Topic Descriptor: figurative art×
  • Carlos Páez Vilaró
    Squirru, Rafael, 1925-
     Rafael Squirru presents Carlos Paez-Vilaró’s exhibition, highlighting this artist’s versatility in comparison with the prone to specialization, quite characteristic of technological civilization. In this sense, Squirru mentions that Paez-Vilar [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763176

  • Carlos Páez Vilaró
    Ramallo, Ernesto
     Ernesto Ramallo writes the prologue for Carlos Páez-Vilaró’s exhibition, highlighting the versatility of this artist and prone to bring about monumental creations, besides endowing them with a touch of humor. At the same time, Ramallo traces a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763189

  • Cícero Dias, no Rio
    Milliet, Sérgio, 1898-1966
    This text by Sérgio Milliet is a review of a show of recent abstract paintings by Cícero Dias held in Rio de Janeiro. In it, Milliet formulates an opposition between figuration and abstraction. The author also asserts that, in his view, Dias’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110880

  • Competencia entre la realidad y el arte
    Hernández Rosselot
    In this essay, Hernández Rosselot claims that reality competes with art in Antonio Berni’s work. He writes about the materials Berni uses and reviews the collages in the Juanito Laguna and Ramona Montiel series. Rosselot goes on to compare Berni [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785336

  • Considerações sôbre o desenho
    Carvalho, Flávio de
    In this essay, Flávio de Carvalho discusses the role that drawing has played in art, and its importance in establishing a contrast between composition and movement. The artist from São Paulo claims that the thickness of a line is to drawing what [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110882

  • Críticos, abstracionismo e figurativismo
    Jean, Yvonne, 1908-1974
    Using her personal annotations written during a tour of the First São Paulo Biennial (1951) as a starting point, the author transcribes some of the opinions of art critics of diverse nationalities regarding the definitions of “abstraction” and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111155

  • De la abstracción al perceptismo
    Lozza, Rembrandt van Dyck
    This is a text that analyzes the passage from figuration to abstraction, considering both plastic and philosophical aspects, and aiming to reach the solutions contributed by Perceptivism. It states that Concrete painting became a reality after the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730703

  • Del arte abstracto
    Otero, Alejandro, 1921-1990
    In this essay, the painter and member of the Los Disidentes group (Paris, 1950) Alejandro Otero presents a long list of the major elements and people that contributed to the creation of Abstract art. The list includes: revolutions in art; the present [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813611

  • Distéfano
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    This text is an introduction to the exhibition of oil temperas on canvas, paper, and fiberglass by Juan Carlos Distéfano. In the text, Pellegrini emphasizes that the images taken from the real world do not contradict his achievements in the purely [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 745059

  • Do figurativismo ao abstracionismo
    Degand, León
    This essay was published in the trilingual catalogue (Portuguese, French, and English) for Do figurativismo ao abstracionismo, the exhibition that was organized by the Belgian critic Léon Degand to inaugurate the MAM-SP (Museu de Arte Moderna de Sã [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085735

  • Dos reportajes: ¿Figuración? ¿Abstracción?
    Fuentes, Enrique; Neri, Franco
    This interview focuses on the dispute between advocates for figurative art and those for abstract art; Raquel Forner represents the figurative contingent and Lidy Prati, a member of the new generation associated with Concrete Art, represents the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 819310

  • El rey ha muerto : Viva el rey: La renovación de la pintura mexicana
    Manrique, Jorge Alberto
    In this essay, originally published in 1970, Jorge Alberto Manrique points out that in the 1950s the Mexican School of Painting began to stagnate in terms of both form and motifs. However, official support allowed it to maintain its control of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 798006

  • El último diálogo
    Vázquez, María Esther
    María Esther Vázquez interviews artists Antonio Berni and Raúl Soldi who speak of an artist’s commitment to his or her work, the opportunities that they came upon in their early careers, the risks faced by well-established artists, as well as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794522

  • Entrevista com Iberê Camargo
    Martins, Carlos; Martins, Marcos André; Camargo, Iberê
    In this review, Iberê Camargo affirms that his painting never ceased to be “figurative,” and that it was governed by reality (either of movement or of gesture). Regarding engraving, the artist underscores the resistance that the materials used [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110420

  • Entrevista concreta a un pintor abstracto
    Orbegozo, Manuel Jesús, 1923-
    In this interview with Fernando de Szyszlo, the painter states that he is misunderstood within the Lima arts scene. He refutes the notion that an artist must be socially engaged because, in his judgment, “a painter’s only duty is to be a good [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227120

  • Evolución del arte moderno en la Argentina
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    Pellegrini's text remarks that during the nineteenth century, Argentine art mainly adapted to academic patterns. For the later evolution of Modern art, the critic adopts a division based on three fundamental periods: first, the artists who absorb [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 745452

  • Expressionismo no Rio
    Bonfanti, Gino
    This is a review of the exhibition of drawings and watercolors by Franz Weissmann at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes. Bonfanti detects the influence of Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, and Pablo Picasso in these pieces, and sees in Weissmann’s work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780855

  • Figura & abstração
    Ferraz, Geraldo, 1905-1979
    Geraldo Ferraz comments on the fact that art critics were impatient to know whether or not the seventh Bienal de São Paulo (1963) had brought figurative art “back.” According to the critic Jacô Klintowitz, the question of whether their art will [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111043

  • Fine-but what are they?
    Kemble, Kenneth, 1923-
    Kenneth Kemble reviews the exhibition by sculptor Carlos de la Motta at Galería Pizarro. It involves his metal sculptures, whose inventiveness and quality surprised the critic. The same gallery exhibits the Uruguayan painter Jorge Páez with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 741018

  • Formalismo y formulismo : La polémica de Siqueiros en Europa
    Tibol, Raquel
    During a visit to Poland and the USSR, Siqueiros noticed that some young artists, led by Paúl Reveyrolle, were moving from abstract or semi-abstract work to figurative art, which was clearly social and political propaganda and at the same time, anti [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758305

  • Francisco Valderrama, pintor
    García Mejía, Hernando
    This text on painter, draftsman, and printmaker Francisco Valderrama Rojo was written by a coworker at the publishing house where he worked for twenty years before becoming a university professor. The piece speaks of the humanity and simplicity for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101189

  • Historia de una galería
    Moncloa, Francisco, 1922-
    This newspaper article about the closing of the first premises occupied by the IAC (Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo) in Lima was written by Francisco Moncloa at the request of the director of the magazine Oiga. Moncloa lists a series of “anecdotes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142578

  • Hoy, el último adiós a Berni : se durmió para siempre el duende juguetón de su pincel, hecho de luz e inquietudes
    This article, dated October 14, 1981, describes the death and burial of Antonio Berni, the artist, and mentions the official visitors at his funeral service [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785272

  • II : una división sin contenido plástico : conceptos concretos sobre la pintura abstracta
    Otero Silva, Miguel
    In the second article in his series “Conceptos concretos sobre el arte abstracto,” the writer Miguel Otero Silva rejects the idea of dividing art into two camps: abstract and figurative art. In his opinion, this makes as little sense as talking [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855992

  • Impulso, tormenta y viaje a lo irracional
    García Martínez, José A.
    This document is a critical text that analyzes the rise of the group Siete Pintores Abstractos [Seven Abstract Painters]. The group was formed in 1957 without any previous theoretical proposals. The text emphasizes that in this case, and in contrast [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742443

  • Introduction
    Cancel, Luis R.
    In this introduction, Luis Cancel explains the logic behind how he and his colleagues organized the exhibition The Latin American Spirit: Art and Artists in the United States, 1920-1970. He also explains, at length, the curatorial team’s larger [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065293

  • It's a woman's week in art
    Kemble, Kenneth, 1923-
    Kenneth Kemble writes about the exhibitions taking place in several galleries. By observing the works of five female artists, he is able to analyze the variables in Argentinean art at that moment. Based on a formal analysis of this production, he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 740918

  • José Roberto de Aguilar
    Schenberg, Mário
    Mário Schenberg, the author of this text, considers José Roberto Aguilar a pioneer of Brazilian “magic art”—an important movement that, in his view, has been misunderstood. Unlike nouvelle figuration, which spread through Europe after [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111241

  • Juan Grela
    Mujica Láinez, Manuel, 1910-
    Manuel Mujica-Láinez presents Juan Grela's retrospective (Galería Rubbers, Buenos Aires, August 1967), pointing out that it offers the possibility of gathering all the different periods of his production, where his authenticity stands out. He notes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764538

  • La libertad artística
    Ariza, Gonzalo, 1912-
    This article formulates the question of artistic freedom from the perspective of the dominance of abstract over figurative tendencies, which Colombian painter Gonzalo Ariza attributes to cultural agents, critics, and art dealers active in Colombia in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1081214

  • La postfiguración
    Whitelow, Guillermo
    Guillermo Whitelow explains the origin of the La postfiguración exhibition at the Museo de Arte Moderno (Buenos Aires, 1982). He also aesthetically defines “postfiguration” by exploring the nexus between appearances and reality [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780117

  • La postfiguración
    Glusberg, Jorge
    Jorge Glusberg authors this text about postfiguration, mentioningthe precedents of this aesthetic viewpoint, along with other historical movements. Moreover, the theoretical aspects of representation, reality, and appearances are analyzed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780130

  • Los envíos de Edgardo Antonio Vigo
    Glusberg, Jorge
    The text for the exhibition catalog De la figuración al arte de sistemas [From Figuration to Systems Art] (Buenos Aires: CAyC, 1970) describes and analyzes a number of works by Edgardo Antonio Vigo and also discusses his creative making. According [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747610

  • Manuel Quintana Castillo : Visible / Legible
    Palenzuela, Juan Carlos, 1954-
    “Manuel Quintana Castillo. Visible/Legible” by Juan Carlos Palenzuela is the introduction to the exhibition catalogue for Manuel Quintana Castillo: Bañarse en el mismo río, which toured internationally. The text begins with an account of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156184

  • Moacyr Rocha
    Pfeiffer, Wolfgang, 1912-
    In this brief essay, which was published in the brochure for the 1960 Prêmio Leirner de Arte Contemporânea, Wolfgang Pfeiffer writes about a drawing of a fish on the sand by Moacyr Rocha that appears at the beginning of the essay. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1309168

  • Naturaleza : vocabulario de la realidad artística
    Traba, Marta
    In this article, Marta Traba maintains that an artist should use a repertoire of forms from nature, without trying to copy its objective appearance. The elements taken from reality should be used as aesthetic tools that offer an artist a chance to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 858558

  • Nicolás García Uriburu
    Mujica Láinez, Manuel, 1910-
    Manuel Mujica-Láinez presents Nicolás García-Uriburu’s exhibition (Galería Rubbers, Buenos Aires, August–September, 1964), highlighting themes and climates associated with what does  “Argentinean-ness” involves. The critic also points [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763244

  • Nuevos valores en la pintura argentina : ¿abstracción o figuración?
    Squirru, Rafael, 1925-
    This article written by the Argentine critic, Rafael Squirru, takes a position on the antinomy between figurative and nonfigurative art as debated in the current era (1958). The writer states that, first and foremost, he allows matters that may be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 824451

  • O público e os pintores
    This is an editorial that was published in the Jornal Artes Plásticas, in São Paulo, in the 1940s, an essential period in terms of establishing museums in Brazil. This text is a record of the phenomenon that led to São Paulo’s construction of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110881

  • Omar Carreño figurativo : encuentro con los viejos amigos
    Comerlati, Mara, 1952-
    Journalist Mara Comerlati interviews Omar Carreño for his exhibition at the Museo Boggio in Caracas. The show brings together work from the artist’s figurative period, before his stay in Paris (at the end of the 1940s and beginning of the 1950s) [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1157353

  • Over the problems of conceptual art
    Almaraz, Carlos, 1941-1989
    This document is a handwritten entry from the journal of Carlos Almaraz that begins with a discussion of his uneasiness about the idea of Conceptual art and disconnection from the everyday life of most people. He also recounts doubts regarding his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083337

  • Para crear en libertad
    Gilio, María Esther
    Antonio Berni is interviewed by María Esther Gilio, and talks about his training, art criticism, hyperrealism, and the essential Argentine nature of his work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785297

  • Partes para um ensaio (d’après Baravelli)
    Araújo, Olívio Tavares de
    In this text, Olívio Tavares de Araújo presents the retrospective exhibition of Luiz Paulo Baravelli. While the basis for Baravelli’s proposal is coherent and free, Tavares de Araújo acknowledges the importance of intuition in its formulation. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111204

  • Pascual Navarro : De la abstracción a la figuración
    Barceló Cedeño, Cruz
    Entitled “Pascual Navarro: de la abstracción a la figuración,” this essay by researcher Cruz Barceló (b.1953) was featured in the catalogue to the show Pascual Navarro. Imágenes y percepciones de un tiempo. Exposición antológica 1945-1965, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161780

  • Poleo y la cultura figurativa de los años cuarenta
    Noriega, Simón
    “El surrealismo de Poleo” is the third of five chapters in Simón Noriega’s book La Pintura de Héctor Poleo. In the chapter’s third section, entitled “Poleo y la cultura figurativa de los años cuarenta”, Noriega reports that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153776

  • Por las galerías de arte : ¿Nuevas orientaciones en la pintura no figurativa?
    García Martínez, José A.
    This article discusses the emergence of new groups of nonfigurative artists. It mentions three distinct strains: the independent artists, the Concrete artists, and the Madís. All three were represented in the Primer Salón de Arte no Figurativo [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 819329

  • Quirós - Torres García
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    Antonio Berni writes about the Primer Salón de Arte Plástico [First Salon for the Visual Arts], the Uruguayan art exhibition organized by Latitud magazine in 1945. He also reviews paintings by Cesáreo Bernaldo de Quirós, comparing them to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 793364

  • Raquel Forner
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    Antonio Berni writes about moral issues, and discusses what people can actually do in response to the injustice and criminal activities in the world. He reviews the work of Raquel Forner, attempting to explain it through a series of formal, technical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774879

  • Realismo e abstracionismo
    Valladares, José
    José Valladares comments on the issues debated at the Congrès International des Critiques d’Art, (Paris, 1948). At that crucial time just after World War II, the discussion revolved around the formation of an international association of art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110848

  • Ricardo Garabito
    Mujica Láinez, Manuel, 1910-
    Manuel Mujica-Láinez presents Ricardo Garabito’s exhibition, pointing out that his work has been focuses on the commonplace atmosphere of objects, people, and neighborhood. He also singles out the quality of the drawing and the richness of his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763229