Topic Descriptor: Uruguayan×
  • [Durante años, varias generaciones de uruguayos...]
    Romero, Nelbia, 1938-
    1992
    In this leaflet Nelbia Romero expresses her goal of recognizing the identity and ethnicity of the indigenous race that once lived on the land that is now Uruguay. That race was, in fact, exterminated during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238885

  • [El hombre es libre]
    Basso Maglio, Vicente, 1889-
    1931
    Vicente Basso Maglio sees “creative freedom” as a constant that lies outside historical time. In his view, it is intrinsically human—a pure concept not bound to questions of style in art, which are to his thinking, vulgar, ornamental, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1229417

  • [Letter] 1915 Diciembre 1, Terrasa, España [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1915
    In this letter to the writer José Enrique Rodó, Joaquín Torres García discusses the affinity they share for the Greco-Latin tradition, and expresses his wish to be in touch with contemporary Uruguayan art because, though living in Spain at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247404

  • [Letter] 1916 Junio 1, Terrasa, España [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1916
    This letter from Joaquín Torres García to his Uruguayan compatriot, the renowned writer José Enrique Rodó, suggests that both men agreed on the need to encourage the emerging art in their country by exposing young Uruguayan artists to what was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247430

  • [Letter] 1916 Marzo 15 [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1916
    In this letter, Joaquín Torres-García declares his intention to promote contemporary Uruguayan art to European audiences. The objective is to create a program designed to provide scholarships or grants from the Uruguayan government for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247461

  • [Letter] 1965, Montevideo [to] Fernando García Esteban
    Cúneo, José, 1887-1977
    1965
    In this letter to critic Fernando García Esteban, José Cúneo celebrates the recent publication of the critic’s Panorama de la plástica contemporánea uruguaya (Montevideo: Editorial Alfa, 1965). Cúneo then explains his ideas about color in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1233790

  • [Letter] 1973 Febrero, San Juan Puerto Rico [to] Leonilda González
    Martorell, Antonio, 1939-
    1973
    In this letter to Uruguayan artist Leonilda González—secretary general of the Club de Grabado de Montevideo (CGM)—multifaceted Puerto Rican creator Antonio Martorell conveys his interest in organizing a group show of the CGM in San Juan. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1193636

  • [Letter] 1974 September 27, Montevideo [to] Lorenzo Homar
    Rovira, Quela, 1917-2014
    1974
    Quela Rovira, an Uruguayan artist, informs Lorenzo Homar about the shipping of the posters that had been exhibited. She sends her regrets about the events that occurred in Uruguay just after the exhibition, since they worsened the sale prospects for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 861234

  • [Letter] 1981, Julio 21, São Paulo, Brasil [to] Clemente Padín
    Zanini, Walter, 1925-
    1981
    This is the Brazilian art critic and curator Walter Zanini’s official invitation to Clemente Padín, asking him to take part in the XVI Bienal Internacional de São Paulo, in 1981. The document created a “diplomatic” incident that was solved [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1242138

  • [Letter] Enero 1930, París, Francia [to] José Cuneo y Bernabé Michelena
    Raykis, Wladimir, 1899-
    1930
    In 1930, Wladimir Raykis (director of Galerie Zak in Paris) sent this letter inviting Uruguayan artists José Cúneo and Bernabé Michelena to exhibit at his exhibition venue which promoted Latin American art between the wars. The dialogue and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1233623

  • [Se reconocerá por Arte Madí...]
    1947
    The Madí group expressed a desire to invent and construct objects in the very heart of a society that is capable of releasing energy and controlling both space and time. They also proposed that their ideas could be applied to all artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732008

  • [Tengo el honor de dirigirme a Ud. en relación a la nota no. Br. 568/22/1...]
    Sosa, Jesualdo, 1905-1982
    1961
    This document is a confidential report, perhaps to be sent to the KGB, on the three Uruguayan artists selected to participate in the 1961 São Paulo Biennial. The text addresses other aspects of the art scene in Uruguay as well, among them the group [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238805

  • 2ª exposición al aire libre en homenaje a Stalingrado : Domingo 8 de Noviembre, 1942
    Federación de Estudiantes Plásticos del Uruguay
    1942
    This document contains information on an exhibition of the Federación de Estudiantes Plásticos del Uruguay (FEPU) held in 1942. A pro-Soviet text is transcribed and a list of participants in the show appears, among them eminent local artists. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1210566

  • AIAPE la víbora y Nadie
    Cabrera, Sarandy, 1923-2005
    1947
    This article by Sarandy Cabrera, which appeared in Removedor, the journal published by the TTG (Taller Torres-García), is an example of the magazine’s colloquial—and aggressive, “from the trenches”—discourse. This [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263683

  • Al encuentro de las culturas subyacentes
    Haber, Alicia, 1946-
    1992
    In this text, Alicia Haber analyzes how a large and complex installation by Nelbia Romero shows the toponymic-linguistic legacy of Guarani culture in a country as European as Uruguay. From the mid-eighties to the mid-nineties, there was a social [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238901

  • Alpuy en la Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango
    Traba, Marta
    1958
    In this article, published in Bogotá’s El Tiempo newspaper on the occasion of Julio Alpuy’s first exhibition in Colombia, the Argentine critic Marta Traba reiterates her earlier strong critiques of the constructive system proposed by Joaquín [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1105143

  • Apremios e interrogantes
    Peluffo Linari, Gabriel
    1972
    This essay is on an interview [conducted] by Gabriel Peluffo with the sculptor Germán Cabrera, the artist and performer Teresa Vila, and the painter and engraver Anhelo Hernández. He questions them on the role of the visual arts within the social [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245079

  • Aquí, en Montevideo
    Torres-García, Joaquín, 1874-1949
    1938
    In this brief essay Joaquín Torres-García outlines the goals he developed at the AAC (Asociación de Arte Constructivo) and explained in the association’s magazine. He describes the difficulties he had in trying to make [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263116

  • Arte vinculado a la industria
    Grupo 8 (Uruguay)
    1959
    In its bulletin, GRUPO 8, created in Montevideo in 1959, exposed the need to organically and institutionally tie national industries to those Uruguayan artists affiliated with modernity. The objective was to promote labor sources for Uruguayan modern [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1313167

  • arte y comunismo
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    In this essay, Joaquín Torres García attempts to link this sociopolitical doctrine with that of modern art after presenting a succinct historical review starting from “primitive communism” up through the Marxist doctrine. He does so by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245711

  • Arte-correo una nueva forma de expresión
    Vigo, Edgardo Antonio; Zabala, Horacio, 1943-
    1976
    Published in the first issue of Buzón de Arte/Arte de Buzón (Caracas, January, 1976), in this article, Argentinean artists Edgardo Antonio Vigo and Horacio Zabala analyze the interaction that exists between two traditionally different systems of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154763

  • Augusto Rodin
    Mauclair, Camilo
    1920
    The avant-garde journal Los Nuevos was created in Montevideo in 1919 in an attempt to renew the European roots of literary modernism. The first issue contains an article on the life and work of French sculptor Auguste Rodin. The text asserts that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1196229

  • Barradas
    Abril, Manuel, 1884-1943
    1930
    The Spanish author and art critic Manuel Abril was widely known as an admirer of the work of Uruguayan artist Rafael Barradas. This essay, originally written for the Catalan magazine Vell I Nou, outlines the artist’s predisposition for modernism. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243461

  • Barradas el uruguayo
    Abril, Manuel, 1884-1943
    1925
    Written in 1925, this essay by Spanish writer Manuel Abril published in Alfar journal analyzes Rafael Barradas’s artistic attitude, which is based on permanent transformation. Abril begins with a reflection on the notions of “change” and “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1197352

  • Barradas pintor de eternidad
    Perucho, Artur, 1902-1956
    1930
    The catalogue of the exhibition Exposición Barradas, organized by the Comisión Nacional del Centenario in Uruguay in 1930, included an essay on Artur Perucho that had already been published before by the Barcelona-based magazine Joia. The article [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243392

  • Cambio de plano
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    In this lecture, Joaquín Torres García (JTG) asserts that groups of artists that are not joined by theoretical ideas or stand behind a distinct ethical platform are pointless. He therefore repudiates the schools and groups in Uruguay, supporting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245979

  • Camnitzer expone en N.York
    1971
    In this article, a New York art critic whose signature is the initials H. R. discusses the first version of Uruguayan artist Luis Camnitzer’s work Leftovers on exhibition in a new gallery in Manhattan. The work consists of a neat arrangement of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1246103

  • Carlos González o la fundación del grabado uruguayo
    Kalenberg, Angel
    1980
    Uruguayan critic Ángel Kalenberg praises the woodcuts of Uruguayan artist Carlos González. He asserts that González is to South America what José Guadalupe Posada was to Mexico, mainly, a pioneer in the realm of art. His pivotal series of prints [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806129

  • Clemente Padín : el artista está al servicio de la comunidad
    Padín, Clemente, 1939-
    1976
    In this article, published in the magazine Buzón de Arte/Arte de Buzón nº 1 (Caracas, January 1976), the Uruguayan artist Clemente Padín describes his work/action project, “El artista está al servicio de la comunidad,” which could be seen at [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154731

  • Comunicato alla stampa
    Le Parc, Julio
    1975
    The text informs the Italian press that in the meeting which took place on October 15 and 16, 1975, it was agreed among the artists representing Argentina, Brazil, Chile, France, Italy, the Netherlands and Uruguay to constitute the Fronte [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774007

  • Conferencias Culturales : Sobre tópicos de arte decorativo
    Viviani, Sebastián, 1883-
    1920
    This 1920 article by Sebastián Viviani was published in Trabajo, a periodical that was a vehicle for the Consejo Superior de la Enseñanza Industrial in Uruguay. The text is a summary of the lecture given by sculptor Antonio Pena—who taught [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1230583

  • Contestando a Torres García
    Berdía, Norberto, 1900-
    1934
    In his famous “Manifiesto 1,” Joaquín Torres García repudiates the article published in the Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay’s journal Movimiento. Torres García’s text, in turn, occasioned “Contestando a Torres [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1208175

  • Cuál debiera ser nuestro arte
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    His extensive preaching in favor of spiritual rectitude led Joaquin Torres García to reject the “superfluous” in art and keep the fundamental elements that make up the concept and structure of Constructivist art. The resulting logic of this [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245873

  • De la invención en la pintura
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    In this essay, Joaquín Torres García speaks about “Lesson 50,” which was later published in his book Universalismo Constructivo (1944). In it there are some comments referencing selected paragraphs from another conference under the same title [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245854

  • De la Tragedia de la Imagen : Barradas
    Basso Maglio, Vicente, 1889-
    1930
    The author outlines his convictions on “artistic creation,” associating them to searches that are transcendent and tragic in character (as manifested in the title of the article). He conceives that the act of creating derives from spiritual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225969

  • De los grabados de ayer a las ediciones actuales
    Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    1981
    This is a report on how artists at the CGM (Club de Grabado de Montevideo) dealt with new techniques designed for the reproduction of images. The report reviews new printing systems, such as offset, and mentions the increasing popularity of silk [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1191787

  • El Arte Constructivo y Joaquín Torres García
    Vitureira, Cipriano S. (Cipriano Santiago), 1907-
    1937
    Chapter five of the book Arte simple, published in Montevideo (1937) by Cipriano Santiago Vitureira, focuses on Constructivist art and the unquestionable contributions by Joaquín Torres García. The author values the multifaceted artist’s return [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1218912

  • El arte de América
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    This essay is on another new text about American art by Joaquín Torres García that addresses the distance from Europe after a harsh judgment about the “delay” in aesthetic concepts in Uruguay in which he tries to explain his concept of “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245783

  • El Arte de Arzádum
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1937
    Joaquín Torres García discusses the Uruguayan painter Carmelo de Arzadun’s change of course. Writing in a style that is rife with irony and veiled criticism of the local milieu, Torres García singles out Arzadun for having opted for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223148

  • El arte naturalista y el arte geométrico
    Torres-García, Joaquín, 1874-1949
    1937
    This article, “El arte naturalista y el arte geométrico,” includes a discussion of Joaquín Torres-García’s main theoretical ideas. Here he restates his metaphysically-inspired philosophical approach and his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263101

  • El arte popular debe ser el más universal
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    Upholding the need to theorize his practice—Joaquín Torres García once again explains the basis of his Constructivist art; in his view, all artists should engage in permanent reflection. This text is primarily aimed at pointing out the confusion [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1246036

  • El constructivismo : muerte y nacimiento de un momento histórico
    Castillo, Guido, 1922-2010
    1943
    In this brief article, written in a colloquial, essay style, Guido Castillo expresses the hope that the essence of modern art will be reborn from its own ashes in both the emblematic figure of Joaquín Torres-García and in Universalismo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263176

  • El fracaso de la "Casa del Arte"
    1928
    The article “El fracaso de la Casa de Arte” argues the reasons why the institution was forced to close its doors shortly after it was founded. By the end of the 1920s, Uruguayan artists had established close ties with the government promoting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1197600

  • El grabador Carlos González : expresión realista del campo uruguayo
    Novoa, Felipe, 1909-1989
    1944
    The writer Felipe Nóvoa discusses Carlos González’s body of work at the end of the latter’s artistic career, during which this distinguished printmaker-woodcut printer created some very unusual works from 1934 to 1944, when he stopped producing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223870

  • El nuevo arte de América
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    Joaquín Torres García argues in defense of geometric thought, which in his opinion should dominate our art and our lives,” by leaning to a great extent on the pre-Hispanic tradition of America. He does this to counter language regarding the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245804

  • El pintor Juan Carlos Figari Castro
    Paéz Vilaró, Jorge, 1922-
    1955
    In this text, Jorge Páez Vilaró analyzes the pictorial work of Juan Carlos Figari Castro, son of painter Pedro Figari, pointing out his talent as a draftsman and the overall merit of his art. Páez Vilaró, himself a painter, understands that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1228547

  • El pintor Pedro Figari
    Podesta, José María
    1942
    This article is a reflection on the shifting opinions recorded on Pedro Figari’s work throughout his artistic trajectory and the influence this critique, that stemmed from Europe, had on both the Uruguayan public as well as on local art critics. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227840

  • El Primer Salón Municipal de Artes Plásticas
    Romero Brest, Jorge
    1940
    While art critic Jorge Romero Brest’s influence was international in scope, it was particularly great in Latin America and the Río de la Plata region. His regional prestige as a lecturer was also considerable and, in 1940, he was invited to give a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1196490

  • En la sociedad burguesa ganan los banqueros y pierden los artistas : El caso del pintor Torres García
    Berdía, Norberto, 1900-
    1934
    “En la sociedad burguesa ganan los banqueros y pierden los artistas” (In Bourgeois Society, Bankers Win and Artists Lose) is the name of an article by Norberto Berdía on painter Joaquín Torres García. More specifically, the text discusses how [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1208127

  • En torno a Barradas
    Luisi, Clotilde, 1882-1969
    1943
    This essay on Rafael Barradas, by the writer Clotilde Luisi, emphasized the various aspects of the landscape works produced by the Uruguayan who had, for a very long time, been associated with the Spanish avant-garde movement of the 1920s. Luisi [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227809