Topic Descriptor: realism×
  • Expozitia de arta plastica : Antonio Berni, pictor argentinian
    Originally published in Romanian, this unsigned text describes the career of Antonio Berni, who is presented as an intellectual and artist deeply committed to the social situation of the Argentine people. This essay was written on the occasion of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780104

  • Florida y Boedo
    The article defines the characteristics of the Buenos Aires literary group “Florida”, however, in accordance with the personalities, which have been identified as protagonists, it denies the existence of this group, an adversary of the “Boedo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732616

  • Héctor Poleo, del realismo a subreal
    Da Antonio, Francisco, 1930-
    In this critical essay, historian Francisco Da Antonio discusses the indebtedness of artist Héctor Poleo to Mexican muralism in terms of form and pictorial technique. He also explores the way in which Poleo’s work differs from the aesthetic- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153915

  • Introduction
    Cancel, Luis R.
    In this introduction, Luis Cancel explains the logic behind how he and his colleagues organized the exhibition The Latin American Spirit: Art and Artists in the United States, 1920-1970. He also explains, at length, the curatorial team’s larger [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065293

  • La crítica del arte como pretexto literario o el monóculo del Artepurismo de París en México : A propósito del dilema : formalismo o nuevo realismo en el arte de la pintura
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    David Alfaro Siqueiros describes and simultaneously defines the four positions or trends in the visual arts existing in the world. He wonders if the theoretical proposals coincide with the work of art, and chooses to explain only two: the non-realism [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733030

  • La escultura quiteña de la época colonial
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    Antonio Berni writes about the sculptural works of the colonial period, paying particular attention to the colors used by the artists. He goes on to discuss the evolution of the Quito [Equador] school, and discusses the realistic nature of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 775130

  • La pintura de Cárdenas y el ámbito arquitectónico
    Huertas Sánchez, Miguel Antonio, 1959-
    In his book El largo instante de la percepción, Miguel Huertas included a chapter entitled “La pintura de Cárdenas y el ámbito arquitectónico.” One of the specific statements the author makes about the paintings Santiago Cárdenas created in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1134977

  • La pintura francesa en el Pabellón de Bellas Artes
    Sanín Cano, Baldomero, 1861- 1957
    The article “La pintura francesa en el Pabellón de Bellas Artes”[French Painting at the Fine Arts Pavilion] by Baldomero Sanín Cano describes the Exposición de arte francés [Exhibition of French Art] (1928) held at the Parque de Bolívar in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1185029

  • La postfiguración
    Whitelow, Guillermo
    Guillermo Whitelow explains the origin of the La postfiguración exhibition at the Museo de Arte Moderno (Buenos Aires, 1982). He also aesthetically defines “postfiguration” by exploring the nexus between appearances and reality [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780117

  • La postfiguración
    Glusberg, Jorge
    Jorge Glusberg authors this text about postfiguration, mentioningthe precedents of this aesthetic viewpoint, along with other historical movements. Moreover, the theoretical aspects of representation, reality, and appearances are analyzed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780130

  • Los artistas concretos, el “realismo” y la realidad
    Maldonado, Tomás, 1913-
    This is an analytical review of the differences between representative art and the “invention” proposed by the Asociación Arte Concreto — Invención [Concrete Art and Invention Association]. The text claims that representative art is not [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731518

  • Los artistas extranjeros de la ciudad universitaria de Caracas
    Meneses, Guillermo, 1911-1978
    Guillermo Meneses discusses the foreign artists invited by the architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva to work with him on his plan to incorporate art into the proposed Ciudad Universitaria in Caracas. Meneses begins by mentioning the artistic merits of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060120

  • Los salones y los premios, ¿estimulan la producción plástica? : contesta Antonio Berni
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    In 1941, the magazine, Argentina Libre [Free Argentina], did a survey of Argentine visual artists on the system of juried shows and art competitions, and whether or not it served to spur artistic production. In this essay, Antonio Berni responds to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794493

  • Manifesto do Naturalismo Integral ou Manifesto do Rio Negro
    Restany, Pierre; Baendereck, Sepp, 1920-1988; Krajcberg, Frans, 1921-2017
    In 1978, the French art critic Pierre Restany drafted a manifesto along with two artists, the Brazilian (born in Poland) Frans Krajcberg, and the Yugoslav based in Brazil Sepp Baendereck. The text is a rallying call in defense of art that is “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111358

  • Miguel Ángel Rojas : la realidad como reflexión
    González, Miguel, 1950-
    This review by the art critic Miguel González, published in the Revista Arte en Colombia [Art in Colombia Magazine], considers the work of Miguel Ángel Rojas, and discusses his constant questioning of the procedures involved in Realism and indeed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1098370

  • Mostra de arte social
    Machado, Aníbal, 1894-1964
    This is a speech given by writer Aníbal Machado at the close of the Exposição de Arte Social, which he jointly organized with poet Álvaro Moreyra and artist Tomás Santa Rosa at the Clube de Cultura Moderna in Rio de Janeiro in 1935. Machado [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783982

  • No salgas de tu barrio : entrevista a Ever Astudillo
    Guerrero, Hernando
    The “Semanariocultural” [Cultural Weekly], a supplement of the newspaper El Pueblo de Cali, (1975–86) published the article, “No salgas de tu barrio. Entrevista a Ever Astudillo” [Do Not Leave Your Neighborhood: An Interview with Ever [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1052222

  • O objeto
    Cordeiro, Waldemar, 1925-1973
    In this article, published in A & D magazine, the artist and art critic Waldemar Cordeiro expresses his support for the autonomy and universality of art. In his opinion, a work of art is a real object in the real world. It is not the expression [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1086891

  • Oú va la peinture? : conversations recueillies par René Crevel, Jean Cassou Aragon, Champfleury, etc.
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    Antonio Berni responds to an opinion poll from the French journal Commune regarding the future of painting while the usage of new techniques, such as the airbrush, were being carried out. Berni defends both mural painting and realism, in addition to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733879

  • Pancho Fierro
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    In this essay, Antonio Berni writes about the 19th century Peruvian artist, Pancho Fierro, calling him the first South American to portray a realistic version of the social life of the period and its relevance to traditional folk art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 775143

  • Para crear en libertad
    Gilio, María Esther
    Antonio Berni is interviewed by María Esther Gilio, and talks about his training, art criticism, hyperrealism, and the essential Argentine nature of his work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785297

  • Persecución a la inteligencia
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981; Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    In this document, Argentine artist Antonio Berni voices the outrage felt by artists who––like himself––were associated with Nuevo Realismo [New Realism], artists who defended “the uniquely Argentine in the visual arts.” Berni speaks [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794438

  • Picasso, Matisse y la libertad de expresión
    Maldonado, Tomás, 1913-
    In this article, Tomás Maldonado considers how the conflicts arising both within and beyond the borders of the Soviet Union affect communist artists such as Picasso and Matisse. He refers to the editorial published in Pravda (Moscow, August 11, 1947 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730440

  • Pintores nacionales: Francisco A. Cano.
    Writer Alfonso Dávila divides this text on the work of Colombian artist Francisco Antonio Cano into three parts: (i) “El estudio,” (ii) “Lo místico,” and (iii) “Pintor objetivo.” The first section briefly describes Cano’s studio. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1130466

  • Plásticas : el arte de Édgar Negret
    Gaitán Durán, Jorge, 1924-
    In this article, the critic Jorge Gaitán Durán discusses the work of the sculptor Edgar Negret. The former refers to the Colombian artist’s commitment to addressing the country’s social conditions in his work. This commitment is visible in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1094140

  • Polémica : nuevo realismo
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    In order to provide a clear explanation of his great interest in New Realism, Antonio Berni speaks out against the War and fascism [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 793785

  • Realismo e abstracionismo
    Cavalcanti, Emiliano di
    The lecture by the painter Emiliano Di Cavalcanti was one of a number of events organized to celebrate the opening of the Rio de Janeiro branch of the Sul América Terrestres, Marítimos e Acidentes (SATMA) insurance company. In addition to a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085856

  • Realismo e abstracionismo
    Cavalcanti, Emiliano di
    In this article the painter Emiliano Di Cavalcanti seeks to clear up certain misunderstandings conveyed by the lecture he gave the previous year at the MASP (Museu de Arte de São Paulo), titled “The Myths of Modernism, with Criticisms of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110347

  • Realismo y crisis de la representación pictórica
    Machuca, Guillermo, 1961-2020
    In his essay “Realismo y crisis de la representación pictórica” (Realism and Crisis in Pictorial Representation), Guillermo Machuca addresses several critical points regarding the visual arts in Chile during the 1960s. They include, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757202

  • Segundo manifiesto
    El Techo de la Ballena
    In this “Segundo Manifiesto”—jointly written by members of El Techo de la Ballena (Caracas, 1961–68)—the group identified the artistic movements they challenged as follows: traditional landscape painting, social realism, geometrical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1057677

  • Sobre cuestiones de arte
    Betancourt, Félix
    In this text, the lawyer and humanist Felix Betancourt submits one of the earliest philosophical reflections on aesthetic matters ever to be expressed in Antioquia. Betancourt claims that “perfect and ultimate beauty” arises from things and from [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1094060

  • Sobre la querella del realismo
    Gromaire, Marcel
    This article by Marcel Gromaire was published in AIAPE magazine—a champion of social realism in art—at a crucial point in the debate over aesthetics in Montevideo: the beginning of painting’s slide toward a “politically committed” form of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225636

  • Tesis del realismo : el arte y nuestro tiempo
    Rengifo, César, 1915-1980
    In this article, the well-known artist César Rengifo explains that art should be an instrument to help mankind restore the balance that has been shattered by the capitalist system. He discusses the class struggle that has been expressed in art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 810019

  • Una hora con Domingo Moreno Otero
    Castillo, Eduardo, 1889- 1938
    Back in his native country after more than five years in Madrid, Colombian painter Domingo Moreno Otero speaks of his educational experiences at the Academia de San Fernando and at the Museo del Prado. In this interview, Moreno Otero praises Diego [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1079359