Topic Descriptor: abstraction×
  • [I have been asked to speak about...]
    Kemble, Kenneth, 1923-
    1960
    Kemble develops a historical and formalist view of art, both from a Western and Eastern perspective, to arrive at the stylistic evolution present in both the 20th century and in his own work, which he analyzes from inception and through his personal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 741307

  • [La aclimatación gratuita a las llamadas escuelas]
    Kosice, Gyula, 1924-
    1944
    In this article, Gyula Kosice speaks out against surrealism and reaffirms his belief in abstract art inspired by the image itself. In the author’s opinion, the latter view guarantees multidimensional harmony with no need for psychic adaptations [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 729940

  • [La era artística de la ficción representativa toca a su fin]
    Bayley, Edgar
    1946
    The Inventionist manifesto—published in the catalogue for the first exhibition of the Asociación de Arte Concreto — Invención [Concrete Art and Invention Association] (1946)—discards the illusory image of representative art and extols life, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731641

  • [La figura humana o mejor el carácter de la estructura]
    Córdova Iturburu, C. (Cayetano), 1902-
    1963
    Cayetano Córdova-Iturburu presents Ferruccio Polacco’s exhibition, highlighting connections between his works and the visual structure of human reality. Likewise, the critic also points out  the process by which Polacco penetrated the human [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763214

  • [La mayor dificultad para que la gente aprecie el arte abstracto...]
    Traba, Marta
    1958
    In the introduction to the catalogue of the exhibition Pintura abstracta de Colombia (Biblioteca Luís Ángel Arango, Bogotá, June 11-25, 1958), Marta Traba points out two problems related to the reception and production of abstract art in Colombia [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1097805

  • [La presentación de estos artistas la considero un...]
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1952
    This article is an introduction to the exhibition, Grupo de Artistas Modernos de la Argentina. Pinturas, esculturas, dibujos [Modern Art Group of Argentina. Paintings, Sculptures, Drawings]. The Concrete artists included in the exhibition were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743086

  • [La repetitión de formes disposeés selon un mécanisme...]
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1962
    In this text, Aldo Pellegrini introduces the Luis R. Tomasello exhibition held at Galería Denise René in Paris (November 1962). He emphasizes that the works presented make use of spatial volumes that are subordinated to the plane in which they move [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 744595

  • [Letter] 1950 Marzo 31, Caracas [to] Alejandro Otero
    Boulton, Alfredo, 1908-1995
    1950
    In this letter, art critic Alfredo Boulton voices some dismay to his artist friend, Alejandro Otero. After having written generalizations on traditional western art and on the irruption of the abstract art movement, the critic adds a long postscript [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850312

  • [Letter] Roma, [to] Guido Di Tella, 6 de mayo de 1962
    Pucciarelli, Mario, 1928-
    1962
    Mario Pucciarelli, the Argentine artist who won the Premio Instituto Torcuato Di Tella in 1960, writes to Guido Di Tella about his opinions on the new guidelines established by the 1962 Premio, with particular regard to the prize stipend and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755867

  • [Los especialistas crean las leyes ...]
    Rojas, Carlos, 1933-
    In this handwritten text found in one of Carlos Rojas’s notebooks, the artist explains some of the ideas surrounding his work, specifically in relation to two major questions: his perception of the laws of nature, which he understands in terms of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089994

  • [Muchos se preguntan: ¿cuál es la relación entre el arte concreto y lo que el pensamiento...?]
    Maldonado, Tomás, 1913-
    1950
    Prologue by Tomás Maldonado included in the catalogue for the Exposición Arte Concreto: Pinturas / Esculturas / Dibujos [Concrete Art Exhibition: Paintings/ Sculptures/Drawings], which took place at Instituto de Arte Moderno in 1950. The artists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794740

  • [No me resulta fácil recordar...]
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1980
    In this essay, Juan Calzadilla provides a chronological overview of the life and work of Venezuelan artist Maruja Rolando. He begins with her artistic training in the fifties, mentioning her most important teachers and influences, as well as the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163637

  • [Nous autres madistes, prenant les éléments propres de...]
    Movimiento Madí
    1946
    This text describes in French a manifesto by the artists who were members of the Movimiento Madí [Madí Movement], in which they propose the idea of the “invención real” [actual invention]. This is a creation whose aesthetic corresponds as much [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751035

  • [Se reconocerá por Arte Madí...]
    1947
    The Madí group expressed a desire to invent and construct objects in the very heart of a society that is capable of releasing energy and controlling both space and time. They also proposed that their ideas could be applied to all artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732008

  • [Testimonio de casi tres años de batallar...]
    Bayley, Edgar
    1947
    This prologue introduces an exhibition of works by Manuel Espinosa and Tomás Maldonado, held at theSociedad Argentina de Artistas Plásticos [Argentine Society of Visual Artists], in September 1947. Bayley chronicles the development of both artists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731723

  • [There are no aspects of the prodigy in me...]
    Almaraz, Carlos, 1941-1989
    This document is a short handwritten entry from the journal of Carlos Almaraz. He begins with a discussion of how his art should be a product of daily practice. He then comments that his aim is to achieve a sense of poetry in his work but at a visual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083381

  • [Um grupo de jovens pintores e escultores argentinos]
    Romero Brest, Jorge
    1953
    This document is the forewod to the Grupo de Artistas Modernos Argentinos [Modern Artists Group of Argentina] exhibition that presented works by the concrete artists Tomás Maldonado, Alfredo Hlito, Enio Iommi, Claudio Girola, Lidy Prati, as well as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743236

  • [Una confrontación que dé idea de la situación en la que se encuentran...]
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1968
    This is the text of an introductory essay for an exhibition of both Figurative and Non-figurative art. In Aldo Pellegrini’s opinion, both alternatives have not only overcome their old enmity but now proclaim the vitality of painting to those who [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 744539

  • 4ª conversación. Septiembre de 1956
    Correa, Carlos, 1912-1985
    1998
    This document is a dialogue maintained between the Colombian artists Carlos Correa and Pedro Nel Gómez, in September 1956. The conversation expresses both artists’ critical view of abstract art as well as some of the works created in that style. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1092638

  • A colônia japonesa e as artes
    Zanini, Walter, 1925-
    1967
    This was a lecture by the art historian and critic Walter Zanini about the arts activities of the Japanese community in Brazil, particularly in the cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. Although this study is focused on the art world after World [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111409

  • A exposição de Cicero Dias
    Montenegro, Olívio
    1948
    After spending many years in Paris, the artist Cícero Dias returned to his native city, Recife, in the Brazilian state of Pernambuco. There at the Faculdade de Direito, he exhibited his work, which was of a distinctly abstract nature. In his review [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110796

  • A II Bienal e as reivindicações dos artistas brasileiros
    Barata, Mário
    1954
    In this article, Mário Barata transcribes a manifesto written by a group of artists demanding that the São Paulo Biennial enact a number of modifications in its bylaws, particularly in relation to the selection of the jury and the artwork. It is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110905

  • A terceira Bienal de São Paulo : três artigos de um cronista de província
    Valladares, José
    1955
    José Valladares published three reviews of the III Bienal de São Paulo (1955) in the Diário de Notícias, the Bahia newspaper. He notes that he was close to the jury that selected the works for this edition of the international event, and then [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110829

  • Abstração ou figuração ou realismo?
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1957
    In this newspaper article Mário Pedrosa challenges the definition of “Abstract art” provided by the French avant-garde theoretician and artist Michel Seuphor in his Dictionnaire de la peinture abstraite (Paris: Hazan, 1957). According to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085648

  • Abstracción y americanismo
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1957
    In this special article written in Mexico and published in the Colombian art magazine Plástica [Visual Arts], the Guatemalan artist Carlos Mérida discusses the values and processes involved in pictorial abstraction. Mérida describes abstraction as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 868536

  • Abstracción y realismo : comentario sobre la ideología en las artes plásticas
    Renau Montoro, José
    1950
    This essay is a continuation of the exiled artist, José Renau’s, reflections on the preeminence of realism over abstraction. He believes that in the years following World War I, the art trends were characterized by an unbridled exaltation of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756518

  • Abstracción y realismo : Comentarios sobre la ideología en las artes plásticas
    Renau Montoro, José
    1949
    The author reflects on a comparison between abstraction and realism, presenting it as a grave problem of the era. For José Renau, the main trend of the “bourgeois” culture is based on the abstract and trivial aspect of intellectual creation. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756512

  • Abstracción y símbolo en la pintura
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1940
    During the 1940s, Carlos Mérida’s reflections tend toward abstract art and its protagonists. In this article, the painter states that for those who are not familiar with abstract painting, a symbolic form of interpretation is the most logical. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757819

  • Abstraccionismo y carillones
    Briceño Iragorry, Mario, 1897-1958
    1952
    In this article, Mario Briceño Iragorry, a historian and journalist from Caracas, reflects on the traditional value placed on religious bells, over foreign novelties, such as abstract painting. He juxtaposes his “primitive and simple tastes” for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850810

  • Abstractionists in congress : art takes a new turn
    Rodríguez, Myrna
    1984
    The Puerto Rican historian Myrna Rodríguez reviews the 1984 exhibition presented on the occasion of the Primer Congreso de Artistas Abstractos en Puerto Rico [First Puerto Rican Conference on Abstract Art]. She mentions that most of the works are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866908

  • Abstractos en Viau
    Plá, Roger
    1952
    This critical text analyzes the exhibit Grupo de Artistas Modernos de la Argentina. Paintings, sculpture, and drawings by the group were presented at Galería Viau in June 1952. Roger Pla raises objections regarding the proposals of the concrete [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742504

  • Abstractos inéditos de Elsa Gramcko
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    1969
    In this critical essay, Roberto Guevara reviews Elsa Gramcko’s geometric abstraction work. Guevara discusses the importance of the abstract movement (to which he belongs) in Venezuela in the 1950s, which he sees as a new and vigorous expression of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163749

  • Académicos vs. Artistas : el monumento a Bolivar
    Valencia Diago, Gloria, 1927-
    1980
    This document makes some relevant points in the debate over abstract art in Colombia that was sparked by the monument to Bolívar, originally commissioned from the sculptor Édgar Negret by the Ministry of Public Works. In the article, the Colombian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089362

  • Actualidad y porvenir del arte concreto
    Maldonado, Tomás, 1913-
    1951
    The article reflects on the vanguardist rhetoric bound to the polemical manifesto of the group headed by Tomás Maldonado, and recognizes its inability to carry out the proposed reevaluation. It considers, moreover, that the artistic task presupposes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730591

  • Acusa Chávez Morado : Tamayo se ha quitado el disfraz de esteta apolítico
    Suárez, Luis
    1954
    José Chávez Morado thought Mexican painting was in a crisis brought on by abstract art, which was becoming a fad though it was not brand-new to Mexico. It had once interested Diego Rivera when he was exploring geometrical ideas in search of formal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759033

  • Advertência aos leigos
    Jorge, Edmundo
    1953
    This text introduces the catalogue to the Exposição Nacional de Arte Abstrata held at Hotel Quitandinha in the city of Petrópolis, located near Rio de Janeiro, in February and March of 1953. Artist Edmundo Jorge, who organized the show, issues a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110324

  • Ainda o Abstracionismo
    Cordeiro, Waldemar, 1925-1973
    1949
    The critic and visual artist Waldemar Cordeiro defends the true language of the arts—the one that, in his opinion, is “real”—in which the visual elements present themselves (to themselves) as lines and colors, making not the slightest [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085351

  • Aire polémico de París. Realismo socialista y arte abstracto
    Torre, Guillermo de, 1900-1971
    1952
    This text analyzes the opposition between social realism and abstraction in light of the Parisian debates occurring at the time; it analyzes the application of social realism to art, not in opposition to, but instead in relation to Abstract art. De [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757470

  • Alejandro Otero y la enseñanza del arte
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1997
    In this essay, Juan Calzadilla discusses Alejandro Otero’s contribution to the field of visual art instruction. Calzadilla acknowledges Otero’s leading role in the promotion of Abstract painting and sculpture, and education, by noting the support [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167940

  • Algo más sobre lo dicho respecto a la exposición de "arte abstracto"
    Hernández, Julio Alfonso
    1952
    On November 3, 1952 Julio Alfonso Hernández, the director of El Tiempo, the Chiclayo newspaper, replies to Alejandro Lora Risco’s defense of his exhibition of non-figurative drawings. Hernández believes it is a cliché to refer to art as “the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143668

  • Algo más sobre los fundamentos del perceptismo
    Lozza, Raúl
    1951
    In this article, Raúl Lozza explores the essence of representative painting and relates it to abstract, concrete and non- objective art, showing that those forms of painting are still burdened with the contradictions of figurative art. Lozza [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730661

  • Algunas notas sobre la pintura abstracta que se exhibe en la "Galería de Lima"
    1950
    This article, which is signed with the initials “F. F.,” reviews the exhibition of work by Enrique Kleiser, the Swiss-Peruvian artist, at the Galería de Lima. This was the first time that abstract—“better said, nonfigurative painting had [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150803

  • Algunos problemas acerca del arte abstracto en América Latina
    Traba, Marta
    1957
    In this article, Marta Traba sets out to provide an overview of abstract art in Latin America on the basis of problems common to the countries in the region. She asserts that the first of these problems is a lack of knowledge of the art produced in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 860393

  • America
    Mosquera, Gerardo
    2000
    Five continents and one city: The Tercer Salón Internacional de Pintura [3rd International Painting Salon], held in Mexico City in 2000, was based on the selections made by five curators, each of whom chose three contemporary artists from their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150214

  • Antonio Bandeira e a pintura
    Baratta, Mário, 1914-1983
    1951
    This essay is an article written by the Brazilian art critic Mário Baratta on his visit to the interior of the state of Ceará in 1951 with artist Antonio Bandeira. The article analyzes Bandeira’s work before and after he first resided in Paris [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110781

  • Antonio Rodríguez Luna : como jurado y como pintor no podía estar con su arte deshumanizado y servil
    Rodríguez Luna, Antonio
    1958
    Antonio Rodríguez Luna was invited to sit on the jury of the I Bienal Interamericana de Pintura y Grabado [First Inter-American Biennial of Paintings and Prints] a few days after the exhibition opened. He was picked as the arbiter who would cast the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758430

  • Apóstol abstraccionista
    Lloreda, Diana
    1994
    “Apóstol Abstraccionista” [Abstract Art Apostle] is a conversation between the journalist, Diana Lloreda, and the artist, Danilo Dueñas, published in the Lecturas Dominicales [Sunday Readings] section of the daily newspaper, El Tiempo, in Bogot [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1099171

  • Apuntes sobre Amelia Peláez y el arte latinoamericano
    Rodríguez, Bélgica, 1941-
    1988
    Venezuelan art critic Bélgica Rodríguez suggests that Latin American art is largely homogeneous. She discusses the impact of different international styles and artistic movements on Latin American artists such as Cuban painter Amelia Peláez, who [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805572

  • Arte : Dewasne
    1954
    This is an anonymous article about the French painter Jean Dewasne’s forthcoming visit to Lima in 1954, including a review of his career and his status as a key figure in the European art scene. He is described as being among those who were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 859465

  • Arte : Fernando de Szyszlo regresa de París
    1951
    This brief interview with Fernando de Szyszlo took place upon his return to Lima after having lived in Paris—which he calls “a fountain of life”—for a number of years. With enthusiasm, he describes the stimulating cultural milieu of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137933