing here on space and time. Boulton mentions a number of Soto’s works in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101508

  • Soto
    Plazy, Gilles, 1942-
    1983
    In this essay, French intellectual Gilles Plazy places emphasis on the essential role played by the concepts of “time” and “space” in Jesús Rafael Soto’s art. Plazy examines how artists from different art movements such as Impressionism [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101556

  • Soto : las imágenes de la física
    Yunes Yunes, Gladys
    1992
    In her review the researcher Gladys Yunes compares Jesús Rafael Soto’s work with the theories of quantum physics; her main objective is to show that the relationship between art and science has been explored throughout the twentieth century. From [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1059815

  • 10. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1961
    The country was awash in optimism that year, when Brasília was officially declared the new capital city. The tenth edition of the salão paulista de arte moderna was held at the Galería Prestes Maia, organized on this occasion by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334818

  • 7. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1958
    This flier, which announces the seventh edition of the Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, has an excellent minimalist design on the cover. The (ordinal) “ o ” becomes one of the squares in the black and yellow composition, which uses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334773

  • Ideário Concreto
    Nogueira Lima, Maurício
    1983
    Artes, the visual arts magazine, devoted a portion of its fifty-seventh issue (December 1983–January 1984) to this lengthy article about Maurício Nogueira Lima, with photos of the artist and a number of his works. The magazine, which is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315937

  • 15 artistas brasileiros: colocando dobradiças na arte contemporânea
    Chiarelli, Tadeu, 1956-
    1996
    According to Tadeu Chiarelli, contemporary international art has moved away from personal expression and embraced an industrial aesthetic. This is the result of a serial, modular logic that rejects any attempt to stress the physical and chemical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110500

  • Ricardo Borrero : un aristócrata del paisaje
    Serrano, Eduardo, 1939-
    1987
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon.                                However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101060

  • Tres mujeres y un hombre cometerán "El Delito en la Isla de las Cabras"
    1954
    This is a short review of the play by the Italian playwright Ugo Betti: El delito de la Isla de Cabras (Crime on Goat Island), performed by the theater group Sociedad Venezolana del Teatro and directed by the Argentine director Carlos Gorostiza, who [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1472244

  • A transfiguração cultural
    Ribeiro, Darcy
    1969
    This text by the anthropologist Darcy Ribeiro establishes the following theoretical categories: “testimony-peoples,” “new peoples,” “transplanted peoples,” and “emerging peoples” as the basis for the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785492

  • Arte cinética e pop arte
    Motta, Flávio L. (Flávio Lichtenfels), 1923-
    1969
    Flávio Motta acknowledges that the diverse biennials that took place in São Paulo established a new phase which sought out art from abroad; although they also resulted in the puzzling [concept of the] “happy native.” They [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111367

  • Crise da crise? A resposta também pode ser nossa
    Pontual, Roberto, 1939-
    1983
    The art critic Roberto Pontual wrote this text for the exhibition 3x4 - Grandes Formatos organized in 1983 by the Centro Empresarial Rio. The essay’s confessional tone is nuanced by the author’s description of the driving spirit behind the works [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110986

  • Ramón Gómez Cornet
    Bayón, Damián
    1950
    In this article, Damián Bayón analyzes the work of Argentine painter Ramón Gómez Cornet. He states that coming to a just “judgment” of the work will be difficult because he is one of “those [artists] who goes directly to the sensibility of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786394

  • Expressionismo vs. neo-expressionismo
    Guinle, Jorge, 1947-1987
    1993
    The young Brazilian painter Jorge Guinle discusses the painting produced by internationally recognized artists of the 1980s (such as Philip Guston, Julian Schnabel, and Enzo Cucchi, among others), and compares their work to the legacy of early [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110955

  • Sob o signo do sincretismo
    Risério, Antonio
    1995
    Antonio Risério discusses the origins of the artistic avant-garde in Bahia in the 1950s and 1960s. He notes the syncretic nature of this particular form of art that embraces everything from high culture to popular culture to mass communication. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110506

  • 9. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1960
    The ninth edition of the salão paulista de arte moderna (still written in lowercase letters) was held in June 1960 at the usual venue, the Galeria Prestes Maia de São Paulo. The flier carries over many elements from the previous year& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334803

  • Arte y desplazamiento = Art and displacement
    2007
    This essay, written by the art curator María Clara Bernal and published in the catalogue for the exhibition Displaced (2007), explains why it is important to address the subject of displacement as an essential feature of the contemporary world of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1098481

  • Lasar Segall : un punto de confluencia de un itinerario afrolatinoamericano en los años veinte
    Schwartz, Jorge, 1944-
    2002
    This article considers the work produced by the Lithuanian-born painter Lasar Segall as it explores the question of how “Africanism” became part of the local identity in Latin America following the emergence of modernism. Jorge Schwartz [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808033

  • Los novísimos colombianos
    Traba, Marta
    1977
    This text by Marta Traba—a well known Argentine critic who lived in Venezuela at the time—introduces the exhibition Los novísimos colombianos held at the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo in Caracas in 1977. Traba analyzes the overall development of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1090024

  • Carlos Raquel Rivera o la periferia del misterio
    Tió, Teresa
    1993
    In this essay on Puerto Rican artist Carlos Raquel Rivera and his career as a printmaker, critic and historian Teresa Tió speaks of his work at the División de Educación de la Comunicad (DIVEDCO) (1956–63) as an illustrator of books, designer, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822365

  • Obregón en contexto
    Jaramillo, Carmen María, 1958-
    2001
    “Obregón en contexto” is the title of an essay by the art historian and critic Carmen María Jaramillo, written in 2001, that appeared in the book El mago del Caribe on the artwork of Alejandro Obregón. The essay includes a text by the writer [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093096

  • Arte conceptual, el arte de los años 80
    Rojas de Lora, Clara Isabel
    1980
    This article by journalist Clara Isabel Rojas de Lora presents the exhibition Arte de los años 80 [Art of the ‘80s]. Specifically, the article reflects on the nature of the art object and the role it plays in the exhibition, which was held at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1087555

  • A chegada da arte moderna ao Brasil
    Malfatti, Anita
    1951
    The painter Anita Malfatti describes her career in art and the various events that led up to the Semana de Arte Moderna [Modern Art Week] (1922). She discusses her time in Berlin and her training in the workshop of painters Fritz Burger and Lovis [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784090

  • A epopéa do teatro da experiencia e o bailado do deus morto
    Carvalho, Flávio de
    1939
    In 1933, the artist Flávio de Carvalho discussed the founding of the Teatro da Experiência at the premises of the CAM [Modern Artists Club] in São Paulo. Speaking from his broader experience as an architect and set designer, he sees the theater as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780339

  • Ida Píngala II
    Wenemoser, Alfred, 1954-
    1993
    The creator of the work “Ida Píngala II,” Alfred Wenemoser, wrote a text organized into two parts describing the work, which was shown at the Bienal de São Paulo in 1981. In the first part, the artist summarizes in six steps the content of his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1152581

  • Militância política e dissonância poética
    Fernandes Jr., Rubens (Fernandes Júnior)
    2002
    In this presentation of his research, Rubens Fernandes Júnior attempts to provide an overview of photography from the state of Paraná in southern Brazil, placing it in wider historical and geographic context. The author not only summarizes the most [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111168

  • Notas artísticas : Diego Rivera en el Anfiteatro de la Preparatoria
    Frías, José D., 1891-1936
    1922
    In this interview Juan del Sena chats with Diego Rivera in the Anfiteatro Bolívar in Mexico City, where Rivera is starting work on the mural he calls La creación [Creation]. The painter describes both the method of using encaustic as well as the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755244

  • O trópico entrópico de Tropicália
    Chamie, Mário
    1968
    In this text, Mário Chamie distinguishes the Tropicalism of sociologist Gilberto Freyre from the Tropicália of singer-songwriter Caetano Veloso using the different postures of their native states, Pernambuco and Bahia respectively, in relation to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1075019

  • O vídeo em questão : a perspectiva de uma arte do vídeo como referência-chave para a representação
    Bambozzi, Lucas
    1994
    In this essay, artist and curator Lucas Bambozzi analyzes the development of video production from Brazil starting in the eighties. Bambozzi argues that although promising video artists emerged in Brazil in the late seventies, the eighties will be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111116

  • Redação sobre minha cor
    Cláudio, José, 1932-
    1983
    Testimony by painter José Cláudio on the social implications of his African ethnicity while operating as an artist in the northeastern region of Brazil. He affirms that there is no exact boundary between whites and blacks within this cultural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110432

  • Revisión histórico-crítica del dibujo en Venezuela
    Esteva Grillet, Roldán, 1946-
    1992
    In this text, researcher Roldán Esteva-Grillet writes about the history of drawing in Venezuela from the pre-Hispanic era through the end of the 20th century. He begins by describing the practice of drawing in ancient indigenous cultures in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1164384

  • 11. Salão Paulista de arte moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1962
    The flier’s cover is illustrated with a work of geometric abstraction (with no mention of the painter’s name), but includes no title for the event. The eleventh edition of the salão paulista de arte moderna, organized by the state [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334833

  • 2 Salão Paulista de arte moderna
    This flier announces the second Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, presented by the Secretaria do Governo do Estado de São Paulo at the Galeria Prestes Maia in 1952. Francisco Matarazzo (the creator of the Bienal de São Paulo) and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334698

  • 500ª Conferencia
    1940
    In his 500ª Conferencia (the five hundredth lecture given in the six years since he returned to Montevideo in 1934), Joaquín Torres García (JTG) presents what he calls “a new theory.” This is his final attempt to adapt his universalist model [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1250460

  • 6. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1957
    After President Getúlio Vargas committed suicide in August 1954, Brazil embarked on a program of renewal focused on two basic areas: industrialization and development. The democratically elected government of Juscelino Kubitschek (1956-1960) [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334758

  • A través del espejo : autorreflexión de la pintura
    Jaramillo, Carmen María, 1958-
    1998
    Carmen María Jaramillo, the curator of the exhibition A través del espejo [Through the Looking Glass], begins her essay by clarifying the terms and sources she used in her approach to “painting’s self-appraisal.” She reviews the mutable, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1076656

  • Antes de que el mundo fuera
    Iovino Moscarella, María, 1962-
    2007
    “Antes de que el mundo fuera” [Before the World Existed] is the essay that María Iovino wrote for the book LUIS ROLDÁN (Segmento I) published in 2007, that presented a retrospective of the artist’s work, which has always been concerned with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1092458

  • Da senzala ao sobrado : arquitetura brasileira na Nigéria e na República Popular do Benin
    Cunha, Marianno Carneiro da, 1926-1980; Cunha, Manuela Carneiro da
    1985
    This book is about the presence of northeastern Brazilian colonial architecture in two West African countries: Benin (the former Republic of Dahomey) and Nigeria. This particular style was taken there by merchants and slaves (ex-slaves and their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110538

  • Discusión del cubismo
    Bayón, Damián
    1953
    Damián Bayón provides a far-reaching reading of Cubism on the basis of an exhibition held at the Musée d’Art Moderne de Paris that ran from February to April 1953. Before delving into specific concerns, he explains the overall perspective of his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 787233

  • El caso "Simón Bolívar" : o el arte como zona de disturbios
    Richard, Nelly, 1948-
    1994
    In this essay “El caso Simón Bolívar o el arte como zona de disturbios” (The Simón Bolívar Case, or Art as a Site of Civil Unrest), Nelly Richard addresses the outrage expressed in the Santiago press and by the general [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756001

  • El cementerio de las Bellas Artes
    Flores Guerrero, Raúl
    1955
    According to the art critic Raúl Flores Guerrero, the current stagnation and crisis of Mexican painting, was mainly due to three factors. The first factor was the lack of adequate preparation of the new generation, the second one was due to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758290