• Signes de Mercedes Pardo en la Sala Mendoza."
    Otero, Alejandro, 1921-1990
    Alejandro Otero writes this article for Revista Cal to reflect on the work of fellow pioneer in abstract art (and his wife) Mercedes Pardo. It focuses on Pardo’s series of Signes, on view at the Sala Mendoza in Caracas. The Venezuelan modernist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1331628

  • ¿De qué puntos cardinales hablan?: Anotaciones sobre la última década en las artes visuales peruanas / Rodrigo Quijano
    Quijano, Rodrigo, 1965-
    In this essay Rodrigo Quijano describes the period as having “contributed to the consolidation of a specific direction in Peruvian contemporary art” that, in his opinion, was characterized by “a virtual fragmentation of subjectivities” and by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146549

  • 9. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    The ninth edition of the salão paulista de arte moderna (still written in lowercase letters) was held in June 1960 at the usual venue, the Galeria Prestes Maia de São Paulo. The flier carries over many elements from the previous year& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334803

  • Lasar Segall : un punto de confluencia de un itinerario afrolatinoamericano en los años veinte
    Schwartz, Jorge, 1944-
    This article considers the work produced by the Lithuanian-born painter Lasar Segall as it explores the question of how “Africanism” became part of the local identity in Latin America following the emergence of modernism. Jorge Schwartz [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808033

  • Los novísimos colombianos
    Traba, Marta
    This text by Marta Traba—a well known Argentine critic who lived in Venezuela at the time—introduces the exhibition Los novísimos colombianos held at the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo in Caracas in 1977. Traba analyzes the overall development of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1090024

  • A transfiguração cultural
    Ribeiro, Darcy
    This text by the anthropologist Darcy Ribeiro establishes the following theoretical categories: “testimony-peoples,” “new peoples,” “transplanted peoples,” and “emerging peoples” as the basis for the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785492

  • Arte cinética e pop arte
    Motta, Flávio L. (Flávio Lichtenfels), 1923-
    Flávio Motta acknowledges that the diverse biennials that took place in São Paulo established a new phase which sought out art from abroad; although they also resulted in the puzzling [concept of the] “happy native.” They [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111367

  • Crise da crise? A resposta também pode ser nossa
    Pontual, Roberto, 1939-
    The art critic Roberto Pontual wrote this text for the exhibition 3x4 - Grandes Formatos organized in 1983 by the Centro Empresarial Rio. The essay’s confessional tone is nuanced by the author’s description of the driving spirit behind the works [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110986

  • Una persona silenciosa que se autoexpone descaradamente
    Ramos, María Elena, 1947-
    Curator María Elena Ramos interviews Antonieta Sosa in the framework of the exhibition of her installation Cas(a)anto at the Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas. Ramos introduces the dialogue with a brief description of the concept of “self-monitoring [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1157737

  • [Depois de muita hesitação...]
    Schenberg, Mário
    In this essay the critic Mário Schenberg discusses the political and cultural changes he sees in the wake of the uprising led by Getúlio Vargas that was known as the Revolução de 1930. Schenberg believes that the agricultural oligarchy’s loss [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091507

  • [Em Panamérica, o seu segundo livro, José Agrippino de Paula...]
    Schenberg, Mário
    Mário Schenberg introduces PANAMÉRICA, the book by José Agrippino de Paula e Silva, whom he describes as an important figure in the new generation of Brazilian writers. In the critic’s opinion, this is a contemporary epic about the American [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776051

  • [La violencia del régimen es cruda y clara cuando se dirige contra la clase obrera...]
    Plásticos de Vanguardia
    In the declaration they issued as a companion statement to the Tucumán Arde [Tucumán Is Burning] exhibition in Buenos Aires, the artists condemn the regime’s violent excesses that, though subtle when applied to the arts, are nonetheless intent on [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759917

  • 2 Salão Paulista de arte moderna
    This flier announces the second Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, presented by the Secretaria do Governo do Estado de São Paulo at the Galeria Prestes Maia in 1952. Francisco Matarazzo (the creator of the Bienal de São Paulo) and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334698

  • 500ª Conferencia
    In his 500ª Conferencia (the five hundredth lecture given in the six years since he returned to Montevideo in 1934), Joaquín Torres García (JTG) presents what he calls “a new theory.” This is his final attempt to adapt his universalist model [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1250460

  • 6. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    After President Getúlio Vargas committed suicide in August 1954, Brazil embarked on a program of renewal focused on two basic areas: industrialization and development. The democratically elected government of Juscelino Kubitschek (1956-1960) [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334758

  • A representação brasileira na IX Bienal de São Paulo
    Schenberg, Mário
    Mário Schenberg praised the organization of the Ninth São Paulo Biennial [1967] for understanding “this moment of extraordinary activity and profound renewal in Brazilian art.” His praise was based on the priority given to innovative works, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111146

  • Apuntes para una estética
    Guillén Martínez, Fernando, 1925-
    In this article, critic Fernando Guillén Martínez reflects on the relationship between the artist and the environment surrounding the creative process. To that end, he starts out by explaining the universal law of symmetry that maintains the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1084552

  • Arte e tecnologia
    Schenberg, Mário
    This essay by art critic and physicist Mário Schenberg is one of the first works written in Brazil on the impact of technology on artistic expression. His analysis looks back to the 18th-century industrial revolution, when the invention of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111105

  • El Dr. Atl defiende la credencial : como resultara vencido, la Asamblea lo Despide con un Aplauso de afecto : un fogonazo de magnesio lleva a la Placa fotográfica la figura del Señor Martínez en traje Norfolk
    This article shows how the personalities in arts and politics are intimately linked. The long essay describes the defense that Dr. Atl made of a "seat" in the National Congress. It is about a lawmakers’ bench. In these elections, in spite of having [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 739298

  • José Roberto de Aguilar
    Schenberg, Mário
    Mário Schenberg, the author of this text, considers José Roberto Aguilar a pioneer of Brazilian “magic art”—an important movement that, in his view, has been misunderstood. Unlike nouvelle figuration, which spread through Europe after [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111241

  • La pintura de Hernán Gazmuri
    Romera, Antonio R., 1908-1975
    In this essay, Antonio Romera discusses Hernán Gazmuri’s art career. Despite its merits, Gazmuri’s work has been ignored or forgotten. Romera mentions the artist’s referents, his teachers in Chile, and André Lhote& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 750435

  • O ponto alto
    Schenberg, Mário
    Mário Schenberg believes that the exhibition Propostas 65 marks a high point in the debate about Brazilian art and reflects the shift (in taste) from Abstraction to Realism, and thus emphasizes the impact of advertising images which, in his opinion [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1090461

  • Presencia
    Neira Alva, Eduardo, 1924-
    In this text, Eduardo Neira Alva asserts that the “clear generational consciousness” in Latin America is evidenced by the existence of a number of journals that, like Espacio, express the thinking of groups “engaged in the great task of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150278

  • Tres pintores de vanguardia : Ignacio Gómez Jaramillo, Santiago Martínez Delgado y el maestro Ramos
    Guillén Martínez, Fernando, 1925-
    Fernando Guillén Martínez interviewed three artists about painting, which he called “arte gigantesco” [massive art], and the milieu in which it was developed. Guillén interviewed Santiago Martínez Delgado, Ignacio Gómez Jaramillo, and Luis [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 858475

  • Waldemar Cordeiro
    Schenberg, Mário
    This is the text of the announcement of Waldemar Cordeiro’s exhibition at the Galeria Astréia in São Paulo in 1963. In the text, the physicist and art critic Mário Schenberg outlines a view of concrete art that has little or nothing to do with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1087320

  • [De todos los premios afortunadamente se multiplica fomentando...]
    Romero Brest, Jorge
    Writing the prologue for the catalogue of the Premio Ver y Estimar [To See and Ponder Magazine Prize] held in 1963 in Buenos Aires, the author claims to observe the distinctive feature of this competition in this statement: “it voluntarily [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 753920

  • [Obra de Rubén Santantonín presentada en el Premio de Honor Ver y Estimar, 1963]
    Rubén Santantonín is selected for the Premio de Honor [Prize of Honor] at Ver y Estimar 1963 (Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758661

  • 4. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    This is the official flier for the fourth edition of the Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, organized by the Secretaria do Governo do Estado de São Paulo at the Galeria Prestes Maia in 1955. The organizing committee was headed by two well- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334728

  • 5. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    In 1956, what proved to be a critical year in Brazilian art circles, the first Concrete art exhibitions were organized at a national level. But this development had no impact at all in terms of the participants or the type of works presented at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334743

  • Algo sobre la exposición de la Tolteca
    In this issue of the magazine Helios—the official publication of the Asociación de Fotógrafos de México—an editorial expresses disagreement with the results of the photographic competition sponsored by the cement company La Tolteca. This [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748969

  • Arte Argentino del pasado y del presente
    Asociación Estímulo de Bellas Artes (Buenos Aires, Argentina)
    In 1943, an exhibition of one hundred and seven Argentinean artists, consisting of late 19th- century and early 20th-century painters and sculptors, was held in Montevideo under the auspices of the National Commission of Fine Arts of Montevideo and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1228201

  • Arte neoconcreta, uma contribuição brasileira
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    In this essay, Ferreira Gullar offers a “panoramic view” of the developments and theoretical tenets of Neoconcrete art in Brazil. As in other essays [see in the ICAA digital archive “Da arte concreta à arte neoconcreta” (1315036)], Gullar [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315052

  • Cartas de Martí
    Martí, José, 1853-1895
    In this letter, José Martí considers a recent exhibition of watercolors he saw in New York and what it means regarding the state of art in the United States. He begins by recalling how disappointing he found an exhibition of painting he had seen in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 839794

  • Dulce Zipacón
    Caro Lopera, Antonio, 1950-2021
    Antonio Caro describes the recipe for mountain papaya jam, which he calls “Dulce Zipacón” [Zipacón Jam] after the ranch that he had in Zipacón, a town in the Department of Cundinamarca in the savannah near Bogotá. The recipe and a design [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 860439

  • El diario inédito del pintor Emilio Boggio en Caracas : de julio a septiembre de 1919
    Pineda, Rafael, 1926-
    In this article, the critic Rafael Pineda discusses the unpublished diary kept by the Venezuelan artist Emilio Boggio while he was living in Caracas in 1919. Pineda writes about Boggio’s return to the country where he was born, his reunion with his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161700

  • El Grupo de los Trece en Arte de Sistemas
    Grupo de los Trece (Buenos Aires, Argentina)
    This document is a catalog of the exhibition El Grupo de los Trece en Arte de Sistemas [The Group of Thirteen in Systems Art] (Buenos Aires: Centro de Arte y Comunicación, December 1972 – March 1973 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 761687

  • El ojo ajeno: negado cuatro veces : Túpac Amaru
    This anonymous cultural affairs newspaper column mentions Manuel Araníbar’s letter about the competition organized by the Gobierno Revolucionario de las Fuerzas Armadas [Revolutionary Government of the Armed Forces] (in its first phase, 1968– [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141698

  • El Rabinovich un salón posthistórico
    Fernandez Uribe, Carlos Arturo
    This article documents the Colombian theoretician Carlos Arturo Fernández Uribe’s opinions concerning the importance of the role played by the salon of Arturo Rabinovich in the promotion of contemporary art in the city of Medellín [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1100574

  • Grandeza y plenitud de Orozco
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    This essay praises the work of José Clemente Orozco and considers him one of the greatest painters in the world. Luis Cardoza y Aragón analyzes Orozco’s article step by step in a rather poetic manner. He mentions the great complexity of his work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 826744

  • Hablan los artistas : el estado y la cultura
    González Uribe, Guillermo, 1955
    In March 1988, journalist and editor Guillermo González Uribe, then editor-in-chief of the journal ¡Viva el arte! interviewed nine Colombian artists of different generations to ask their opinions about the following: What function should be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1131143

  • Hispanoamericanismo y panamericanismo
    Vasconcelos, José
    In this text, José Vasconcelos describes how since the mid-nineteenth-century forces of “panamericanismo” have generally caused Mexico and Hispanic America to incrementally suffer the loss of cultural and economic independence. His argument [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 832583

  • ICAA Working Papers Number 7
    ICAA Record ID: 1472503

  • La Bienal de 1981 y el coloquio de arte no objetual y de arte urbano
    Fernandez Uribe, Carlos Arturo
    This text analyzes two events important to contemporary art from the Antioquia region that took place in 1981: the first was the fourth and final edition of the Bienal de Arte de Medellín, and the second was the Coloquio de Arte No Objetual y de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1100045

  • La crítica de arte en Colombia : amnesias de una tradición
    López Rosas, William Alfonso, 1964-
    In this article, researcher and art historian William Alfonso López Rosas provides a theoretical justification for the need to historicize art criticism in Colombia, and he describes some of the most important efforts that have been made along those [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093851

  • La trascendental exposición de la LEAR
    Urueta, Chano, 1904-1979
    The film director and screenwriter Chano Urueta reviews the group exhibition of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios [LEAR, League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] held at the former church of Santa Clara, which was later converted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 770220

  • Lihn y Pablo Burchard, borrando a Europa
    Risco Neira, Ana María, 1968-
    This article by Ana María Risco was included in her book Crítica situada. The latter was originally written as an academic thesis in which she explored the network of authors with whom Enrique Lihn communicated in the field of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 753819

  • Los recursos expresivos de Gego
    Guédez, Víctor
    Professor Víctor Guédez, who specializes in aesthetics, philosophy, and ethics, analyzes Gego’s work based on the elements which, in his opinion, create her “alphabet” (the dot, the line, and the void) and her lexicon (volatile volume, open [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159336

  • Manifesto
    Herkenhoff, Paulo; Porto, Sérgio; Maiolino, Anna Maria; Luz, Rogerio; Meireles, Cildo; Leite, Leonardo Lellis Pereira, 1952-; Resende, José; Córdula, Raul, 1943-; Kleiman, Mauro; Machado, Ivens Olinto; Caldas Júnior, Waltércio; Manuel, Antonio; Barbosa, Monica; Tunga, 1952-2016; Ascânio MMM, 1941-; Macedo, Ronaldo do Rego
    The text that accompanies this manifesto—that is critical of the Salão de Arte Agora I—describes the Brazilian art market mindset and the resources at its disposal. The manifesto challenges the role of the critic who submits to the prevailing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111318

  • Modernidade-mundo e identidades
    Ortiz, Renato, 1947-
    Renato Ortiz examines the concept of “identity” in the contemporary global world from a sociological perspective. Pursuant to Postmodernity—which he calls “radicalized modernity”—there is a multiplicity of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111333

  • O arquiteto, a arquitetura, a sociedade
    Bill, Max
    Max Bill here offers his critique of modern Brazilian architecture based on four elements that in his judgment form the basis of a “modern academic concern” in architecture: free and organic form, glass, brise-soleil, and concrete pile [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110329