Topic Descriptor: abstraction×
  • Arte : Fernando de Szyszlo regresa de París
    1951
    This brief interview with Fernando de Szyszlo took place upon his return to Lima after having lived in Paris—which he calls “a fountain of life”—for a number of years. With enthusiasm, he describes the stimulating cultural milieu of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137933

  • Arte : la guerra de los pintores
    Pérez Barreto, Samuel (1921-2003)
    1951
    Samuel Pérez Barreto defends abstract art in the conclusion to his article published as part of the debate generated by the polemic statements of painter Fernando de Szyszlo (“there are no painters in Peru) published in La Prensa newspaper (Lima, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137856

  • Arte : las pinturas recientes de Fernando Szyszlo
    Pérez Barreto, Samuel (1921-2003)
    1951
    In this text, critic and librettist Samuel Pérez Barreto (S. P. B.) comments on the show of abstract paintings by fellow Peruvian Fernando de Szyszlo held at the Sociedad de Arquitectos del Perú in Lima. Pérez Barreto points out the deep [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150721

  • Arte abstracto arte figurativo
    Westheim, Paul
    1957
    The art critic Paul Westheim believed that abstract art had always existed and that it had something to do with a poetic interpretation of the world. The artist’s job was therefore to channel art toward the spiritual, sensitive, and imaginative [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 768035

  • Arte Abstracto en Buenos Aires : En la línea de la expresión tierna
    Edelman, Raquel
    1949
    Analysis of the exhibition Arte Abstracto, del arte figurativo al arte abstracto [Abstract Art, from Figurative Art to Abstract Art], organized by French critic Léon Degand and presented at the Instituto de Arte Moderno de Buenos Aires, in July of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772878

  • Arte abstracto, concreto, no figurativo
    Bayón, Damián
    1948
    This is a critical essay that discusses Nuevas Realidades. Arte Abstracto, concreto, no figurativo [New Realities. Abstract, Concrete, Non-Figurative Art], the exhibition that was presented at the Galería Van Riel September 12-25, 1948. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742367

  • Arte Concreta
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    1977
    In this essay, Ferreira Gullar challenges the position taken by Rio de Janeiro’s so-called neo-Concrete artists in his account of the two movements’ shared history and disagreements. In his opinion, the genesis of Brazilian Concrete art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315020

  • Arte concreto Argentino
    Stábile, Blanca
    1951
    This is a critical text on the works exhibited by Tomás Maldonado, Alfredo Hlito, and Enio Iommi at the Instituto de Arte Moderno in October 1950. In this analysis of some of the works in the exhibition, Blanca Stábile highlights the work of these [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742283

  • Arte de "los once": 5 de los mejores abstractos cubanos exponen en "Sardio"
    1957
    This press article announces the exhibition of work by five abstract artists from Cuba (Hugo Consuegra, Tomás Oliva, Raúl Martínez, Antonio Vidal, and Guido Llinás), former members of the Los Once group (Cuba 1953). The exhibition was organized [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855498

  • Arte em órbita
    Rosenberg, Harold
    1967
    In 1961, the magazine ARTnews sent critic Harold Rosenberg to São Paulo to cover the opening of the VI São Paulo Biennial, which had been postponed due to the sudden resignation of Brazilian President Jânio Quadros a few months earlier. In this [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111186

  • Arte signográfica
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1959
    Mário Pedrosa establishes his position on non-geometric abstract trends in this text. Specifically, he is in favor of what he calls “arte signográfica” [art using graphic symbols], and he openly opposes the informal(ist) trend. In his judgment [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085678

  • Arte surrealista y arte concreto
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1953
    In this article, Aldo Pellegrini recognizes a link between Surrealist art and Abstract art prone to expression. In this sense, he also considers it possible to establish this same relationship with the Concrete artist. Although the latter rises out [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742471

  • Artes plásticas
    Noé, Luis Felipe
    1956
    Luis Felipe Noé briefly critiques various exhibitions. Noé states that the pastel artist Mario Darío Grande borders on abstraction as he merges figure with nature; additionally that the engravings of sculptor Alfredo Bigatti place the figure in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 740036

  • Artes plásticas
    Noé, Luis Felipe
    1956
    Luis Felipe Noé delves into the work of Carlos Torrallardona as a search for geometry within reality. Also, Noé reviewed the exhibition by five artists at the Galería Peuser to establish the nexus between surrealism and abstraction, particularly [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 740099

  • Artes plásticas
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1954
    According to the author, the works by Jean Dewasne shown at the Galería de Lima are representative of a kind of formalist art that is impressive because of its clarity and precision, over and above arguments that deceitfully attempt to place it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 859550

  • Artes Plásticas
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1955
    For the author, the circumstantial dominance of abstract painting at the III Salón Moncloa does not imply the true primacy of that trend within Peru’s painting [scene], although it does reveal how this trend has become (for young artists) an “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 859662

  • Artes Plásticas
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1955
    In his comments, Sebastián Salazar Bondy praises the early accomplishments of the painter Sigfrido Laske, especially given the local milieu, “where art training is not as comprehensive as desirable.” His evidence of the artist’s talent is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150342

  • Artes plásticas : arte americano y arte europeo
    Brughetti, Romualdo
    1958
    Romualdo Brughetti writes about artists who abide by visible and formal American constants and others who are defined by a formalism that originated in modern Europe. The article is about a question that came to light during the Peruvian artist Julia [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 766513

  • Artes Plásticas : correspondencia
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1954
    The correspondence section of Letra y Línea [Letter and Line] prints two letters: one from Julio E. Payró in response to the comments made by Aldo Pellegrini in the article “Three Painters and a Critic in Krayd,” pubished in the previous issue [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 745469

  • Artes plásticas : pintores italianos contemporáneos
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1954
    In his review of the exhibition in Lima of works by contemporary Italian painters, Sebastián Salazar Bondy criticizes the abstract style as being “pure decoration.” In his opinion, Abstract painting cannot presume to be an important, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 857210

  • Artes plásticas : respuesta a Szyszlo
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1954
    In this response to Fernando de Szyszlo, well-known critic Sebastián Salazar Bondy points out how dynamic the Peruvian art scene is; against all odds, “there are people working tirelessly, with no pointless nostalgia as they undertake the creation [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293656

  • Artes plásticas : sobre arte abstracto
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1954
    Sebastián Salazar Bondy replies emphatically to the article in which Luis Miró Quesada extolls the virtues of architects as champions of abstract art. Salazar Bondy suggests that painting becomes unnecessary when it eliminates any reference to “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 858965

  • Artes plásticas : sobre arte abstracto
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1954
    Continuing the debate on abstract art, Sebastián Salazar Bondy insists that painting should be “beautiful,” but should also be necessary (and not just “useful”). He states that beauty itself can only exist if it is inspired by “a real, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 859095

  • Artes plásticas contemporáneas
    Traba, Marta
    1961
    In June 1960, the exhibition, 3000 años de arte colombiano [3000 Years of Colombian Art], was held in Miami and Washington. The journal Lámpara [Lamp] (Bogotá, published 1952–85) printed a supplement with writings by the curators who performed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855114

  • Artistas Jóvenes en la Exposición Di Tella
    Parpagnoli, Hugo
    1961
    Hugo Parpagnoli comments on the works both by Argentinean artists and by Antoni Tàpies, presented by the Torcuato Di Tella Institute at the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes [National Museum of Fine Arts]. In addition, the critic argues that, in regard [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763938

  • Artistas no figurativos
    Stábile, Blanca
    1949
    In this article, Blanca Stábile reviews the exhibitions of nonfigurative art at the Galería Van Riel. She reports that, other than the works produced by artists of the Madí or Vainstein trends, the bulk of the exhibitions are inspired by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742309

  • Aspecto psychologico e morbido da arte moderna [1]
    Carvalho, Flávio de
    1937
    The first part of a two-part essay published in the Bellas Artes newspaper, this text consists of a lecture given by artist Flávio de Carvalho at the Congrès International d’Esthétique in Paris, and later (in 1937), at the Salão de Maio in São [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110997

  • Aspecto psychologico e morbido da arte moderna [2]
    Carvalho, Flávio de
    The second part of a two-part essay published in the Bellas Artes newspaper, this text consists of a lecture given by artist Flávio de Carvalho at the Congrès International d’Esthétique in Paris, and later (in 1937), at the Salão de Maio in Sã [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110998

  • Astractos concretan : artistas no figurativos protestando contra decisión de la comuna, ocuparon hoy el Subte Municipal, donde debia inaugurarse el XV Salon de Artes Plásticas. Objetan la designación de jurados por procedimeintos claramente políticos
    1963
    This article describes the artists’ occupation of the Montevideo city exhibition venue of el Subte in August 1963, which continued through December of that year. The ironic title of the text, “Abstractos concretan” (Abstract Artists Concretize [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1231216

  • Autorreflexiones de la pintura : Carlos Salas en la galería el museo
    Jaramillo, Carmen María, 1958-
    1994
    In this text, Carmen María Jaramillo reviews Autorreflexiones de la pintura, an exhibition of work by Colombian painter Carlos Salas’s held at Galería El Museo in Bogotá in 1994. Jaramillo addresses the formal aspects of Salas’s art as well as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1133157

  • Balance de una polémica : cuatro preguntas fundamentales
    Rios, Juan, 1914-1991
    1951
    Juan Ríos asserts that Fernando de Szyszlo’s provocative statement “there are no painters in Peru” serves to legitimize public disdain for the country’s own culture. He condemns what he deems “the dangerous melodrama” that leads to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137882

  • Beatríz González : pintora colombiana, nacida en Bucaramanga en...
    Chacón, Katherine
    1991
    In Venezuela, curator Katherine Chacón reviews the work of Colombian artist Beatriz González, particularly in reference to her re-creation of artistic masterpieces, in painting, drawing, and objects, since 1962. To do so she establishes connections [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161112

  • Berni
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1974
    This text—included in the offprint “Elementos para una biografía” [Elements for a Biography] taken from the exhibition catalogue for Berni - Óleos y Collages [Berni: Oils and Collages]— points out the trajectory of Berni’s work through [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 744975

  • Bestias y explosiones de Lea Lublin
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1963
    This introductory text for Lea Lublin’s work emphasizes that the formal and informal universes are contrasted in her paintings, as are violence and lyricism in order to reflect the panic of a world populated by monsters and threatened by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 745062

  • Breve diálogo con Jean Dewasne
    Szyszlo, Fernando de
    1954
    In this article, Fernando de Szyszlo interviews his colleague, the renowned French exponent of geometric abstraction, Jean Dewasne, who explains that he rejects the romantic concept of “inspiration” on the grounds that it is a “passive” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 859117

  • Breve psicología de arte abstracto
    Degand, León
    1949
    This text argues that the viewing public must change its attitude in order to appreciate the expressive and emotional power of abstract art, a power once believed to be the sole terrain of figurative art. In this respect, Dégand states that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 819294

  • Caminos del arte abstracto
    1949
    This is a review of a lecture given by Juan Zocchi, director of the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, during the exhibition, De Manet a nuestros días [From Manet to Our Times]. Rather than defend or attack abstract art, Zocchi indicates his interest [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 819272

  • Carlos Mérida
    Jiménez, Guillermo
    1937
    Based on the exhibition presented by Carlos Mérida at the gallery of the Palacio de Bellas Artes, and the recent favorable reviews received abroad by the artist himself, Guillermo Jiménez establishes the parameters that he considers necessary to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752294

  • Carta a Guillermo de Torre
    Haber, Abraham
    1953
    Letter published in response to Guillermo de Torre’s articles in the newspaper La Nación [The Nation] between August 31 and September 21, 1952. Taking on the Perceptivist stance, Haber responds to the concepts that de Torre uses to attack non- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742834

  • Carta abierta a M. Lobato
    Lozza, Raúl
    1946
    This is an open letter written by Raúl Lozza in defense of modern painting. It is a response to statements made by the Brazilian writer José Bento Monteiro Lobato published by the Buenos Aires daily newspaper El Mundo on November 1, 1946. In his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730052

  • Cátedra libre : ¿por qué se ha transformado la pintura?
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    1955
    The survey about “classical” painting and “modern” painting that appeared in El Comercio, a Lima newspaper, sought to elicit opinions about the changes that painting has undergone. Though Sérvulo Gutiérrez states that those changes reflect [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137512

  • Cátedra libre: ¿por qué se ha transformado la pintura?
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    1955
    In response to the survey published by the Lima newspaper El Comercio as to the difference between “classical” and “modern” art, respondents provided different and, in some cases, contradictory answers. Responding to the question regarding [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137463

  • Cátedra libre: en el Perú se reconoce el valor de la pintura moderna. - Dos direcciones de importancia: pintura moderna y pintura significativa
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    1955
    Francisco Miró Quesada Cantuarias, the driving force behind the El Comercio newspaper’s survey about art, summarizes the results and underscores the presumed consensus among “learned” people. In his opinion, “modern” painting is gaining [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137563

  • Cícero Dias e seu "nonsense"
    Freyre, Gilberto, 1900-1987
    1948
    This essay is an analysis by Gilberto Freyre on what he felt was a “lack of common sense” with regard to the work of Cícero Dias, declaring that there was no “conventionalism” in his paintings. At times, their titles brought contradictory [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110804

  • Cícero Dias, no Rio
    Milliet, Sérgio, 1898-1966
    1948
    This text by Sérgio Milliet is a review of a show of recent abstract paintings by Cícero Dias held in Rio de Janeiro. In it, Milliet formulates an opposition between figuration and abstraction. The author also asserts that, in his view, Dias’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110880

  • Comunicado del IAC sobre el homenaje al pintor Sérvulo
    Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo (Lima, Perú)
    1961
    This is the communiqué issued by the Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo (IAC) [Institute of Contemporary Art] in Lima on the subject of the disagreement between the writer Juan Ríos and the art critic Juan Acha about the opinions expressed by Acha in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1151132

  • Concierto Internacional de la escultura actual : Premio Di Tella en el Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Baliari, Eduardo
    1962
    Eduardo Baliari, a critic for the Clarín newspaper, points out in his note that connections are missing among the eight Argentinean artists and the eleven foreign artists invited to the 1962 Torcuato Di Tella Prize; particularly among the works of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759986

  • Confusión de terminos : realismo y abstraccionismo
    Arroyo, Miguel, 1920-2004
    1948
    In this article Miguel Arroyo disagrees with using the terms “Realism” and “Abstractionism” when referring to art, because several members of the latter movement also call themselves Realists, inspired by a definition proposed by Aristotle, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813807

  • Congreso y exposición de artistas abstractos en Puerto Rico
    Tolentino, Marianne de
    1985
    The French critic and historian Marianne de Tolentino, who lives in the Dominican Republic, lists the artists who took part in the exhibition, Primer Congreso de Artistas Abstractos de Puerto Rico [First Puerto Rican Abstract Artists Conference] that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805348

  • Consideraciones estéticas : Szyszlo en el I. A. C.
    Acha, Juan, 1916-1995
    1963
    Juan Acha discusses the exhibition of Fernando de Szyszlo’s series of paintings inspired by the indigenous poem “Apu Inca Atawallpaman,” an event that was organized by the Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo (IAC) in Lima. Acha finds the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1292805