Topic Descriptor: Latin American×
  • ¡En la guerra, arte de guerra!
    Ministerio de Defensa Nacional, Dirección de Propaganda de Guerra (Cuba)
    1943
    The National War Propaganda Department, on behalf of Cuba’s Ministry of National Defense, published the script of the lecture to be delivered by David Alfaro Siqueiros on May 8, 1943, in Havana. The script provides a summary of his life from 1909 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751133

  • ¿Existe América Latina?
    1945
    In these two chapters of text from the book ¿Existe América Latina?, Luis Alberto Sánchez discusses the idea of “Latin America” as both a political bloc and a cultural value, ultimately arguing for a dynamic concept of Latin America that is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 843743

  • ¿Identidad o modernidad?
    Manrique, Jorge Alberto
    1974
    In this chapter from América Latina en sus artes Jorge Alberto Manrique begins by describing the artistic movements of the 1920s and comparing this period to a giant hinge that moved backward to the nineteenth century and forward to the twentieth [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 838652

  • ¿Qué es América Latina?
    Coutinho, Afrãnio
    1969
    Brazilian literary critic and essayist Afrânio Coutinho wrote this article in the late- 1960s. His article states since inception that to him the term “Latin American,” is at odds with the historical, social, cultural, literary, and artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 839810

  • ¿Qué quiere decir un Arte Americano?
    Traba, Marta
    1956
    In this text, Marta Traba argues that there is not really a unified [Latin] American aesthetic in the visual arts and calls for an honest investigation of the question of such an aesthetic approach, even at the risk of affirming that no common spirit [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 839092

  • "Introducción", Salón de Artistas Jóvenes : Patrocinado por la Unión Panamericana y Esso = "Introduction" Salon of Young Artists: Sponsored by Pan American Union and Esso.
    Gómez Sicre, José
    1965
    This is the introduction to the catalogue for the Salón de Artistas Jóvenes Latinoamericanos [Young Latin American Artists Salon]—held at the Pan-American Union in Washington, DC in 1965. It was written by José Gómez Sicre, director of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091951

  • "Magnet - New York": conceptual, performance, environmental, and installation art by latin american artists in New York
    Stellweg, Carla
    1988
    In this article, scholar Carla Stellweg discusses the position of New York as the world art center during the 1960s and ‘70s, which attracted many artists from Latin America who came eager to experience its artistic effervescence firsthand. Through [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841710

  • [Ahora que el arte atraviesa una crisis...]
    Estrada, Leonel, 1920-
    1960
    The artist, agent, and art critic Leonel Estrada discusses a series of paintings by Armando Villegas that were exhibited at the Chamber of Commerce in Medellín. These works, in Estrada’s opinion, reveal a departure from the artist’s earlier [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1133429

  • [Does present day Latin American art...]
    Amaral, Aracy A., 1930-
    1975
    Aracy A. Amaral asserts that there is no such thing as a unified expression of Latin American art, but instead a desire for cultural integration that has not yet been resolved. She understands that the countries of the Americas share common problems [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776786

  • [El folleto "Los Disidentes" tiene por mision esencial dar testimonio ...]
    1950
    [This text is] the first issue of Los Disidentes (Paris, 1950) magazine, in which [the group] explains succinctly the “essential mission” of the eponymous magazine and the “immediate aim” which they are pursuing with this initial publication [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813779

  • [El Movimiento Espartaco ha hecho público...]
    Grupo Espartaco
    1960
    Operating from Argentina, the Movimiento Espartaco [Spartacus Movement] argued that there was a need for national and revolutionary Latin American art. According to this argument, it would be necessary to eliminate from the social order the economic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763732

  • [Esta bienal que por tercera vez inaguramos es la realización colombiana...]
    1973
    In this prologue to the catalogue of the 3rd Coltejer Art Biennial, held in Medellín in 1972, the president of the sponsoring company, Rodrigo Uribe Echavarría, explained what he considered to be the double significance of the Biennial, the most [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1098143

  • [Estas são todas histórias verdadeiras]
    Boal, Augusto
    1976
    Playwright Augusto Boal declares that all the stories contained within his book are true, and were written based on testimony overheard during different trips that occurred after he left Brazil in 1971, during the height of the military dictatorship [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776129

  • [I have often been questioned why the concern over which...]
    McCloud, James F.
    1962
    This is the introduction to the 1st Latin American Art Biennial delivered by James F. McCloud, the President of the Biennial, at the opening of the event on June 26, 1962, at the Museo Provincial de Bellas Artes “Emilio A. Caraffa” in Córdoba, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 777774

  • [Las obras expuestas dan una idea ajustada...]
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1952
    Antonio Berni writes about Nuevo Realismo [New Realism], which he defines as an aesthetic identity that, in Latin America, vacillates between form and content [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794426

  • [Letter, 1970?] Nueva York [to] Lorenzo Homar
    Camnitzer, Luis
    1971
    In this letter, Uruguayan artist and academic Luis Camnitzer tells printmaker Lorenzo Homar that he and the other artists at his New York Graphic Workshop had managed to get the Center for Inter-American Relations to suspend a New York exhibition of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 856511

  • [Letter, s.l.] 1977 Marzo 16 [to] Lorenzo Homar
    Tufiño, Nitza
    1977
    In this letter, Nitza Tufiño, the Mexican born Puerto Rican artist, and daughter of the printmaker Rafael Tufiño, tells Lorenzo Homar that the capitalist system gives artists exhibitions, biennials, and museum shows in exchange for their silence. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863556

  • [Letter] 1971 December 6, San Juan, Puerto Rico [to] H. D. Glicksman
    Marrozzini, Luigi
    1971
    Luigi Marrozzini, director of the Galería Colibrí in San Juan, provides H.D. Glicksman with information about the Portafolio Latinoamericano, which consists of twenty-two original prints, mostly etchings and lithographs produced in signed, limited [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 861612

  • [Letter] 1971 VI 22, Santiago, [Chile to] Ernesto [Deira]
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1971
    The art critic sent this letter to Ernesto Deira informing him about the Instituto de Arte Latinoamericano [Latin American Art Institute], which includes the Museo Latinoamericano [Latin American Museum], for which he requests the collaboration of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 745056

  • [Letter] 1973 Junio 14, Buenos Aires [to] Antonio Berni
    Huidobro, Ramón
    1973
    This is a letter from Mr. Ramón Huidobro, the Chilean ambassador to Buenos Aires, , to Antonio Berni, the Argentine artist, to thank him for his donation of a work of art to the Museo de la Solidaridad. The letter was accompanied by a catalogue of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765648

  • [Letter] 1974 June 8, New York [to] Ferreira Gullar
    Amaral, Antonio Henrique
    1974
    In this letter to poet Ferreira Gullar, artist Antonio Henrique Amaral expresses the dilemma he faces about whether to continue to deal with the problems of life in New York or return to Brazil. He explains that he has grown accustomed to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111048

  • [Letter] 1976 July 15, México D.F. [to] Lorenzo Homar
    Beltrán, Alberto
    1976
    Alberto Beltrán, a Mexican artist, writes to his friend, Puerto Rican printmaker Lorenzo Homar, to thank him for his earlier letter explaining the problems surrounding the IV Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano [4th San Juan Biennial of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 856399

  • [Letter] 1982 Enero 12, Cali, Colombia [to] Lorenzo Homar
    Alcántara, Pedro, 1942-
    1982
    The Colombian artist Pedro Alcántara writes to Lorenzo Homar asking him to participate in the production of the portfolio “Grandes Maestros de la Plástica Latinoamericana” [Great Masters of Latin American Visual Art]. Ten artists are to be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863843

  • [Letter] 1989 Febrero 14, The University of Iowa [to] Lorenzo Homar
    Lasansky, Mauricio, 1914-
    1989
    In this letter to Puerto Rican artist Lorenzo Homar, Argentine artist Mauricio Lasansky states that he resents the fact that the Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano y del Caribe [Latin American and Caribbean Print Biennial, San Juan] is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864217

  • [No puedo dejar de destacar la importancia de este encuentro...]
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1978
    This is Antonio Berni’s critical review of Latin American art during the last ten years, in which he identifies other problems that, in his opinion, “are still ignored by the critics.” The Argentinean visual artist refers to categories and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815659

  • [Salta en estas piezas de Raoul Deal el doble y ambíguo papel que juegan...]
    Castellanos, Armando
    1991
    In his article, Armando Castellanos interprets Raoul Deal’s work featured in the exhibition Las Esperanzas del Loro Verde [The Hopes of the Green Parrot]. Castellanos argues that Deal’s work confronts the duality, ambiguity, and tension between [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840777

  • [The United States collects Pan-American art]
    Shapiro, Joseph Randall
    In this introduction to the catalogue of the 1959 exhibition The United States Collects Pan-American Art held at the Art Institute of Chicago, curator Joseph Randall Shapiro addresses the issue of the inadequacy of the term “Latin American art” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782215

  • [Un conjunto de artistas impresionados...]
    Acevedo, Hugo
    1967
    Hugo Acevedo writes about the artists brought together by the events of daily life, who, in his experience, are moving on to action. He demonstrates that there is no intention of delving deeply into artistic matters, rather the goal is to pay tribute [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763695

  • [Un numeroso grupo de argentinos residentes y no residentes...]
    1968
    This written testimonial expresses the reasons why a group of residents and nonresidents took over the Pabellón Argentino de la Ciudad Universitaria de París [Argentinean Building of the University Boarding Complex of Paris] in 1968. It denounces [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773186

  • 4 Latin American cosmopolitan stylists
    Kramer, Hilton
    1969
    Hilton Kramer reviews the exhibition Latin America: New Paintings and Sculpture. Juan Downey, Agustín Fernández, Gego, and Gabriel Morera, presented at the Art Gallery of the Center for Inter-American Relations in 1969. Kramer mentions the fact [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159450

  • A crise mundial e uma orden estetica = La crisis mundial y un nuevo orden estético
    Morais, Frederico, 1936-
    1984
    The Brazilian critic Frederico Morais suggests that the discovery of artistic production emerging from peripheral locales in nations on both sides of the Atlantic is leading to a process of cultural decentralization. This outward movement from the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805736

  • A identidade no plural
    Fabris, Annateresa
    2000
    In this essay, Annateresa Fabris addresses the issue of identity and its connections to the visual arts in Latin America. She refers to the concept of a “sense of place” in the development of the symbolic system that posits the idea of a “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808207

  • A Sierra Beyond Borders
    Huebner, Jeff, 1954-
    1991
    In this feature on the Cuban-American artist Paul Sierra, Jeff Huebner writes the artist’s biography, his recent ascent in the mainstream art world, and the attendant conflicts that arose in relationship to his status as a Latino artist. Huebner [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840128

  • A vocação construtiva da arte latino-americana
    Morais, Frederico, 1936-
    1997
    In this essay, the art critic Frederico Morais takes a new approach to Latin American Constructive art, describing the influence it has had on European and North American art as well as its relationship to Latin American culture and society. The term [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808244

  • Abstraction, organism, apparatus : notes of the penetrable structure in the work of Lygia Clark, Gego, and Mira Schendel
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    2010
    In this essay, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas discusses the typology of Latin American modern art that is designed “to be penetrated” by the viewer, based on an analysis of major works by three Latin American women artists: Brazilians Lygia Clark and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159688

  • Al margen de una polémica
    Chacón, Alfredo, 1937-
    1965
    In this article, Alfredo Chacón reviews and issues commentaries on the principal arguments of the art critics involved in the controversy that Marta Traba began through her article “El arte latinoamericano: un falso apocalipsis.” Chacón states [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799015

  • Alejandro Otero y la enseñanza del arte
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1997
    In this essay, Juan Calzadilla discusses Alejandro Otero’s contribution to the field of visual art instruction. Calzadilla acknowledges Otero’s leading role in the promotion of Abstract painting and sculpture, and education, by noting the support [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167940

  • Alternativas de la pintura latinoamericana actual
    Rodríguez Saavedra, Carlos
    1978
    The Peruvian art historian Carlos Rodríguez Saavedra defines genuine creation as an expression of truth that admits no alternatives, then goes on to state that the finest Latin American artists blend two opposites—“indigenous” and “universal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815687

  • América Latina : arte e identidad
    Rubiano Caballero, Germán, 1938-
    1989
    In “América Latina: Arte e Identidad,” Germán Rubiano formulates a criticism of the exhibition The Spirit of Latin America held at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York in 1989. He questions a reading of Latin America that, in his view, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091081

  • América Latina : uma arte nossa para o mundo inteiro = América Latina : un arte nuestro para todo el mundo
    Glusberg, Jorge
    1999
    The curatorial message of this exhibition is that the cultural patronage and aesthetic rejection of Latin American art (as a whole) no longer apply. As a historical-cultural construct, Latin America is an amalgam. The cultural miscegenation that took [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808371

  • América Latina Nação
    Ribeiro, Darcy
    1996
    Inspired by the creation of the Memorial da América Latina (designed by Oscar Niemayer), this article discusses the various attempts to promote cultural unity among Latin American countries. According to the author, the anthropologist Darcy [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 807699

  • América y arte
    Quintana Castillo, Manuel, 1928-
    1982
    Drawn from the content of three chapters in Manuel Quintana Castillo’s book Cuadernos de pintura, this selection, the text “América y el arte” can be found in Chapter III. In it, the writer sets forth the dispute between those who believe in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156234

  • América y el nihilismo : Respuesta a Marta Traba
    Guillent Pérez, J. R.
    1965
    In this article, J. R. Guillent Pérez confronts what he considers to be Marta Traba’s “attitude of disdain,” in her use of the term “apocalypse” in a negative sense; in doing so he makes use of philosophical sources, such as L’être et [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799193

  • Americanidade e latinidade da America latina: crescente interpenetração e decrescente segregação
    Freyre, Gilberto, 1900-1987
    1963
    This is a summary of Gilberto Freyre’s thoughts on the subject of Latin America, with a focus on the cultural anthropological aspects of a hybrid civilization based on a blend of black, American Indian, and European traditions. The author discusses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 807893

  • Anaida Hernandez
    Coldsmith, Angela M.; Hernández, Carla M.; Kaufman, Nicole R.; Vega, Kathy; Matthews, Colleen B.
    1998
    In this essay, Angela Coldsmith examines the varied printmaking techniques of Anaida Hernández, and her work on behalf of women’s issues in her practices as an artist, activist, and educator. In particular, they note that Hernández organized an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841430

  • Ante América
    Ponce de León, Carolina, 1955-; Mosquera, Gerardo; Weiss, Rachel
    1992
    The introduction to the catalogue for the exhibition of Latin American art Ante América [Regarding America]—presented in late 1992 at the Luis Ángel Arango Library and the Banco de la República in Bogotá—that was written by the art critic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1098386

  • Apêndice : I Bienal Latino-Americana de São Paulo
    Morais, Frederico, 1936-
    1979
    This is a scathing critique of the 1st Latin American Biennial held in São Paulo in November and December 1978, which featured exhibitions and symposia on “myth and magic.” Frederico Morais reports, “All the negative predictions concerning [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 777145

  • Aproximación metodológica para una comprensión de la retórica del arte latinoamericano
    Glusberg, Jorge
    In his paper, Argentinean critic Jorge Glusberg provisionally applies the term “Latin American art,” although he considers it inadequate to define the parameters in which the “regional Latin American rhetoric” plays out. It is an analysis [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815475

  • Apuntes sobre Amelia Peláez y el arte latinoamericano
    Rodríguez, Bélgica, 1941-
    1988
    Venezuelan art critic Bélgica Rodríguez suggests that Latin American art is largely homogeneous. She discusses the impact of different international styles and artistic movements on Latin American artists such as Cuban painter Amelia Peláez, who [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805572

  • Apuntes sobre la colección de Arte de América
    Palomera, Federica, 1954-
    1988
    This text by Federica Palomero was written for Arte de América, the exhibition she curated in 1988 on the occasion of the anniversary of the founding of the Museo de Bellas Artes de Caracas. The text describes the origins of the collection of Inter- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161144