Topic Descriptor: politics×
  • La ética social del artista
    Ibañez, Roberto
    The article by Ibáñez, “La ética social del artista,” was part of a discussion between the author and Rodney Arismendi, another contributor to AIAPE magazine. They refer to literature to speak about such matters as the “quality,” “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223962

  • Hacia el arte social
    Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay
    This article advocates “social art” in Uruguay in the framework of the ideological battle between capitalist society and the Soviet Communist regime. The author clearly supports the latter position when he asserts that not even the members of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1199740

  • Hacia el arte revolucionario : contestando al camarada JOS
    Pintos, Francisco R., 1889-1968
    This article by Francisco R. Pintos is a response to the one by Juvenal Ortiz Saralegui published in the previous issue of Movimiento journal. Whereas Ortiz Saralegui was conciliatory in his approach to the problem of the relationship between “pure [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1198896

  • Hacia el arte revolucionario
    Ortiz Saralegui, Juvenal, 1907-1959
    This article by Juvenal Ortiz Saralegui formed part of the early debates in the leftist press in Uruguay on the relationship between art and politics, debates that largely ensued in the publication of the Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1198856

  • El arte y la política vistos por César Rengifo : entrevista exclusiva con "Tribuna Popular"
    Coronil, Silvia
    The journalist Silvia Coronil interviews César Rengifo; she begins the conversation by mentioning that this artist had recently been awarded the CONAC [Consejo Nacional de la Cultura, Venezuela] theater prize. Rengifo discusses his views about art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172426

  • Hacia la democracia
    Irazábal, Carlos, 1907-1991
    In the last few pages of the book Hacia la democracia: contribución al estudio de la historia económica-político-social de Venezuela (Mexico City, 1939), the Venezuelan historian and diplomat Carlos Irazábal acknowledges his country’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1168252

  • El árbol no nos deja ver el bosque : reflexiones en el marco de la Tercera Bienal Salvador Valero
    Ortizpozo, Aníbal
    Based in Venezuela due to the 1973 Pinochet coup d’etat, Chilean artist Aníbal Ortizpozo presented this text at the III Bienal Nacional Salvador Valero de Arte Popular (Trujillo, 1991), reflecting on the arts beginning with the question: “What [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1166270

  • César Rengifo : no hay arte sin ideología
    Valero, Irma
    This interview conducted by Irma Valero begins by highlighting aspects of the work of Venezuelan artist César Rengifo. In referring to his Amalivaca mural, the work entitled Nacimiento de América located in the Diego Ibarra Plaza in the Caracas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141917

  • Bases para la política cultural de la revolución peruana
    Perú. Gobierno Revolucionario de las Fuerzas Armadas
    This charter document lists the main cultural guidelines established by the self-styled Gobierno Revolucionario de las Fuerzas Armadas Peruanas (1968–80). The text, which is divided into several chapters, discusses a number of prior situations and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139418

  • Queremos una sociedad donde el hombre no solamente tenga más, sino sea más : Dijo el presidente Velasco en Cita de Americanistas
    Velasco Alvarado, Juan, 1910-1977
    This is the official transcript of the speech given by General Juan Velasco Alvarado, the president of the Peruvian military junta, at the closing ceremony of the thirty-ninth Congreso Internacional de Americanistas in Lima in August 1970. He used [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139134

  • Deslinde en la pintura: progreso vs. reacción
    Gargurevich, Juan, 1934-
    This is the journalist Juan Gargurevich’s second article about the debate sparked by the decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to Joaquín López Antay, the altarpiece artist from the Andean region of Peru. Gargurevich supports [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136301

  • Depois das vanguardas
    Arantes, Otilia Beatriz Fiori
    While this analysis of contemporary Brazilian art by Otília Arantes focuses on the period that spans from 1965 to 1969, it comments as well on the fifties, seventies, and eighties. For the sixties generation, Arantes argues, making art meant [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111295

  • Arquitetura nova
    Ferro, Sérgio
    In this article, the architect and visual artist Sérgio Ferro criticizes the state of Brazilian architecture, especially in São Paulo, during the period in the 1960s, known as post-Brasilia. He takes a radical and critical approach by exposing the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111153

  • Guerra dos gêneros & guerra aos gêneros
    Rolnik, Suely
    The gender war is discussed here in macro- and micro-political terms. In fact, macro-politics concerns the expression of individual and group reality, since figures portrayed define identities and certain dual categories, such as gender. Micro- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110993

  • A indentidade da arte pela arte e da arte de tese (sic)
    Medeiros, Aluízio, 1918-1971
    In this text Aluízio Medeiros praises the artist’s sense of social responsibility, calling for a more committed form of art and challenging the idea of “art for art’s sake” that merely leads to evasiveness among artists and intellectuals. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110775

  • Política e cultura (subsídios para uma plataforma do PT em 82)
    Schwarz, Roberto
    This 1982 article draws attention to an innovative cultural process⸺the first one since the imposition of the military dictatorship (1964–85) that drove the writer into exile and would last for another three years⸺and was created through an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110670

  • "Folha" inaugura mostra de artistas pelas diretas
    This is a report on the opening of the exhibition Os artistas pelas Diretas at the entranceway of the Folha de S. Paulo newspaper facilities in February 1984. The management of the newspaper, in conjunction with various artists, conceived the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110668

  • Entrevista
    Cocchiarale, Fernando França; Duarte, Paulo Sérgio; Klabin, Vanda Mangia; Zilio, Maria del Carmen
    This interview with Carlos Zilio was written in conjunction with the exhibition Carlos Zilio: Arte e política, 1966–1976 held at the Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro (MAM-Rio) in 1996. The questions put to the artists by a number of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110517

  • 1968: Somos domésticos?
    Clark, Lygia
    In the middle of 1968—a critical year in the 20th century—Lygia Clark wrote this brief essay on the position that the artist should pursue in society; in the wake of the student protests that began in Paris in May of that year, demands [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110516

  • Uma revelação que a história oficial não registra
    Callado, Antônio
    The author identifies the different phases in the evolution of Candido Portinari’s work; he establishes them between the artist of the 1930s, who condemns social injustice in Brazil—in works such as Café and also in representations of migrant [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110515

  • Hélio Oiticica
    Pereira, Carlos Alberto M.; Hollanda, Heloísa Buarque de, 1939-; Oiticica, Hélio, 1937-1980
    This interview with Hélio Oiticica was conducted by the anthropologist Carlos Alberto Pereira and the literary critic Heloísa Buarque de Hollanda in Rio de Janeiro on October 15, 1979. Here the artist makes a clear distinction between political [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110511

  • Duas palavras
    Amaral, Aracy A., 1930-
    In the view of Brazilian historian Aracy Amaral, the widespread prejudice against art with a “conteudístico” (content-based) approach hinders twentieth-century production from tackling sociopolitical issues. From the thirties through the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110497

  • Arte y Política
    Serrano, Eduardo, 1939-
    In this text, Colombian art critic Eduardo Serrano—curator of the Museo de Arte Moderno of Bogotá—presents the exhibition Arte y Política held at that institution in 1974. Serrano asserts that politics is more than a recurring theme in the work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093510

  • [Depois de muita hesitação...]
    Schenberg, Mário
    In this essay the critic Mário Schenberg discusses the political and cultural changes he sees in the wake of the uprising led by Getúlio Vargas that was known as the Revolução de 1930. Schenberg believes that the agricultural oligarchy’s loss [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091507

  • [There has been a lot of talk lately on campus...]
    Montoya, Malaquias, 1938-
    This document is a statement by Chicano artist Malaquías Montoya on the relationship between art and politics. The author suggests that these are always inextricably linked to one another and that nowhere is this more evident than in the structure [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1081760

  • Arte y política : el caso de Carlos Irizarry
    Benítez, Marimar
    Puerto Rican artist Carlos Irizarry distinguished himself within conceptual art, and introduced “a new modality for protest art that encompasses the nature of the political acts he carried out in his personal life.” The acts of political [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060941

  • Introducción
    García Calderón, Francisco, 1883-1953
    Paris-based writer, Francisco García-Calderón acknowledges in the introduction to his book, Les Démocraties Latines de l’Amérique (1912), that Peru, his native country, is part of a larger, more uniform world. According to him, there is a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1052919

  • La ética de la libertad
    Escobar, Elizam, 1948-
    After being sentenced to life in prison, Puerto Rican artist Elizam Escobar reflects on U.S. colonialism and the persecution of all those individuals who have fought it one way or the other. Escobar believes that colonialism is a crime of treason [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1051693

  • [Artist Bibiana Suaréz's written statements for show "The Puerto Rican Equation" 1997]
    Suaréz, Bibiana, 1960-
    This document contains Bibiana Suaréz's responses to four of the eighteen questions posed to artists by the organizers of The Puerto Rican Equation, an exhibition marking the occasion of the 1898 invasion of Puerto Rico by the United States. Suarez [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867536

  • [Información relacionada con reunión del MPI, en la Misión José Cedeño, Caparra Terrace. 17 de noviembre de 1965]
    Meléndez, José
    [This document provides] confidential information written by José Meléndez, a police sergeant with the Puerto Rican Intelligence Office, naming those who had attended a meeting chaired by Juan Mari Bras, the president of the Movimiento Pro [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864044

  • 1970
    De Romero, Ralph
    This poem, written by Ralph de Romero, a Puerto Rican artist born in New York, was sharply critical of the year 1970. In the text, we can discern a tone that is openly critical of the policies of the U.S. administration under President Richard Nixon [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863176

  • O Beautiful America
    De Romero, Ralph
    “O Beautiful America” is a satirical poem written by Ralph de Romero, a Puerto Rican artist born in New York. De Romero uses it as a basis for his open criticism of U.S. democracy, the administration, its policies, and the lack of liberty and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863119

  • Oscar Muñoz
    Herzog, Hans- Michael, 1956-
    This interview covers Óscar Muñoz’s career from the early days in Cali in the late sixties until 2004, the time period that is the focus of interest. Muñoz connects his art with his formation as an artist and with what happened in his native [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 860414

  • Aterrizajes : la desorientación política
    Géigel Polanco, Vicente, 1904-1979
    In this document, an uncertain political orientation of the Puerto Rican people is commented by attorney and writer, Vicente Géigel Polanco. He considers it a terrible mistake that Puerto Rico missed the opportunity—on the occasion of the Spanish- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 853204

  • The heuristic power of art
    Escobar, Elizam, 1948-
    This text by Elizam Escobar, a noted Puerto Rican nationalist, artist, and writer, is a largely autobiographical account of his artistic and political evolution in the island and the United States. Written in prison, the essay reflects on his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840634

  • Espacio y región en el arte contemporáneo: una mirada histórica, política y cultural
    Peluffo Linari, Gabriel
    This essay by the Uruguayan architect and researcher Gabriel Peluffo Linari seeks to explain how aesthetic spaces (understood as symbolic construction zones) and political power spaces are connected in Latin American societies. The author sees a need [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808152

  • [Discurso de abertura, Museo de la Solidaridad, Santiago, Chile]
    Pedrosa, Mário
    As President of the Artistic Solidarity Committee with Chile, Mário Pedrosa addresses then President Salvador Allende Gossens during the reception ceremony for the works that would make up the collection of the Museo de la Solidaridad in Santiago. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 807990

  • Towards aesthetics in the Americas
    Ruiz, Miguel Angel
    In this essay, artist Miguelangel Ruiz, born in Puerto Rico and based in New York City, maintains that the politicization of identity in the United States has burdened artists of non-European descent by pigeonholing them into categories that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799138

  • Exilios y descentramientos
    Reyes Palma, Francisco
    The art historian Francisco Reyes Palma briefly describes the construction of an image of 1930s Mexico in accordance with the aesthetic/political strategy of Surrealism. He starts by talking about the relationships that arose among the painter Diego [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794626

  • Mostra de arte social
    Machado, Aníbal, 1894-1964
    This is a speech given by writer Aníbal Machado at the close of the Exposição de Arte Social, which he jointly organized with poet Álvaro Moreyra and artist Tomás Santa Rosa at the Clube de Cultura Moderna in Rio de Janeiro in 1935. Machado [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783982

  • Aspectos da pintura através de "Marco Zero"
    Andrade, Oswald de, 1890-1954
    Oswald de Andrade was invited by the American Contemporary Arts to give this lecture in São Paulo in 1944, in which he discusses the two characters he created for a series of novels (that was never completed) entitled Marco Zero. He used these [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783942

  • [Estas são todas histórias verdadeiras]
    Boal, Augusto
    Playwright Augusto Boal declares that all the stories contained within his book are true, and were written based on testimony overheard during different trips that occurred after he left Brazil in 1971, during the height of the military dictatorship [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776129

  • La respuesta del artista
    Ferrari, León, 1920-
    León Ferrari'’s (1920–2013) letter responds to the concepts expressed by Ernesto Ramallo in the article "Los artistas argentinos en el Premio Di Tella 1965" [The Argentinean artists in the 1965 Di Tella Institute Prize] published in La Prensa [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769597

  • La inercia del gobierno da pie a un nuevo golpe reaccionario : Cuestión de vida o muerte
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    Diego Rivera, author of this essay, conducts a political analysis of the role that workers and peasants played as allies of the government in the struggle against the “reaction;” that is, a coup d’état carried out against the government that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764022

  • [Letter] 1965 septiembre 21, Buenos Aires [to] Director de La Prensa
    Ferrari, León, 1920-
    This letter by León Ferrari responds to the concepts raised by Ernesto Ramallo in the article “Los artistas argentinos en el Premio Di Tella 1965” [The Argentinean Artists in the Premio Di Tella 1965] published in the newspaper La Prensa [The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 761879

  • Los artistas argentinos en el Premio Di Tella 1965
    Ramallo, Ernesto
    The critic for the newspaper La Prensa [The Press], Ernesto Ramallo, writes an unfavorable critique of the works presented at the Premio Torcuato Di Tella [Torcuato Di Tella Prize]. His review tolerates the works of Federico Manuel Peralta Ramos, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 761860

  • Violencia
    Romero, Juan Carlos, 1931-
    The catalogue for Juan Carlos Romero’s Violencia [Violence] exhibition (Buenos Aires: Centro de Arte y Comunicación [Art and Communication Center], April 1973). In his essay in the catalogue, Jorge Glusberg states that Romero has always challenged [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747942

  • Roturas, memoria y discontinuidades (homenaje a W. Benjamin)
    Richard, Nelly, 1948-
    In this text Nelly Richard identifies some of Walter Benjamin’s ideas that, in her opinion, are relevant to works produced in Chile during the military dictatorship (1973–90) and the start of what was known as the “democratic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736059

  • Nuestra militancia
    Asociación Arte Concreto Invención (Argentina)
    This document declares certain principles adhered to by the Asociación Arte Concreto — Invención [Concrete Art and Invention Association]; especially with respect to Concrete art’s contribution to the revolution, as well as its solidarity with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731530