Topic Descriptor: critiques×
  • ¿Arte versus política?
    This article was published in El País, a newspaper run by sectors of the Partido Nacional, one of Uruguay’s two traditional political parties. It reports on the occupation of the Subte exhibition space in Montevideo by a group of visual artists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1231919

  • ¿Es representativo el Salón Nacional?
    Rubiano Caballero, Germán, 1938-
    This article expresses the official point of view on the controversy that was sparked by the decision to award no prizes at the XXIII Salón de Artistas Nacionales [XXIII National Artists’ Salon] (1972). The article is written by Germán Rubiano, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1076626

  • "Evaluar" o "calificar" en el contexto actual de la cultura venezolana
    Hernández, Abdel
    Abdel Hernández, the Cuban critic and writer, discusses the VII Bienal Nacional de Dibujo de Caracas (Museo de Artes Visuales Alejandro Otero, 1994) which, in his opinion, was an event that promoted “fragmentation and disciplinarity” in art, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167669

  • [Cal significa - si usted quiere - las iniciales de Crítica, Arte, Literatura...]
    Meneses, Guillermo, 1911-1978
    This text by Guillermo Meneses is a presentation of CAL magazine, which he founded. Published in the magazine’s first issue, Meneses’s text explains the meaning of the letters in the publication’s name: C refers to crítica (criticism), A to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1168349

  • [El arte de la pintura es el arte del espacio...]
    Ospina, Marco, 1912-1983
    The artist Marco Ospina begins by criticizing Colombian painters who value volume over content and as a result produce totally insignificant work. According to Ospina, there are substantial theoretical lapses in these paintings, which he dismisses as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1094284

  • [Letter] 1968 Enero 11, Buenos Aires [to] [Luis Felipe] Noé
    Noé, Luis Felipe
    Oscar Masotta wrote to Luis Felipe Noé a letter of apology for his mala fe [bad faith] and pedantería [piece of pretentiousness], and made a promise to respond, by carefully reflecting on the letter sent by Noé at the end of 1967 from New York, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 740425

  • [Letter] [n.d.], New York [to] El Museo del Barrio
    Taller Boricua (New York, USA)
    In this typewritten open letter, the artist collective Taller Boricua [Puerto Rican Workshop], criticizes El Museo del Barrio for excluding the work of several New York-based Puerto Rican artists from an unnamed exhibition of Puerto Rican art jointly [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841209

  • [Letter] 1913 Noviembre 11, Carlos M. Herrera [to] Martín Lasala, Comisión Directiva del Círculo de Bellas Artes
    Herrera, Carlos María
    As the director of the Círculo de Bellas Artes School in Montevideo, painter Carlos María Herrera wrote this letter to Martín Lasala, the president of that institution’s board, with a number of proposals, chief among them was the elimination of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1230195

  • [Letter] 1926 enero 28, Calle Lucas Obes, Montevideo [to] Pedro Figari
    Guillot Muñoz, Gervasio, 1897-1956
    In this letter Guillot Muñoz, the distinguished writer and journalist, tells his friend Pedro Figari about the critiques that his paintings were receiving in Montevideo at that time, and about the unconditional support for Figari there was among a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238724

  • [Letter] 1968 December 23, San Juan, Puerto Rico [to] Lorenzo Homar
    Márquez, Juan Luis
    The president of the Puerto Rican company United Promoters and Advertisers, Juan Luis Márquez, sends Lorenzo Homar the article he wrote for El Mundo newspaper, “Entre Mayas y Cundeamores” [Between Mayas and Bitter Melons], in which Márquez [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863766

  • [Letter] 1980 December 18, La Misión, San Francisco [to] Malaquías Montoya
    Carrillo, Graciela
    In this letter, San Francisco artist and muralist Graciela Carrillo challenges Malaquías Montoya’s essay, “A Critical Perspective in the State of Chicano Art,” on what she describes as its elitist, rhetorical style that made it hard to read, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848837

  • [Letter] 1986 Marzo 23, Buenos Aires [to] León [Ferrari]
    Gramuglio, María Teresa
    The document refers to the drawings that León Ferrari contributed to Punto de Vista magazine. It critiques Ferrari’s ideas concerning the relationship between art and repression, while endorsing the variety of functions that are possible in an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749322

  • [Letter] 1986 Mayo 12, São Paulo [to] María Teresa [Gramuglio]
    Ferrari, León, 1920-
    León Ferrari contributes drawings to Punto de Vista magazine. Ferrari discusses his political views, and replies to María Teresa Gramuglio’s critique of the relationship between religion, art, and repression, reaffirming both his ideas and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749354

  • [Letter] s.d., s.l. [to] Lorenzo Homar
    Camacho, Paul, 1929-1989
    The Puerto Rican artist Paul Camacho writes to Lorenzo Homar about his disagreement with a critique of his work that appeared in Frente. Camacho tells Homar that he expressed his disapproval but was outvoted and the Editorial Board of Frente decided [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863979

  • [Parsimoniosa, reflexiva, esta obra que no tiene más de tres años de diseñada...]
    This is Marta Traba’s critical review of the exhibition of silkscreen prints by Susy Iglicki at the Museo de Bellas Artes in Caracas. Traba discusses the Venezuelan artist’s use of space, color, planes, and volumes, while referring to her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1106934

  • [There is a certain sensationalism...]
    De Romero, Ralph
    Ralph de Romero, a Puerto Rican artist born in New York, states that prejudices against painting styles can change quickly; negative attitudes can suddenly turn positive. One example of this is what happens with art critics, who may change a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863043

  • 1970
    De Romero, Ralph
    This poem, written by Ralph de Romero, a Puerto Rican artist born in New York, was sharply critical of the year 1970. In the text, we can discern a tone that is openly critical of the policies of the U.S. administration under President Richard Nixon [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863176

  • A Europa e a América Latina a opinião corrente
    Bomfim, Manoel José do, 1868-
    In this text, Manoel Bomfim criticizes the European attitude toward Latin America. According to the author, this attitude is due to sheer European ignorance about Latin American countries. He acknowledges that this posture had been changing, with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 832506

  • Acotaciones del momento : La Academia de Bellas Artes y la seriedad
    Castillo, Guillermo, 1899-1952
    In this article, journalist Guillermo Castillo criticizes the directors of the Mexican Academia de Bellas Artes, portraying the institution as outdated. Castillo targets proposed limitations on the curriculum of the open-air painting schools, which [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752459

  • Advertencia a la crítica
    Goeritz, Mathias, 1915-1990
    In view of the results of the Segunda Bienal Interamericana de México [Second Inter- American Biennial of Mexico]that took place in the Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mathias Goeritz’s opinion is that if what is being exhibited has something to do with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 741803

  • Algunas palabras acerca del juicio en materia de fotografía
    The writer of this article discusses some of the formal changes that photography must undergo in order to improve the presentation and subjects captured. To that end, he proposes that professional photographers abandon their studio props: “the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 800085

  • América Autónoma : no basta instruir, hay que enseñar a trabajar
    Figari, Pedro, 1861-1938
    In this article, the Uruguayan painter Pedro Figari (1868-1938) criticized the educational system in Argentina, and consequently all of Latin America, because it does not provide the practical, scientific, or industrial training that is necessary for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795325

  • América Latina : arte e identidad
    Rubiano Caballero, Germán, 1938-
    In “América Latina: Arte e Identidad,” Germán Rubiano formulates a criticism of the exhibition The Spirit of Latin America held at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York in 1989. He questions a reading of Latin America that, in his view, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091081

  • Apesar de dependente, universal
    Santiago, Silviano, 1936-
    Silvano Santiago begins this essay with the famous statement by Paulo Emílio Salles Gomes, “We are not Europeans nor North Americans, our original culture has been eliminated: nothing is foreign to us as everything here is foreign. Our own [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111340

  • Arte puro, arte comprometido, arte testimonial
    Zalamea, Jorge, 1905-1969
    In this article, Jorge Zalamea posits a theory about composition or poetics. His thesis concerns the expression and the assessment of art, and is rooted in the field of art criticism and theory. Zalamea refers to two traditional ways of thinking [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1131792

  • Arte y amnesia
    Lalo, Eduardo, 1960-
    The Puerto Rican artist and writer, Eduardo Lalo, states that Puerto Rican art suffers from amnesia because of the lack of awareness of its own historical tradition; in Puerto Rico, there is no meditation on artistic problems. In his opinion, there [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 856889

  • Arte y mitología
    Traba, Marta
    Argentine critic Marta Traba begins this article by stating that a country must confront its “artistic mythology” by revising and overcoming established concepts and values in order to “lay the basis for solid and worthy art” and to educate [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1052787

  • Arte y revolución: una polémica en la LEAR
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    In the 1990s, the magazine Memoria reported on a controversy that led to the great 1936 exhibition organized by the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists]. The article explains that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779783

  • Arte, vanguardia y nuevas figuras
    The artist Gabriel Morera; the writers José Balza, Jesús Enrique Guédez and Salvador Garmendia; the playwrights Román Chalbaud and Isaac Chocrón; and the graphic designer Nedo all make different statements about the relationship between the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1169254

  • Aterrizajes : la isla aislada
    Pedreira, Antonio Salvador, 1899-1939
    This brief, extraordinary editorial, criticizes the attitude of Puerto Rico when it was invited to a Congress of the Press to be held in Mexico City in 1931. Indeed, Puerto Rico responded with indifference, turning a deaf ear to the invitation. This [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 853290

  • Atração do mundo (políticas de identidade e de globalização na moderna cultura brasileira)
    Santiago, Silviano, 1936-
    In this text, literary critic Silvano Santiago delves into questions of identity politics and of globalization in modern Brazilian culture. He discusses four crucial moments: the end of the nineteenth century, the decade of the twenties, the decade [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111341

  • Carta abierta a Jaime Torres Bodet : Secretario de Educación Pública : no hay tal dirección de Educación Estética! : la acción de Carlos Pellicer y sus colaboradores se oponen al programa general de la Secretaría
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    This is an open letter written by David Alfaro Siqueiros to the Minister of Education Jaime Torres Bodet that explains the discrepancy between his humanistic, revolutionary discourse on the one hand, and the function of the Dirección de Educación [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760412

  • Comunidad y continuidad : Doris Salcedo, nombrando la violencia
    Merewether, Charles
    In this article, critic and art historian Charles Merewether points out that works like those of Doris Salcedo have an ethical and social role to play in societies where violence is a daily event. In such societies, the pain of the victims and their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 858415

  • Cowardice and Politics Ruin "The Chicago Show"
    Yood, James
    In this text, James Yood offers a scathing critique of The Chicago Show, an exhibition mounted at the Chicago Cultural Center in 1990. He describes the process by means of which this exhibition—conceived of as a juried exhibition to showcase the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867390

  • Crítica a una crítica : carta abierta a los admiradores de Marta Traba
    Rivera García, Rafael
    Puerto Rican artist Rafael Rivera García criticizes Marta Traba’s choice of the term “eclectic” to describe Puerto Rican art. In his view, Traba should not have limited herself to four artists—Lorenzo Homar, Julio Rosado del Valle, Francisco [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805468

  • Crítica de una obra inmoral
    Murcia Riaño, Jorge, 1895-; Ospinosa, Eduardo, S. J.; García, Juan Crisóstomo, 1883-1967
    This text is a report submitted to the Archbishop of Bogotá in 1942. It was prepared by three priests sent to visit the III Salón Nacional de Artistas held at the Biblioteca Nacional in Bogotá and to report on the painting Anunciación [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1087734

  • Criticandito
    Imber, Sofía
    In her weekly newspaper column, “Criticandito,” published on June 17, 1979 (in La Verdad, Caracas), Sofía Imber discusses four cultural events, two of which were at the Galería Mendoza, in Caracas: Guaches de la aldea de la India Madhubani [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159434

  • Cuadros en una exposición
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    The Venezuelan critic Luis Pérez-Oramas discusses the exhibition of Latin American artists on display at the Centre George Pompidou in Paris from November 1992 until January 1993. He questions the curators’ chronological perspective of Latin [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815786

  • Cuevas ataca el realismo superficial y regalón de la escuela mexicana
    Cuevas, José Luis
    This letter by José Luis Cuevas, sent from Philadelphia, was published in the newspaper Novedades on February 15, 1958. The missive is a response to an article by Andrés Henestrosa published three weeks earlier. Here, Cuevas defends German [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772074

  • Cuevas el niño terrible : en una ácida carta, traza la caricatura del conformista y se pinta a sí mismo como un francotirador enemigo de la vulgaridad, el adocenamiento y el lugar común
    Cuevas, José Luis
    This text is a transcription of the letter that José Luis Cuevas sent to the Novedades editorial director, Fernando Benítez, and signed in New York on March 20, 1958. Here, the artist says he wished to respond to the “ire” that his previous [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772094

  • De la fotografía como funcíon estética : En torno al artista cusqueño Martín Chambi
    Cerruto, Oscar, 1912-1981
    In this newspaper article, Oscar Cerruto discusses the work of the photographer Martín Chambi. Cerruto refers to Benedetto Croce’s idealistic philosophical concept about expressive beauty, which he uses to defend the artistic nature of photography [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136726

  • De la tela de araña
    Bois, Yve-Alain
    French critic and art historian Yve-Alain Bois bases his analysis of Gego’s work, particularly Reticulárea (1969), on poetic texts from ancient Greece, as well as the philosophy of Lucretiusand of Karl Marx. In his analysis, Bois, who taught in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148230

  • Decadentismo y americanismo
    Coll, Pedro Emilio
    In this essay Pedro Emilio Coll replies to Latin American critics who, “in the name of tradition and good sense” deplore what they describe as decadent representatives of the new movements that took root in the Americas in the early twentieth [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815772

  • Definitivo : no se hará el monumento de Negret : homenaje a Bolívar
    This document is Edgar Negret’s response to the press release from the Ministry of Public Works in which he set forth points related to the controversy generated about Abstract art in Colombia based on the monument to Bolívar, a sculpture the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1099096

  • El ‘Dr. Atl’, niñero del Popo
    This article violently criticizes the political and artistic positions taken by Gerardo Murillo (a. k. a. Dr. Atl) during and after the revolution. “Dr. Atl” is accused of having founded the Batallones Rojos [Red Battalions] through the Casa del [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792989

  • El "otro" punto de vista : el IX salón
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    This article reads like an indictment of the IX Salón Anual de Artistas Colombianos held in August 1952 at the Biblioteca Nacional in Bogota. Critic Luis Vidales Jaramillo voices a resounding personal judgment of some of the works exhibited and of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089774

  • El aniversario de la muerte de Lenin
    On the third anniversary of Lenin’s death, this article critiques his revolutionary framework.  It states that the path of violence and force are not conducive to human happiness. It gives an example of his “blunder” though a description of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737976

  • El arte abstracto y la crítica : especial para La Industria
    Lora Risco, Alejandro
    In response to Julio Alfonso Hernández’s negative comments about Alejandro Lora Risco’s exhibition of abstract drawings (published in El Tiempo, Chiclayo, Peru, October 31, 1952), the artist wrote this essay in which he discusses the link [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143651

  • El arte clásico de Eduardo Ramírez Villamizar
    Eiger, Casimiro, 1909- 1987
    The essay “El arte clásico de Eduardo Ramírez Villamizar” by art critic Casimiro Eiger is one of the first critical texts to address Eduardo Ramírez Villamizar’s work as part of the geometric abstraction movement. Eiger considers Ramírez’ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093722

  • El arte de la cerámica amazónica
    Gallagher de Parks, Mercedes, 1883-
    In this article, the essayist and art critic Mercedes Gallagher de Parks discusses the pottery produced in the Amazon region of Peru, noting the wide variety of pieces and their surprising aesthetic. Very little is known about this pottery other than [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141148