Topic Descriptor: Mexican Muralist×
  • Frescoes in primary schools
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1937
    This article is one of the few that describes the murals painted in several primary schools in Mexico, thus it allows us to know what it was like before its total or partial destruction. The title of this mural by Pablo O’Higgins was Vida y [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 812711

  • From cara to caca : the multiple anatomies of Chicano/a art at the turn of the new century
    Gaspar de Alba, Alicia, 1958-
    2001
    In this essay, Alicia Gaspar de Alba reviews nine post-1990 exhibitions of Chicano art, all of which have sought to “materialize” Chicano/a from within the mainstream art museum, or as she calls it, the “master’s house.” The exhibitions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847058

  • Fuerte impulso para la pintura mural : Protección decidida a los muralistas : Habla D. Rivera
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    Diego Rivera felt it would be an opportune time to publish the program of activities for the Comisión Nacional de Pintura Mural [National Commission for Mural Painting] given the lack of information that many painters had concerning its function. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758037

  • Grandeza y plenitud de Orozco
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1949
    This essay praises the work of José Clemente Orozco and considers him one of the greatest painters in the world. Luis Cardoza y Aragón analyzes Orozco’s article step by step in a rather poetic manner. He mentions the great complexity of his work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 826744

  • Hacia la plástica integral por medio de la revolución
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1934
    In this article, Mexican muralist David Alfaro Siqueiros explains his vision of art history which, in his view, wavers between moments of socialization (or social integration) and moments of individualism (or decadence). It is on those grounds that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1208204

  • Hacia una nueva plástica integral
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1948
    This article by David Alfaro Siqueiros is a theoretical analysis of the Mexican muralist movement, whose principal characteristic (and what differentiated it from the rest of the international trends) was its “functional political purpose.” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799548

  • Héctor Poleo, del realismo a subreal
    Da Antonio, Francisco, 1930-
    1982
    In this critical essay, historian Francisco Da Antonio discusses the indebtedness of artist Héctor Poleo to Mexican muralism in terms of form and pictorial technique. He also explores the way in which Poleo’s work differs from the aesthetic- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153915

  • Ideas sobre la cultura nacional y el arte realista
    Posada, Francisco, 1934-1970
    1965
    This essay, written by the Colombian attorney and philosopher Francisco Posada, is divided into nine parts: (i) an untitled introduction; (ii) “Colonial Feudalism”; (iii) “Realism and Social Conflict”; (iv) “Painting”; (v) “The Current [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1088948

  • Introduction
    Stewart, Virginia
    1951
    In this book, published in 1951, Virginia Stewart looks back at the 45 most representative artists of modern Mexican painting. Her list, created at the end of the golden era of the “Mexican School of Painting,” includes painters from the first [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748181

  • Inventing tradition, negotiating modernism : Chicano/a art and the Pre-Columbian past
    Zamudio Taylor, Victor
    2001
    In this essay, Victor Zamudio-Taylor explores the valorization of Mexico’s pre-Columbian roots as a key element in the development of cultural identity within the Chicano movement of the 1960s and 1970s. Inspired by the ideology of mexicanidad— [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 846981

  • Jean Charlot
    Baciu, Stefan
    1970
    Baciu produces a panorama of the work by French painter Jean Charlot, from his early links to his country’s avant-garde and his integration into the first Mexican muralist movement, through to his relationships with the Estridentista movement and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737793

  • José Clemente Orozco : Pinturas Murales : en la Universidad de Guadalajara, Jalisco
    1937
    The art critic Luis Cardoza y Aragón talks about the transformation undergone by José Clemente Orozco over a 15-year period, as he compares the murals at the University of Guadalajara with those at the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria in Mexico City, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733088

  • José Clemente Orozco y el horror
    Villaurrutia, Xavier, 1903-1950
    1949
    In this essay, Xavier Villaurrutia examines José Clemente Orozco’s paintings through a prism of dread. The writer contends that this dread, this sense of horror, though not the only feeling present in Orozco’s work, is almost always the dominant [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735365

  • Jóvenes muralistas apuestan a un proyecto popular : El Mercado Abelardo R. Rodríguez
    Acevedo, Esther
    1997
    The Aberlardo Rodríguez market was conceived as part of an urban development plan that would allow for the control of the itinerant commerce that encroached upon Mexico City downtown as well as the revaluation of the property within the zone. Its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833191

  • La acción : he aquí el programa
    Atl, Dr., 1875-1964
    1915
    Signed in September 1914, the short article by Dr. Atl—then director of the Academia de San Carlos—states his opinion about the direction the Academy should take as the Mexican revolution raged around it. “The dilemma I am facing is this: [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799527

  • La banda comunista en Signo
    1933
    The nationalist Catholic newspaper Bandera Argentina [Argentinean Flag] writes about the lecture given by Mexican painter David Alfaro Siqueiros at Signo facilities, an association of artists directed by Leonardo Estarico. The columnist believes that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763580

  • La crítica del arte como pretexto literario o el monóculo del Artepurismo de París en México : A propósito del dilema : formalismo o nuevo realismo en el arte de la pintura
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1948
    David Alfaro Siqueiros describes and simultaneously defines the four positions or trends in the visual arts existing in the world. He wonders if the theoretical proposals coincide with the work of art, and chooses to explain only two: the non-realism [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733030

  • La decoración mural y las ideas sociológicas : el caso Siqueiros
    Canale, Mario A., 1890-1951
    1933
    Mario Canale presents an evaluative reading on Mexican muralism and in particular on the proselytism carried out by David Alfaro Siqueiros in Argentina. Canale writes against the use of art as a political instrument. In his judgment, art should not [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732942

  • La exposición de arte mexicano en París es un triunfo enorme para México y su arte y para nuestro gobierno
    Gamboa, Fernando
    1952
    This article reports on the success of the exhibition of ancient and modern Mexican art that was presented in Paris and then shipped to Stockholm. In Fernando Gamboa’s opinion, the exhibition was a revelation. The Parisian press described it as the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779879

  • La exposición de María Izquierdo
    Pereira, Raúl María, 1916-2007
    1944
    In this text, critic Raúl Pereira asserts that the works by María Izquierdo on exhibit in Lima display “distinct personality, unquestionable artistic quality, and visual daring” as they delve into the motifs of Mexican folk art. The treatment [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146684

  • La insurrección de los Comuneros : posibilidad para una temática
    Gómez Jaramillo, Ignacio, 1910-1970
    1956
    In this 1956 article, Ignacio Gómez Jaramillo presents his interpretation of muralism in Mexico. He asserts that mural paintings of historical events serve as the pictorial expression of written subjects, thus showing the people milestones of their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 860706

  • La obra de Diego Rivera
    García Maroto, Gabriel, 1889-1968
    1928
    Though using a moderate tone–and even an admiring one when he refers to the continuity, sense of color and form, knowledge of the avant-garde, and diversity in the work—García Maroto was part of the debate, discussion, or situation regarding the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780212

  • La pedantería y el arte
    Büsch Buero, Federico L.
    1933
    Federico L. Büsch Buero writes in defense of art’s social scope as an aesthetic program for Latin America. He presents the left’s widespread opinions against modern art, which is uncommitted politically. Büsch Buero asserts that modern art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733889

  • La pintura mexicana está en decadencia, dice Tamayo : Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco y David Alfaro Siqueiros, en declive
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    Rufino Tamayo made no reference to the government initiative being handled by Rivera, Orozco, and Siqueiros, although he expressed his strong opposition to the idea. In 1944 Tamayo had warned that Mexican painting was stagnating and in a state of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755507

  • La pintura monumental y de experimentación en México
    Crespo de la Serna, Jorge Juan
    1952
    In this article, art critic Jorge Juan Crespo de la Serna wrote about mural painting and its importance in the evolution of Mexican art. He believed the murals should be intimately connected to the life of the country that produces them given their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779993

  • La pintura mural
    Zuno Hernández, José Guadalupe
    1929
    José Guadalupe Zuno (Z) devotes this entire article to mural paintings in Jalisco, having commissioned some of them himself while he was governor. Zuno makes particular reference to the murals in the Salón de la Universidad that were painted by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 762434

  • La polémica : Raúl Anguiano
    Adame, María Luisa
    1955
    Raúl Anguiano believed that the best-known painters had made costly mistakes and had experienced great failures. He referred to the “pintura bajo el agua” [“underwater painting”] by Diego Rivera as much as to the sculpture-painting by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758256

  • La síntesis de las Artes
    Villanueva, Carlos Raúl, 1900-1975
    1963
    Referencing such Latin American nations as Mexico, Brazil, Uruguay, and Venezuela, and the European nations of Spain and Italy, Venezuelan architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva examines certain artists and movements that in the aforementioned countries, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864335

  • Las decoraciones que pasaron a ser revolucionarias
    Acevedo, Esther
    1986
    Using newspaper sources, Esther Acevedo explores the diverse ways in which different groups of artists and intellectuals arose during 1920-1924 around the concept of “what is national,” particularly in the visual arts. She also investigates the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833203

  • Las modernas corrientes de la pintura : la lucha por lo revolucionario
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    1941
    In this article, the Colombian writer and critic Luis Vidales evaluates aesthetic methods based on spiritual causality, as distinct from positivist doctrines that seek causality in external phenomena. He suggests that style—that is, the technical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1088481

  • Las Pinturas Decorativas del Anfiteatro de la Preparatoria
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1923
    Diego Rivera’s visual arts discourse echoes the ideas of José Vasconcelos in his mural La Creación [Creation], in which he expresses, within an abstract theme, a clear allusion to race through selected representative elements. These include the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734641

  • Latinoamérica
    Engel, Walter, 1908-2005
    1946
    In the book Problemas sociales en las artes plásticas [Social Problems in the Visual Arts], the critic Walter Engel reviews different periods in the universal history of art, discussing how some cultures and artists depict social issues?such as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1094220

  • Lo visible y lo oculto. El mural de Alva Guadarrama en la escuela primaria Juan Palacios
    Soto Villafaña, Adrián
    1998
    This is the first systematic study of this painter’s murals in the so-called “Escuelas funcionalistas” [functional schools]. One school was built in 1932 in the Colonia Pro-Hogar (Azcapotzalco Area) in Mexico City; two years later, Alva [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 789185

  • Los “Tres Grandes” deben contar con sus colegas
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    In an interview with Antonio Rodríguez, the painter José Chávez Morado expressed his approval of the Comisión Nacional de Pintura Mural [National Commission for Mural Painting] on the grounds that a standard must be established for decorating [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755484

  • Los caminos de la pintura
    Zuno Hernández, José Guadalupe
    1929
    In this essay, the former governor of Jalisco, José Guadalupe Zuno, discusses government support of painting, stressing its modern style. He uses the opportunity to talk about Diego Rivera, emphasizing his cultural work rather than his artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 762419

  • Los cinco sentidos
    1933
    This text taken from the art news section of Signo [Sign] magazine, run by the art critic Leonardo Estarico, briefly reports on the expected arrival of Mexican artist David Alfaro Siqueiros in Buenos Aires in 1933. The magazine introduces the artist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763486

  • Los enemigos del arte han prohibido la tercera conferencia del profesor Siqueiros : esta actitud tendrá la virtud de llevar un público diez veces mayor al lugar en que ésta tenga que realizarse
    1933
    This document reports on the prohibition of David Alfaro Siqueiros’s third lecture at Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art Association] in Buenos Aires. The article mentions the part played by writer Victoria Ocampo. It also discusses the content of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733972

  • Los monigotes de Alfaro Siqueiros y su valor plástico
    Tarruella, Alfredo
    1933
    Alfredo Tarruella writes a furious anti-Communist critique of both the painting and the social activism of Mexican artist David Alfaro Siqueiros. He considers Siqueiros to be a deceptive person and an agent of the Soviet Union. The Catholic poet [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733182

  • Los murales de José Renau en Cuernavaca
    Palencia Alvarez Tubau, Ceferino
    1949
    The author of this text provides a detailed description of the mural—consisting of four panels painted by José Renau for the Casino de la Selva in Cuernavaca—and says that, "The project’s general theme is Spain and Mexico." Palencia then [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756584

  • Los murales del Auditórium Emiliano Zapata
    Ortiz Avila, Raúl
    1936
    Jorge Vicario Román, virtually unknown as a painter, was a native of the state of Morelos. In order to receive the commission for his mural painting he had to pass through “the tortuous paths of criticism.” The author believed that Vicario Romá [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759462

  • Los notables frescos de José Clemente Orozco en Guadalajara
    1937
    Sponsored by the government of the state of Jalisco, José Clemente Orozco worked on a series of frescoes for several public buildings in Guadalajara. Orozco was considered to have reached the full maturity of his creative talent, and these works [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752285

  • Los nuevos pintores veracruzanos
    Ortega, Febronio
    1922
    In “Los nuevos pintores veracruzanos” [The new painters of Veracruz], Ortega makes a collage about what artists happen to be painting or sculpting at the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (ENP) and the Academy. He mentions the most representative [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755427

  • Los nuevos rumbos del muralismo mexicano
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1953
    This essay is the first sketch of some of Carlos Mérida’s original concepts on Integración Plástica [Arts Integration]. He states that functional painting—the only path in contemporary art—should be created for the majority of people, in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733512

  • Los Nuevos Valores en la Pintura Mexicana
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1924
    This article by Carlos Mérida begins by citing Raynolds Maryland, who stated in a text published in the New York Herald, that Mexico was experiencing a birth and not a renaissance, with reference to Mexican art. This birth resulted in a discovery [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747178

  • Los pintores máximos de México en la Bienal
    Crespo de la Serna, Jorge Juan
    1958
    The art critic Jorge Juan Crespo de la Serna was very disappointed that Rufino Tamayo had not participated in the Bienal Interamericana de Pintura y Grabado [Inter-American Biennial of Painting and Printmaking], and felt it was a capricious decision [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769946

  • Marcos Raya: The Anguish of Being
    Morales-Haro, Claudia; Ochoa, María Isabel
    2005
    In this interview, Marcos Raya expresses his belief that young artists must “get out of their mental and real ghetto, the Mexican ghetto,” in order to advance in their art. They must, he says, “be part of the whole city of Chicago and still be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1075560

  • María Izquierdo vs. Los Tres grandes
    Izquierdo, María
    1947
    In this article, painter María Izquierdo again decides to express her viewpoint without the use of intermediaries. She had done so one month before and here she again declares her disapproval of the monopoly created by the Comisión Nacional de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792897

  • Memorial al señor arquitecto Carlos Lazo : gerente general de las obras en la ciudad universitaria : sobre el problema de mis murales en la rectoría y en la Facultad de Ciencias Químicas
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1953
    David Alfaro Siqueiros sends the architect Carlos Lazo, project manager at Ciudad Universitaria (UNAM) in Mexico City, three documents about the scaffolding he has erected and the mural he is executing at the university’s Rectoría [President’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786058

  • Mexican American artists
    Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-
    1973
    This excerpt from Jacinto Quirarte’s book, Mexican American Artists, includes the introduction, chapters 4 through 8, and a short conclusion. In the introduction, the author explores Chicano identity and the unifying elements of Chicano art. While [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809688

  • Mexican influence on U.S. art: 1930-1936
    Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-
    1978
    Arguing that art history must always account for precedents and influences, art historian Jacinto Quirarte’s essay traces the way in which Mexican muralists influenced American artists during the 1930s. The author suggests that, in this case, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 826346