Topic Descriptor: boycotts×
  • [Letter, 1970?] Nueva York [to] Lorenzo Homar
    Camnitzer, Luis
    In this letter, Uruguayan artist and academic Luis Camnitzer tells printmaker Lorenzo Homar that he and the other artists at his New York Graphic Workshop had managed to get the Center for Inter-American Relations to suspend a New York exhibition of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 856511

  • [Letter] 1969 April 22, New York [to] Gyorgy Kepes
    Haacke, Hans, 1936-
    Hans Haacke’s letter shows that he pondered the invitation sent by Gyorgy Kepes and decided not to represent the United States abroad for a pair of reasons: because Americans were supporting an immoral war in Vietnam and a fascist government was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774427

  • [Letter] 1969 Janvier 17, New York [to] Pierre Restany
    The letter from [Greek artist] Takis tells Pierre Restany that he has not represented Greece at any international cultural event since Greece’s democracy was suspended. Takis thanks Restany for the invitation and hopes he understands the situation [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774652

  • [Letter] 1969 Juin 10 [to] Cher ami
    Wilde, Eliane de
    E. de Wilde’s letter concerns the arguments that he submitted to The Netherlands Ministry of Cultural Affairs in order to withdraw the Dutch participation from the São Paulo Biennial. In this regard, he considered not only the prevailing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774400

  • [Letter] 1969 Junio 2, París [to] Francis de Lulle
    Bury, Pol
    Pol Bury’s letter states his decision to withdraw his participation from the 1969 São Paulo Biennial due to the fact that several Brazilian artists had informed him that another biennial, held in Bahia, was compelled to close and that paintings [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774230

  • [Même dans le moment les plus durs, la France des travailleurs...]
    The text states that—although France had always been a symbol of freedom—the French government, along with its curators and some artists, was willing to send a submission to the São Paulo Biennial despite the dramatic situation that Brazil was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774679

  • A raíz del boicot propuesto hace una semana al próximo Nacional : los plásticos estudian la reglamentación de los salones
    Monzón, Hugo
    This article explains that the Federación Argentina de Entidades de Artistas Plásticos [Argentine Federation of Visual Arts Groups] became active again, after a long break. One of the projects on the group’s agenda is to review modifications to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772423

  • Abraham Haber
    Haber, Abraham
    Abraham Haber responds to the summons to carry out a counter-biennial with his contribution, in spite of making it clear that he has received an invitation intended for the artists. He is however a professor of art history and a member of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766142

  • Alliance for Cultural Equity Press Statement
    Alliance for Cultural Equity
    In this unpublished protest statement, the Alliance for Cultural Equity (ACE) demands the cancellation of The Chicago Show, unless its organizers establish a dialogue to achieve the exhibition’s stated goal of showcasing the talent and cultural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1075710

  • Américo J. Castilla : Brasil tu carceñ es la nuestra
    Castilla, Américo
    Américo Castilla’s response to the summons to side against the 1971 São Paulo Biennial. He does it through an image that centralizes the silhouette of the Brazilian territory, in which a face melts with several vertical lines in reference to jail [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766098

  • Bienal
    Horta, Arnaldo Pedroso d', 1914-1973
    In this article, the journalist Arnaldo Pedroso d’Horta describes the boycott against the tenth Bienal de São Paulo (1969), sparked by the Brazilian military regime’s rejection of one of the curators in the French delegation, followed by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111041

  • Bienal e boicote no protesto inócuo
    Ferraz, Geraldo, 1905-1979
    The writer and art critic Geraldo Ferraz discusses the boycott of the tenth Bienal de São Paulo (1969), noting that the artists’ refusal to participate in the international exhibition would cause irreparable damage to the event. He calls the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111042

  • César Paternosto
    Paternosto, Cesar, 1931-
    César Paternosto’s response against the 1971 São Paulo Biennial. His emphatic response stresses: “…Simply NO to the Biennial [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766155

  • Como una protesta contra la censura : los plásticos no participarán del Salón Nacional
    Monzón, Hugo
    This article explains that the Sociedad Argentina de Artistas Plásticos [Argentine Society of Visual Artists] called a meeting at which they decided not to participate in the National Salon (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1971). Instead, they agreed to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772411

  • Comunicados emitidos ante los sucesos del Premio G. Braque 68
    FATRAC (Frente Antimperialista de Trabajadores de la Cultura)
    The FATRAC (Frente Antiimperialista de Trabajadores de la Cultura [Culture Workers’ Anti-Imperialist Front]) was the cultural arm of the PRT (Partido Revolucionario de los Trabajadores [Revolutionary Workers Party]), which played an active role in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 750938

  • Dr Antonio Frasconi
    Frasconi, Antonio, 1919-2013
    Through an open letter to the president of the Comisión Nacional de Artes Plásticas published in the weekly journal Marcha, the Uruguayan printmaker Antonio Frasconi, who was residing in New York, expressed his solidarity with the Visual Arts Guild [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1246348

  • Edgardo Vigo
    Vigo, Edgardo Antonio
    Edgardo Antonio Vigo’s response to the summons to side against the 1971 São Paulo Biennial. This artist explains that—upon being invited to the event—he had already agreed to participate. The subsequent resignation of the Argentinean selection [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766206

  • Fermín B. Fèvre
    Fèvre, Fermín, 1939-
    Fermín Fèvre’s response to the summons to side against the 1971 São Paulo Biennial. The art critic’s response states that the Brazilian biennial is already a corpse and therefore should not be feared [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766113

  • Gordon Matta
    Matta-Clark, Gordon, 1943-1978
    After discussing the origins of the São Paulo Biennial and the earliest incidents of censorship imposed by Brazilian authorities on artists who submitted their work to the Paris Biennale, Matta points out that an injustice had occurred in February [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766244

  • Helio Oiticica : lettre ouverte aux sélectionné
    Oiticica, Hélio, 1937-1980
    In this open letter, Hélio Oiticica writes against the 1969 São Paulo Biennial and expounds on the situation of strict censorship prevailing in Brazil. He considers that it is reason enough for France not to participate either. In addition, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774506

  • Horacio Safons
    Safons, Horacio
    Horacio Safons’s response to the summons to side against the 1971 São Paulo Biennial. In his answer, Safons uses self-criticism, saying that to carry out a contra-biennial is to force himself to fight in his adversary’s field. Likewise, he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766193

  • J. C. Romero
    Romero, Juan Carlos, 1931-
    Response made by Juan Carlos Romero to the summons to side against the 1971 São Paulo Biennial. In order to illustrate his view, Romero cuts out news pieces from the local papers, referring to kidnappings and torture, then centering on the matter of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766181

  • Jorge Glusberg : Por qué resolví participar en “Art Systems” en la Bienal de San Pablo y ahora desisto
    Glusberg, Jorge
    Jorge Glusberg’s open letter clarifies that, when Francisco Matarazzo invited him to organize “Arte como Idea [Art as an Idea” and “Arte Cibernético [Cybernetic Art]” at the Eleventh São Paulo Biennial (1971), he had some initial doubts [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766259

  • Julio Le Parc : función social del arte en la sociedad contemporánea
    Le Parc, Julio
    Julio Le Parc responds to a request to side against the 1971 São Paulo Biennial. This artist wrote a statement in which the crisis of art is brought up. After enumerating several issues at stake, he concludes that the art’s revolution will be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766029

  • La U.A.P.C., el arte y la política.
    Heide, Daniel
    Written at a moment of intense sociopolitical conflict in Uruguay, this article explains the grounds for the decision of the Unión de Artistas Plásticos Contemporáneos (UAPC) to boycott any and all government organized art events. Its author, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238789

  • León Ferrari
    Ferrari, León, 1920-
    León Ferrari’s response to the summons to side against the 1971 São Paulo Biennial. This artist responds by mentioning the fact that, if invited, he would have refused to take part in the Brazilian biennial, for this event is a piece of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766129

  • Liliana Porter
    Porter, Liliana, 1941-
    Liliana Porter’s response to the summons to side against the 1971 São Paulo Biennial. In her response, she states that the artist always assumes a position. Thus, participating in this counter-biennial is a way of being aware of the positioning as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766168

  • Luis F. Noé
    Noé, Luis Felipe
    Luis Felipe Noé’s response to the summons to express against the 1971 São Paulo Biennial. Noé responds by his drawing a painting hanging on the wall that has his signature. The image’s area is occupied by a text in which he states that Latin [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766043

  • Non a la Biennale de São Paulo
    Text from a document written after a meeting at the Musée d’Art Moderne in Paris, in which it was agreed to boycott the 10th São Paulo Biennial. The document points out that after May 1968 the artists took a position regarding the repression, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774569

  • Non a la Biennale de São Paulo : dossier
    A drawing that circulated as a cover for the dossier which included several documents produced in connection with the support and organization of the Tenth São Paulo Biennial boycott. In this drawing the Latin American territory is firmly held [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774628

  • Otra declaración de más agresivo tono político en el Contra-Salón : se pronuncia un grupo de plásticos
    Monzón, Hugo
    This article includes the Grupo Manifiesto [Manifesto Group] statement condemning the 1972 Salón Nacional in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on the grounds that it was being used by the people in power to further their own political agenda. Meanwhile, just [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772436

  • Perla Benveniste
    Benveniste, Perla
    Reply of Argentinean artist Perla Benveniste to the summons to express herself against the 1971 São Paulo Biennial. This artist responds through a graphic image with geometric forms printed over a hand [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765986

  • Petite histoire d’une séléction
    The text states that on December 23, 1968, the French newspaper Nouvel Observateur reported that the artists selected by art critic Gérard Gassiot-Talabot had declined to participate because of the French political situation several months after the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774667

  • Por falar em restrição
    Klintowitz, Jacob, 1941-
    Jacob Klintowitz, the author of this text, mocks the boycott of the São Paulo Biennial since many of the countries participating in it have committed countless “international sins” in his view. He states that he does not support any form of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111046

  • San palo via anal
    Wells, Luis, 1939-
    Luis Wells’ response to a summons to side against the 1971 São Paulo Biennial. Upon responding, Wells makes a play on the words “bienal” [biennial] and “via anal” [anally, through the anus] including the drawing of a suppository [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766230

  • Siqueiros rompe con el director de la Escuela Universitaria de Bellas Artes de San Miguel Allende : donde ejecuta un mural y le lanza gravísimas acusaciones que conmovieron al sector intelectual del país
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    The mural being painted by David Alfaro Siqueiros at the Escuela Universitaria de Bellas Artes in San Miguel Allende would be interrupted by disagreements with the school’s director, Alfredo Campanella. The director offers Siqueiros a change in his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786052

  • To Bienal or not to Bienal : San Pablo : protesta y abstención
    This article reports that the Mexican artists Alberto Gironella and Rufino Tamayo decided to support the position adopted by David Alfaro Siqueiros, as regards his decision not to attend the São Paulo Biennial, in a show of repudiation to the regime [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774207