Topic Descriptor: Indigenismo×
  • El arte peruano en la escuela - II
    Izcue, Elena, 1889-1970
    1929
    This is the second of the two textbooks published by Elena Izcue, which were designed to teach art based on pre-Hispanic motifs at Peruvian schools. It includes two introductory texts. The first, addressed to teachers, explains how the pedagogical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146115

  • El artista peruano José Sabogal
    Vega Enríquez, Angel, 1875-
    1919
    According to the author of this article, José Sabogal’s work is unquestionably “the most serious attempt ever undertaken in Peru to create an essentially national—that is, Peruvian—art.” Noting also that Cuzco is a highly appropriate [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139814

  • El falso apocalipsis del arte latinoamericano
    Guillent Pérez, J. R.
    1965
    Making use of his philosophical background, J. R. Guillent Pérez critically analyzes the article by Marta Traba published in Caracas under the title “El arte latinoamericano: un falso apocalipsis.” In his judgment, Traba has not understood the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799219

  • El indigenismo y el peruanismo en el arte : comentario sobre dos exposiciones recientes
    Gallagher de Parks, Mercedes, 1883-
    1941
    In this article, Mercedes Gallagher de Parks reviews two exhibitions in Lima: one consisting of works by the Indigenist painter Camilo Blas (at the Instituto Bach); the other a collection of works by the English painter Fred Stratton (at the Sociedad [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141131

  • El nuevo arte indígena mexicano
    Casanovas, Martí, 1894-1966
    1928
    Martí Casanovas, a Catalan journalist who resided in Cuba, relates the resurgence of Indianism in Mexico with a modification in economic and social structures. Despite the opposition it faced in the late twenties, the Mexican Revolution progressed; [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089630

  • El Perú en el arte de José Sabogal
    Basadre, Jorge, 1903-1980
    1931
    The author of this article thinks that Peru does a better job of addressing its potential in the artistic arena than in the social or political sphere, although this has begun to change in recent years. In his opinion, José Sabogal’s paintings are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140311

  • El pincel aborigen de Sabogal
    Esculies, Óscar A., 1913-
    1938
    This article about José Sabogal and his work, published in the Peruvian newspaper El Comercio, was written by Óscar Esculíes after visiting the artist’s workshop at the ENBA (Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes). According to the Paraguayan writer [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140903

  • El pintor José A. Sabogal
    Garrido, José Eulogio, 1888-1967
    1920
    In this newspaper article José Eulogio Garrido describes his impressions on first meeting José Sabogal in the city of Trujillo (where he was born), and admits to having been one of the few people who were able to recognize an outstanding artist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136938

  • El pintor José Sabogal
    López Merino, Clodoaldo
    1928
    The author notes José Sabogal’s comments about his earlier travels and his training in Europe, which he said was helpful for learning “the tricks of the trade, how to move one’s hand smoothly, that’s all,” but claimed that he resisted any [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140179

  • El problema del indio mexicano
    Rabasa, Emilio, 1856-1930
    1921
    In this article, written in 1921, shortly after the end of the Mexican Revolution, Emilio Rabasa reflects on proposed efforts to improve the living conditions of the indigenous population of the country. According to Rabasa, the white and Mestizo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737317

  • El renacimiento indio por el arte
    Suárez A., Humberto
    1927
    In this article the writer Humberto Suárez (who uses the pseudonym Kocha-Puma) profiles the photographer Martín Chambi. Suárez describes the city of Cuzco as an emblematic artistic center that indigenous artists should work to promote. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136775

  • El significado cultural de la obra de José Sabogal
    Núñez, Estuardo, 1908-2013
    1937
    In his article about the exhibition of works by José Sabogal held at the Sociedad Filarmónica in Lima in 1937, Estuardo Núñez suggests that Sabogal’s paintings were not just the product of a particular school or trend but were required [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140523

  • Elena Izcue
    Mayer de Zulen, Dora
    1927
    This article by the Peruvian writer, Dora Mayer, focuses on the work of the artist, Elena Izcue, who managed to tie “el hilo flotante de la cultura incaica al hilo extirado [sic] de la cultura actual” [the floating thread of Inca culture to a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126129

  • En el Museo Nacional : un ensayo de decoración estilo incaico
    Martínez, Alberto J.
    1921
    This article by Alberto J. Martínez discusses the use of stylized pre-Hispanic motifs to decorate one of the galleries of the Museo Nacional de Lima. In his view, “every effort to bolster a genuinely Peruvian form of artistic expression represents [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1144009

  • En honor de José Sabogal
    1937
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140492

  • En la Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Sabogal, José, 1888-1956
    1933
    This article was published in January 1933 on the occasion of ENBA’s exhibition of paintings by Daniel Hernández, who was the first director of the Peruvian Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes [National School of Fine Arts], and by the school’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140428

  • Ensayo sobre la pintura peruana contemporánea
    Pereira, Raúl María, 1916-2007
    1942
    In this essay, Peruvian art critic and diplomat Raúl María Pereira provides an overview of Peruvian painting from the first half of the twentieth century. While the author praises the first generation of academic painters, he believes that their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293152

  • Está naciendo algo... una entrevista con Mirko Lauer
    Buntinx, Gustavo, 1957-
    1982
    Gustavo Buntinx interviews Mirko Lauer on his social perspectives on the analysis of visual arts when applied to “the cultural structural order” currently in Peru. Lauer, commencing from a theoretical point of view, discusses the situation of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136477

  • Estados Unidos en impresión de José Sabogal
    Falcón, Jorge, 1908-; Falcón, Jorge, 1908-
    1943
    The Peruvian intellectual Jorge Falcón interviews José Sabogal about his visit to several cities in the United States in 1942 at the invitation of the State Department. Sabogal admits that until then, he did not have a complete view of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140687

  • Estética de la fealdad
    Saco, Carmen, 1882-1948
    1925
    Carmen Saco, who studied at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes (ENBA) in the 1920s, was one of the first professional women sculptors in Peru. The time she spent at the ENBA proved decisive to the nationalist bent of a body of work characterized by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150475

  • Exposición de pintura de Julia Codesido
    López Merino, Clodoaldo
    1929
    In this text, Clodoaldo López Merino, under the pseudonym of “EGO,” asserts that even before this show of painting, Julia Codesido had consolidated her prestige as an artist. She had studied at European academies and at the Escuela Nacional de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1147874

  • Exposición de xilografías de José Sabogal
    López Merino, Clodoaldo
    1926
    The writer of this article claims that José Sabogal’s exhibition “will shake our art milieu out of its inertia,” referring to a previous review he wrote about the Peruvian indigenist painter’s exhibition in Buenos Aires in 1928. In his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140260

  • Exposición Sabogal
    Muelle, Jorge C.
    1940
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140555

  • Exposición Sabogal : en la Casa Brandes
    1919
    According to this article, this exhibition presented people in Lima with a rare opportunity “to see absolutely modern painting,” which prizes “emotive qualities, sincerity, and the power of values” more highly than the typical “familiar [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139683

  • Habla Piquera Cotolí...
    Solari, Carlos, 1883-1932
    1924
    After visiting the ENBA sculpture studios in Lima, the author comments on works by Coello and Pozo, and mentions the sculptress Carmen Saco. He then interviews Manuel Piqueras Cotolí, the architect from Madrid, in whose studio he examines two works [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141340

  • Hacia la indigenización de nuestro concepto del mundo
    Lora Risco, Alejandro
    1954
    The author notes a dual American inheritance from both indigenous and western cultures in the Rufino Tamayo paintings exhibited in Lima. Playing against what he calls “Americanism” or “absolute indigenous-ness,” Alejandro Lora Risco [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1151010

  • Hacia una arquitectura y una decoración autóctona
    Feuereisen, Carlos, 1900-1969
    1929
    This text written by the Chilean architect, Carlos Feuereisen, is a folkloric meditation on the need to introduce the visual culture of the pre-Hispanic peoples into the design of decorative art and architecture made in Chile in the early 1930s. In [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748424

  • Homenajes : José Sabogal y la juventud
    Cisneros, Fernán, 1907-1979
    On the occasion of the party organized for José Sabogal by “young Peruvians in Buenos Aires,” the author notes the group’s obvious admiration for and acknowledgment of the artist, based on their shared feelings and ideals. The works of art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140243

  • Impresiones de Julia Codesido después de su expos. en N. York
    1936
    This interview with the Indigenist painter Julia Codesido was published in the Lima newspaper La Crónica on the occasion of her exhibition at the Delphic Studios gallery (New York, 1936). The interviewer talks about the warm welcome Codesido [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141277

  • Inauguración de las clases de arte incaico en la Esc. de Bellas Artes : asistirá el Ministro de Instrucción
    1930
    This essay is on the newspaper add announcing the commencement of the Inca Art courses and studies at the ENBA (Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes) in Lima by the Peruvian writer Augusto Aguirre Morales. The studies, a program that was fully [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143505

  • Incanidad, indianidad
    Uriel García, José
    1937
    In this fourth chapter of his book El Nuevo indio, José Uriel García defines the concepts of “Incanity” and “Indianity.” With the advent of the Spanish, the author explains, “the history of the Incas came to an end, and with it Inca life [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136679

  • Indianismo y exotismo
    Rojas, Ricardo, 1882-1957
    1951
    In “Indianismo y exoticismo,” Argentinean journalist and writer Ricardo Rojas posits that the history of Latin America can be explained as a rhythm of fluctuations between “indianismo,” the valorization of indigenous culture, and “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125382

  • Indigenismo : the call to unity
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    1993
    This document is an essay by Amalia Mesa-Bains in which she explores the history of indigenismo, an embrace of one’s indigenous heritage, and the integral role it has had in helping to develop a sense of personal and collective identity within the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1086357

  • Instantáneas : breves entrevistas de "Variedades" : José Sabogal
    1923
    This questionnaire-like interview with José Sabogal addresses his recent stay in Mexico, which lasted for a number of months. The interviewer asserts that Sabogal “is one of our most valuable young artists,” and explains that he has already [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136971

  • Introducción
    Stastny, Francisco
    1974
    This introductory essay appeared in the exhibition catalogue for the retrospective of the painter Alicia Bustamante at the Museo de Arte y de Historia de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (Lima, 1974). The essay was written by the historian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139585

  • José Arnaldo Sabogal
    Cáceres, Zoila Aurora
    1921
    The author of this article provides a detailed, almost biographical description of José Sabogal’s apprenticeship, beginning with the modest circumstances of his family in his hometown of Cajabamba, which he left when he was sixteen years old. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139912

  • José Sabogal : maestro pintor
    Macera, Cesar Francisco, 1908-1964
    1941
    According to César Francisco Macera, José Sabogal’s first exhibition in Perú (Lima, 1919) had a profound impact on the country; viewers were astonished and appalled at “the new landscape” they were looking at. Sabogal responded to critiques [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140669

  • José Sabogal está en busqueda del arte del pueblo : un momento de exaltación de las fuerzas del Perú con el gran animador del arte vernacular nacional
    1950
    In this article, the editor of the newspaper Noticias de Arequipa interviews José Sabogal on the occasion of the artist’s visit to Arequipa, and they talk about contemporary Peruvian painting and traditional art. On the former topic, Sabogal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1289505

  • José Sabogal ha triunfado rotundamente en Buenos Aires : nuestro compatriota ha sido consagrado como uno de los pintores de mayor significación dentro del arte latinoamericano
    1928
    The Argentinean critic writing for El Diario newspaper considers José Sabogal “one of the most important painters in art from the Americas” owing to “a modern vision very much his own” and “a deeply poetic spirit” committed to capturing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140212

  • José Sabogal y las artes populares en el Perú
    Arguedas, José María, 1911-1969
    1956
    In this article about the indigenist painter José Sabogal’s relationship with Peru’s tradition arts, José María Arguedas explains that Sabogal was a member of the movement led by the thinker José Carlos Mariátegui, which was devoted to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139602

  • José Sabogal, director de la Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Garrido, José Eulogio, 1888-1967
    1933
    In the author’s opinion there has seldom been a fairer appointment, because José Sabogal is not a token candidate, he is a hard-working painter. Another factor is the “authentic Peruvian-ness” of what José Eulogio Garrido calls the fervent [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140395

  • José Sabogal, en Buenos Aires
    Seoane, Manuel A., 1900-1963
    1928
    The author explains that not many Latin American artists exhibit their work in Buenos Aires (other than those from the countries of the Río de la Plata region: Uruguay and Argentina), since European artists tend to be more enthusiastically received [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140227

  • José Sabogal, pintor de la raza
    Sabroso Montoya, Arturo, 1895-1974
    1931
    According to the author of this article José Sabogal is, above all, “someone who expresses Peruvian-ness,” one who has not only developed an original technique, but has also managed to expose profound and unprecedented aspects of the country’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140345

  • Julia Codecido en N. York
    1936
    Published in Lima-based newspaper La Prensa, this document is a compilation of reviews published in New York newspapers on the Julia Codesido exhibition held at Delphic Studios gallery, also in New York, in 1936. Howard Devree of The New York Times [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136600

  • La "Exposición de arte indigenista escolar y popular"
    1932
    This document contains a transcription of the speech given by Luis E. Galván, an official at the Peruvian Ministerio de Educación Pública, on the occasion of the opening of a show of indigenous art. He explains that education is fundamental to “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136711

  • La colección Alicia Bustamante y la universidad
    Arguedas, José María, 1911-1969
    1969
    The author, José María Arguedas, discusses the work of the late Alicia Bustamante, recently deceased, explaining that she “came of age as an artist in Lima during the years of [José Carlos] Mariátegui’s influence and the repercussions of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139559

  • La cúpula en América
    Sabogal, José, 1888-1956
    1939
    This article was written by José Sabogal on the development of architecture in Latin America. Sabogal emphasizes the emergence of an art of construction with its own nuances after the Spanish conquest, when Western elements were combined with Native [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125912

  • La dirección de la Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes
    1943
    The signatories to this open letter addressed to the then-president of Peru, Manuel Prado, request that José Sabogal be reinstated as director of the ENBA (Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes). They point out that ever since he was appointed (in 1932 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140784

  • La Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Valcárcel, Luis E. (Luis Eduardo), 1891-1987; Palma, Clemente, 1872-1946; Gálvez, José, 1885-1957
    1943
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140736

  • La exposición Codesido
    Pereira, Raúl María, 1916-2007
    1941
    After explaining that the exhibition includes recent works as well as others that have been shown on previous occasions, the reviewer states that the artist “captures a clearer and broader view of Peruvian landscapes, people, and customs than other [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136551