Topic Descriptor: Modern×
  • Decadencia da influencia franceza no Brasil
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    In this text, Mário de Andrade critically reflects on the French influence on Brazil, which was hegemonic in the second half of the 19th century, but mitigated, de Andrade argues, by the maturation of Brazilian culture. The author opposes the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110806

  • Depoimento de Quirino Campofiorito
    Campofiorito, Quirino
    In this tribute published in 1991, the painter and art critic Quirino Campofiorito recalls the work of Bruno Lechowski, done by the Polish painter who was living in Rio de Janeiro in the1930s. The writer believes Lechowski was responsible for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111402

  • Discurso pronunciado por Don Antonio Gómez Restrepo el día 19 del presente en el Círculo de Bellas Artes
    Gómez Restrepo, Antonio, 1869- 1947
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon.                                However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1100980

  • Do catálogo Lasar Segall
    Schmidt, Paul Ferdinand, b. 1878
    This text was originally published in German in the catalogue for a 1926 exhibition on [the work of] Lasar Segall at the Staatliche Kunstsamlungen Dresden. Paul Ferdinand Schmidt, the director of this municipal museum in Dresden at the time, compares [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783271

  • Do Nordeste
    Bastide, Roger
    This text by sociologist Roger Bastide discusses drawings by Carybé, an Argentine artist who lived in the city of Salvador, Brazil. Bastide underscores the faithfulness of the iconography in Carybé’s illustrations and the connections between his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110866

  • Dois artistas modernistas na Escola de Belas Artes
    Celso Antônio
    “Modernist” sculptor Celso Antonio arose from the arts scene in Rio de Janeiro during the 1930s; he was named a professor at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes by its director, architect Lúcio Costa, who was a member of the same movement. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110855

  • Duas exposições
    Milliet, Sérgio, 1898-1966
    Critique by Sérgio Milliet of the manifesto recently released by grupo “ruptura” (1952) during the group’s inaugural show of geometric constructive art at the Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo in December of that same year. Despite praising [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085432

  • Dudas y creencias sobre el arte contemporáneo
    Mejía, Jorge
    This open letter from journalist Jorge Mejía to architect Luis Miró Quesada Garland indicates, to some extent, the terms in which abstract art was questioned when it first emerged in Peru. Mejía ventures a classification of forms of artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138852

  • Dudas y creencias sobre el arte contemporáneo
    Miró Quesada Garland, Luis
    In this text, Luis Miró Quesada Garland responds to the letter from journalist Jorge Mejía published in El Comercio newspaper (Lima, August 20, 1950). Miró Quesada Garland rejects degree of representation as basis for artistic classification, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138869

  • El arte como expresión de las fuerzas fundamentales de la cultura
    Liévano Aguirre, Indalecio
    This essay by historian and politician Indalecio Liévano Aguirre for the magazine Revista de las Indias contains three parts in addition to the brief and untitled introduction and conclusion. The first provides an overview of art from antiquity, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1084526

  • El arte y la sociedad
    Nelken, Margarita
    In the late 1940s, Margarita Nelken reflects on the difficulties facing artistic creation during a period marked by a “lack of poise and harmony.” The new art must not distance itself from society: “The individualist formula that has lasted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759115

  • El II Salón de Pintura Moderna del Instituto "General Electric"
    This essay is on the informative publication by the newspaper El Plata on the II Salón de Pintura Moderna [Second Hall of Modern Art], organized in Montevideo by the IGE (Instituto General Electric [General Electric Institute]). It is with regard to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1244790

  • El momento actual de la escultura
    Briano, Pedro Zonza
    The Argentinean sculptor Pedro Zonza Briazo sketches a critique of modern sculpture so that he may defend the concept of the artist as creative genius and nature as the model to be followed. The author believes that modern sculpture has lost its way [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 767888

  • El momento actual de la pintura
    Chiáppori, Atilio, 1880-1947
    Atilio Chiappori writes about the current time in Argentinean painting from his authority as the director of Argentina’s Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes [National Museum of Fine Arts] in order to critique the development of modern art. And this in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733960

  • El público, contrario al arte moderno
    Engel, Walter, 1908-2005
    This article attempts to trace the historical relationship between the public and artworks that rupture with tradition; its aim is to analyze how Modern art was judged at the time it emerged. To that end, Walter Engel, an Austrian historian and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1080425

  • El salón de pintores modernos
    Rinaldini, Julio
    Julio Rinaldini criticizes the exhibition of modern artists in Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art] and maintains that it conceals a disturbing situation under a pleasant tone: modern painting is not liberty without control, he states. The critic defends [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 767941

  • El último diálogo
    Vázquez, María Esther
    María Esther Vázquez interviews artists Antonio Berni and Raúl Soldi who speak of an artist’s commitment to his or her work, the opportunities that they came upon in their early careers, the risks faced by well-established artists, as well as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794522

  • Em prol de uma pintura nacional
    Andrade, Oswald de, 1890-1954
    This article was originally published in the “Lanterna mágica” [Magic Lantern] section of O Pirralho [The Brat], a magazine founded by Oswald de Andrade (in São Paulo, 1912). The article by the young writer lobbies for a “greater expression [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783886

  • Em torno do terceiro Salão de Maio
    This article—which appeared in 1939 during the III Salão de Maio held in São Paulo—reports on the statement made jointly by the sculptor Victor Brecheret and the painter Lasar Segall to the effect that they did not agree with the “trend” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085032

  • En blanca y negra
    Miró Quesada Garland, Luis
    Luis Miró Quesada Garland believes it is necessary to address the questions concerning “art as a product and a form of social expression” posed by the painter Alfredo Ruiz Rosas and the poet Alejandro Romualdo Valle (whom Garland does not [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137495

  • En blanca y negra
    Miró Quesada Garland, Luis
    The author rejects the idea—proposed by Francisco Miró Quesada Cantuarias—of renaming figurative art as “significant art,” thus emphasizing the differences between formalism and abstraction. In the author’s opinion, the ambiguity of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137612

  • En blanca y negra
    Miró Quesada Garland, Luis
    Referring to the connotations implicit in several phrases that both he and Francisco Miró Quesada Cantuarias have used, Luis Miró Quesada Garland underscores the difference between “the spiritual mood,” which he used, and the idea of “cosmo- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137661

  • En blanca y negra
    Miró Quesada Garland, Luis
    On the matter of the existential “obligations” mentioned by Francisco Miró Quesada Cantuarias, the author challenges the idea that “in order to ‘be’ one has to act.” Believing in an “essential nature of ‘being,’” his relative, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137678

  • Entrance
    García Canclini, Néstor
    The text “Entrance” serves as the introduction to the book, Hybrid Cultures: Strategies for Entering and Leaving Modernity, by Mexico-based Argentinean academic and anthropologist Néstor García Canclini. Written in 1995, the work rapidly became [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126661

  • Escultura moderna no Brasil
    Campofiorito, Quirino
    In this text, professor, art historian, and critic Quirino Campofiorito offers an overview of Brazilian sculpture from the 1930s through the 1960s. In passing, he comments on the modernization process undertaken by Brazilian art, generally in open [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111370

  • Essa negra Fulô : Poema
    Lima, Jorge de, 1893-1953
    The subject of this modernist poem is the relationship between “Fulô,” a young slave girl, and her masters: the lady (“Sinhá”) and the gentleman (“Sinhô”) of the house. Fulô is urged to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110479

  • Estética suburbana
    Machado, Antônio de Alcântara, 1901-1935
    The writer Antonio de Alcântara Machado discusses the city of São Paulo, which in his opinion, “is an aesthetic-urban disaster.” He comments on “the bad taste” of the city’s sculptures and monuments, making just one exception in the case [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780786

  • Explicação dêste numero
    Barroso, Antônio Girão, 1914-1990; Medeiros, Aluízio, 1918-1971; Bezerra, João Climaco, 1913-
    This text is issue zero of Clã - Revista Trimestral magazine, in which the members introduce the publication. In their opinion Clã is not only a literary magazine; it also constitutes what they consider “a mental representation of Ceará,” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110789

  • Exposição V. Rego Monteiro
    Monteiro Lobato
    The writer Monteiro Lobato reports that the exhibition of watercolors by Vicente do Rego Monteiro was well-received because it consisted of drawings rather oil paintings. He is hard-pressed to describe the genre that the artist from Pernambuco works [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085207

  • Exposición de pintores argentinos de vanguardia
    This critique emphasizes the search for Modern art undertaken by the artists at an exhibition mounted at the Asociación de los Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art Association] circa 1930); they were Antonio Berni, Lino Enea Spilimbergo,Horacio Butler [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763557

  • Exposición de Pintores Modernos
    Exhibition catalogue from the Exposición de Pintores Modernos [Modern Painters Exhibition]. It took place in the Amigos del Arte [Friends of the Arts] facilities (Buenos Aires, June, 1926) and showcases the roster of artists taking part—Norah [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769779

  • Expressionismo no Rio
    Bonfanti, Gino
    This is a review of the exhibition of drawings and watercolors by Franz Weissmann at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes. Bonfanti detects the influence of Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, and Pablo Picasso in these pieces, and sees in Weissmann’s work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780855

  • Familia Artistica Paulista: 1.a exposição do grupo dos artistas plasticos - catalogo
    Almeida, Paulo Mendes de
    This text can be found in the catalogue for the first group exhibition by the Família Artística Paulista (FAP), held at the exclusive Hotel Esplanada in São Paulo in November 1937. This group was largely made up of self-taught artists—among them [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782825

  • Federico Cantu
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    In this article, Cardoza y Aragón discusses Federico Cantú’s painting, referring particularly to its “fuerza lírica” [lyrical power.] According to the critic, Cantú was a good representative of a new generation of modern Mexican artists. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773429

  • Formação do espírito moderno
    Bastos, Abguar
    Abguar Bastos offers his interpretation of Brazilian modernism as a “yearning for the liberation of national thought.” The writer understands modern art as a “process” that takes on various forms throughout its course. In Brazil, for example [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091410

  • Formação e evolução da arquitetura no Brasil
    Niemeyer, Oscar
    In describing Brazilian architecture, architect Oscar Niemeyer looks to its Portuguese origins and to the innovative modern movement spearheaded by Ukrainian-born Brazilian architect Gregori Warchavchik and urbanist Lúcio Costa, both of whom—in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780917

  • Formas como escultura
    Bardi, Lina Bò
    Wall text for the exhibition Formas como escultura, held at the Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia (MAMB) in 1960, when Lina Bo Bardi—the possible author of this text—was the director of that institution. The exhibition set out to emphasize the forms [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110858

  • Fujita
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    This critical article on the work of the Japanese artist Tsuguharu Fujita was published during his stay in Brazil, in 1931–32. The writer Mário de Andrade explores the links between Fujita’s work (painted in France) and the European pictorial [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110645

  • Genaro de Carvalho
    Vieira, José Geraldo, 1897-1977
    The critic José Geraldo Vieira addresses the mural paintings and tapestries made by Genaro de Carvalho. He outlines the artistic career of the artist, his training and his initial creations, finally emphasizing the mural painted in 1950 at the Hotel [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110697

  • Goeldi
    Machado, Aníbal, 1894-1964
    Aníbal Machado writes about the printmaker Oswaldo Goeldi, noting his “moral profile,” his “impetuous temperament,” his humble, melancholy nature, and his “artistic solitude.” Machado describes Goeldi’s childhood in Belém (in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111403

  • Gravuras
    Abramo, Livio
    The eleventh issue of Clima magazine features fourteen prints produced by Lívio Abramo between 1935 and 1942. The most outstanding of these works, Cabeça, Espanha, Bombardeio, and Raide heróico, are clearly based on both the Spanish Civil War [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780980

  • Hacia otro discurso del constructivismo
    Quintana Castillo, Manuel, 1928-
    In this essay, Manuel Quintana Castillo identifies the formal assumptions upon which the Cubist aesthetic was constructed, and explains how Cubism influenced movements such as Futurism and Constructivism based on an intrinsic interest in geometry. In [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156007

  • Historia abierta
    Traba, Marta
    Art critic Marta Traba authored the essay “Historia abierta,” which was included among the texts for the exhibition América: Mirada interior. Figari, Reverón, Santa María, in Bogotá, July 4 through August 18, 1985, published by the Banco de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1107039

  • Importancia de la nueva pintura en nuestro país
    The author summarizes a lecture given by poet José Gorostiza in which he talks about the “little teachers” of the new school of Mexican painting, as well as the “affinities that are enough, in my opinion, to characterize the work in its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765068

  • Impresiones sobre arquitectura, Segunda Parte : Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay, Perú
    Bayón, Damián
    The Argentine critic Damián Bayón reviews modern architecture in Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Peru. He believes there is a great deal of talent among young artists in Buenos Aires. Projects are impressive in spite of the bleak economic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806269

  • Iniciação à pintura brasileira contemporânea
    Navarra, Ruben
    This essay was included in the catalogue for the Exposição de Pintura Brasileira held in London in 1944. Organized by the critic Rubén Navarra, the show presented a broad selection of Brazilian paintings that covered the transition from the 1930s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783222

  • Introdução
    Marino, João
    The texts gathered for the exhibition Tradição e Ruptura: síntese de arte e cultura brasileiras (1984) are introduced by the curator, João Marino. Marino is an advocate of the purposes of the exhibition: to assemble artworks along with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111327

  • Introdução à arquitetura brasileira - I; Introdução à arquitetura brasileira - I
    Pedrosa, Mário
    ICAA Record ID: 1086620

  • Introducción
    Friede, Juan, 1901-1990
    In his introduction to the book Luis Alberto Acuña: estudio biográfico y crítico, the Ukrainian art historian, critic, and nationalized Colombian, Juan Friede, sets out to clarify his own view of the meaning of art criticism. He believes that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093080

  • Introducción : para entrar en combate
    Medina, Alvaro, 1942-
    In the introduction to the book Procesos del arte en Colombia [Processes of Art in Colombia] (1978), Colombian historian Álvaro Medina asserts that Andrés de Santamaría was well ahead of his time in Colombian art; it was thanks to his influence [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082796