Topic Descriptor: Modern×
  • Aldemir Martins e a pintura
    Baratta, Mário, 1914-1983; Martins, Aldemir, 1922-
    1945
    This document records an informal conversation between the art critic Mário Baratta and the Brazilian artist Aldemir Martins. They discuss the motives that led him to join the lengthy list of internal migrants leaving the state of Ceará [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110782

  • Antonio Bandeira e a pintura
    Baratta, Mário, 1914-1983
    1951
    This essay is an article written by the Brazilian art critic Mário Baratta on his visit to the interior of the state of Ceará in 1951 with artist Antonio Bandeira. The article analyzes Bandeira’s work before and after he first resided in Paris [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110781

  • Armando Reverón y el arte moderno
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    1992
    In his essay, “Reverón y el arte moderno,” Luis Pérez-Oramas suggests that Reverón found his own way to modernism in his painting as a result of the exhaustion of Figuration, independently of the most noted modern artists of the twentieth [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155426

  • Arquitetura = Architecture
    Niemeyer, Oscar
    1944
    In this text, Oscar Niemeyer presents his project for the Pampulha complex on the outskirts of Belo Horizonte. He explains that his intention is to bring together contemporary art and technique. Niemeyer believes that visual experimentation is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110340

  • Arquitetura brasileira
    Warchavchik, Gregori
    1926
    Gregori Warchavchik, the Ukrainian architect based in Brazil, defends functionalism within the context of modern architecture and, in his judgment, that definitions should be restricted to the potential and means of the materials used. He states that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780522

  • Arte moderna e arte brasileira
    Teruz, Orlando, 1902-1984
    1935
    Orlando Teruz, a little-known painter, seeks to clarify a couple of terms and subjects that are frequently mentioned in discussions about current events: modern art and Brazilian art. As defined by Teruz, a work of modern art respects the traditional [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074823

  • Arte moderna na Bahia
    Valladares, José
    1957
    Here, José Valladares comments on the launching of his book Dominicais [Sunday Essays], which is a collection of his texts published  between 1948 and 1950 in the Diário de Notícias, a daily newspaper in the city of Salvador (state of Bahia). He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110845

  • Arte moderno en Colombia : de comienzos de siglo a las manifestaciones más recientes
    Rubiano Caballero, Germán, 1938-
    1995
    In this text, historian and critic Germán Rubiano Caballero provides an overview of Colombian art from the twenties through the eighties. He analyzes each decade on the basis of two key criteria: how the modern is constructed and the tension between [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1100108

  • Arte regional...
    Prates, Homero
    1918
    Starting with this issue, working alongside Guilherme de Almeida, Homero Prates assumed the role of literary editor of the journal Panoplia. In his text, Prates points out the nationalist feelings circulating at the time in Brazil. This outlook set a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780547

  • arte y comunismo
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    In this essay, Joaquín Torres García attempts to link this sociopolitical doctrine with that of modern art after presenting a succinct historical review starting from “primitive communism” up through the Marxist doctrine. He does so by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245711

  • Arte, necessidade vital
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1949
    Among the triumphs of modern art were the rediscovery of an emotional dimension and artistic sentiment in all their purity; something which becomes evident in the work of anonymous “primitive” artists and of the people who still live on a tribal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110355

  • Artesanato e criação estética: tapeçaria de Genaro de Carvalho
    Valladares, Clarivaldo Prado
    1962
    The art historian and critic Clarival do Prado Valladares discusses the connections he sees between Genaro de Carvalho’s tapestries and the traditional art of the state of Bahia. The critic insists that Carvalho’s works cannot be mistaken for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110696

  • As gravuras de Poty
    Valladares, José
    1950
    In this text, José Valladares remarks on the show of prints by Brazilian artist Poty Lazzarotto held in the city of Salvador, in the state of Bahia, in 1950. Valladares sheds light on Lazzarotto’s professional training and the range of techniques [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110846

  • Aspecto psychologico e morbido da arte moderna [1]
    Carvalho, Flávio de
    1937
    The first part of a two-part essay published in the Bellas Artes newspaper, this text consists of a lecture given by artist Flávio de Carvalho at the Congrès International d’Esthétique in Paris, and later (in 1937), at the Salão de Maio in São [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110997

  • Aspecto psychologico e morbido da arte moderna [2]
    Carvalho, Flávio de
    The second part of a two-part essay published in the Bellas Artes newspaper, this text consists of a lecture given by artist Flávio de Carvalho at the Congrès International d’Esthétique in Paris, and later (in 1937), at the Salão de Maio in Sã [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110998

  • Aspectos da pintura através de "Marco Zero"
    Andrade, Oswald de, 1890-1954
    1944
    Oswald de Andrade was invited by the American Contemporary Arts to give this lecture in São Paulo in 1944, in which he discusses the two characters he created for a series of novels (that was never completed) entitled Marco Zero. He used these [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783942

  • Assim falou o papa do futurismo : como Mario de Andrade defina a escola que chefia
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1925
    This is an interview with Mário de Andrade, who is referred to here as the “Daddy” of the new art movement that the newspaper calls “futuristic,” and that the São Paulo writer calls “modernist.” De Andrade prefers to reply to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784366

  • Avant-projet d’aménagement et d’extension de la ville de Niterói au Brésil
    Lima, A. Corrêa
    1932
    The architect Attílio Corrêa Lima presents the book, Avant-projet d’aménagement et d’extension de la ville de Niterói au Brésil[Draft Proposal for the Development and Expansion of the City of Niterói, Brazil], which includes the thesis he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110883

  • Bahia : Museu de Arte Moderna
    Bardi, Lina Bò
    1967
    This article relies on photographs and captions to describe the cultural environment at the time that the Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia (MAMB) was founded. Prompted by the military coup of 1964, the Italian architect Lina Bo Bardi assessed the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111193

  • Balance del medio siglo : estado de la pintura colombiana
    Gómez Jaramillo, Ignacio, 1910-1970
    1958
    Before this article by Ignacio Gómez Jaramillo appeared in the Bogotá newspaper El Tiempo, he read from it on Balance del medio siglo [Balance of the Half Century], the national Colombian TV program hosted by the Argentine art critic Marta Traba. G [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1088421

  • Balanço geral da vida oficial das artes plásticas em 1950
    Cordeiro, Waldemar, 1925-1973
    1951
    Waldemar Cordeiro, one of the major figures in Brazilian visual arts, provides a broad overview of events in that field in the early 1950s, a key decade in the history of the arts in Brazil. Cordeiro lists the exhibitions, courses, and conferences [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085395

  • Balcón de Buenos Aires : pintores y pinturas
    1933
    The text praises the exhibition organized by Francisco Llobet at Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art] with works by Jean-Louis Forain lend from Argentinean collections. Forain’s works are considered as real art, in comparison with those previously [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769699

  • Belas Artes
    Bandeira, Manuel, 1886-1968
    1931
    This article by poet Manuel Bandeira condemns the forced resignation of architect and urbanist Lucio Costa as the director of the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes after he had implemented reforms in instruction and in the Salão de 1931, widely known [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1075449

  • Brasil (es)/Brazil(s)
    Herkenhoff, Paulo
    1997
    In his essay, Paulo Herkenhoff seeks to portray Brazil as though it were one country and several countries at the same time, presenting its art as though it were both a singular and a multiple phenomenon. The critic thinks of Brazil as just a point [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1075090

  • Brazil Builds
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1944
    Mário de Andrade begins this text by questioning the term “architecture” and its meaning. In his view, architectural laws obey both the laws of nature and the laws of humans that lead to arbitrary personal impulses. He establishes a difference [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074892

  • Brazilian Bombshell : Candido Portinari's work is best of Latin-Americans
    Sater, Katharine
    1940
    In this magazine article, Katharine Sater introduces the Brazilian painter Candido Portinari to the North American public as “a real bombshell.” She is referring to the works presented at the Riverside Museum at an exhibition during the 1939 New [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110884

  • Brecheret
    Menotti del Picchia, 1892-
    1920
    Menotti del Picchia describes the young sculptor Victor Brecheret as quiet, reserved, modest, and innocent even though his talent is prodigious, original, and imaginative. He considers Brecheret’s technique modern and his art exceptionally honest. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784176

  • Brevísima historia de la pintura moderna
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1938
    Antonio Berni writes about the history of art from the nineteenth century on, and Nuevo Realismo [New Realism], which breaks with Argentine art that looks to Europe [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794479

  • Bruno Giorgi
    Ceschiatti, Alfredo, 1918-1989
    1944
    In this article, the sculptor Alfredo Ceschiatti examines Brazilian modern sculpture. It is his belief that between the artistic manifestations produced by the Semana de Arte of 1922, sculpture was the least affected. However, he considers it to be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110885

  • Carta a Mario de Andrade
    Baratta, Mário, 1914-1983
    1946
    This is a letter published in the newspaper O Estado by the art critic Mário Baratta, written posthumously to the modernist poet Mário de Andrade, a year after his death. Baratta wanted to convey to the reader a hypothetical letter that he would [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110783

  • Carta abierta
    Butler, Horacio, 1897-
    1931
    Open letter by Horacio Butler, accompanied by other signatures, in response to Atilio Chiappori, director of the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes [National Museum of Fine Arts], published in defense of the production of modern artists. Butler [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 790317

  • Carta abierta a M. Lobato
    Lozza, Raúl
    1946
    This is an open letter written by Raúl Lozza in defense of modern painting. It is a response to statements made by the Brazilian writer José Bento Monteiro Lobato published by the Buenos Aires daily newspaper El Mundo on November 1, 1946. In his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730052

  • Cartas de Nova York : Portinari of Brazil
    Carvalho, Victor de
    1940
    This text records comments on the success of Cândido Portinari’s exhibition opening in New York at the MoMA (Museum of Modern Art), achievemnent reinforced with his exhibition in Detroit and with the murals displayed at the World’s Fair in New [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110888

  • Cátedra libre : ¿ qué prefiere Ud., pintura clásica o pintura moderna?
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    1955
    The question in the El Comercio newspaper’s survey, “Which do you prefer, classical painting or modern painting?” prompted replies from two painters, one attorney, one journalist, and an art dealer. All the responses were similar, claiming that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137399

  • Cátedra libre : pintura clásica y pintura moderna
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    1955
    This is the general introduction to the survey about “classical” painting and “modern” painting that was published over the course of several weeks in the “Cátedra Libre” section of the Sunday supplement of El Comercio, a Lima newspaper [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137375

  • Cátedra libre : pintura clásica y pintura moderna ¿ritmo acelerado o retorno a lo clásico?
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    1955
    Several European intellectuals responded to the final question in the survey about “classical” painting and “modern” painting that was published in the Lima newspaper El Comercio. Paul Linder states that, in the course of history, there are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137531

  • Chegada do profissionalismo
    Galvão, Roberto
    1999
    In this article, Roberto Galvão provides a chronological timeline of the facts and institutions that contributed to the cultural state of Ceará in northeastern Brazil. He discusses the challenges that regional artists have faced in their attempts [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110774

  • Ciência e lirismo
    Carvalho, Flávio de
    1935
    This is a literary article written by the artist Flávio de Carvalho, in which he describes his interview with and impressions of the French intellectual Roger Callois. During the interview, Callois states that twentieth-century science is no longer [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110390

  • Cinco anos entre os "Brancos" : o Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia
    Bardi, Lina Bò
    1967
    In this article, the Italian architect Lina Bo Bardi shares the announcement of the founding and operation of the MAMB (Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia) that was published in the magazine Mirante das Artes. She refers to the “disastrous” state of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111192

  • Cincuenta años de arte moderno
    Suárez, Luis
    1958
    The journalist Luis Suárez complains about the selection of paintings made by the “International committee of experts designated by the general commissioners of the Pavilions of certain number of countries with some importance in modern art,” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780074

  • Como eu penso...
    Menotti del Picchia, 1892-
    1924
    In this paean to modern urban life, written by the well-known modernist poet Menotti del Picchia, the highways, the media, and the industrial sector all work together in perfect harmony to consolidate “new values.” He bemoans “our obsolete [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780648

  • Considerações sobre arte contemporânea
    Costa, Lúcio
    1995
    This text by Lucio Costa discusses the “unpredictable” nature of Brazilian architecture. In it, Costa develops a far-reaching theory of modern art and architecture to which the visual form is the sine qua non. The visual-formal component [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110999

  • Construtivismo
    Ruchti, Jacob
    1941
    In the view of Jacob Ruchti, the origin of Constructivism can be traced to the analytic investigation of Cubism. He believes that Constructivism implies “a new conceptual vision of things,” where colors, lines, and forms have an expressive power [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780261

  • Conversa com Cícero Dias: "No abstrato está o futuro da pintura"
    Dias, Cícero
    1948
    The artist Cícero Dias was the subject of this article that includes a combination of first-hand accounts on his artistic career. The text was originally published due to an exhibition on abstract art by the artist in Recife (Faculdade de Direito) [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111000

  • Corollario brasileiro
    Le Corbusier
    1930
    In this text, French-Swiss architect and urbanist Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, known as Le Corbusier, recounts the experiences he had during his first trip to Brazil (1929). He describes the aerial view of Rio de Janeiro and the “favelas”—the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780696

  • Crónica de la moderna pintura colombiana (1934-1957)
    Engel, Walter, 1908-2005
    1957
    In these two supplements, Viennese historian and critic Walter Engel describes exhibitions and artists that in his view shaped the modern art scene in Colombia from 1934 to 1957. Engel distinguishes two distinct periods: 1934 to 1951, and 1952 to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 860727

  • Da arte nacional brasileira para a arte brasileira internacional
    Chiarelli, Tadeu, 1956-
    1995
    Ever since the academic romanticism of the nineteenth century, Brazilian artists had longed to create a “national (Brazilian) art,” a goal that at times had hampered their creative development. The painters Giovanni Castagneto, Oswaldo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1075144

  • Da dificuldade de forma à forma difícil
    Naves, Rodrigo, 1955-
    1996
    In this essay about Brazilian art, the critic Rodrigo Naves refers, first of all, to the formal timidity of the works produced in Brazil since the modernism of the 1920s. When compared with the modern art shown on the international circuit, which [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110448

  • De "Opinião-65" à 18ª Bienal
    Arantes, Otilia Beatriz Fiori
    1986
    Looking through the prism of her philosophical education, Otília Arantes explores the different approaches taken as a result of the Brazilian political situation⸺following the military coup d’etat that installed an iron-fisted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110641

  • De la evocación posmodernista a la ilusión moderna
    Silva, Carlos
    1997
    The critic Carlos Silva wrote a study of the work of the Venezuelan sculptor Edgar Guinand, pointing out two fundamental periods in his life in art. The first is defined by the writer in the visual arts context that follows the Latin American Post- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1169271