Topic Descriptor (local): Chicano×
  • Arte de la raza
    Torres, Salvador Roberto, 1936-
    1973
    In this bilingual essay, San Diego artist Roberto Salvador Torres presents the theoretical foundations for a project that traces the development of the United Farm Workers’ Huelga (Strike) banner through a series of four drawings. According to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822119

  • Arte joven de antiguas raíces
    Tibol, Raquel
    1987
    Raquel Tibol wrote this statement introducing the exhibition Artistas Mexico Americanos de San Francisco, California [Mexican American Artists from San Francisco, California] held in Mexico in 1987. It begins by suggesting the existence of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1127402

  • Artes guadalupanos de Aztlán
    Garduño, Geronimo
    1998
    Geronimo Garduño’s essay details the evolution and achievements of the Chicano mural collective, Artes Guadalupanos de Aztlán, which was formed in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Garduño enumerates the factors that led to the group’s creation in 1971; [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848780

  • Artist provocateur : an interview with Yolanda Lopez
    Martínez, Elizabeth Sutherland, 1925-
    1993
    In this document, Elizabeth Martínez interviews Chicana visual artist and activist Yolanda López. The interview addresses López’s involvement in Chicano activism and community organizing, and underscores the relationship between art and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 821571

  • Artistas Chicanos : Los Quemados : June 20th through, July 13th, 1975
    1975
    This is an invitation to a group exhibition by the Chicano artist collective, Los Quemados, at the Instituto Cultural Mexicano in San Antonio, Texas, in 1975. Along with presenting information regarding the exhibition dates, inaugural reception, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847390

  • Artistas chicanos de San Francisco en la Loteria Nacional
    Tibol, Raquel
    1987
    In this article, Raquel Tibol reviews the exhibition Artistas Mexico Americanos de San Francisco, California held at Loteria Nacional in Mexico City’s in 1987 and featuring the works of 29 Mexican-American artists, including Ray Patlan, Carmen [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1081685

  • Artists' statements
    1980
    These artists’ statements appeared in a catalogue documenting the first exhibition held in Chicago that conjoined Chicano, Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and Venezuelan art and artists in words and images, Arte Hispano-Americano en Chicago=Hispanic- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781476

  • ASCO
    Gamboa, Harry, Jr.
    1986
    In this essay, Harry Gamboa, Jr. profiles the Chicano artist collective, ASCO, to which he belonged. He highlights Walking Mural (1972) as the performance that first introduced the group to the Chicano community. He describes how ASCO followed this [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 821080

  • Barrio to Museum
    Moser, Charlotte
    1977
    Charlotte Moser begins her review of the 1977 exhibition Dale Gas: Chicano Art of Texas by stating its importance as the first major exhibition of Chicano art in Texas. Moser also describes the size of the show in terms of number of artworks and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849161

  • Bodies and subjects in the technologized self-portrait : the work of Laura Aguilar
    Jones, Amelia
    1998
    In this essay, Amelia Jones explores the Post-modern notion of the “multiply identified body/self” that emerged in the art of the 1990s, by focusing on the self-portraits of the Los Angeles Chicana photographer Laura Aguilar. Unlike the body- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848894

  • Border arte : Nepantla, el lugar de la frontera
    Anzaldúa, Gloria
    1993
    In this article, Gloria Anzaldúa explores what it means to be a Chicano/a border artist. Reflecting on mixed feelings about a trip to a museum exhibition of the Aztec world, she meditates on the tension between the Chicano/a desire to reconnect with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809763

  • Border culture : the multicultural paradigm
    Gómez-Peña, Guillermo
    1990
    In this text, Guillermo Gómez-Peña declares the new dominant U.S. culture “border culture,” and assesses how Latino culture has infiltrated U.S. culture writ large. U.S. culture has, he argues, become fundamentally multicultural, and the “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065568

  • Borderland murals : Chicano artifacts in transition
    Romo, Ricardo
    In this essay, Ricardo Romo discusses the vibrant tradition of Chicano muralism, proposing as his goals both an examination of the historical evolution of murals painted in borderland states across the United States (California, Arizona, New Mexico, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849104

  • Borderlands critical subjectivity in recent chicana art
    Huacuja, Judith
    2003
    In this essay, Judith Huacuja considers the expression of gender politics visible in the works of contemporary Chicana artists and groups, such as Las Coyotas and Mujeres de Maíz, both in Los Angeles, and Las Comadres Artistas, in Sacramento, whom [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848799

  • Brown paper report
    Casas, Mel
    1971
    “Brown Paper Report” is the manifesto of the Tejano [Texan-Chicano] San Antonio-based art collective Con Safo, written by artist Mel Casas in 1971. This short text presents the concepts of Chicano and “Brown Vision,” as well as the etymology [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126581

  • Califas : socio-aesthetic chronology of Chicano art
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    Written by art historian Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, this document represents a chronology of important social and cultural developments in Chicano art. Beginning in 1959 with an exhibition organized around the MAPA (Mexican American Political Association [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082145

  • Casa Aztlán: Focus of Cultural Expression in the Midwest
    Zavala, Antonio
    1982
    This article introduces readers to Casa Aztlán, a Latino social services center and cultural organization founded in Chicago in 1970, and widely known in the Midwest for its cultural programs. It describes Casa Aztlán’s location in Chicago’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1064510

  • Ceremony of meaning : the folk ethos in the contemporary aesthetic of Chicano and Latino artists
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    1989
    In this essay, Amalia Mesa-Bains discusses the interplay between a folk ethos and contemporary aesthetic in Chicano art. She begins by tracing the history of Chicano art to the Chicano movement that spurred a generation of artists who had a fine arts [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809748

  • César Martinez
    Martínez, César Augusto, 1944-
    1981
    This text includes excerpts from two letters written by Texas artist César Martinez in 1979. The first letter discusses the importance of culture within the Chicano movement, describing the discontent created by negative representations of Chicano [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795980

  • Cha-Cha-Cha & Blah-Blah-Blah "Hispanic artists" pretty but predictable
    Richard, Paul
    1991
    This review by Washington Post staff writer Paul Richard is of the 1988 group exhibition, Ceremony of Memory: Expressions in Spirituality among Contemporary Hispanic Artists, organized by the Washington Project for the Arts, in Washington, DC. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082854

  • Charles Bojorquez : taking "old school" further
    Aranda-Alvarado, Rocío
    2004
    In this essay, Rocío Aranda-Alvarado discusses the work of the Chicano artist and former graffiti writer, Charles “Chaz” Bojorquez (b. 1949) by focusing on his painting, Placa/Roll Call (1980). Aranda-Alvarado examines Placa/Roll Call, an almost [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803171

  • Chicanarte : a major exposition of California arts
    Romero, Raul V.
    1975
    The article by Raul Romero details the conception, planning, and implementation of the Exposición Chicanarte, the first comprehensive exhibition of Chicano art in California. He underscores the unprecedented degree of autonomy with which the Chicano [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803156

  • Chicanismo en el arte
    D' Andrea, Jeanne
    1975
    This essay by Jeanne D’Andrea serves as an introduction to the 1975 exhibition of the same name, Chicanismo en el arte. The author provides information on the organization of the juried exhibition, the art forms included, and short descriptions of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849381

  • Chicano art
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    1974
    In this essay, Shifra Goldman defines Chicano art as the expression of the historical conditions of what she calls the “double-mestizaje” [double-intermingling] of Chicano experience. Beginning with a consideration of the unresolved question of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1061662

  • Chicano art
    Hernández, Art
    1975
    This document is a short essay by Art Hernandez describing what Chicano art is. It begins with a history of the early derogatory uses of the term “Chicano” and several descriptions of Chicano art that incorporate individual styles, art school [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1127173

  • Chicano art - looking backward
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    1981
    This essay by art historian and critic Shifra M. Goldman is a review of two Chicano group exhibitions held in 1981: Califas: An Exhibition of Chicano Artists in California and Murals of Aztlán: Street Painters of East Los Angeles. The former was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847329

  • Chicano art : an identity crisis
    Quíroz, Esaú
    1975
    This article documents an interview between Esaú Quíroz, a participant in the Chicano art movement, and the Mexican artist José Luis Cuevas. Quíroz and Cuevas discuss the present direction of the Chicano art movement, which Quiroz defined as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803140

  • Chicano art : ethnic heritage and the american mainstream (Part I)
    Buitron, Robert
    1982
    This document is a brief article on the state of Chicano art at the time of its publication (1982). Robert C. Buitrón argues that Chicano art is inherently difficult to define, acknowledging the multiple and multifaceted historical and artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1081475

  • Chicano art : ethnic heritage and the american mainstream, part II
    Buitron, Robert
    1982
    This is the second essay in a two-part series on the relationship of Chicano art to mainstream contemporary currents in the United States at the time of its publication (1982). Robert C. Buitrón argues against the notion that Chicano art is static [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1081501

  • Chicano art : resistance in isolation "aquí estamos y no nos vamos"
    Montoya, José, 1932-
    1986
    This document is a transcript of a conference presentation given by Chicano artist and writer José Montoya. Referring to the title of the conference [Chicano Art: Resistance in Isolation "Aquí Estamos y no nos vamos" (1981)], Montoya proposes that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1127439

  • Chicano art : text and context
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    1992
    In this document, Tomás Ybarra-Frausto provides a brief overview of the conditions and events that precipitated the development of Chicano art, beginning with the origins of the Chicano political movement of the 1960s. He suggests that El Movimiento [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1086335

  • Chicano art alive and well in Texas : a 1981 update
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    1981
    In this document, Shifra Goldman profiles several Chicano artists with ties to Texas to assess and highlight the state of Chicano art in that region in 1981. Goldman links the development of Chicano art in Texas to the Chicano Movement in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849400

  • Chicano Art and Santos by Luis Tapia
    Kalb, Laurie Beth
    1994
    Written by Laurie Beth Kalb, this essay profiles New Mexican artist Luis Tapia, known primarily as a santero [religious statue carver] as well as furniture maker and preserver. The essay details Tapia’s childhood in Agua Fria, a predominantly [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782527

  • Chicano Art of the Southwest in the Eighties
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    1986
    In this essay, Shifra M. Goldman discusses the inextricable link between the politics and art of the Chicano movement. Political and social rifts of the 1980s were echoed within the Chicano art world. The main point of contention in both realms was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 820994

  • Chicano bodily aesthetics
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    1990
    Amalia Mesa-Bains’s essay focuses on the works included in the Body/Culture: Chicano Figuration exhibition and explores the way in which the specific historical and cultural experiences of Chicanos have influenced their renditions of the human body [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795739

  • Chicano centros, murals, and arts
    Castellanos, Leonard
    1975
    This essay by Leonard Castellanos describes the efforts of the Los Angeles Mechicano Art Center and other centros [cultural centers] to develop successful mural programs and provide support to Chicano artists who have not received it from traditional [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795926

  • Chicano chronicle and cosmology : the works of Carmen Lomas Garza
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    1991
    This essay by Amalia Mesa-Bains was included as the introduction of the catalogue to the exhibition of Carmen Lomas Garza’s art, A Piece of My Heart/Pedacito de Mi Corazón, which traveled to various cities in the states of Texas, California, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803276

  • Chicano hispanic arts philanthropy : a statement on the state of the art
    Trujillo, Lorenzo A.
    1980
    This document is a report by Dr. Lorenzo A. Trujillo of the Chicano Humanities and Arts Council (CHAC) in Denver, Colorado, in which he details the state of philanthropic support for Chicano and Hispanic art production. Trujillo acknowledges the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849123

  • Chicano humor in art : for whom the Taco Bell tolls
    Trejo, Ruben, 1937-2009
    1989
    This essay by artist Rubén Trejo focuses on the roots of humor in Chicano art and, specifically, in his sculptures. Trejo proposes that the major sources of humor for Chicano artists include pre-Columbian art, Mexican folk art and literature, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809281

  • Chicano Montage : art and cultural crisis
    Benavidez, Max
    1995
    This is an essay by independent scholar Max Benavídez in which he considers the impact of what he calls the “internal exile and displacement,” and decades of social marginalization on the self-identification of many Chicanos. He explores the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1086178

  • Chicano poster art : interview with Rupert Garcia
    Maradiaga, Ralph
    1977
    This document is an interview between artist and guest curator, Ralph Maradiaga, and painter and poster artist, Rupert Garcia, both of who were founding members of the Galería de la Raza in San Francisco, California. The focus of the interview is on [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803336

  • Chicano-Latino wall art : the mural and the poster
    Garcia, Rupert
    1983
    In this essay, artist and author Rupert Garcia focuses on two related modes of Chicano art: the mural and the poster. Garcia maintains that Chicano-Latino mural and poster art were both born out of the social upheavals of the 1960s and 1970s. Both [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809445

  • Chicano/Latino art and artists : a regional overview
    White, Sid, 1924-; Matheny-White, Pat
    1982
    In this document, Sid White and Pat Matheny-White discuss the results of their field research study of Chicano/Latino art in the United States Pacific Northwest (states of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho), which they suggest is the first of its kind [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847369

  • Citings (sic) from a Brave New World : The Art of the Other Mexico
    Sorell, V. A. (Victor A.)
    In this review of the exhibition Art of the Other Mexico: Sources and Meanings, Victor Alejandro Sorell writes that the border is the exhibition’s overarching and master trope. The exhibition features works of art by the “greater Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801878

  • Complex Latino experience
    Velasco, Robert
    This is a published letter sent to the Sunday arts editor of the Washington Post by Robert Velasco II that was written in response to a review by Paul Richard, from December 3, 1995, of a Carmen Lomas Garza exhibition at the Hirshhorn Museum. In the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849514

  • Con Safo
    Con Safo (Group)
    1970
    The brochure begins with a part dictionary, part humorous definition of the words “Con Safo,” which is followed by an anonymous short essay that functions as a manifesto for the Con Safo artist collective. In it, the group outlines the reality of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849419

  • Concilio de Arte Popular (State Coalition of La Raza Artists)
    Concilio de Arte Popular (Los Angeles, Calif.)
    1973
    This document is a grant proposal made by the Concilio de Arte Popular: State Coalition of La Raza Artists to secure funding for the development of a twelve-member organizing board to make collective decisions regarding various aspects of Chicano/ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082379

  • Concilio de Arte Popular (State Coalition of La Raza Artists)
    This document is a description of the Concilio de Arte Popular (CAP), a statewide coalition of artists and art organizations in California. The statement outlines the need for CAP given the high percentage of bicultural and bilingual people reflected [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1127151

  • Conditions for producing chicana art
    Venegas, Sybil
    1977
    In this essay, art historian and curator Sybil Venegas discusses the social and economic conditions that led to the public emergence of Chicana artists in the 1970s. According to Venegas, by the 1970s Chicanas had developed both the economic means, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845778

  • Conferencia plástica chicana, 1979
    1979
    This document is the program brochure for the 1979 Conferencia Plástica Chicana [Chicano Visual Arts Conference], which consists of an introduction, schedule, the presenters, listings, and credits. In the brief, bilingual introduction, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849438