Topic Descriptor: folk art×
  • Artistas plásticos cuestionan premio
    This newspaper article includes the full text of the communiqué from the ASPAP (Asociación Peruana de Artistas Plásticos) [Peruvian Association of Visual Artists] in which the association’s board of directors expresses its “radical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135960

  • As carrancas de Guarany
    Pardal, Paulo
    This text discusses the life and work of Francisco Biquiba dy Lafuente Guarany, a popular artist from Bahia whose work revolved around carrancas—figureheads used in small vessels that cross the São Francisco River, sailing through the states of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110428

  • Ay de los intelectuales que están en el limbo!
    Traba, Marta
    In response to J. R. Guillent Pérez, art critic Marta Traba defines the term “apocalypse”—used by her in an article that unleashed a great controversy in Caracas—as the chaos and dissolution of existing social structures, as well as the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799428

  • Bahia : Museu de Arte Moderna
    Bardi, Lina Bò
    This article relies on photographs and captions to describe the cultural environment at the time that the Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia (MAMB) was founded. Prompted by the military coup of 1964, the Italian architect Lina Bo Bardi assessed the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111193

  • Bienal Salvador Valero : la alternativa a contracorriente
    Ortizpozo, Aníbal
    In this text for the sixth Bienal Salvador Valero de Arte Popular (Trujillo, 1999), Aníbal Ortizpozo reflects on the status of folk art in Venezuela, where, in his judgment, it has been relegated to the second tier in comparison to the so-called “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1166334

  • Bits and pieces : the Mexican American folk aesthetic
    Seriff, Suzanne; Limón, José
    In "Bits and Pieces: The Mexican American Folk Aesthetic," authors Suzanne Seriff and José Limón argue that a common aesthetic pervades all aspects of Mexican American culture including folk art, food, music, games, and rituals. Seriff and Limón [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126066

  • Ceremony of meaning : the folk ethos in the contemporary aesthetic of Chicano and Latino artists
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    In this essay, Amalia Mesa-Bains discusses the interplay between a folk ethos and contemporary aesthetic in Chicano art. She begins by tracing the history of Chicano art to the Chicano movement that spurred a generation of artists who had a fine arts [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809748

  • Chicano humor in art : for whom the Taco Bell tolls
    Trejo, Ruben, 1937-2009
    This essay by artist Rubén Trejo focuses on the roots of humor in Chicano art and, specifically, in his sculptures. Trejo proposes that the major sources of humor for Chicano artists include pre-Columbian art, Mexican folk art and literature, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809281

  • Cinco anos entre os "Brancos" : o Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia
    Bardi, Lina Bò
    In this article, the Italian architect Lina Bo Bardi shares the announcement of the founding and operation of the MAMB (Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia) that was published in the magazine Mirante das Artes. She refers to the “disastrous” state of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111192

  • Confluencias : una visión heteróclita
    Erminy, Perán
    In this text, the Venezuelan artist and critic Perán Erminy reflects on the relationships between the so-called art categories of “popular art” and “non-popular art” in contemporary art and in the framework of the exhibition Confluencias. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161262

  • Considerando en frío
    Lauer, Mirko, 1947-; Oquendo, Abelardo, 1930-
    In this opinion column the writers and critics Mirko Lauer and Abelardo Oquendo, writing under the pseudonym “Pedro Rojas,” challenge the arguments made by the ASPAP (Asociación Peruana de Artistas Plásticos) [Peruvian Association of Visual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135994

  • Contra los mentirosos y los negociantes del arte
    Nuñez Ureta, Teodoro
    In this article about the 1975 Premio Nacional de Cultura [National Culture Prize], the painter Teodoro Núñez Ureta recognizes the legitimacy of the award and praises the winning altarpiece artist, but also deplores the controversy sparked by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136365

  • Contra toda manipulación en el arte
    This review, which appeared in the Lima magazine Oiga (February 27, 1976), discusses the different positions adopted by ASPAP (Asociación Peruana de Artistas Plásticos) [Peruvian Association of Visual Artists] and SUTAP (Sindicato Único de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136349

  • Cordel : a novelistíca nordestina
    Sobreira, Geová
    This essay, “Cordel - A Novelística Nordestina” by Geová Sobreira, suggests that literatura de cordel—the genre of published writing known as “string literature”—is an expression of an intrinsically novelistic tradition. It is a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110755

  • Cosas del momento : Best Maugard y su sistema de enseñanza artística
    Frías, José D., 1891-1936
    Adolfo Best Maugard describes the nature of “authentic” Mexican art in order to define the essential features of the aesthetic idea based on a “grammar of drawing” that he proposes as the formula for what he sees as “current national art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771701

  • Criação liminar na arte do povo : a presença do negro
    Frota, Lélia Coelho, 1937-
    The life and work of Afro-Brazilian artists is discussed in this text, which connects their work to contemporary folk arts. The author, Lélia Frota, focuses on those “artists of the people” who were able to develop their own styles, highlighting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110429

  • Crítica de la ideología del arte
    Lauer, Mirko, 1947-
    This critical review suggests that “art” is not an expression of the human spirit—as philosophical idealism would have us believe—but something created by culture and class; it is therefore a historically determined phenomenon that is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136512

  • Cuando se habla de arte popular
    Chacón, Alfredo, 1937-
    In this article the Venezuelan researcher Alfredo Chacón discusses the Venezuelan concept of popular art. He asks: When do we talk about popular art? He goes on to explore different social factors that define what Venezuelans consider “popular [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172461

  • Cultura popular : esbôço de uma resenha crítica
    Leite, Sebastião Uchoa
    This essay by Sebastião Uchoa Leite is an attempt to shed light on the term “popular culture” in relation to theory and praxis and in terms of historical conditions of time and space. The author places emphasis on activities bound to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110365

  • Cultura posta em questão
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    This article suggests a definition of “popular culture” that acknowledges the existence of two separate groups: one that is removed from the general population (because it is focused on questions to be addressed through art), and another that is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110364

  • Curioso hacedor de las cosas
    Garreaud, Eduardo
    The visual artist Gastón Garreaud weighs in on the debate over the decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to the Andean altarpiece artist Joaquín López Antay. Garreaud points to parallels he sees between this decision and Pablo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136175

  • D' Harnoncourt, un extranjero al que se debe parte del redescubrimiento del arte popular mexicano
    Arguedas, Sol
    This article reports on the Austrian promoter, René d’Harnoncourt, a resident of New York who was then visiting Mexico. It recounts his beginnings in art, prior to his arrival on the American continent, and his subsequent insertion into the local [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786755

  • De "Opinião-65" à 18ª Bienal
    Arantes, Otilia Beatriz Fiori
    Looking through the prism of her philosophical education, Otília Arantes explores the different approaches taken as a result of the Brazilian political situation⸺following the military coup d’etat that installed an iron-fisted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110641

  • Del origen y peculiaridades del arte popular mexicano
    Best-Maugard, Adolfo
    This text explains the theoretical basis for Best Maugard’s drafting method prior to the development of his manual explained in the following section. The theory is based on a platonic and universal perspective of art that expresses universal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825928

  • Desenho gráfico popular : catálogo de matrizes xilográficas de Juazeiro do Norte - Ceará
    Carvalho, Gilmar de
    This is the catalogue for the collection of templates, pamphlets, albums, and other material printed from woodcuts that Gilmar de Carvalho donated to the Coleção de Artefatos ditos Populares at the IEB-USP (Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros da [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110757

  • Deslinde en la pintura: progreso vs. reacción
    Gargurevich, Juan, 1934-
    This is the journalist Juan Gargurevich’s second article about the debate sparked by the decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to Joaquín López Antay, the altarpiece artist from the Andean region of Peru. Gargurevich supports [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136301

  • Dice Fernando Szyszlo que no hay pintores en el Perú ni América : el joven pintor peruano declara sentir su pintura y la de los demás pero no puede explicarla
    This text contains the polemic statements that Fernando de Szyszlo made on the occasion of his exhibition of abstract paintings held at the Asociación de Arquitectos del Perú in Lima in May 1951. He starts off by provocatively asserting that “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137793

  • Don Joaquín en el recuerdo
    Castrillón, Alfonso, 1935-
    In this article the art historian Alfonso Castrillón looks back at the debate over the jury’s decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to Joaquín López Antay, the altarpiece artist from the Andean region of Peru. Following the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136461

  • Dos pintores nacionalistas : Ricardo X. Arias y Erasto Cortéz
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    In this article, Carlos Mérida points out that the popular arts, as regards education, represent a point of departure. However, if one intends to produce high painting and/or national expression, the popular element must be an animator, a basis for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735978

  • El Alma de nuestra Raza y el Folk-lore Artístico
    Quevedo, Francisco
    According to folklorist Francisco Quevedo, a nation’s political life is its superficial existence, which must be transcended by those who wish to understand the innermost life of the people. He advocates immersion in folk art, warning that there is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760499

  • El árbol no nos deja ver el bosque : reflexiones en el marco de la Tercera Bienal Salvador Valero
    Ortizpozo, Aníbal
    Based in Venezuela due to the 1973 Pinochet coup d’etat, Chilean artist Aníbal Ortizpozo presented this text at the III Bienal Nacional Salvador Valero de Arte Popular (Trujillo, 1991), reflecting on the arts beginning with the question: “What [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1166270

  • El arte de Joaquín López Antay
    Valencia-Arenas, José Felipe
    In this sarcastic article the ethnohistorian José Felipe Valencia-Arenas replies to the arguments expressed by the members of the ASPAP (Asociación Peruana de Artistas Plásticos) [Peruvian Association of Visual Artists], who disagreed with the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135978

  • El arte nacionalista de Best Maugard
    Lara Pardo, Luis
    Luis Lara Pardo interviews the painter Adolfo Best Maugard about the work the latter is doing in the United States. Lara Pardo claims that Best Maugard’s proposal illustrates that he has found a new horizon in Mexican art—one that is rooted in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771735

  • El credo estético de José Juan Tablada
    Luquín, Eduardo
    In this article, the avant-garde poet José Juan Tablada states his points of view on such aesthetic questions as the “art for art” trend, the relationship between art and politics, and the intrinsic nature of popular art. According to Eduardo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752254

  • El dibujo escolar en México y la exposición de Bruselas
    This article reviews an exhibition of children’s drawings held in Brussels, to which Mexico sent a group of works by children from official schools. The author emphasizes the great reception that the Mexican works received and he transcribes part [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736670

  • El espíritu del arte en México
    Westheim, Paul
    From a European perspective, Paul Westheim gives his first impressions on modern art in Mexico. He identifies two of its qualities: first, an originality and independence from European art and, second, a rebirth of folk art that is removed from the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 744729

  • El falso apocalipsis del arte latinoamericano
    Guillent Pérez, J. R.
    Making use of his philosophical background, J. R. Guillent Pérez critically analyzes the article by Marta Traba published in Caracas under the title “El arte latinoamericano: un falso apocalipsis.” In his judgment, Traba has not understood the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799219

  • El INC y las artes plásticas : Cajahuaringa : optimista pese a todo
    In this interview the painter Milner Cajahuaringa expresses his profound disagreement with the decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to the Andean altarpiece artist Joaquín López Antay. Quoting from the dictionary of the Real [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136155

  • El Museo Nacional de Artes e Industrias Populares
    Rosado Ojeda, Vladimiro
    This is a review of the inauguration of a new space dedicated to the display, sale, and promotion of popular arts, created at the behest of the Instituto Nacional Indigenista as well as the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia. The main [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 753127

  • El Perú en la Bienal de Sao Paulo
    Caillaux, Jorge
    In this essay Jorge Caillaux states that the new approach taken by the Bienal Internacional de São Paulo (1977) was “an acknowledgement of a new phase in the development of Latin American art;” he believes that the biennial board’s decision [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855937

  • El pintor peruano José Sabogal
    Uriel García, José
    The aim of this article by José Uriel García, known throughout Peru for his book El nuevo indio, published in 1930, is to argue that José Sabogal is the emblematic contemporary Peruvian painter. Sabogal is, in García’s view, a founding figure [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136743

  • El triunfo de la muerte
    Fernández Ledesma, Gabriel
    In this article, the painter Gabriel Fernández Ledesma traces the history of European funerary traditions during the colonial period. He explores “The Triumph of Death” and its portrayal on playing cards and in the theater, discussing its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774307

  • En la cultura : homenaje a Alicia Bustamante, la madrina del arte popular
    Orrillo, Winston, 1941-
    In this newspaper article, Winston Orrillo announces the death of the painter Alicia Bustamante, and above all, acknowledges her contributions to a greater appreciation for traditional Peruvian art. She traveled all over the country collecting work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139542

  • Engenho e arte : a fala dos gravadores
    Carvalho, Gilmar de
    “Engenho e Arte. A Fala dos Gravadores” [Ingenuity and Art: The Speech of the Engravers] is one of seven chapters of a book by Gilmar de Carvalho entitled Madeira Matriz, a subject he developed in a doctoral thesis done at Pontifícia [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110758

  • Entrevista
    Universidade do Paraná. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras; Bardi, Lina Bò
    In this interview with architect Lina Bo Bardi by philosophy students at the Diretório Acadêmico Rocha Pombo do Paraná in Curitiba, Bo Bardi speaks of the need for a true socioeconomic and cultural revolution in Brazil. She discusses the role to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110867

  • Entrevista con el pintor Diego Rivera
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    In this brief interview, Diego Rivera is asked what prompted his return to Mexico. He states that he is interested in studying the traditional art of Mexico as well as the ruins of the country’s amazing past in order to crystallize certain artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 746976

  • Esboço histórico : o elemento negro nas artes plásticas
    Cunha, Marianno Carneiro da, 1926-1980
    This is an excerpt from “Arte afro-brasileira,” a chapter in the book História Geral da Arte no Brasil. In it, the anthropologist Marianno Carneiro da Cunha stresses the importance of black artists and their art in the history of Brazilian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110463

  • Esculturas policromadas de Juan Olaguíbel
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    Carlos Mérida notes that, though much has been written about Mexican folk art, its full potential is largely overlooked, since it is in fact the essential expression of a nation built on the bedrock of its own culture. In this painter’s opinion, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736709

  • Está naciendo algo... una entrevista con Mirko Lauer
    Buntinx, Gustavo, 1957-
    Gustavo Buntinx interviews Mirko Lauer on his social perspectives on the analysis of visual arts when applied to “the cultural structural order” currently in Peru. Lauer, commencing from a theoretical point of view, discusses the situation of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136477

  • Francisco Luna Ostos : demarcar el espacio
    Portillo, Zhelma, 1971-
    In this essay, researcher Zhelma Portillo catalogues the themes in the work of popular Venezuelan artist Francisco Luna Ostos that are most emblematic, and she also describes some of his creative approaches [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1171929