Topic Descriptor: communism×
  • ¿Artistas provocadores y delatores? : Los efectos de la intromisión corruptora del departamento de Estado Yanqui en la vida artística de nuestro país
    The exhibition at Perls Gallery in Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, presented Rufino Tamayo as one of the four great Mexican artists. His works were part of the great modernism and, unlike those of his colleagues, no Communist symbols could be found in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785817

  • [Letter] 1965 septiembre 21, Buenos Aires [to] Director de La Prensa
    Ferrari, León, 1920-
    This letter by León Ferrari responds to the concepts raised by Ernesto Ramallo in the article “Los artistas argentinos en el Premio Di Tella 1965” [The Argentinean Artists in the Premio Di Tella 1965] published in the newspaper La Prensa [The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 761879

  • [Letter] 1965 Septiembre 30, Buenos Aires [to] amigos y artistas
    Ferrari, León, 1920-
    León Ferrari’s letter states that, after he exhibited some works whose content condemned the United States intervention in Vietnam, the newspaper La Prensa [The Press] accused him of being “communist.” Consequently he wrote his response that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 761897

  • arte y comunismo
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    In this essay, Joaquín Torres García attempts to link this sociopolitical doctrine with that of modern art after presenting a succinct historical review starting from “primitive communism” up through the Marxist doctrine. He does so by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245711

  • David Alfaro Siqueiros
    Pérez, Juan
    Juan Pérez [John Doe], pseudonym of an unknown author, writes about the political content in David Alfaro Siqueiros’s work, emphasizing that muralism is a tool of the proletarian revolution. The anonymous author expresses the local Communist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763539

  • Diego Rivera no toma en serio la protesta : decorará, por lo tanto, la Bolsa de Valores de Los Angeles, California
    This article describes Diego Rivera’s reaction to the protests voiced by California artists who were adamantly opposed to inviting him to paint murals at the Los Angeles Stock Exchange. Rivera briefly outlines three of his reasons for not taking [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747566

  • El aniversario de la muerte de Lenin
    On the third anniversary of Lenin’s death, this article critiques his revolutionary framework.  It states that the path of violence and force are not conducive to human happiness. It gives an example of his “blunder” though a description of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737976

  • El arte al servicio del proletariado
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    Given the circumstances of the time, David Alfaro Siqueiros advocated that art should be transparent and dedicated to the struggle; it should be a tool for propaganda that was also open to technical innovation. In his opinion, pure art should wait [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822471

  • El comunista Siqueiros y su conferencia con interrupciones en Signo : Una relación verídica para replicar una crónica tendenciosa de Crítica
    Hardoy, Emilio, 1911-
    An anticommunist and anti-Semitic interpretation of the lecture given by David Alfaro Siqueiros in the building of the Agrupación de Artistas Signo; the text contains aggressive and derogatory statements towards both groups [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733166

  • Fiesta del surrealismo
    Huerta, Efraín
    Un chien andalou [Un perro andaluz (1929) [An Andalusian Dog]—a film directed by Luis Buñuel, with a script written by Buñuel and Salvador Dalí—was presented in Mexico nine years after it was shot. Efraín Huerta, a writer by trade and an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774343

  • Hacia el arte social
    Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay
    This article advocates “social art” in Uruguay in the framework of the ideological battle between capitalist society and the Soviet Communist regime. The author clearly supports the latter position when he asserts that not even the members of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1199740

  • Insisto! Repite Diego : El pintor proporciona una serie de datos para demostrar que no ha mentido en el caso de Guatemala
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    In this article, Diego Rivera affirms that he does not know Alvarado Rubio, an employee of the Embassy of Guatemala during the regime of dictator Carlos Castillo Armas, and that it is from there that the lies published in Impacto begin. Rivera also [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754400

  • La banda comunista en Signo
    The nationalist Catholic newspaper Bandera Argentina [Argentinean Flag] writes about the lecture given by Mexican painter David Alfaro Siqueiros at Signo facilities, an association of artists directed by Leonardo Estarico. The columnist believes that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763580

  • La exposición de carteles comunistas
    Cuesta, Jorge
    In this article Jorge Cuesta writes about the difficulty in determining, at first sight, the artistic and educational value of the works in the exhibition of revolutionary posters organized by the Departmento de Bellas Artes de la SEP [Ministry of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773453

  • La libertad en Portinari
    Vitureira, Cipriano S. (Cipriano Santiago), 1907-
    Cipriano Vitureira was one of the main intellectuals who feted Candido Portinari during his visit to Uruguay in 1947. On the whole, the Brazilian painter was well liked by members of the PCU (Partido Comunista Uruguayo) and artists working in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225346

  • La ofensiva contra los comunistas : Arbitrario cese del compañero Siqueiros
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    The article reproduces a letter from David Alfaro Siqueiros to José Manuel Puig Casauranc, the Minister of Public Education (SEP) regarding the painter’s dismissal from his position as professor of drawing and manual crafts on June 10, 1925. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764177

  • La respuesta del artista
    Ferrari, León, 1920-
    León Ferrari'’s (1920–2013) letter responds to the concepts expressed by Ernesto Ramallo in the article "Los artistas argentinos en el Premio Di Tella 1965" [The Argentinean artists in the 1965 Di Tella Institute Prize] published in La Prensa [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769597

  • Las ideas del Señor C. Presidente
    Reynoso, Leobardo
    Leobardo Reynoso, the representative for the Partido Revolucionario Mexicano (PRM) [Mexican Revolutionary Party], questions the president concerning any Communist influence in the government. President Lázaro Cárdenas replies that there is not and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 816286

  • Los monigotes de Alfaro Siqueiros y su valor plástico
    Tarruella, Alfredo
    Alfredo Tarruella writes a furious anti-Communist critique of both the painting and the social activism of Mexican artist David Alfaro Siqueiros. He considers Siqueiros to be a deceptive person and an agent of the Soviet Union. The Catholic poet [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733182

  • Los pintores comunistas defienden el arte contra los vándalos burgueses
    The correspondent for The Daily Worker in Chicago creates a context for his readers concerning the formation of a Communist and a revolutionary art in Mexico, which describes on the walls of public buildings the useless life of the upper classes and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764091

  • Mi vida con Siqueiros : Graciela Amador narra su vida con el pintor en forma apasionante (Cuarta y última parte)
    Amador, Graciela
    In 1948, many years after their relationship ended, Graciela Amador relates events from her life with David Alfaro Siqueiros in four articles. This fourth and last article tells how the governor of Jalisco, José Guadalupe Zuno invited Siqueiros to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815288

  • Picasso, Matisse y la libertad de expresión
    Maldonado, Tomás, 1913-
    In this article, Tomás Maldonado considers how the conflicts arising both within and beyond the borders of the Soviet Union affect communist artists such as Picasso and Matisse. He refers to the editorial published in Pravda (Moscow, August 11, 1947 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730440

  • Pintura Gratuita : Alfaro Siqueiros y Carlos Chávez
    Núñez Alonso, Alejandro
    The writer Alejandro Núñez Alonso ironically comments on the restrictions imposed by the Secretaría de Educación Pública [Ministry of Public Education or SEP]. According to his comments, the visual artists will no longer receive a salary, nor [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733078

  • Puntos escogidos por Luis Cardoza y Aragón para la discusión que se celebrará el día 3 de noviembre, a las 20 horas en nuestro local
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    The fourteen tenets upheld by Luis Cardoza y Aragón—those that were to be debated among the members of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists]—proposed an art movement free of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822827

  • Rebelión de los artistas plásticos
    Política Obrera [Working Class Politics], a Trotskyite faction’s journal, published a lengthy article reporting on the incidents at the opening ceremony of the 1968 Braque Prize by the French Embassy in Argentina. The article suggests that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751401

  • Rosendo Salazar exhibe su obra socialista
    This article reports on painter Rosendo Salazar’s show at the Galería de Arte Moderno, under the authority of the Dirección General de Acción Educativa del Departmento del Distrito Federal (DDF) [Directorate for Educational Action at the Mexico [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 775967

  • Saludable Presencia del Arte Mexicano en la viciada atmósfera de París : Conclusiones sobre el artículo de PHILIPPE SOUPAULT. Puntos fundamentales de la conferencia de Siqueiros en el Palacio de Bellas Artes el jueves 26 de agosto pasado
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    In the wake of the critical reactions to two exhibitions of Mexican art—at the 25th Venice Biennial in 1950 and the 1952 Paris Biennial —this long document offered readers a summary of events. The Venice Biennial was deemed a success while the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754267

  • Sindicalismo a “outrance”
    Canale, Mario A., 1890-1951
    Mario Canale criticizes a campaign organized as much by institutions dedicated to arts education, such as the Mutualidad de Estudiantes de Bellas Artes [Society of Fine Arts Students], as by Communist activists under the influence of David Alfaro [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 789687

  • Siqueiros o el Bruto : a propósito de un artículo de Crisol
    The Nazi-affiliated nationalist newspaper Crisol [Melting pot] writes in regard to the behavior of David Alfaro Siqueiros at a dinner he attended with Argentinean intellectuals. The paper establishes a relationship between the vulgarity of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734077

  • Siqueiros y los Rojos pueden pintar propaganda rusa pero en sus casas
    This article reports on the "judicial inspection" of Historia del teatro en México [History of the Theater in Mexico], the mural painted by David Alfaro Siqueiros in the foyer of the Jorge Negrete theater, which belonged to the Asociación Nacional [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786763

  • Táctica de lucha y show publicitario lo de Diego : resulta un valor entendido entre Diego Rivera, Carlos Chávez y Gamboa lo del Cartelón Comunista pintado por el primero
    This document reports that a Soviet spy gained entry [into Mexico] and that this person came to work with the organizers of the Congreso de la Paz [Peace Conference]. The mural Pesadilla de guerra y sueño de paz [The Nightmare of War and the Dream [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780019

  • The revolutionary spirit in modern art
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    In this long article, Diego Rivera summarizes his beliefs on what revolutionary art ought to be within the context of modern art, and offers a historic journey through the 19th century, underscoring the work of Daumier, Courbet, and Paul Cézanne. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786551

  • Una nueva política clerical
    Cuesta, Jorge
    This article outlines writer Jorge Cuesta’s position on the establishment of new educational, cultural and artistic principles, allowing us to glimpse his critique of José Vasconcelos and his romantic ideas about a university for the people; the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773445