Topic Descriptor: history×
  • [El arte de la pintura es el arte del espacio...]
    Ospina, Marco, 1912-1983
    The artist Marco Ospina begins by criticizing Colombian painters who value volume over content and as a result produce totally insignificant work. According to Ospina, there are substantial theoretical lapses in these paintings, which he dismisses as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1094284

  • A las puertas del salón : diecinueve años de pintura venezolana
    Armas Alfonzo, Alfredo, 1921-
    The historian Alfredo Armas Alfonzo studies mid-twentieth century Venezuelan art (between 1940 and 1958) through the survey of the first nineteen years of art salons in the country. Following his analysis of the sociocultural context that certain [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1168284

  • Altarmakers : the historic mediators
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    In this document, Amalia Mesa-Bains writes about the women’s practice of altar-making, suggesting that while there has been a decline in the performance of and engagement with popular ritual in contemporary life, the creation of altars as both [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1086039

  • An introduction to the history of Mexican American art = Introducción a la historia del arte Mexicoamericano
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    This essay by Tomás Ybarra-Frausto is included in the 1981 catalogue of selected works from the Mexican Museum in San Francisco, California. Ybarra-Frausto presents a historiography documenting the trajectory of Mexican American artistic traditions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809236

  • Aproximación al desarrollo histórico de la xilografía en Puerto Rico 1950-1986
    Lugo de Marichal, Flavia
    Puerto Rican historian and curator Flavia Marichal Lugo offers an overview of the history of the woodcut in Puerto Rico. She explains that the medium took hold on the island in 1950 and its influence continually grew from then on thanks to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806507

  • Artes plásticas contemporáneas
    Traba, Marta
    In June 1960, the exhibition, 3000 años de arte colombiano [3000 Years of Colombian Art], was held in Miami and Washington. The journal Lámpara [Lamp] (Bogotá, published 1952–85) printed a supplement with writings by the curators who performed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855114

  • Avant-projet d’aménagement et d’extension de la ville de Niterói au Brésil
    Lima, A. Corrêa
    The architect Attílio Corrêa Lima presents the book, Avant-projet d’aménagement et d’extension de la ville de Niterói au Brésil[Draft Proposal for the Development and Expansion of the City of Niterói, Brazil], which includes the thesis he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110883

  • Bienal de Guayana del Salón Nacional a la región globalizada
    Rangel, Gabriela, 1963-
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162231

  • Bordes del dibujo
    Lozano, Ana María, 1964-
    The essay “Bordes del dibujo” [Borders of Drawing] by Ana María Lozano is the theoretical-curatorial commentary on the exhibition of the same name that was presented at the Museo de Arte at the National University of Colombia in 2007. It was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1099606

  • Breve historia del arte argentino
    Bayón, Damián
    This brief but thorough review by the Argentine critic Damián Bayón explores the development of Argentine art from the eighteenth century to the present day. He mentions artists, architects, and sculptors who have helped to define the concept of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805103

  • Califas : socio-aesthetic chronology of Chicano art
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    Written by art historian Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, this document represents a chronology of important social and cultural developments in Chicano art. Beginning in 1959 with an exhibition organized around the MAPA (Mexican American Political Association [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082145

  • Colón disfrazó de caníbales a los indígenas, porque era un genio de la publicidad! : Gabito
    García Márquez, Gabriel, 1928-
    This text by Gabriel García Márquez published in the weekly cultural supplement to the Cali-based newspaper El Pueblo is the prologue to the portfolio Graficario de la Lucha popular en Colombia (1977). In his critical analysis of ways of disguising [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1099741

  • Cómo la pintura ha buscado al Perú : los que intentan vencer el complejo : II
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    This text is the second of three parts of the essay “Cómo la pintura ha buscado al Perú” written by Sebastián Salazar Bondy. The text was not intended to be “an aesthetic theory,” but rather “a sociological interrogation” geared [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138075

  • Consideraciones sobre la pintura peruana
    Pereira, Raúl María, 1916-2007
    In this text, Raúl María Pereira reflects on the history of painting in Peru, affirming that the Incan “genius in form and color” lived on despite the Spanish conquest, not as a parallel or marginal entity, but as a force that acted on “the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293103

  • Contradiction or progression : the mainstreaming of a mural movement
    Sperling Cockcroft, Eva
    In this document, artist and art historian Eva Cockroft details the history and development of the Chicano mural movement in the United States, focusing on its beginnings as a means of voicing solidarity and political resistance during the United [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1086201

  • Cosas de Antaño : algo sobre la historia de la masonería mexicana
    Mestre Ghigliazza, Manuel
    The author reproduced an article originally published in the newspaper El Tiempo on June 6, 1885, regarding the history of masonry in Mexico; he lists the different lodges, from the founding of the first in 1806 to 1885, the date of the article’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754840

  • Dále Gas: Chicano art of Texas
    Martinez, Santos
    This is a curatorial statement published in the catalog for the 1977 exhibition Dále Gas: Chicano Art of Texas. The exhibition’s curator, Santos Martinez, Jr., defines the term “Chicano” as referring to a highly politicized, radical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849251

  • De cómo el arte Chicano es tan indocumentado como los indocumentados
    Stellweg, Carla
    In a continuation of an article published in Artes Visuales in 1978, Carla Stellweg provides an overview of issues relevant to Chicano art and the diverse approaches artists use to negotiate such conditions. She further outlines how early Chicano [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 820637

  • De la independencia a la revolución
    This article contains concise reports on Mexican history regarding the intellectual ideas that brought about the principle episodes of Mexico’s independent era. After a quick summary of the imposition of Catholicism on the indigenous peoples, it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780066

  • Del códice al rotograbado : La ilustración de la noticia en la prensa de México [Primera parte]
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    This article is the first of a series of three written by the critic and historian Antonio Rodríguez on the development and dissemination of the news over several centuries and historical periods in Mexico. He organized the graphic and textual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776606

  • Del códice al rotograbado : La ilustración de la noticia en la prensa de México II
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    This is the second of three articles written by the art critic, Antonio Rodríguez. To provide continuity with the first essay, Rodríguez reviews the progress of illustrated journalism in Mexico from the woodcut print to copper plate print. From [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776619

  • Del códice al rotograbado : La ilustración de la noticia en la prensa de México III
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    This is the third and last article in the series by Antonio Rodríguez. In a quick history of illustrated news, he shows us how it developed from the pre-Hispanic period through the modern world of the twentieth century. In this article, Rodríguez [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776634

  • El Milagro del Prisma
    Dieste, Eduardo, 1881-1954
    This essay is a chapter from the book by Eduardo Dieste, Teseo, discusión estética y ejemplos, published in 1925. Many of the chapters were articles that were published since 1923 in the magazine produced by Teseo (Agrupación de Artistas y [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1217097

  • El arte de la pintura y la realidad
    Ospina, Marco, 1912-1983
    In this article the Colombian artist Marco Ospina defines painting as the art of space, form, and color. He thus rejects the idea of art as representation, instead stressing the artist’s mental experience as the source of inspiration for a painting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1056293

  • El grabado en Venezuela
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    The critic Juan Calzadilla provides a broad overview of the history of Venezuelan printmaking, from its earliest days in the nineteenth century until this essay was published in 1978. He discusses certain landmark events along the way, such as how [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1069321

  • El patrimonio fotográfico en Colombia : estado de la cuestión
    Londoño, Patricia
    In 1987, critic Patricia Londoño wrote the first contemporary review of the subject of photography in Colombia. The article presents in chronological order and describes the publications, exhibitions, and photographic archives used, salvaged, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1100077

  • En la punta de la lengua
    Facundo, Rodrigo, 1958-
    In this essay, Rodrigo Facundo introduced his art project En la punta de la lengua, which took an in-depth look at how countries (for example Colombia) use photographic images in official reports on events, and the role played by memory, both [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1133948

  • Escuela de Bellas Artes en Colombia
    Urdaneta, Alberto, 1845- 1887
    Draftsman, painter, journalist, and founder of the “Escuela de Bellas Artes” mentioned in the title of this article, General Alberto Urdaneta wrote this text on the occasion of the official opening of the premises of the school on July 20, 1886, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1132338

  • Escultura I : más sobre Gego
    Traba, Marta
    In her essay, “Escultura I: Más sobre Gego” [Sculpture I: More on Gego], Marta Traba writes an overview of twentieth-century sculpture, paying special attention to modern sculpture. She states that the history of modern sculpture is that of “a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1160118

  • Fotografía y sociedad
    Goyeneche Gómez, Edward, 1978-
    “Fotografía y sociedad” [Photography and Society], is the title of the first chapter of the book by the same name by the Colombian researcher and photographer Edward Goyeneche Gómez. The text includes a well-reasoned [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1100724

  • Galeria de la Raza : a study in cultural transformation
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    In this document, Amalia Mesa-Bains details the development of the Galería de la Raza [Gallery of the People], an important San Francisco cultural institution established in 1970 in the midst of the Chicano Movement. Mesa-Bains describes the ways in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1086087

  • Hacia la democracia
    Irazábal, Carlos, 1907-1991
    In the last few pages of the book Hacia la democracia: contribución al estudio de la historia económica-político-social de Venezuela (Mexico City, 1939), the Venezuelan historian and diplomat Carlos Irazábal acknowledges his country’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1168252

  • Hidden histories : the Chicano experience
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    By focusing on the work of two Chicano muralists who were active in the 1970s, Leo Tanguma and Emigdio Vásquez, art historian Shifra M. Goldman examines some of the historical experiences represented in the work of Chicano artists. According to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803200

  • Imagen histórica de Puerto Rico a través de las artes plásticas
    Fernández Méndez, Eugenio
    Puerto Rican historian Eugenio Fernández Méndez submits a “descriptive and literary review of how artists from different periods have viewed the history of Puerto Rico.” He remarks that it is important to be universal, but claims that one must [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 823805

  • Interview with Tomás Ybarra-Frausto: the Chicano movement in a multicultural/multinational society
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    In this text, Tomás Ybarra-Frausto offers a history of Chicano cultural production from the 1960s to the 1990s, including the visual arts, music, literature, theater, and the history of community-based cultural institutions. He describes the changes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803185

  • Introducción
    Suárez, Sylvia Juliana, 1981-
    This text is the introduction to the master’s thesis “Sujeto es Predicado” by Sylvia Juliana Suárez, defended before the History and Theory of Art and Architecture Department of the Universidad Nacional of Colombia. It consists of a study of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102677

  • Introduction
    Niedergang, Marcel
    In this introductory essay, French journalist Marcel Niedergang provides an overview of twentieth-century Latin American economic history. The author begins by situating Latin America within its geographic location, briefly touching on the cultures [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1052740

  • Introduction : the beginnings of Chicano art
    Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-
    Jacinto Quirarte’s essay provides an overview of the development of Chicano art from its beginnings as a cultural wing of the Chicano socio-political movement. Quirarte focuses specifically on artists groups, cultural centers, and alternative [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 846405

  • La crítica de arte en 1899 : autores, conceptos, polémicos y tomas de posición
    López, William Alfonso
    In “La crítica de arte en el Salón de 1899: una aproximación a los procesos de configuración del campo artístico en Colombia,”historian and museologist William Alfonso López Rosas analyzes the criticism published on the Sección de Bellas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1134808

  • La pintura contemporánea en el Perú
    Rios, Juan, 1914-1991
    In his introduction, Juan E. Ríos—the author of this overview of Peruvian painting from the first half of the twentieth century—describes Peruvian art as “the creation of a visual equivalent of reality, rather than a mere copy of it” denying [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293275

  • Les démocraties latines de l'Amérique
    García Calderón, Francisco, 1883-1953
    This selection of documents begins with Raymond Poincaré’s—the future president of France (1913-20)—preface to Francisco García-Calderón’s book, Les démocraties latines d’Amérique. Poincaré praises Calderón’s book and traces the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 838484

  • Lo específico del hombre latinoamericano
    Uslar Pietri, Arturo, 1906-2001
    In this statement, Arturo Uslar Pietri posits that the history of Latin America has been a process of raising awareness of the region’s evolution, which serves as the basis for the development of a new world born of the modern age. In an encounter [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1165237

  • Memoria e identidad de las últimas décadas del siglo XX
    Pini, Ivonne
    The Uruguayan art historian and executive publisher of the magazine Arte en Colombia-Art Nexus, Ivonne Pini wonders, “How should the visual arts address our past?” She points out that the “rupture of modernism” did not happen in Latin America [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091831

  • Mexican American artists
    Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-
    This excerpt from Jacinto Quirarte’s book, Mexican American Artists, includes the introduction, chapters 4 through 8, and a short conclusion. In the introduction, the author explores Chicano identity and the unifying elements of Chicano art. While [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809688

  • Mixing
    Lucy Lippard recounts a history of art in the United States during the 1970s and ‘80s centered on cultural mixing. She begins by attesting to the failure of the idea of the “melting pot” in the United States. Instead, she argues that Western [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065534

  • Nuestro "aire" cultural : Nota primera
    Picón-Salas, Mariano, 1901-1965
    In this article the writer Mariano Picón Salas provides a concise summary of what he believes to be the most distinctive aspects of Latin America in the first half of the twentieth century as viewed, in particular, from the perspective of a cultural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850137

  • Orígenes de la fotografía
    Alvarez Bravo, Manuel
    Manuel Álvarez Bravo’s essay provides an introduction to the general history of photography. He traces its development from the original camera obscura that has been with us since time immemorial, and recognizes the contributions of those who [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748988

  • Outline of a theoretical model for the study of Chicano art
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-; Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    In this document Shifra Goldman and Tomás Ybarra-Frausto outline an extensive model for the study of a social history of Chicano art, beginning with a consideration of the cultural theories of Ernesto Galarza and anthropologists Americo Paredes and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849294

  • Panorama actual
    Rubiano Caballero, Germán, 1938-
    This chapter of the encyclopedia Historia del arte colombiano [History of Colombian Art] written by Germán Rubiano is divided into three parts. In the first part, Rubiano discusses the art that is referred to in the chapter and that he considers to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1131582

  • Points of convergence : the iconography of the Chicano poster = Puntos de convergencia : la iconografía del cartel chicano
    Romo, Terecita
    In this bilingual essay, Chicana art historian and curator Tere Romo delineates three distinct periods of poster production, tracing the factors that shaped the development of iconography and visual styles, as well as the varying degrees to which [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 821382