Topic Descriptor: Mexican×
  • [Letter] 1981 May 16, México, D.F. [to] Lorenzo Homar
    Beltrán, Alberto
    1981
    The Mexican artist Alberto Beltrán writes to Lorenzo Homar to tell him that the Mexican printmaker Adolfo Quinteros is having a difficult time. He also mentions that a new museum is to be opened in front of the Museo de Arte Moderno to house the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863919

  • [Letter] Jesualdo y María Carmen [to] David Alfaro Siqueiros, Montevideo, 27 Diciembre, 1962
    Sosa, Jesualdo, 1905-1982; Portela, María Carmen, 1898-
    1962
    This document is a letter sent by two Uruguayan intellectuals to David Alfaro Siqueiros, who had been held at Lecumberri jail in Mexico City since 1960; the letter was sent through the artist’s wife, Angélica Arenal. It was a message of solidarity [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238756

  • [Sobre fotografía]
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    Carlos Mérida asserts that photography is an art which has no developmental links to the advance of technology (as is the case with science) since daguerreotypes can be just as beautiful as contemporary photographs. For this author it is necessary [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757912

  • [When, in 1926, Tamayo was preparing his first exhibition...]
    Goldwater, Robert John, 1907-1973
    1947
    In this article, art historian Robert Goldwater analyzes the life and work of Mexican painter Rufino Tamayo. Goldwater explains that although Tamayo is thought to have an individual style, when his works are assembled, it is apparent that his work is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126437

  • 1er Manifiesto Treintatrentista
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    The first treinta-treintista manifesto is aimed against academics, public officials, thieves of public offices, and in general, all kinds of layabouts and rascals who pretend to be intellectuals. Using iconoclastic language, the ¡30-30! Group [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779430

  • 2° Manifiesto Treintatrentista
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    In the second treinta-treintista manifesto, the group declares the reason for its dispute. It states that the struggle between independent painters and the academics intensified when the presidency changed hands, since certain conservative teachers [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779440

  • 3 llamamientos de orientación actual a los pintores y escultores de la nueva generación americana
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1921
    With his manifesto, David Alfaro Siqueiros sought to position the avant-garde project anew, doing away with belated modernism and impressionism, in favor of Cubo-Futurist expressions and the incipient eruption of Dadaism. This eagerness for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801659

  • 3er. Manifiesto Treintatrentista
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    The third treinta-treintista manifesto is a flyer written in opposition to the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes, its instruction methods, and the works produced at the school. Subdivided into eight points, the group’s statement describes the basic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779450

  • 4° Manifiesto treintatrentista
    Alva de la Canal, Ramón
    1928
    This manifesto from the Treinta-treintistas [¡30-30! mouvement] discusses the incorporation of new elements and announces the group’s purging and expulsion of old members, either for being neo-academics or for attempting to eliminate the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779471

  • 5° Manifiesto treintatrentista : Contra los académicos : los covachuelistas : los salteadores de puestos públicos : En general contra toda clase de sabandijas y zánganos intelectualoides
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    In this manifesto, the ¡30-30! collective of painters announced that its struggle against academism was once again alive and thriving. The reason for this was that the president’s office of the Escuela de Bellas Artes [School of Fine Arts] [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786596

  • A critical perspective on the state of Chicano Art
    Montoya, Malaquias, 1938-; Salkowitz Montoya, Lezlie
    1980
    This manifesto written by Chicano artist Malaquías Montoya and his wife, Lezlie Salkowitz-Montoya, derides the developing trend of Chicano artists moving away from a community focus to individual artistic pursuits. According to the Montoyas, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845548

  • A los soldados, a los obreros y a los campesinos : Los tres somos víctimas, los tres somos hermanos : Farsa en varios actos titulada : La caída de los ricos y la construcción de un nuevo orden social
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro; Amador, Graciela
    1924
    Following the prologue to the farce “The Fall of the Rich and the Construction of a New Social Order,” is a scene in the first act entitled, “The Army of the Soldiers, Workers and Peasants.” In a triumphal panorama of the socialist revolution [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764028

  • A New Method for Developing Creative Imagination
    Best-Maugard, Adolfo
    1923
    This text speaks of the evolution of sensorial perception and its relation to artistic expression. It proposes that the method of Adolfo Best Maugard be used in arts education because it would permit greater development and personal satisfaction [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825910

  • A nuestros lectores
    1901
    In the introduction to volume three (issue number one) of El Fotografo Mexicano [The Mexican Photographer], the editors and editorial staff assert their wish to perform the noble task of disseminating photography, as well as thanking the readers for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792886

  • A propósito de la Exposición de Isabel Villaseñor
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1930
     Carlos Mérida comments that in Mexico xylography [wood engraving] has become the prevalent artistic trend of the time. He describes some characteristics of this technique, such as the use of pure contrast between light and dark. On the other hand [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736784

  • A quienes lucharon por mi libertad con mi más profundo reconocimiento
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1964
    After spending four years in prison in Mexico for an obscure “crime of social dissolution,” Siqueiros was released in July 1964. He then wrote this letter to all the friends in various parts of the world who had demanded his freedom. In [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238740

  • A Siqueiros, al partir
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1961
    This printed poster is divided into two parts. In the upper left-hand corner, a black-and-white photograph shows a close-up of a man behind bars looking straight ahead. In the background there is a two-story structure with white walls. To the right [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864589

  • A. Rodríguez Luna
    Bergamín, José, 1895-1983
    1946
    José Bergamín, the writer in exile and critic, compares poetry with painting as in classical times, and uses the language of poetry to discuss the painting of Antonio Rodríguez Luna. Bergamín refers to Rodríguez Luna’s main theme, which [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773001

  • Abstracción y realismo : comentario sobre la ideología en las artes plásticas
    Renau Montoro, José
    1950
    This essay is a continuation of the exiled artist, José Renau’s, reflections on the preeminence of realism over abstraction. He believes that in the years following World War I, the art trends were characterized by an unbridled exaltation of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756518

  • Abstracción y realismo : Comentarios sobre la ideología en las artes plásticas
    Renau Montoro, José
    1949
    The author reflects on a comparison between abstraction and realism, presenting it as a grave problem of the era. For José Renau, the main trend of the “bourgeois” culture is based on the abstract and trivial aspect of intellectual creation. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756512

  • Abstracción y símbolo en la pintura
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1940
    During the 1940s, Carlos Mérida’s reflections tend toward abstract art and its protagonists. In this article, the painter states that for those who are not familiar with abstract painting, a symbolic form of interpretation is the most logical. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757819

  • Aclaración
    Goeritz, Mathias, 1915-1990
    1962
    Mathias Goeritz announces that this issue of the magazine Arquitectura México is dedicated to the examples of architecture and religious art current at the time. He argues that—even though in some works of secular art a greater “religiosity” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751329

  • Aclaración del C. de Defensa Proletaria
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro; Gonthier, Jesus
    1928
    The Comité de Defensa Proletaria [Committee for the Defense of the Proletariat] wrote to the editorial board of El Machete magazine regarding the reports published in the press about the events organized by the Bloque Obrero [Workers’ Block] in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776692

  • Across the street : Self-Help Graphics and Chicano art in Los Angeles
    Nieto, Margarita
    1977
    In this essay, art historian Margarita Nieto critiques the tendency to trace the genealogy of Chicano art to Mexican art. She locates the roots of the Chicano art movement and the art organizations that emerged within it to the countercultural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796051

  • Actos y conferencias : el pintor D.A. Siqueiros disertó en la Escuela de Bellas Artes anoche
    1943
    This is a newspaper review of “El arte para la victoria y la pintura mexicana moderna,” the lecture given by David Alfaro Siqueiros at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes de Lima in March 1943. The painter and political activist informed his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143245

  • Actual No 1 : Hoja de Vanguardia. Comprimido Estridentista
    Maples Arce, Manuel, 1900-
    1921
    This is the manifesto poster that gave rise to the Estridentista movement in Mexico. The poet Manuel Maples Arce issued the leaflet Actual as an aggressive vexation against the consecrated personalities of the literary milieu; said proclamation was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737463

  • Actual, Hoja de Vanguardia, Num. 1
    Maples Arce, Manuel, 1900-
    1921
    This is the poster-manifesto that gave rise to the Estridentista movement in Mexico. Manuel Maples Arce, a poet born in Xalapa (Veracruz), launched his avant-garde publication Actual as a provocation directed against the acclaimed literary figures of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754048

  • Acusa Chávez Morado : Tamayo se ha quitado el disfraz de esteta apolítico
    Suárez, Luis
    1954
    José Chávez Morado thought Mexican painting was in a crisis brought on by abstract art, which was becoming a fad though it was not brand-new to Mexico. It had once interested Diego Rivera when he was exploring geometrical ideas in search of formal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759033

  • Adget : Documentos para artistas
    Alvarez Bravo, Manuel
    1939
    In this text, Manuel Álvarez Bravo considers the development of Adget (sic) as a photographer and the life experiences, warmth, and creativity reflected in his unique ability to see what is around him. He notes that Adget had no training in the arts [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752393

  • Adiós a la fotografía : correspondencia de Tina Modotti a Manuel Álvarez Bravo
    Modotti, Tina, 1896-1942
    1931
    In this letter written by Tina Modotti in March 1931 to Manuel Álvarez Bravo, she mentions the recommendation she has made to a photo agency in Berlin. Her purpose is for Álvarez Bravo to provide them with some current images, whether recently [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795195

  • Adventuring with the seven motives of creative imagination
    McCall, Emma
    1923
    Emma McCall adapted Adolfo Best Maugard’s Método de Dibujo [Method of Drawing] to the U.S. cultural and educational milieu in order to take advantage of this art instruction system with U.S. children and young adults. As in the method proposed by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780228

  • Advertencia
    Goeritz, Mathias, 1915-1990
    1959
    With this essay, Mathias Goeritz introduces the Art Section of the magazine Arquitectura México. In this first “Warning,” the author affirms that once visual education and abstract design are officially accepted, no “avant-garde” will exist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 741745

  • Advertencia
    Goeritz, Mathias, 1915-1990
    1961
    In response to a series of overwhelming news published in the press that month, not having enough time to reflect upon it and adopt a position, Mathias Goeritz wonders what type of art should correspond to these, our times. He insists on placing the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 741783

  • Advertencia preliminar
    Nelken, Margarita
    1949
    This document is the first section of Margarita Nelken’s book Pintores de México [Painters of Mexico], which she wrote by commission of the Secretaría de Educación Pública [SEP, Ministry of Public Education]. Nevertheless, it was never [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 791990

  • Agustín Lazo
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1939
    This article praises the artistic qualities of the work of Agustín Lazo, who participated in the international surrealist exhibition a few months later. Cardoza mentions the visual interpretation of the work of Giorgio de Chirico, as well as the use [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795181

  • Agustín Víctor Casasola's Soldaderas : malinchismo and the Chicana/o Artist
    Latorre, Guisela, 1970-
    2005
    In this essay, Guisela Latorre examines the reinterpretation by Chicano/a artists of photographs of soldaderas (female soldiers who participated in the Mexican Revolution) by the Mexican photographer Agustín Víctor Casasola. According to Latorre, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848856

  • Al dictado de la hora
    Nelken, Margarita
    1957
    Margarita Nelken reports on the Torres de Ciudad Satélite [Satellite City Towers] project that had been designed in tandem by Mathias Goeritz and the architect Luis Barragán. Although the art critic celebrates the innovative sculptural design of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786746

  • Al margen del manifiesto del Sindicato de Pintores y Escultores
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1924
    This document analyzes the national repercussions that the Sindicato de Obreros Técnicos, Pintores y Escultores [SOTPE, Union of Technical Workers, Painters and Sculptors] had on an art scene that was then dominated by individualism. Siqueiros [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763287

  • Alberto Garduño y su obra moderna
    1930
    Alberto Garduño is the subject of this article. The author considers Garduño to be a keen observer, as his paintings of everyday life, once translated onto canvas, produce the intended effect. He points out that the artist has been recognized not [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736634

  • Album del extremo oriente : A Hyoshio Furukava
    Tablada, José Juan, 1871-1945
    1900
    In 1900, Revista Moderna [Modern Magazine]— the bastion of modernismo in the Spanish-speaking world—published two important essays by José Juan Tablada on Japanese art, both of which positioned him as a prominent authority on that subject. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 778175

  • Alfaro Siqueiros funda en México el Centro de Arte Realista Moderno
    Vargas, Elvira
    1944
    According to this article, David Alfaro Siqueiros had just founded the Centro de Arte Realista [Center for Realist Art] that was intended to function as a “school” or “institute” in which research into techniques, pedagogical theory, geometry [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786680

  • Alfonso X. Peña : pintor mexicano
    Ortiz Avila, Raúl
    1936
    This article discusses Alfonso X. Peña, a painter who had decided to spend time in Europe to exhibit his work and offer his views of Mexico. The author states, “his work is characterized by color that preserves all the lights and all the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759475

  • Algo sobre la exposición de la Tolteca
    1932
    In this issue of the magazine Helios—the official publication of the Asociación de Fotógrafos de México—an editorial expresses disagreement with the results of the photographic competition sponsored by the cement company La Tolteca. This [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748969

  • Alice Rahon : Pintor- poeta
    Nelken, Margarita
    1961
    In this article, Margarita Nelken looks back over Alice Rahon’s career. Nelken explains that Rahon, the French artist who straddled between both Surrealist painting and Surrealist poetry, had shaken off her father’s aesthetic influence [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772489

  • Amero
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1937
    The short article written by the Guatemalan writer extols the artwork of Emilio Amero, who had lived in the United States in the 1920s, enjoying a certain success in the U.S. market. The writer praises the characteristics of the artist’s work— [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 770207

  • An introduction to the history of Mexican American art = Introducción a la historia del arte Mexicoamericano
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    1981
    This essay by Tomás Ybarra-Frausto is included in the 1981 catalogue of selected works from the Mexican Museum in San Francisco, California. Ybarra-Frausto presents a historiography documenting the trajectory of Mexican American artistic traditions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809236

  • André Breton
    Barreda, Octavio G.
    1938
    Letras de México, the magazine directed by Octavio G. Barreda, devoted its May 1938 issue to André Breton and Surrealism. It published several of his essays: an excerpt of “Les vases communicantes” [Communicating Vessels], “Le merveilleux [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774259

  • André Breton : la niebla y el relámpago
    Paz, Octavio
    1996
    This is a dense re-telling of Octavio Paz’s nexus to surrealism and particular link to André Breton. It tells of the role played by the poet Benjamín Péret in this long relationship, which the Mexican writer sums up as a moral bond: “My [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779416

  • André Breton o la búsqueda del comienzo
    Paz, Octavio
    1996
    In this essay, along with posthumous praise for the figure, André Breton, Octavio Paz establishes a new approach to surrealism, automatic writing and the concept of revelation: “The critics are saying that surrealism is no longer the avant-garde. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779424

  • Antonio Ballester : Escultor Español en México
    1946
    This brief text refers to a 1935 newspaper article by Manuel Abril about the Concurso Nacional de Escultura [National Sculpture Contest] whose theme was “Conmemoración a Lope de Vega” [In Remembrance of Lope de Vega]. Abril reports that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773008