Topic Descriptor: Puerto Rican×
  • [To create motion...]
    De Romero, Ralph
    1979
    In this paragraph, Ralph de Romero, a Puerto Rican artist born in New York, writes about the creation of movement in a defined space. He explains that his figurative painting is based on movement. Included beneath the text is a small painting, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863024

  • [When I was shown a preview of the paintings which El Museo del Barrio had acquired through the years for their permanent collection...]
    Caraballo, José
    1978
    In this brief artist statement, Puerto Rican-born artist José Caraballo posits that El Museo del Barrio’s exhibition of recent acquisitions serves as a reminder of the existence of Puerto Rican artists, and their struggle for recognition in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842253

  • A Computerology of Nature
    De Romero, Ralph
    1967
    This is a pen and ink drawing made by Ralph de Romero, a Puerto Rican artist born in New York. At the bottom of the drawing is the phrase, “a computerology of nature” [Una informática de la naturaleza [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863100

  • A Wall Mural Belongs to Everybody
    Weber, John
    1972
    In this article, John Weber considers pioneering Chicano artist Ray Patlán’s work with teenagers creating a mural in a Latino neighborhood of Chicago during the summer of 1971. The youths were part of the Community Mural Project that, beginning in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1064105

  • Acrílicos y serigrafías de Myrna Báez
    Arce de Vázquez, Margot
    1980
    Puerto Rican educator Margot Arce de Vázquez discusses the works presented by Myrna Báez in the exhibition held in her studio in 1980. In Arce de Vázquez’s view, these works, with their interesting and new pictorial language, represent a marked [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866627

  • An Exhibition of Puerto Rican Art and History : Shown in the residence of the Chancellor, University of Puerto Rico
    1937
    The U.S. poet and educator, Muna Lee de Muñoz Marín, believes that the Exposición de Arte Puertorriqueño e Historia [Exhibition of Puerto Rican Art and History] held November 15–18, 1929, was an important event. Taking place in the residence of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 824746

  • An icon of resistance
    Anreus, Alejandro
    1999
    In this essay, Alejandro Anreus outlines the cultural and historical conditions that have influenced what he terms the “iconography of Latin America.” He emphasizes the role of U.S. cultural imperialism and exploitation in the development of a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809206

  • An overview of the converging history of graphic artists from the island and El Barrio, Spanish Harlem
    Nazario, Isabel
    1998
    Curator Isabel Nazario compares the emergence of independent Puerto Rican printmaking collectives in New York during the 1970s to the government sponsored graphic art workshops that were instituted in Puerto Rico in the 1950s. She notes that Puerto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802536

  • Anecdotario de arte puertorriqueño
    Sanabria, Laura
    1967
    This issue of the magazine Pigmento, published by Samuel A. Santiago and Laura Sanabria, is dedicated to the work of Puerto Rican artist Rafael Tufiño. The essay written by Sanabria includes biographical information about the artist’s birth in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 857751

  • Annotated chronology : introduction
    Ballester, Diógenes, 1956-
    1990
    This annotated chronology written by Puerto Rican-born artist Diogenes Ballester, documents the history of Taller Boricua [Puerto Rican Workshop]—the oldest extant Puerto Rican artist collective in New York—from its founding in 1969 to 1989. For [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841228

  • Antonio Martorell
    Cherson, Samuel B.
    1978
    The Cuban critic Samuel B. Cherson, who lives in Puerto Rico, interviews the Puerto Rican printmaker Antonio Martorell, on the occasion of his exhibition, Album de Familia [Family Album] at the Convento de los Dominicos [Dominican Convent], in Old [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822497

  • Antonio Martorell : crónica y poesía
    Rivera Rosario, Nelson
    1986
    In this essay, Puerto Rican artist Nelson Rivera Rosario provides a critical analysis of Antonio Martorell’s graphic work, discussing specifically its image, technique, and historical context. Regarding the political content of Martorell’s work, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866494

  • Antonio Martorell : el cómplice reincidente
    Torres Martinó, José Antonio, 1916-2011
    1986
    Puerto Rican artist and art critic José Antonio Torres Martinó discusses the various media—event, installation, theater, print, poster, film—used by Antonio Martorell in his attempt to provoke and establish a dialogue with the viewer. Novel and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866513

  • Antonio Navia : el arte y la ciencia
    Cherson, Samuel B.
    1989
    Samuel Cherson, the Cuban critic living in exile in Puerto Rico, discusses the Puerto Rican artist, Antonio Navia, and his interest in mathematics, physics, and scientific contributions to modern technology that he then applies to his art. Cherson [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867003

  • Antonio Navia, un artista puertorriqueño
    Rivera Rosario, Nelson
    1985
    In this article, the Puerto Rican critic Nelson Rivera Rosario discusses several of the works on display at Obras 1974–1984 [Works: 1974–1984], the 1985 exhibition that showcased ten years of Antonio Navia’s art. The critic notes that Navia’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866984

  • Apuntes sobre los escritos de Marta Traba en Puerto Rico
    Benítez, Marimar
    1984
    Puerto Rican curator and art historian Marimar Benítez explains the connections among the books that Marta Traba wrote during her stay in Puerto Rico: Propuesta polémica sobre arte puertorriqueño [Polemic Proposal on Puerto Rican Art] (San Juan: [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825033

  • Aquí & allá : seis artistas de San Juan
    Cullen, Deborah
    2001
    This essay, written by curator Deborah Cullen, offers an account of how El Museo del Barrio was founded out of the drive to establish a creative nexus for Puerto Rican artists who exist between the mainland United States and the Caribbean island. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842515

  • Arnaldo Roche Agonista : la lucha por la identidad
    García Gutiérrez, Enrique
    1987
    The Puerto Rican art historian and critic Eugenio García Gutiérrez takes a critical look at the most important works from the career of Arnaldo Roche, paying particular attention to his self-portraits, and the techniques he used in his work. It [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805047

  • Arte nacional puertorriqueño
    Quero Chiesa, Luis, 1911-
    1946
    The Puerto Rican educator Luis Quero Chiesa thinks that the Puerto Rican people have become confused by the change in government and the subsequent imposition of Anglo Saxon culture that have altered their way of life. Puerto Rican modern art does [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 823679

  • Arte Nacional Puertorriqueño
    Quero Chiesa, Luis, 1911-
    1945
    The Puerto Rican educator Luis Quero Chiesa titles this section, “Malezal.” He believes that the North American invasion of Puerto Rico was “the most profound cultural tragedy of the New World.” In his opinion, everything that was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 823694

  • Arte Nacional Puertorriqueño
    Quero Chiesa, Luis, 1911-
    1945
    The Puerto Rican educator Luis Quero Chiesa suggests that José Campeche’s painting contributes to Puerto Rico’s artistic tradition. In later years there were other artists?such as Juan Fagundo and Juan Cletos Noa who left their native Spain and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 823709

  • Arte Nacional Puertorriqueño
    Quero Chiesa, Luis, 1911-
    1945
    The Puerto Rican educator Luis Quero Chiesa explains that after the printing press was introduced to Puerto Rico in 1806, many newspapers were started and books were published in the nineteenth. From the very beginning, the press was harassed by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 823725

  • Arte Nacional Puertorriqueño
    Quero Chiesa, Luis, 1911-
    1945
    Puerto Rican educator Luis Quero Chiesa while searching for his cultural roots, begins with the Spanish discovery of Puerto Rico in 1493. He says that the conquerors had no compunctions about wiping out any trace of the native Taino culture. In [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 823742

  • Arte nacional puertorriqueño
    Quero Chiesa, Luis, 1911-
    1945
    Puerto Rican painter and educator Luis Quero Chiesa explains that life is hard for painters in the island because they need to rely on another line of work to survive. In his opinion, Puerto Rican art is an “indigenous art inspired by our symbols [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 823757

  • Arte puertorriqueño actual : la apoteosis del eclecticismo
    Traba, Marta
    1970
    Marta Traba characterizes the Puerto Rican art world as extremely eclectic. With the exception of Francisco Rodón whose work focuses almost exclusively on a gruesome sort of portraiture, many other Puerto Rican artists from the same period— [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825063

  • Arte y amnesia
    Lalo, Eduardo, 1960-
    1991
    The Puerto Rican artist and writer, Eduardo Lalo, states that Puerto Rican art suffers from amnesia because of the lack of awareness of its own historical tradition; in Puerto Rico, there is no meditation on artistic problems. In his opinion, there [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 856889

  • Arte y política : el caso de Carlos Irizarry
    Benítez, Marimar
    1985
    Puerto Rican artist Carlos Irizarry distinguished himself within conceptual art, and introduced “a new modality for protest art that encompasses the nature of the political acts he carried out in his personal life.” The acts of political [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060941

  • Artistic interventions in the Bronx
    Hertz, Betti-Sue
    1999
    This essay assembles a genealogy of avant-garde—yet socially committed—interventionist art practices that took place in the South Bronx starting in the 1960s New York City. The essay, written by curator Betti-Sue Hertz, examines how artists have [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840618

  • Artists' statements
    1980
    These artists’ statements appeared in a catalogue documenting the first exhibition held in Chicago that conjoined Chicano, Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and Venezuelan art and artists in words and images, Arte Hispano-Americano en Chicago=Hispanic- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781476

  • Aterrizajes : cultura e hispanoamericanismo
    Gili Gaya, Samuel
    1930
    The Spanish linguist Samuel Gili Gaya (1898–1976) states that the values in Puerto Rican culture should not be derived from what Puerto Rico can copy from Spain or assimilate from Anglo-Saxon civilization, but on what it can distill from its own [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 853185

  • Autobiography
    Ferrer, Rafael
    1973
    In this autobiography, Puerto Rican-born, New York-based artist Rafael Ferrer chronicles his life from 1933 to 1972. He discusses his early life in military school where he learned to play the drums; his mentoring by Spanish Surrealist émigré [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799304

  • Barrio murals in Chicago : painting the Hispanic-American Experience on "Our Community" walls
    Sorell, V. A. (Victor A.)
    1976
    This seminal essay by Victor Alejandro Sorell is an early attempt to gauge the history and evolution of Hispanic-American (now Latino) barrio/community muralism in greater Chicago, from its inception in the mid-1960s through its development into the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781429

  • Biographical sketch
    Soto Sánchez, Jorge
    1979
    In this autobiographical timeline covering from 1947 to 1977, Nuyorican artist Jorge Soto Sánchez describes his childhood in the South Bronx where he took great delight in drawing from an early age. Conversely, he also found disillusionment in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803035

  • Blurriness in focus
    Falconi, José Luis
    2004
    José Luis Falconi discusses Nuyorican photographer Adal Maldonado’s series, Out of Focus Nuyoricans, as a metaphorical depiction of the mutable nature of Puerto Rican identity and nationhood. By choosing to portray his Puerto Rican subjects as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841920

  • Bobonis en plano íntimo
    García Gutiérrez, Enrique
    1996
    The Puerto Rican critic Enrique García Gutiérrez reviews the exhibition, Asogues, that was held at the Galería Luigi Marrozzini from January through March 1996. The exhibition featured works by the Puerto Rican artist Ada Bobonis, including three [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867135

  • Bridge between islands : retrospective works by six Puerto Rican artists in New York
    Museo del Barrio (New York, N.Y.); Bronx Museum of the Arts; Louis Abrons Arts for Living Center (Henry Street Settlement)
    1978
    The catalogue essay for the exhibition, Bridge Between Islands: Retrospective Works by Six Puerto Rican Artists in New York, offered overviews of the works by Olga Albizu, Tony Bechara, Eloy Blanco, Marcos Dimas, Evelyn Lopez de Guzmán, and Jorge [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840024

  • Carlos Raquel Rivera o la periferia del misterio
    Tió, Teresa
    1993
    In this essay on Puerto Rican artist Carlos Raquel Rivera and his career as a printmaker, critic and historian Teresa Tió speaks of his work at the División de Educación de la Comunicad (DIVEDCO) (1956–63) as an illustrator of books, designer, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822365

  • Carmen Inés Blondet : la constancia del acero
    Moreno, María Cristina
    1999
    In this interview with the sculptor Carmen Inés Blondet, the Puerto Rican journalist María Cristina Moreno inquires about her early work, techniques, workshop, [more recent] work with which she has been involved,, and her stated faith in sculpture [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867097

  • Congreso y exposición de artistas abstractos en Puerto Rico
    Tolentino, Marianne de
    1985
    The French critic and historian Marianne de Tolentino, who lives in the Dominican Republic, lists the artists who took part in the exhibition, Primer Congreso de Artistas Abstractos de Puerto Rico [First Puerto Rican Abstract Artists Conference] that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805348

  • Conversations in the studio : Juan Sánchez and Julia P. Herzberg
    Herzberg, Julia P.; Sánchez, Juan, 1954-
    1998
    Art historian and curator, Julia P. Herzberg, converses with Juan Sánchez on his evolution as a printmaker. Sánchez stated that he became interested in printmaking during college after visiting the Puerto Rican artist collective, Taller Boricua, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802599

  • Crítica a una crítica : carta abierta a los admiradores de Marta Traba
    Rivera García, Rafael
    1971
    Puerto Rican artist Rafael Rivera García criticizes Marta Traba’s choice of the term “eclectic” to describe Puerto Rican art. In his view, Traba should not have limited herself to four artists—Lorenzo Homar, Julio Rosado del Valle, Francisco [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805468

  • Cry For Justice
    Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen of North America
    1972
    The text Cry for Justice is composed of three parts: a statement entitled “To Listen and to Act,” photographs with extended captions of murals in Chicago since 1967, and an essay entitled “Museum of the Streets.” In the first part, the civil [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782511

  • Curator's Statement
    2001
    C. Daniel Dawson, a curator and scholar of African diaspora in arts and culture, writes of first meeting artist Manuel Vega on a trip to Bahia (Brazil) in 1984, where he witnessed his wondrous ability as a dancer. Dawson argues that this is an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840343

  • De cómo llegué a interesarme en el oficio de las máquinas lentas
    Gotay, Consuelo
    1993
    The Puerto Rican artist Consuelo Gotay writes about how she first became interested in typography and manual printing presses, which inspired her to produce portfolios in which [she could] show prints. She also talks about her experiences with some [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1055156

  • De como más es mejor = Why more is better
    Rivera, Félix Joaquín
    1991
    This interview between fellow Puerto Ricans Félix Joaquín Rivera and Pepón Osorio was conducted while walking through the street markets of Bayamon’s historical center, one of the metropolitan municipalities of Puerto Rico close to San Juan. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842612

  • Definición y orientación : ¿qué somos? ¿cómo somos?
    Meléndez Muñoz, Miguel, 1884-1966
    1929
    In 1929, the publishers of Índice, the Puerto Rican magazine, were curious about their contemporary countrymen, and wondered who they were and what they were like. To aid in the discussion, they posed three specific questions: 1) Do you think there [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 853083

  • Definición y orientación: ¿qué somos? ¿cómo somos?
    Coll Vidal, José, 1892-
    1929
    In 1929, the publishers of Índice, the Puerto Rican magazine, were curious about their contemporary countrymen, and wondered who they were and what they were like. To aid in the discussion, they posed three specific questions: 1) Do you think there [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 852903

  • Definición y orientación: ¿qué somos? ¿cómo somos?
    Ramírez, Rafael W.
    In 1929, the publishers of Índice, the Puerto Rican magazine, were curious about their contemporary countrymen, and wondered who they were and what they were like. To aid in the discussion, they posed three specific questions: 1) Do you think there [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 853102

  • Del populismo al pop : las artes gráficas de los movimientos Chicano y puertorriqueño
    Estrada, Henry C.
    1999
    In this essay, curator and scholar Henry C. Estrada argues that despite the fact that Latinos are a heterogeneous cultural group, they share a history of colonialism, geographic displacement, internal exile, and racial discrimination. The experience [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849809

  • Destellos del yo : el narciso criollo
    Ramírez, Mari Carmen, 1955-
    1999
    The Puerto Rican curator, Mari Carmen Ramírez, who is based in the United States, analyzes over five decades of the work of the painter, Domingo García, using the self-portrait as her starting point. It is well-known that the artist executed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 857563