Topic Descriptor: nationalism×
  • El arte peruano en la escuela - II
    Izcue, Elena, 1889-1970
    1929
    This is the second of the two textbooks published by Elena Izcue, which were designed to teach art based on pre-Hispanic motifs at Peruvian schools. It includes two introductory texts. The first, addressed to teachers, explains how the pedagogical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146115

  • El deber de la nueva generación colombiana : conferencia leída por Armando Solano en el Externado de Derecho el día 18 de junio de 1927
    Solano, Armando, 1887-
    1927
    In this text, Colombian journalist Armando Solano urges the new generation of artists to create a nationalism that is “intelligent, profound, and radical,” one that takes root in their place of birth and looks to it for nourishment. At the same [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1107128

  • El indigenismo y el peruanismo en el arte : comentario sobre dos exposiciones recientes
    Gallagher de Parks, Mercedes, 1883-
    1941
    In this article, Mercedes Gallagher de Parks reviews two exhibitions in Lima: one consisting of works by the Indigenist painter Camilo Blas (at the Instituto Bach); the other a collection of works by the English painter Fred Stratton (at the Sociedad [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141131

  • El movimiento actual de la pintura en México : La influencia benéfica de la Revolución sobre las Artes Plásticas
    Hernández Araujo, Juan
    1923
    This is the last installment of an article in four parts by painters David Alfaro Siqueiros and Jean Charlot, about the character of the current movement of painting in Mexico. The article, as foretold by the title, is going to be about the positive [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757972

  • El Nacionalismo y el movimiento pictórico
    Tamayo, Rufino
    1933
    Rufino Tamayo takes a radical approach questioning the spirit of nationalism in the visual arts, and suggests that artists should focus on more universal values in their work. In this critical piece he reminds us that, at that time, painting enjoyed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749295

  • El Perú en el arte de José Sabogal
    Basadre, Jorge, 1903-1980
    1931
    The author of this article thinks that Peru does a better job of addressing its potential in the artistic arena than in the social or political sphere, although this has begun to change in recent years. In his opinion, José Sabogal’s paintings are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140311

  • El Perú y la cultura : sentido y expresión de las formas
    Pérez Barreto, Samuel (1921-2003)
    1950
    This article signed S. P. B. (Samuel Pérez Barreto) forms part of the “El Perú y la cultura” column published in the Lima-based newspaper La Prensa in 1950. According to the author, a return to the pre-Hispanic essence is the only way to create [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138491

  • El Perú, ¿noción política?
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1955
    This text is Sebastián Salazar Bondy’s response to the criticism of artistic nationalism voiced by architect Luis Miró Quesada Garland in El Comercio newspaper (Lima, September 18, 1955) [see in the ICAA digital archive “En blanca y negra” ( [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138736

  • El pintor José Sabogal
    López Merino, Clodoaldo
    1928
    The author notes José Sabogal’s comments about his earlier travels and his training in Europe, which he said was helpful for learning “the tricks of the trade, how to move one’s hand smoothly, that’s all,” but claimed that he resisted any [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140179

  • El plan espiritual de Aztlan
    Alurista; Gonzales, Rodolfo, 1928-2005
    1969
    El Plan Espiritual de Aztlan [The Spiritual Plan of Aztlan] calls on Chicanos to assert their nationalism by mobilizing the masses and realizing a free, independent nation. The manifesto is developed in three parts: 1) Nationalism, a key organizing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803398

  • El significado cultural de la obra de José Sabogal
    Núñez, Estuardo, 1908-2013
    1937
    In his article about the exhibition of works by José Sabogal held at the Sociedad Filarmónica in Lima in 1937, Estuardo Núñez suggests that Sabogal’s paintings were not just the product of a particular school or trend but were required [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140523

  • En blanca y negra
    Miró Quesada Garland, Luis
    1955
    In the context of remarks on an exhibition of work by painter Mario Urteaga and the public acquisition of a large set of works by academic portraitist Carlos Baca-Flor, this text by Luis Miró Quesada Garland voices criticism of nationalism in art. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138718

  • En blanca y negra
    Miró Quesada Garland, Luis
    1955
    This is the response of the Peruvian Modernista architect, Luis Miró Quesada Garland, to a series of three articles by the writer, Sebastián Salazar Bondy, published in the Lima daily newspaper, La Prensa,in September 1955. The writer describes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138753

  • En blanca y negra
    Miró Quesada Garland, Luis
    1955
    This text is Peruvian modern architect Luis Miró Quesada Garland’s final response to a series of articles by Sebastián Salazar Bondy published in La Prensa newspaper (Lima, September and October, 1955). As a correlate, the text quotes poet Walt [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138772

  • En blanca y negra...
    Miró Quesada Garland, Luis
    1955
    The majority of the excerpts from articles published throughout 1954 by Luis Miró Quesada Garland addresses the issues of art theory and exhibition critiques. In the overall summary of the year for his column “En blanca y negra,” the author [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137283

  • En blanca y negra...
    Miró Quesada Garland, Luis
    1954
    Commentary by Luis Miró Quesada Garland on the Mexican art exhibition organized by La Crónica newspaper. The author begins by recognizing the quality of the exhibition as a holistic view on Mexican painting within the last few years. Nevertheless, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138030

  • En el Museo Nacional : un ensayo de decoración estilo incaico
    Martínez, Alberto J.
    1921
    This article by Alberto J. Martínez discusses the use of stylized pre-Hispanic motifs to decorate one of the galleries of the Museo Nacional de Lima. In his view, “every effort to bolster a genuinely Peruvian form of artistic expression represents [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1144009

  • En honor de José Sabogal
    1937
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140492

  • En la Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Sabogal, José, 1888-1956
    1933
    This article was published in January 1933 on the occasion of ENBA’s exhibition of paintings by Daniel Hernández, who was the first director of the Peruvian Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes [National School of Fine Arts], and by the school’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140428

  • Entorno al desarraigo
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1954
    In this text, Sebastián Salazar Bondy reflects on what he views as the unquestionable ties between an artist and his country. For the author, a sense of uprootedness, rather than physical distance, is what causes the artist to become disengaged from [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138565

  • Estados Unidos en impresión de José Sabogal
    Falcón, Jorge, 1908-; Falcón, Jorge, 1908-
    1943
    The Peruvian intellectual Jorge Falcón interviews José Sabogal about his visit to several cities in the United States in 1942 at the invitation of the State Department. Sabogal admits that until then, he did not have a complete view of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140687

  • Estética e ideologia: o modernismo em 1930
    LAFETÁ, João Luiz
    1973
    This critical essay by João Luiz Lafetá examines Brazilian modernism by distinguishing the “aesthetic project” from the “ideological project” of the literary production during the 1920s and 1930s. The author creates a dialectical division [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110363

  • Exposición de obras patrióticas : Introducción al catálogo Exposición Arte Patriótico Puertorriqueño
    1959
    According to the Puerto Rican writer René Marqués, the exhibition Arte Patriótico Puertorriqueño [Puerto Rican Patriotic Art]—presented from April 24 through May 29, 1959 at the Galería La Pintadera in San Juan—is an expression of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 853475

  • Exposición de pintura de Julia Codesido
    López Merino, Clodoaldo
    1929
    In this text, Clodoaldo López Merino, under the pseudonym of “EGO,” asserts that even before this show of painting, Julia Codesido had consolidated her prestige as an artist. She had studied at European academies and at the Escuela Nacional de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1147874

  • Exposición de xilografías de José Sabogal
    López Merino, Clodoaldo
    1926
    The writer of this article claims that José Sabogal’s exhibition “will shake our art milieu out of its inertia,” referring to a previous review he wrote about the Peruvian indigenist painter’s exhibition in Buenos Aires in 1928. In his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140260

  • Exposición Sabogal
    Muelle, Jorge C.
    1940
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140555

  • Gran problema del arte peruano es la falta de críticos : "Xanno" : Alejandro Romualdo Valle agregó que los que escriben sobre arte son improvisados o huachafos
    Valle, Alejandro Romualdo, 1926-2008
    1951
    In this interview, Alejandro Romualdo Valle (“Xanno”) reacts to the ideological turn that the debate as to whether or not there are painters in Peru has taken. He states that the real problem facing Peruvian art “is the lack of critics.” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150928

  • Habla Piquera Cotolí...
    Solari, Carlos, 1883-1932
    1924
    After visiting the ENBA sculpture studios in Lima, the author comments on works by Coello and Pozo, and mentions the sculptress Carmen Saco. He then interviews Manuel Piqueras Cotolí, the architect from Madrid, in whose studio he examines two works [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141340

  • Homenajes : José Sabogal y la juventud
    Cisneros, Fernán, 1907-1979
    On the occasion of the party organized for José Sabogal by “young Peruvians in Buenos Aires,” the author notes the group’s obvious admiration for and acknowledgment of the artist, based on their shared feelings and ideals. The works of art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140243

  • Inauguración de las clases de arte incaico en la Esc. de Bellas Artes : asistirá el Ministro de Instrucción
    1930
    This essay is on the newspaper add announcing the commencement of the Inca Art courses and studies at the ENBA (Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes) in Lima by the Peruvian writer Augusto Aguirre Morales. The studies, a program that was fully [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143505

  • Incanidad, indianidad
    Uriel García, José
    1937
    In this fourth chapter of his book El Nuevo indio, José Uriel García defines the concepts of “Incanity” and “Indianity.” With the advent of the Spanish, the author explains, “the history of the Incas came to an end, and with it Inca life [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136679

  • Instantáneas : breves entrevistas de "Variedades" : José Sabogal
    1923
    This questionnaire-like interview with José Sabogal addresses his recent stay in Mexico, which lasted for a number of months. The interviewer asserts that Sabogal “is one of our most valuable young artists,” and explains that he has already [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136971

  • José Sabogal : maestro pintor
    Macera, Cesar Francisco, 1908-1964
    1941
    According to César Francisco Macera, José Sabogal’s first exhibition in Perú (Lima, 1919) had a profound impact on the country; viewers were astonished and appalled at “the new landscape” they were looking at. Sabogal responded to critiques [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140669

  • José Sabogal está en busqueda del arte del pueblo : un momento de exaltación de las fuerzas del Perú con el gran animador del arte vernacular nacional
    1950
    In this article, the editor of the newspaper Noticias de Arequipa interviews José Sabogal on the occasion of the artist’s visit to Arequipa, and they talk about contemporary Peruvian painting and traditional art. On the former topic, Sabogal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1289505

  • José Sabogal ha triunfado rotundamente en Buenos Aires : nuestro compatriota ha sido consagrado como uno de los pintores de mayor significación dentro del arte latinoamericano
    1928
    The Argentinean critic writing for El Diario newspaper considers José Sabogal “one of the most important painters in art from the Americas” owing to “a modern vision very much his own” and “a deeply poetic spirit” committed to capturing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140212

  • José Sabogal, director de la Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Garrido, José Eulogio, 1888-1967
    1933
    In the author’s opinion there has seldom been a fairer appointment, because José Sabogal is not a token candidate, he is a hard-working painter. Another factor is the “authentic Peruvian-ness” of what José Eulogio Garrido calls the fervent [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140395

  • José Sabogal, en Buenos Aires
    Seoane, Manuel A., 1900-1963
    1928
    The author explains that not many Latin American artists exhibit their work in Buenos Aires (other than those from the countries of the Río de la Plata region: Uruguay and Argentina), since European artists tend to be more enthusiastically received [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140227

  • José Sabogal, pintor de la raza
    Sabroso Montoya, Arturo, 1895-1974
    1931
    According to the author of this article José Sabogal is, above all, “someone who expresses Peruvian-ness,” one who has not only developed an original technique, but has also managed to expose profound and unprecedented aspects of the country’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140345

  • Julia Codecido en N. York
    1936
    Published in Lima-based newspaper La Prensa, this document is a compilation of reviews published in New York newspapers on the Julia Codesido exhibition held at Delphic Studios gallery, also in New York, in 1936. Howard Devree of The New York Times [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136600

  • La "Exposición de arte indigenista escolar y popular"
    1932
    This document contains a transcription of the speech given by Luis E. Galván, an official at the Peruvian Ministerio de Educación Pública, on the occasion of the opening of a show of indigenous art. He explains that education is fundamental to “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136711

  • La "polémica de los pintores"
    Costa y Laurent, Federico
    1951
    The author, Federico Costa y Laurent, considers the discussion about nonfigurative art to be anecdotal when he states that “painting, as such, simply is.” He claims that the core issue in the debate comes down to “sincerely living the essential [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150866

  • La actual desviación de la cultura humana
    Jiménez López, Miguel
    1934
    In 1934, conservative leader Miguel Jiménez López delivered a speech to the Colombian Senate that is reproduced in this article from Revista Colombiana (1933–43). In it, the politician proposes “a fierce turn to the right.” He levels harsh [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 860284

  • La cortina de nopal
    Cuevas, José Luis
    1988
    In this seminal text from the mid-1950s, a young José Luis Cuevas criticizes the cultural policies of the Mexican government three decades later for still favoring nationalist art, especially as pictured in murals. Cuevas tells an ironic story that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 788032

  • La cúpula en América
    Sabogal, José, 1888-1956
    1939
    This article was written by José Sabogal on the development of architecture in Latin America. Sabogal emphasizes the emergence of an art of construction with its own nuances after the Spanish conquest, when Western elements were combined with Native [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125912

  • La decisión de un artista
    Manaure, Mateo
    1986
    With this text, Mateo Manaure announced his decision to leave the city and build a studio near his hometown of Uracoa in the state of Monagas. He says that he wants to spend more time painting and to make work with a more indigenous spirit pursuant [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156475

  • La dirección de la Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes
    1943
    The signatories to this open letter addressed to the then-president of Peru, Manuel Prado, request that José Sabogal be reinstated as director of the ENBA (Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes). They point out that ever since he was appointed (in 1932 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140784

  • La Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Valcárcel, Luis E. (Luis Eduardo), 1891-1987; Palma, Clemente, 1872-1946; Gálvez, José, 1885-1957
    1943
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140736

  • La exposición Codesido
    Pereira, Raúl María, 1916-2007
    1941
    After explaining that the exhibition includes recent works as well as others that have been shown on previous occasions, the reviewer states that the artist “captures a clearer and broader view of Peruvian landscapes, people, and customs than other [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136551

  • La exposición de la señorita Julia Codesido
    Solari, Carlos, 1883-1932
    1929
    The reviewer states that indigenist art has found “a new devotee” in Julia Codesido. Responding to her show in Lima in 1929, author Carlos Solari explains the painter has not taken a slavish stance, but rather has evolved slowly “in progressive [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1147891

  • La exposición de María Izquierdo
    Pereira, Raúl María, 1916-2007
    1944
    In this text, critic Raúl Pereira asserts that the works by María Izquierdo on exhibit in Lima display “distinct personality, unquestionable artistic quality, and visual daring” as they delve into the motifs of Mexican folk art. The treatment [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146684