Topic Descriptor: Puerto Rican×
  • Pepón Osorio : Transboricua
    Herzberg, Julia P.
    These exhibition notes explain RISD’s (Rhode Island School of Art and Design) Art ConText series and artist Pepón Osorio’s work Transboricua. These socially engaged installations originate from his past experiences as a social [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1344071

  • Pepón Osorio : Redefining the Boundaries for Installation Art
    Herzberg, Julia P.
    This art magazine article on Pepón Osorio overviews his career trajectory since the late 1980s, suggesting that he has pushed boundaries with his site-specific installations. His work addresses social issues by engaging in community outreach [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1344055

  • Discurso de Francisco Oller en la Escuela Normal
    Oller y Cestero, Francisco, 1833-1917
    Puerto Rican painter Francisco Oller delivered this speech to students and fellow professors around 1902 while teaching at the Normal School in Río Piedras. Oller explains that in order to impart anything meaningful to his audience, he must first [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125249

  • Introduction
    Cancel, Luis R.
    In this introduction, Luis Cancel explains the logic behind how he and his colleagues organized the exhibition The Latin American Spirit: Art and Artists in the United States, 1920-1970. He also explains, at length, the curatorial team’s larger [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065293

  • Preface and Acknowledgements
    Livingstone, Jane; Beardsley, John
    In this preface and acknowledgements, John Beardsley and Jane Livingston explain what motivated them to prepare Hispanic Art in the United States: Thirty Contemporary Painters and Sculptors, the process by which the exhibition was formulated, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065215

  • [Artist's Statement by Bibiana Suárez re: Identity and Exile]
    Suaréz, Bibiana, 1960-
    In this artist statement, Bibiana Suarez discusses how her work reflects her search for self-identification and the problems of living between two cultures—that of Puerto Rico and the United States—as a self-imposed exile. Suarez also describes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1064462

  • [Artist's Statement for Proposed Exhibition, 'In Search of an Island', April 1991]
    Suaréz, Bibiana, 1960-
    In this artist statement for the exhibition In Search of an Island (1991), Bibiana Suarez discusses how her work reflects her search for self-identification and the problems of living between two cultures—that of Puerto Rico and the United States [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1064446

  • A Wall Mural Belongs to Everybody
    Weber, John
    In this article, John Weber considers pioneering Chicano artist Ray Patlán’s work with teenagers creating a mural in a Latino neighborhood of Chicago during the summer of 1971. The youths were part of the Community Mural Project that, beginning in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1064105

  • En busca de sí mismo = Searching for himself
    Tió, Teresa
    In this article, the art historian, Teresa Tió, evaluates the stylistic change in the painting of Francisco Rodón and the way he has been developing his new public figures. The new subjects include two politicians, two writers and two dancers [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1062419

  • Rómulo Betancourt por Francisco Rodón = Romulo Betancourt by Francisco Rodón
    Montero Castro, Roberto
    In this text, Roberto Montero Castro explains the significance of this portrait painted by Francisco Rodón and why the painter decided to paint Rómulo Betancourt. The writer also notes when Rodón started and finished the work. The essay concludes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1062398

  • Viendo pintar a Francisco Rodón = Seeing Francisco Rodón paint
    Benítez, Marimar
    In this text, the writer, Marimar Benítez, explains that in order to be a painter, Francisco Rodón functions based on rituals: the ritual of the painting[, itself,] and the ritual of the revelation of the work. Some of his works have been rejected [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1062377

  • La gran visión de Francisco Rodón = The grand vision of Francisco Rodón
    Routté- Gómez, Eneid
    This text is an interview of the Puerto Rican artist, Francisco Rodón, conducted by Eneid Routté-Gómez. In the interview, Rodón explains the origins and development of his art, how he selects the models whose portraits he wishes to paint, who he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1062356

  • La estrategia del retrato = Strategy for a portrait
    Rodríguez Juliá, Edgardo, 1946-
    Edgardo Rodríguez Juliá analyzes the portrait of Luis Muñoz Marín, who was governor of Puerto Rico, painted by Francisco Rodón. He comments on how the artist managed to capture the subject’s soul and personality on a huge canvas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1062332

  • El hombre que pinta = The man who paints
    Traba, Marta
    Marta Traba, the Argentine art critic, states that Francisco Rodón is “un hombre que pinta” [a man who paints]. She calls him this because he is a person who “considera la vida como su actividad fundamental y ha resuelto dar testimonio y [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1062311

  • El arte del retrato de Francisco Rodón = The art of portraiture of Francisco Rodón
    Squirru, Rafael, 1925-
    The writer of this text, Rafael Squirru, states that the Puerto Rican artist, Francisco Rodón, is the leading portrait painter in the world. Squirru maintains that each portrait of a prominent figure done by Rodón captures the subject’s essence [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1062287

  • Francisco Rodón
    Traba, Marta
    In this essay, Marta Traba, an Argentine critic who resided in Puerto Rico for some time, analyzes the work of Puerto Rican artist Francisco Rodón. Traba asserts that rather than a painter, Rodón is “a man who paints.” She states that his work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1062265

  • Myrna Báez : carta de desciframiento para entender idiosincracia boricua
    Traba, Marta
    Marta Traba, the Argentine critic who lived in Puerto Rico for some time, claims that there is a form of Puerto Rican art that can be understood and recognized elsewhere. As examples, she mentions portraits by the Puerto Rican painter Francisco Rodó [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1061008

  • Arte y política : el caso de Carlos Irizarry
    Benítez, Marimar
    Puerto Rican artist Carlos Irizarry distinguished himself within conceptual art, and introduced “a new modality for protest art that encompasses the nature of the political acts he carried out in his personal life.” The acts of political [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060941

  • El ambiente maximal
    Rivera García, Rafael
    The thesis developed by Puerto Rican artist Rafael Rivera García in his work entitled Ambiente Maximal entails a representation of the “continuity of a total perceptual experience in which the composition of the planes destroys the basic initial [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060920

  • Susana Herrero : del arte de las mujeres, la litografía, lo erótico
    Benítez, Marimar
    In this interview, the New York artist Susana Herrero, who is originally from Puerto Rico, speaks to the art historian Marimar Benítez about the medium of lithography, mentioning the connection between lithography and drawing. With regard to her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060873

  • [Chicago Latino]
    Sorell, V. A. (Victor A.)
    This exhibition catalog, Chicago Latino, was part of an intercultural dialogue initiated by two “socially-minded arts groups,” the 369 Gallery of Edinburgh, Scotland, and the Near Northwest Arts Council of Chicago, Illinois. The exhibition [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1056360

  • La personalidad puertorriqueña en el Estado Libre Asociado
    Muñoz Marín, Luis, 1898-1980
    In this speech, Luis Muñoz Marín calls on his audience of the Association of Teachers to take on the promotion of Puerto Rican culture as their chief responsibility. He begins by explaining that by Puerto Rican culture he does not mean specialized [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1055544

  • Entrevista al señor Marcos Irizarry: 1986-1987
    Biaggi, Jacqueline
    This document is an interview of the Puerto Rican artist, Marcos Irizarry, by Jacqueline Biaggi in which the artist provides important facts about his life, his studies and his exhibitions. Irizarry was a printmaker who participated in various [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1055226

  • La obra gráfica de Luis Hernández Cruz
    Tolentino, Marianne de
    The French critic and historian Marianne de Tolentino, who lives in the Dominican Republic, writes about the Puerto Rican abstract painter and printmaker, Luis Hernández Cruz. During his early years, according to de Tolentino, he worked mainly with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1055179

  • De cómo llegué a interesarme en el oficio de las máquinas lentas
    Gotay, Consuelo
    The Puerto Rican artist Consuelo Gotay writes about how she first became interested in typography and manual printing presses, which inspired her to produce portfolios in which [she could] show prints. She also talks about her experiences with some [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1055156

  • [Comentarios sobre el arte]
    Escobar, Elizam, 1948-
    This text consists of comments by Puerto Rican artist Elizam Escobar, regarding the various concepts and functions of art. In the quotations alongside or below the illustrations of his paintings, Escobar talks about what it means to be Puerto Rican. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1053342

  • Zambullida profunda en el mar del país fantasma
    Husband, Bertha
    Painter Bertha Husband takes it for granted that Puerto Rican artist Elizam Escobar analyzes the ideas and images to be developed in his work in advance. However, it is pointless to give explanations or make judgments on the works [based on those [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1052543

  • Sobre los cuernos de la contradicción
    Lippard, Lucy
    An American feminist critic, Lucy R. Lippard, writes an analysis of the works of Puerto Rican artist Elizam Escobar. In so doing, she makes use of the aesthetic and political positions of the artist, who has dedicated his life both to art and to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1052521

  • Transfixiones
    Escobar, Elizam, 1948-
    This text was included in an exhibition held in 1994 entitled Transfixiones. In the show, Puerto Rican artist Elizam Escobar brings up his concept of art as an act of liberation and even salvation, especially in the context of the aberrant obscenity [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1052382

  • Entrevista con Elizam Escobar
    Cortez, Leticia
    In this interview of Puerto Rican artist Elizam Escobar by journalist Leticia Cortez, the subjects discussed include politics and an overview of Escobar’s concepts as an artist and thinker. The interview also focuses on his time as a prisoner in a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1051725

  • The Puerto Rican equation
    Sánchez, Juan, 1954-
    This document is a proposal for The Puerto Rican Equation, an exhibition to commemorate the 1898 invasion of Puerto Rico by the United States, and which would feature Puerto Rican artists who were born and lived in either Puerto Rico or the United [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867574

  • [Artist Bibiana Suaréz's written statements for show "The Puerto Rican Equation" 1997]
    Suaréz, Bibiana, 1960-
    This document contains Bibiana Suaréz's responses to four of the eighteen questions posed to artists by the organizers of The Puerto Rican Equation, an exhibition marking the occasion of the 1898 invasion of Puerto Rico by the United States. Suarez [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867536

  • [Lecture, School of the Art Institute of Chicago]
    Suaréz, Bibiana, 1960-
    In this lecture given in April 1989 at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago-based, Puerto Rican artist Bibiana Suarez states that the value of art is dependent on its power to reveal the artist’s innermost world, and to preserve that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867517

  • Image and Play as a Strategy for Latina o Agency
    Suaréz, Bibiana, 1960-
    In this lecture at the Maryland Institute College of Art, Puerto Rican-born artist Bibiana Suarez presents an overview of her work and considers the role of race and ethnicity in her art. She begins the lecture by explaining her ethnic background and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867498

  • [Talk given by Bibiana Suaréz for panel, "Object, Image and Illusion" at the Women's Caucus for Arts 1992 Conference]
    Suaréz, Bibiana, 1960-
    In this panel presentation at the 1992 Women's Caucus for Arts, artist Bibiana Suarez spoke about how her images reflect her reality as a Puerto Rican living in the United States who feels caught between two cultures and who insistently searches for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867477

  • [Lecture, DePaul University, Chicago ]
    Suaréz, Bibiana, 1960-
    In this lecture, the artist Bibiana Suarez recounts how a student's question prompted her to consider her own reasons for producing art; including the motivation of greed, which, although ostensibly negative, she considers as a motivator. Suarez [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867458

  • Ocho de los '80
    Cherson, Samuel B.
    Samuel Cherson, the Cuban critic living in exile in Puerto Rico, reviews the 1986 Ocho de los Ochenta [Eight from the Eighties] exhibition held at the Arsenal de la Marina [Navy Arsenal] in Old San Juan. The exhibition featured the work of eight [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867173

  • Bobonis en plano íntimo
    García Gutiérrez, Enrique
    The Puerto Rican critic Enrique García Gutiérrez reviews the exhibition, Asogues, that was held at the Galería Luigi Marrozzini from January through March 1996. The exhibition featured works by the Puerto Rican artist Ada Bobonis, including three [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867135

  • Carmen Inés Blondet : la constancia del acero
    Moreno, María Cristina
    In this interview with the sculptor Carmen Inés Blondet, the Puerto Rican journalist María Cristina Moreno inquires about her early work, techniques, workshop, [more recent] work with which she has been involved,, and her stated faith in sculpture [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867097

  • El retorno de Antonio Navia
    Rivera Rosario, Nelson
    The Puerto Rican professor and critic Nelson Rivera Rosario discusses three works by Antonio Navia: Espacio-tiempo [Space-Time] (an environment installation involving sculpture, painting, and music); Naves [Vessels] (mobile sculptures); and Ajedrez [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867041

  • Antonio Navia : el arte y la ciencia
    Cherson, Samuel B.
    Samuel Cherson, the Cuban critic living in exile in Puerto Rico, discusses the Puerto Rican artist, Antonio Navia, and his interest in mathematics, physics, and scientific contributions to modern technology that he then applies to his art. Cherson [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867003

  • Antonio Navia, un artista puertorriqueño
    Rivera Rosario, Nelson
    In this article, the Puerto Rican critic Nelson Rivera Rosario discusses several of the works on display at Obras 1974–1984 [Works: 1974–1984], the 1985 exhibition that showcased ten years of Antonio Navia’s art. The critic notes that Navia’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866984

  • La estampa del grabador : Entrevista a José R. Alicea
    Trelles- Hernández, Mercedes
    The Puerto Rican curator and critic Mercedes Trelles explains that the Puerto Rican artist José R. Alicea favors representing texts by Puerto Rican writers in a variety of media within a portfolio. This essay points out that after a forty-year [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866946

  • Myrna Báez y las técnicas del grabado
    García Fonteboa, Manuel
    In this interview with Myrna Báez, fellow Puerto Rican artist Manuel García Fonteboa—who worked for Báez as a printer of silkscreens on many occasions—asks about her training in art and the methods she uses in her graphic work. Báez explains [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866764

  • El arte comprometido de Myrna Báez
    Torres Martinó, José Antonio, 1916-2011
    Puerto Rican artist and critic José Antonio Torres Martinó states that Myrna Báez has been a militant supporter of Puerto Rican independence throughout her lifetime. Her work, however, is by no means political propaganda. Like many artists before [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866741

  • Tres décadas gráficas de Myrna Báez
    Tibol, Raquel
    Argentine-Mexican art historian Raquel Tibol asserts that Myrna Báez’s work must be analyzed from many different perspectives in order to attend to questions like technique, the artist’s status as a Puerto Rican woman, her character, her times, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866684

  • Acrílicos y serigrafías de Myrna Báez
    Arce de Vázquez, Margot
    Puerto Rican educator Margot Arce de Vázquez discusses the works presented by Myrna Báez in the exhibition held in her studio in 1980. In Arce de Vázquez’s view, these works, with their interesting and new pictorial language, represent a marked [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866627

  • "Casas/Houses"
    Torruella Leval, Susana
    On the occasion of the exhibition La casa de todos nosotros: Antonio Martorell y sus amigos [A House for Us All: Antonio Martorell and Friends] held at El Museo del Barrio in 1992, Puerto Rican curator Susana Torruella Leval analyzes Antonio [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866589

  • Pistas para un viaje [y] Casa Libre
    Abad, Celedonio
    In “Pistas para un viaje,” Puerto Rican critic Celedonio Abad discusses the three exhibitions of Martorell’s work held in 1991: the first at La Casa del Libro in San Juan; the second at La Casa del Peón Caminero in Cayey; and the third at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866570

  • Antonio Martorell : el cómplice reincidente
    Torres Martinó, José Antonio, 1916-2011
    Puerto Rican artist and art critic José Antonio Torres Martinó discusses the various media—event, installation, theater, print, poster, film—used by Antonio Martorell in his attempt to provoke and establish a dialogue with the viewer. Novel and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866513