Topic Descriptor: polemics×
  • Torres García no tiene la culpa
    Somma, Juan Carlos
    In the Montevidean press, the controversy between the writer Juan Carlos Somma and the art critic Fernando García Esteban developed and was published in installments. It revolved around the governmental and private decisions that were made in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245035

  • Los murales de Torres y algunas afirmaciones
    García Esteban, Fernando, 1917-1982
    This article by Fernando García Esteban appeared in the weekly journal Marcha and is part of a controversy with the writer Juan Carlos Somma. All in all, the critic’s rant revealed behavior and decisions, both governmental and private, when he was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245013

  • Universalismo Constructivo
    Cúneo, José, 1887-1977
    In his series of four articles, José Cúneo challenges Joaquín Torres García for having submitted to the VIII Salón Nacional de Bellas Artes—where he won the Grand Prize—a painting that, in the author’s view, has nothing to do with his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238708

  • La aparición de un tercer Torres García
    Herrera MacLean, Carlos A., 1889-1971
    In this essay, the author, Carlos Herrera Mac Lean outlined a response to the article written by Joaquín Torres García against him, culminating this third section on the brief public controversy between both of them. The response, in a written [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1228522

  • El problema de la decoración mural. Contestando al Arquitecto señor Herrera Mac Lean.
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    In response to the article published in the newspaper El Día by Carlos Herrera Mac-Lean (October 13, 1944), Joaquín Torres García published in the weekly magazine Marcha a particularly harsh response, especially, if one considered that the emitted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1228503

  • Fuera del Salón Oficial : una obra de la Pintora María Rosa de Ferrari
    Ortiz Saralegui, Juvenal, 1907-1959
    In the 1930s the ideological frictions sparked in intellectual circles by the dictatorial government of Gabriel Terra were not just a local problem; they were a reflection of the global conflict presaged by the unstoppable advance of fascism, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1221528

  • Polémica sobre el homenaje a Sérvulo : Juan Ríos responde a Juan Acha
    Rios, Juan, 1914-1991
    Author Juan Ríos continues his exchange of open letters by responding the publication of a letter in El Comercio (Lima, October 19, 1961), wherein Juan Acha defends himself against the accusation that he showed disrespect to Sérvulo Gutiérrez in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1151116

  • Sérvulo en la maraña y tras un camino
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    Well-known writer Sebastián Salazar Bondy states that, as in the case of Sérvulo Gutiérrez, there are lives and works “that stimulate debate, that appear destined to be fought over even after they have come to an end.” Regardless of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1151098

  • Resentido social
    Buendía, Felipe, 1927-2002
    This document is a letter by Felipe Buendía to the Lima magazine Caretas in response to the commentary on a previous letter of his. The writer and journalist states that he was branded as “resentful of society” based on his previous letter. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142644

  • La nueva imagen del IAC
    Belaúnde Guinassi, Mario
    Founded in 1947, the Galería de Lima, gave rise to the Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo (IAC) eight years later. After its inception, the IAC was key in revitalizing the local scene with international modernism through exhibitions by foreign and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142594

  • Tríptico de Zevallos en debate : ¿originalidad o affaire?
    This newspaper article reports on the roundtable discussion about Motocicleta No. 3, by Luis Zevallos Hetzel, which took first prize at the painting competition organized by the Festivales de Ancón (a resort on the outskirts of Lima). The forum took [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142284

  • Opiniones divididas motivó el debate sobre pintor Zevallos
    This is a brief selection of the opinions expressed by critics and artists at a round-table discussion about the jury’s controversial decision to award the first prize for painting to Motociclista No. 3, the work submitted by Luis Zevallos Hetzel [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142269

  • Los cuadros de Miguel Ángel
    Naranjo, Reynaldo, 1936-
    This brief article discusses the exhibition of paintings by Miguel Ángel Cuadros at the Art Center gallery in Miraflores, Lima. The artist was asked for his opinions about the controversial reaction to Motociclista No 3, the painting by Luis [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142235

  • Los 4 vientos
    This brief anonymous article addresses the debate on the subject of Motociclista No. 3, by Luis Zevallos Hetzel, winner of the first prize at the painting competition organized by the Festivales de Ancón (a resort on the outskirts of Lima). The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142204

  • Hay que mantener intacto el símbolo
    More Barrionuevo, Ernesto, 1897-1980
    This is a protest against the “un-hierarchic” inclusion of Túpac Amaru II in the Monumento a los Próceres y Precursores de la Independencia del Perú [Monument to the Heroes and Harbingers of Peruvian Independence], by the Peruvian sculptor [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141869

  • Cuzco pide conocer la 2nd. y la 3ra. maqueta de Túpac Amaru : han formulado críticas al proyecto ganador, pues corresponde a una estatua ecuestre, sin originalidad
    This article from El Comercio, a Cuzco newspaper, refers to the competition organized to choose a sculpture to honor Túpac Amaru II to be placed in Cuzco’s Plaza de Armas, and reports that the winning design had been rejected. The correspondent [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141806

  • Punto final
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    This text is essayist Sebastián Salazar Bondy’s response to the ironic comments that architect Luis Miró Quesada Garland published in “En blanca y negra,” his column in the Lima-based newspaper El Comercio, on July 25, 1954. In his text, Mir [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138231

  • Polémica
    Agrupación Espacio (Perú)
    Contrary to the arguments put forth by opponents of “non-figurative” painting, this article maintains that a country’s degree of cultural evolution is in no way tied to its adherence or lack of adherence to a given artistic tendency. While, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137823

  • Sobre el significado del arte
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    In this article Francisco Miró Quesada Cantuarias replies to the comments made by Luis Miró Quesada Garland (El Comercio, Lima, August 14, 1955) as part of the debate prompted by the latter’s conclusions concerning the newspaper’s survey about [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137729

  • Pro y contra : el premio a López Antay
    Abril de Vivero, Francisco
    This newspaper article discusses the opposing points of view expressed by Peruvian artists in the debate over the 1975 National Culture Prize. Speaking in favor of the decision, Ciro Palacios states that the award acknowledges “an urgent need to re [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136530

  • Don Joaquín en el recuerdo
    Castrillón, Alfonso, 1935-
    In this article the art historian Alfonso Castrillón looks back at the debate over the jury’s decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to Joaquín López Antay, the altarpiece artist from the Andean region of Peru. Following the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136461

  • López Antay ha muerto...¡Viva López Antay!
    Oliva, Félix, 1932-2004
    In this article the artist Félix Oliva reviews the debate sparked by the jury’s decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to Joaquín López Antay, the altarpiece artist from the Andean region of Peru. Following the latter’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136445

  • No sólo por amor al arte
    Cárdenas, Marcela, 1948-
    In this interview the painter Leslie Lee discusses the reasons behind the founding of SUTAP (Sindicato Único de Trabajadores en las Artes Plásticas) [Sole Visual Arts Workers Union], explaining the group’s disagreements and subsequent break with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136333

  • López Antay levanta polvareda
    Freire Sarria, Luis, 1945-
    For the second time, the writer and journalist Luis Freire weighs in on the debate sparked by the jury’s decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to Joaquín López Antay, the altarpiece artist from the Andean region of Peru. In [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136317

  • Deslinde en la pintura: progreso vs. reacción
    Gargurevich, Juan, 1934-
    This is the journalist Juan Gargurevich’s second article about the debate sparked by the decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to Joaquín López Antay, the altarpiece artist from the Andean region of Peru. Gargurevich supports [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136301

  • Manifiesto : acta de fundación : Sindicato Único de Trabajadores en las Artes Plásticas
    Sindicato Único de Trabajadores en las Artes Plásticas
    This is the founding statute, filed in Lima, Peru, of SUTAP (Sindicato Único de Trabajadores en las Artes Plásticas) [Sole Visual Arts Workers Union], an organization devoted to the recognition of the social function of art. The document states [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136267

  • Arte y artesanía
    Bernasconi, Carlos Antonio
    In this article the visual artist Carlos Bernasconi discusses the meaning of the terms “art,” “traditional art,” and “handcrafts” based on the definitions agreed upon at the 1st World Congress of Craftsmen held in New York in 1964. Noting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136191

  • Un vernissage para la artesanía
    Lauer, Mirko, 1947-
    In this text, Mirko Lauer (under the pseudonym “N. O. Sengai”) points out that only artists and intellectuals, not artisans, have participated in the debate around granting the Premio Nacional [award] to López Antay. He argues that that is due [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136124

  • A propósito del premio a López Antay
    Bernuy, Jorge, 1937-
    In this text, critic Jorge Bernuy points out that the decision to grant the Premio Nacional [award] to an altarpiece maker is unprecedented in Peru. He agrees that it is necessary to consider craftsmanship a cultural expression of the people, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136076

  • Artistas plásticos cuestionan premio
    This newspaper article includes the full text of the communiqué from the ASPAP (Asociación Peruana de Artistas Plásticos) [Peruvian Association of Visual Artists] in which the association’s board of directors expresses its “radical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135960

  • Premio a López Antay rompe esqemas del arte "culto": ganador del premio de arte visitó el INC
    This is a report on the visit of the Andean altarpiece artist Joaquín López Antay—the winner of the 1975 National Culture Prize in the art category—to the INC (Instituto Nacional de Cultura). The report includes his statements as well as those [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135945

  • Frente único
    Moncloa, Francisco, 1922-
    Francisco Moncloa applauds the decision to honor Joaquín López Antay, the Andean altarpiece artist who was awarded the National Culture Prize in the art category in 1975. Moncloa responds to critics who value “cultured art” above “handcrafts [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135914

  • Premio a López Antay suscita controversias : unos : consagración del arte popular. Otros : una cosa es arte y otra artesanía
    Bermúdez, Alfonso
    This article, published in the newspaper La Crónica (Lima, 27 December 1975), quotes the opinions expressed by a group of artists shortly after the announcement that Joaquín López Antay, the altarpiece artist from the Andean region of Peru, had [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135879

  • Crítica destructiva
    Rubiano Caballero, Germán, 1938-
    From his perspective as a historian and critic, Germán Rubiano Caballero voices his opposition to the remarks in the press regarding the XIX edition of the Salón Nacional de Artistas held in 1967. In the article entitled “Crítica destructiva [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1132388

  • Polémica sobre el homenaje a Sérvulo : Juan Acha responde a Juan Ríos
    Acha, Juan, 1916-1995
    This document is the second letter sent by Juan Acha to Edgardo Pérez Luna, art critic for Lima-based El Comercio newspaper, where he defends the pertinence of his prologue to the catalogue to Exposición Homenaje, an exhibition in honor of painter [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1107568

  • Polémica sobre el homenaje a Sérvulo: Juan Acha responde a Juan Ríos; hija de Sérvulo protesta porque el IAC se negó a exhibir el primer cuadro de su padre / Juan Acha
    Acha, Juan, 1916-1995
    This document is the first letter that Juan Acha sent to Edgardo Pérez Luna, art critic for Lima-based newspaper El Comercio. In it, Acha defends the text he wrote for the catalogue to the Sérvulo Gutiérrez retrospective, explaining that— [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1107551

  • Como trabajamos los pintores venezolanos en París : por un balance más justo de la verdad
    Otero Rodríguez, Alejandro
    In this article, Alejandro Otero [Rodríguez] discusses the accusations that the realist painter Pedro León Castro made in 1949 against young artists living in Paris, himself included. Among other things, León Castro accuses them of having “weak [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102443

  • La intervención del Señor Arzobispo en lo del cuadro de Correa
    Ospinosa, Eduardo, S. J.; Murcia Riaño, Jorge, 1895-; García, Juan
    This chapter gathers texts in which the Colombian ecclesiastical authorities established their position with respect to Carlos Correa’s painting, La Anunciación [The Annunciation] (1941)—painting withdrawn from the II Salón Anual de Artistas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1099186

  • Definitivo : no se hará el monumento de Negret : homenaje a Bolívar
    This document is Edgar Negret’s response to the press release from the Ministry of Public Works in which he set forth points related to the controversy generated about Abstract art in Colombia based on the monument to Bolívar, a sculpture the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1099096

  • Será un monumento popular : respuesta de Edgar Negret
    Negret, Edgar, 1920-2012
    The sculptor, Edgar Negret, refuted the statements made by a group of historians from the Academia Colombiana de Historia [Colombian History Academy], led by Germán Arciniegas, on the Monument to Bolívar commissioned for the celebration of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1098751

  • Un fallo saludable
    Vélez, Eladio, 1897- 1967
    Colombian painter Ignacio Gómez Jaramillo was awarded first prize at the First Salón Anual de Artistas Colombianos held in 1940. In this incendiary text, painter Eladio Vélez—who had previously been embroiled in a heated debate with Pedro Nel G [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1094543

  • El premio Dante Alighieri : otra obra llamada a suscitar problemas : el jurado del XVII censurada por no haber aceptado la obra de Bernardo Salcedo. Pero ahora... ¿qué vendrá?
    Parra Martínez, Nohra
    This document is the announcement of the Dante Alighieri prize, organized by the Italian Embassy in Colombia. In the painting category, the winner was the Colombian artist Bernardo Salcedo, with a nonpictorial work. This press release describes the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1092533

  • Ministro de obras : no ordenó monumento de Negret
    This press release, written by the Minster of Public Works and Transportation (1980) Enrique Vargas Ramírez, was distributed to the Colombian media on the occasion of the controversy concerning the monument commissioned from the sculptor Édgar [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089334

  • Crítica de una obra inmoral
    Murcia Riaño, Jorge, 1895-; Ospinosa, Eduardo, S. J.; García, Juan Crisóstomo, 1883-1967
    This text is a report submitted to the Archbishop of Bogotá in 1942. It was prepared by three priests sent to visit the III Salón Nacional de Artistas held at the Biblioteca Nacional in Bogotá and to report on the painting Anunciación [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1087734

  • Psicología del impresionismo
    Grillo, Max, 1868-
    In this article, poet Maximiliano Grillo voices his opposition to editor and critic Baldomero Sanín Cano in relation to the work of artist Andrés de Santamaría. Sanín Cano’s views were put forth in articles entitled “El impresionismo en Bogot [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1079619

  • The Chicago Show : news, views, commentary
    This press packet is a collection of twenty-nine articles from local and national publications and press releases from Chicago artists’ organizations that convey the controversy surrounding The Chicago Show. Meant as a blind-juried art exhibition, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1075517

  • Aberraciones eróticas difunde panfleto pornográfico hecho en la universidad : se exige al rector que explique quien autorizó la impresión
    This critique is about the publication of a pamphlet printed at the UCV (Universidad Central de Venezuela), whose content dealt with “aberrant deviations of eroticism.” The anonymous article states that the pamphlet caused outrage toward the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060229

  • Análisis de la obra de Feliza Burstyn [sic]
    González, Miguel, 1950-
    This article, entitled “Análisis de la obra de Feliza Burstyn” [Analysis of Feliza Burstyn’s Work], was published on September 25, 1974 in the Cali-based newspaper El País. It is one of the responses to art critic and historian Álvaro Medina [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 868498

  • Marrozzini y la mediocridad : notas sobre declaraciones de Luigi Marrozzini, Director de la Galería Colibrí en la revista Avance con fecha del 7 de febrero de 1973
    Homar, Lorenzo
    Lorenzo Homar harshly criticizes Luigi Marrozzini, director of the Galería Colibrí in Old San Juan, for certain statements in Revista Avance. Homar asserts that Marrozzini was not the founder of the Galería Colibrí or the Bienal de San Juan de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 861634

  • Pero, todo es válido? : La II Bienal en el Museo de Arte Moderno de Bogotá
    Ponce de León, Carolina, 1955-
    This article by Carolina Ponce de León was published in the Colombian daily newspaper El Tiempo in response to the controversy surrounding the Segunda Bienal de Arte [Second Art Biennial] of the Museo de Arte Moderno [Museum of Modern Art] of Bogot [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 858375