Topic Descriptor: culture×
  • Vida cultural en la URSS
    The synopsis and annotations in English are coming soon [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1313125

  • Globalização e cultura de mercado
    Bueno, Maria Lucia
    In her text, Maria Lúcia Bueno follows the course of twentieth century visual arts, from modernity to globalization. She in turn probes the art world, relating art spaces and dissemination of art to their social context. Based on her analysis of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293520

  • Mercado e internalização
    In her text, Maria Lúcia Bueno follows the course of twentieth century visual arts, from modernity to globalization. She in turn probes the art world, relating art spaces and dissemination of art to their social context. Based on her analysis of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293496

  • Hacia una crítica marxista del marxismo. Entre Marx y la Estética
    Lauer, Mirko, 1947-; Buntinx, Gustavo, 1957-; Fetscher, Iring, 1922-
    [This article is] a debate between the German Marxist intellectual Iring Fetscher and the writer Mirko Lauer for the Peruvian magazine U-tópicos Entornoalovisual, moderated by Gustavo Buntinx, the editor of the magazine. This issue of the magazine [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1292607

  • Por una cultura real
    Salazar del Alcazar, Hugo; Buntinx, Gustavo
    This editorial appeared in number 2/3 (1983) of the magazine U-tópicos: Entornoalovisual (Lima). The text refers to the ongoing failures of the Peruvian government’s cultural organizations over the course of two decades, including the “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1292528

  • La Escuela del Sur
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    This “lesson” given by Joaquín Torres García (JTG) is a manifesto of sorts. It is the first in which the artist formulates the idea of “inverting the map” of South America and asserts the existence of a local cultural identity that should [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245960

  • El Hombre Americano y el Arte de América
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    This [document] is on the thesis of art in America a developed by Joaquín Torres García during 1938 and 1939, when he wrote his Metafísica de la Prehistoria Indoamericana. The book aimed to associate pre-Hispanic tradition with what he called the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245754

  • El pintor de hoy no sabe qué hacer
    Romero Brest, Jorge
    This unsigned interview with Argentinean critic Jorge Romero Brest published in the weekly Jaque is somewhat alarmist. The main topics addressed—the decline of easel painting in the world over, the avant-garde experience at the Instituto Di Tella [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1244958

  • [Letter] [1933, Junio?], Buenos Aires [to] Blanca Luz Brum
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    Other than the intimate details of the communication between Siqueiros and Brum, this letter provides extremely interesting insights into Siqueiros’s public relations in Buenos Aires, as well as his opinions and intentions concerning the local [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238660

  • La Cultura Artística en la era terrista (1933- 1943)
    Peluffo Linari, Gabriel
    In this essay the critic Gabriel Peluffo discusses the artistic and cultural policies that were introduced during the Gabriel Terra dictatorship (the so-called period of political terrismo, 1933–1938), and the institutional map that was proposed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1237839

  • Otras latitudes, la encrucijada del surrealismo
    Guillot Muñoz, Gervasio, 1897-1956
    In this essay Gervasio Guillot Muñoz is displayed as a writer that was rather akin to twentieth century French culture as he wrote about the European cultural malaise during the interwar period. He wrote particularly regarding the crisis manifested [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226543

  • Cultura de liberación
    Grompone, Antonio, 1893-1965
    This essay is on the author of the speech delivered at the Ateneo de Montevideo, Antonio Miguel Grompone, on “the culture of liberation,” where he highlights the cultural and political importance of the “peoples” universities or adult [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226424

  • Notas editoriales e informativas : Presentación
    In this essay the objectives of the Asociación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores (AIAPE, Association of Intellectuals, Artists, Journalists and Writers) are presented, which, were in line with the French and in accordance with the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226398

  • Temas de discusión sobre la cultura americana
    Bentancourt Díaz, Jesús, 1902-1985
    This essay proposes that a “Latin American identity” was an idea based on two facts: the influence of the decadent post-war European culture and secondly, the geopolitical circumstances of Latin American governments confronted with North American [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225812

  • Alianza de intelectuales, artistas y escritores bolivianos
    This article announces the founding of the Bolivian AIAPE (Agrupación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores) a few years after the founding of homonymous associations in Argentina and Uruguay. The Bolivian group basically embraced the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225763

  • Las exposiciones : Las remuneraciones artísticas
    Prevosti, Carlos, 1896-1955
    This review focuses on the harsh critiques leveled against the Uruguayan government and its arts institutions, which are considered to have failed in their attempts to create events that achieved the stated objectives. Some of those objectives are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225449

  • Cultura en el orden internacional
    Oribe, Emilio, 1893-1975
    In the early twentieth century, Europe—which had, until that time, been Latin America’s cultural referent par excellence—was deeply immersed in a devastating socio-economic crisis brought about as a result of the First World War. Fascism and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223996

  • Fuera del Salón Oficial : una obra de la Pintora María Rosa de Ferrari
    Ortiz Saralegui, Juvenal, 1907-1959
    In the 1930s the ideological frictions sparked in intellectual circles by the dictatorial government of Gabriel Terra were not just a local problem; they were a reflection of the global conflict presaged by the unstoppable advance of fascism, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1221528

  • El arte y la democracia
    Blanco Acevedo, Eduardo, 1884-1971
    Eduardo Blanco Acevedo was ideologically conservative and participated in the 1933 coup d’état of Gabriel Terra. During the elections of 1946, he self-directed the “blancoacevedismo” movement, a major force of conservative ideology within [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1218530

  • Cansinos Assens comenta "Estética del Novecientos"
    Cancinos Assens, Rafael
    The article “Cansinos Assens comenta Estética del Novecientos” is a study on the book Estética del Novecientos by Uruguayan essayist and historian Alberto Zum Felde, who sought to establish cultural views about his country and Latin America [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1197025

  • Exposición de "La Casa del Arte"
    Zum Felde, Alberto, 1888-
    This is an essay written by Alberto Zum Felde, the director of the magazine La Pluma (Montevideo, 1927−31), in which he describes “La Casa de Arte” (a cultural center created at the initiative of the Uruguayan minister of public education in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1197009

  • Principios de una cultura americana
    Zum Felde, Alberto, 1888-
    Uruguayan essayist, historian, and critic Alberto Zum Felde sums up his position on the possible origin of a culture unique to the South American continent. He looks to two major influences: Spanish culture since the time of colonization and French [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1196614

  • Un mate para despedir el 66 y recibir el 67
    Grupo Toledo Chico (Canelones, Uruguay)
    This document is the second issue of the journal El Mate, published by the Grupo Toledo Chico of the Department of Canelones, Uruguay, in December 1966. It attests to the polemic, in the sphere of visual art, on the country’s broader cultural and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1194176

  • Club de Grabado: desde la crisis con pesar
    Peluffo Linari, Gabriel
    The crisis and feelings of “remorse” (that, in this case, connotes political impotence) of the 1980s were the result of more than ten years of military dictatorship that had effectively dismantled the network of cultural organizations that had [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1185468

  • Unas pocas reflexiones y muchas interrogantes en torno a las Artes plásticas en el Uruguay de los últimos años.
    Larnaudie, Olga
    Drawing on the perspective gained from her association with the CGM (Club de Grabado de Montevideo), Olga Larnaudie describes the general dissatisfaction and sense of crisis she sees in the visual arts community in Uruguay. She was writing in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1185426

  • Declaración de los intelectuales frente al paro nacional
    Sanín Cano, Baldomero, 1861- 1957
    “Declaración de los intelectuales colombianosdurante el paro general” is an open letter dated May 8, 1957 published in issue No. 13 of the magazine Mito. It is signed by twenty-five people, among them politicians, writers, poets, and artists. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1185102

  • Referencias sobre identidad, cultura y arte en Latinoamérica
    Fernández, Ángel, 1945-
    In this essay, numerous questions are raised relating to national and continental identity in Latin America, after eleven years (1973–84) under military dictatorship. There is a manifest recognition of both the reality of underdevelopment, as well [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1183641

  • Sala de arte popular peruano en el Museo de la Cultura : selecciones de arte
    Sabogal, José, 1888-1956
    José Sabogal states that his commentary regards what occurred before the creation of the Museo de Artes Vernaculares, the latter being indispensable because they possess “holdings that are essential to this time, as they have been throughout all [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1173418

  • La misión de Alejandro Colina : hacia un arte autóctono
    Villanueva y Lopez de Uralde, Francisco
    In this essay, Spanish journalist Francisco Villanueva y López de y Uralde asserts that an American awakening is underway in the New World, particularly in Mexico, Peru, and Cuba, owing to thinkers in each republic, such as José Vasconcelos, Juan [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172053

  • Miguel Von Dangel
    Pannier, Luis, 1953-
    In this interview with Miguel von Dangel by French-Venezuelan painter Luis Pannier (b. 1953), von Dangel reflects on art as a religious activity and on the role of the natural environment of the Americas in his work. In von Dangel’s view, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154859

  • Feliz cumpleaños Marco Antonio : evento informacional de Marco Antonio Ettedgui a partir de la arquitectura de la Galería de Arte Nacional como texto artístico tradicional
    Ettedgui, Marco Antonio, 1958-1981
    In this document, the communicator Marco Antonio Ettedgui outlines his conceptual idea behind “Feliz cumpleaños, Marco Antonio,” an informative and body art event that he staged at the GAN (Galería de Arte Nacional), in Caracas, on December 14 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1152597

  • Lo que niega un cosmopolita
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    This text is writer Sebastián Salazar Bondy’s response to the criticism of artistic nationalism voiced by Luis Miró Quesada Garland in El Comercio newspaper (Lima, September 25, 1955) [see in the ICAA digital archive “En blanca y negra” (doc [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1151027

  • Hacia la indigenización de nuestro concepto del mundo
    Lora Risco, Alejandro
    In search of an expression that would be authentically Latin American, Alejandro Lora Risco establishes the difference between American culture and reality, the latter referring to the material facts of life on the continent. Reflecting on his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150993

  • La "polémica de los pintores"
    Costa y Laurent, Federico
    The author, Federico Costa y Laurent, considers the discussion about nonfigurative art to be anecdotal when he states that “painting, as such, simply is.” He claims that the core issue in the debate comes down to “sincerely living the essential [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150866

  • [Letter] 1930 Julio 15, Miraflores [to] Antonino Espinosa y Saldaña
    Ibérico, Mariano, 1892-1974
    This letter by Mariano Ibérico was written at the request of painter Antonino Espinosa Saldaña. More specifically, Ibérico was asked to share his opinion on the polemic surrounding the course on Incan art given at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143618

  • A propósito del curso de arte incaico en la Escuela de Bellas Artes : carta abierta
    Espinosa Saldaña, Antonino, 1888-1969
    Painter Antonino Espinosa opens this letter questioning the pertinence of the “Arte incaico” [Incan Art] course at the ENBA—to be offered by writer Augusto Aguirre, author of the novel El pueblo del sol [The People of the Sun]—arguing that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143520

  • Inauguración de las clases de arte incaico en la Esc. de Bellas Artes : asistirá el Ministro de Instrucción
    This essay is on the newspaper add announcing the commencement of the Inca Art courses and studies at the ENBA (Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes) in Lima by the Peruvian writer Augusto Aguirre Morales. The studies, a program that was fully [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143505

  • Kitsch, cultura y sociedad
    Salazar del Alcazar, Hugo
    This text is the second of three articles on the kitsch written by Hugo Salazar del Alcázar. In Salazar del Alcázar’s view, “the kitsch is the art of daily life, modern man’s frustrated ideal of joining art to daily life by means of a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142948

  • Presidente Velasco formuló ayer importantes declaraciones a los periodistas en Palacio
    Velasco Alvarado, Juan, 1910-1977
    This document is the official version of the press conference given by the de facto president, General Juan Velasco Alvarado, at the Palacio de Gobierno in Peru on June 24, 1972. While the issues addressed revolve around international relations of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141950

  • Interviu de grado o fuerza : Revolución y Cultura
    Madanes, Leiser
    In this interview, the writer Mario Vargas Llosa criticizes governmental cultural plans during the first phase (1968–75) of the self-styled Gobierno Revolucionario de las Fuerzas Armadas del Perú. Vargas Llosa says the results of those plans have [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141492

  • ¿Qué ha cambiado en la cultura?
    Lauer, Mirko, 1947-
    In this editorial article, the Czech–Peruvian poet and critic Mirko Lauer reviews Peruvian culture on the seventh anniversary of the military coup led by General Juan Velasco Alvarado, who installed the self-styled Gobierno Revolucionario de las [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141459

  • Bases para la política cultural de la revolución peruana
    Perú. Gobierno Revolucionario de las Fuerzas Armadas
    This charter document lists the main cultural guidelines established by the self-styled Gobierno Revolucionario de las Fuerzas Armadas Peruanas (1968–80). The text, which is divided into several chapters, discusses a number of prior situations and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139418

  • Editorial : Hacia una cultura popular
    This article acknowledges the accomplishments of the policy of producing public events—such as the Contacta 72 and Inkari festivals—instituted by the self-styled Gobierno Revolucionario de las Fuerzas Armadas en el Perú (1968–75). It explains [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139308

  • La revolución es cultura
    This article briefly discusses the connections between “revolution” and “culture”—in this case in terms of the military government led by General Juan Velasco Alvarado (1968–75). The anonymous author notes that because the revolution “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139293

  • Queremos una sociedad donde el hombre no solamente tenga más, sino sea más : Dijo el presidente Velasco en Cita de Americanistas
    Velasco Alvarado, Juan, 1910-1977
    This is the official transcript of the speech given by General Juan Velasco Alvarado, the president of the Peruvian military junta, at the closing ceremony of the thirty-ninth Congreso Internacional de Americanistas in Lima in August 1970. He used [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139134

  • En blanca y negra
    Miró Quesada Garland, Luis
    This is the response of the Peruvian Modernista architect, Luis Miró Quesada Garland, to a series of three articles by the writer, Sebastián Salazar Bondy, published in the Lima daily newspaper, La Prensa,in September 1955. The writer describes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138753

  • El Perú y la cultura : sentido y expresión de las formas
    Pérez Barreto, Samuel (1921-2003)
    This article signed S. P. B. (Samuel Pérez Barreto) forms part of the “El Perú y la cultura” column published in the Lima-based newspaper La Prensa in 1950. According to the author, a return to the pre-Hispanic essence is the only way to create [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138491

  • La Galería Santa Fe, una historia en tres momentos
    Lozano Rocha, Ana María
    In her article, “La Galería Santa Fe, una historia en tres momentos”, the freelance curator Ana María Lozano discusses the significant cultural changes that took place in Bogotá in recent decades and how this transformation made the city more [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1134190

  • [Según Gloria Valencia de Castaño...]
    Gómez Echeverri, Nicolás
    In this brief chapter, the artist and researcher Nicolás Gómez Echeverri explains how the art critic Marta Traba became a cultural icon on television in Colombia. Gómez draws on his research to describe the physical and intellectual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1131936

  • Hablan los artistas : el estado y la cultura
    González Uribe, Guillermo, 1955
    In March 1988, journalist and editor Guillermo González Uribe, then editor-in-chief of the journal ¡Viva el arte! interviewed nine Colombian artists of different generations to ask their opinions about the following: What function should be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1131143