Topic Descriptor: literature (humanities)×
  • Introduction: "La Plebe"
    Valdez, Luis
    In this document, Luis Valdez argues that as inheritors of a colonized consciousness, it is difficult for Chicano writers to articulate a cohesive cultural identity. He suggests that this difficulty can perhaps be negotiated through an embrace of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1061252

  • Juan Marinello : lo que pensamos de él
    Abreu Gómez, Ermilo, 1894-1971
    Ermilo Abreu Gómez interviews Cuban Juan Marinello for Frente a Frente [Face to Face], the journal of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists]. In the interview, the key issue of artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779388

  • La afirmación de los que surgen
    Samper, Darío, 1909-
    Journalist Darío Samper criticizes what he calls the “philistinism” and “Manichaeism” of 19th-century Colombian intellectuals overly influenced by foreign models, particularly by French thought whose hold on the country he deems excessive. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1079157

  • La hora actual y nosotros
    Azula Barrera, Rafael
    This text is Colombian critic Rafael Azula Barrera’s response to Darío Samper’s article on the difference between generations. While Azula Barrera recognizes to a certain extent the legitimacy of Samper’s criticism of earlier generations, he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1080218

  • La inútil discusión de Boedo y Florida
    Borges, Jorge Luis, 1899-1986
    In this text, Jorge Luis Borges writes about the dichotomy created between what later became the two most important literary tendencies in the 1920s Buenos Aires: “el grupo de Boedo” [The Boedo District Group] and “el grupo de Florida” [The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732673

  • Literatura e subdesenvolvimento
    Cândido, Antônio, 1918-
    This essay examines Latin American literature during two key periods. The first, up to 1930, was a period of passive awareness of the backwardness of the country, when people put great stock in the homeland and its geographical terrain, and were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776023

  • Los dibujos de Norah Borges
    Prebisch, Alberto
    Alberto Prebisch notes that both poetic ambition and lyrical tendency offer “a clear differential outline” to literature and the contemporary art. To exemplify these features within the visual arts he analyzes a work by Norah Borges [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731318

  • Los hachepientos del '68
    Torres, Alfredo, 1941-2018
    This article is about the group, led by Clemente Padín, which created the magazine Los Huevos del Plata, a departure from the literary style that was favored in Uruguayan cultural circles in the 1960s. The Uruguayan author’s goal was to present [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1240628

  • Manifesto Flami-n’-assu
    Bastos, Abguar
    This manifesto is a call for (cultural) independence and was written from “a high Amazonian plateau,” in the state of Pará (where the author hailed from). The proclamation uses typical expressions and references the myths, customs, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111436

  • Marta Traba en el limbo
    Silva, Ludovico, 1937-1988
    Ludovico Silva, who had a philosophy background, refutes the thesis of Marta Traba of a “false apocalypse” when she rationalizes that Latin American artists were simulating hardships alien to their reality. According to Silva, the idea of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799323

  • Nacional por subtração
    Schwarz, Roberto
    The idea that serves as the underpinning of this essay, “Nacional por subtração” [National with a Minus Sign], derives from the fact that ever since the time of Brazilian Independence (1822), Latin Americans have experienced a sense of “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776000

  • Noticia da actual literatura brazileira: instinto de nacionalidade
    Machado de Assis, 1839-1908
    This is an article by the famous novelist Machado de Assis, in which he discusses nationalist opinions that value “the local colors” that were praised by literary critics and writers of the so-called Brazilian Romanticism during the second half [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1090436

  • Nuestra encuesta : ¿cuál es, a su juicio, el peor libro del año?
    This article is not an authentic survey. The responses to the question “¿Cuál es, a su juicio, el peor libro del año?”, [What, in your opinion, is the worst book of the year?] supposedly offered by such personages as Leopoldo Lugones, Arturo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 738221

  • Nuestra encuesta sobre la nueva generación literaria
    This is a survey that the magazine Nosotros [Us] directed to young writers under-thirty years of age; it sought to identify the existence and qualities of the “new generation” in Argentine literature. The questionnaire consists of seven questions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 761283

  • Nueva escuela literaria
    Nervo, Amado
    Amado Nervo announces, in terms of a “literary school,” the emergence of futurism in Italy, whose manifesto he translates in order to place it, with no fear at all, at the reader’s disposal. And Nervo does it with the conviction that—in spite [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759069

  • O antropofago
    Andrade, Carlos Drummond de, 1902-1987
    Writer Carlos Drummond de Andrade wrote this tribute to Oswald de Andrade, “the poet of anthropophagy,” shortly after his death in 1954. According to the author, Oswald’s cultural philosophy based on the notion of “anthropophagy” puts forth [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784839

  • O entre-lugar do discurso latino-americano
    Silviano Santiago
    Through comparative analysis, Silviano Santiago examines the “place” of literary discourse in Latin America. He describes a process of “acculturation” that began in the colonial era and has left the trace of “defamiliarization.” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 807968

  • O movimento da Revista Sul e a literatura catarinense
    Miguel, Salim
    In this report, the writer and journalist Salim Miguel describes (almost ten years after the fact) the movement formed by young artists and intellectuals in the state of Santa Catarina who started the magazine Sul in the late 1940s. The publication [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111405

  • O negro na literatura e na arte
    Medeiros, Aluízio, 1918-1971
    This is the initial text of the book O negro na literatura e na arte. It was originally the text of a lecture given at the Teatro José de Alencar to commemorate the day when slavery was abolished in Brazil (1888). The event was organized by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110753

  • Paradojas contemporáneas
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    While visiting Argentina, Mexican painter David Alfaro Siqueiros forms his opinions about Argentinean culture from an ideological split. In his view there are two columns that he calls, in general: the aristocratic and the red one, defined by their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733937

  • Pau Brasil
    Andrade, Oswald de, 1890-1954
    The synopsis in English are coming soon [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784909

  • Peruanicemos al Perú : el indigenismo en la literatura
    Mariátegui, José Carlos, 1894-1930
    This essay by José Carlos Mariátegui formed part of the “Peruanicemos al Perú” section of Mundial magazine. In this first text in the series on Indianist literature, Mariátegui argues the extensive repercussion of Indianist literature on new [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136855

  • Peruanicemos al Perú : el indigenismo en la literatura nacional II
    Mariátegui, José Carlos, 1894-1930
    This essay by José Carlos Mariátegui formed part of the “Peruanicemos al Perú” section of Mundial magazine. In this second text in the series on Indianist literature, the author analyzes the phenomenon of literary criollismo, explaining that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136871

  • Peruanicemos al Perú : el indigenismo en la literatura nacional III
    Mariátegui, José Carlos, 1894-1930
    This essay by José Carlos Mariátegui formed part of the “Peruanicemos al Perú” section of Mundial magazine. In this third and final text in the series on Indianist literature, the author asserts that Indianism is not the same thing as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136888

  • Peruanicemos al Perú : nacionalismo y vanguardismo en la literatura y el arte
    Mariátegui, José Carlos, 1894-1930
    This essay by writer and thinker José Carlos Mariátegui formed part of the “Peruanicemos al Perú” section of Mundial magazine. On the basis of developments in literature and art, Mariátegui underscores the nationalist bent of the avant-garde [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136807

  • Pintura Pau-Brasil e antropofagia
    In this text, painter Tarsila do Amaral provides an overview of her artistic career, specifically in relation to the Pau-Brasil movement and to cultural “anthropophagy.” She emphasizes the importance of the trip she took to Minas Gerais in 1924 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784978

  • Plano-pilôto para poesia concreta
    Campos, Augusto de; Campos, Haroldo de; Pignatari, Décio
    This article by the Brazilian poet Augusto de Campos, which sounds like a manifesto, lists the conceptual guidelines and the historical and theoretical references of concrete poetry. It underscores that the movement represents “the end of a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1090135

  • Prefácio interessantíssimo
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    Writing in a declarative style, Mário de Andrade launches into his “prefacio interesantísimo” [extremely interesting preface] by referring to the so-called “fundação do desvairismo” [Foundation of Delirium]. Alternately joking and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781273

  • Proa
    This article explains the emergence of the journal Proa as a symbol of a rare blossoming in the spirit, in the current culture of Argentina. On the other hand, Brandán Caraffa distances himself from Proa’s first period, which he characterizes as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732450

  • Prosa y relato
    Laañ, Diyi
    The article focuses on the question of prose and narrative. The author states that there are no engimas in the Madí narrative, neither does it evoke daily life with its tribulation and sentimentality, but instead evokes enduring allusions that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732167

  • Quelques visages de Paris
    Monteiro, Vicente do Rêgo, 1899-1970
    This is a book of poetry by the painter and draftsman Vicente do Rego Monteiro, a Brazilian who lived in France for years and produced work in a variety of fields. The theme of the book Quelques visages de Paris [Some Parisian Faces] takes the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785105

  • RAYAS update
    Armas, José
    This document, composed in 1978 by writer José Armas, is a report on the state of the organization, Revolución Artística y Acción Social (RAYAS), and is also an appeal for action on outstanding issues. RAYAS, a group founded by Armas and other [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1082329

  • Salutación
    Gómez de la Serna, Ramón, 1888-1963
    In this text, Spanish writer Ramón Gómez de la Serna points out his expectations regarding his arrival in Buenos Aires: to meet with the young writers heading the Argentinean literary renewal, with whom he feels closely tied; to lecture as a co- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732238

  • Samico : gravador brasileiro = Samico : Brazilian engraver
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    The art critic Ferreira Gullar discusses the work of the printmaker Gilvan Samico, highlighting the uniqueness of his prints. Samico’s figurative work reveals both a regional and an international vocabulary, and confirms the traditional nature of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110505

  • São-Paulo
    Cendrars, Blaise, 1887-1961
    Written to be included in the catalogue for the first female solo exhibition of the work of painter Tarsila do Amaral in Paris in 1926, this poem by the Swiss poet Blaise Cendrars captures the vision he had of Lake Lehman (Geneva) while in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781611

  • Semana nacional de poesia de vanguarda
    This text on the Semana Nacional de Poesia de Vanguarda exhibition is anonymous, although it refers to the UFMG (Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais). It highlights the importance of the genre within the evolution of art, stating its goal of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110486

  • Semana nacional de poesia de vanguarda: comunicado e conclusões
    Pontual, Roberto, 1939-; Morais, Frederico, 1936-; Xisto, Pedro; Leminski, Paulo; Sampaio, Márcio; Araújo, Olívio Tavares de; Santiago, Haroldo; Araújo, Henry Corrëa de; Lucas, Fábio; Parduani, Célio Cesar; Cunha, Ubirasçu Carneiro de; Pignatari, Décio; Pinheiro, Luiz Adolfo, 1940-; Neves, Libério; Campos, Augusto de; Nunes, Benedito, 1929-; Campos, Haroldo de; Avila, Affonso, 1928-; Lima, Luiz Costa, 1937-; Araujo, Laís Corrêa de; Sant'Anna, Affonso Romano de
    There are four subsections in the manifesto written by the Brazilian art critic Roberto Pontual: a) Awareness of the Form (that defines Brazilian poetry as a participating avant-garde whose function is to be creatively critical; b) Communication and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110501

  • Sobre a psycho-analyse
    Pimentel, Iago
    This is a summary of the author’s random thoughts about “[Sigmund] Freud’s doctrine or psychoanalysis.” Iago Pimentel interprets the Austrian psychoanalyst’s ideas from the perspective of a “dynamic conception of psychic life.” The text [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781868

  • Sobre algunas interferencias entre las artes
    Dorfles, Gillo, 1910-
    This is a text that analyzes the interferences among the arts. It relates music to painting by noting, in the first place, the correspondence between the application of the tonal scales and the laws of perspective to be followed between dodecaphony [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 770256

  • Sobre los fines de la cultura
    This editorial—published in Romance magazine—addresses the complicated nexus between the goals of an artist and the goals of a human being in terms of individual and group welfare; that is, in terms of material happiness and spiritual wealth. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783751

  • Tarsila : Rio-1929
    This catalogue for the first solo exhibition in Brazil of painter Tarsila do Amaral contains texts on her work by José Severiano de Rezende, Waldemar George, Maurice Raynal, Maximilian Gauthier, Raymond Cogniat, Christian Zervos, Tasso da Silveira, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785011

  • The dilemma of the modern Chicana artist and critic
    Trujillo, Marcela
    Poet and literary critic Marcella Trujillo examines the symbols that some Chicana poets have used in their published poetry to reflect their own position with regard to that of their Chicano male peers—and also the dominant male society at large. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845618

  • Una aventura editorial
    The article explains the raison d’être of the magazine La Campana de Palo [The Wooden Bell], as well as its significance within the contemporary arts field. It presents itself as a “combative” undertaking that reacts “against the prudish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 738739

  • Urucungo : poemas negros
    Bopp, Raul
    Raul Bopp wrote this book of poems on slavery in Brazil. It recounts the memories of black slaves and the living conditions of their descendants. The selected poems center on their desire for a life of freedom in Africa, the violence and humiliations [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110481

  • Vanguarda e subdesenvolvimento
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    In this essay the controversial Brazilian art theoretician Ferreira Gullar challenges the universality of the notion of an aesthetic avant-garde, as well as its relevance in underdeveloped countries. Particularly in Brazil, where the pursuit of avant [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110361

  • Wlademir Dias-Pino: "A guerra da caatinga é uma guerra sem paisagem"
    Pinto, José Nêumanne, 1951-; Dias-Pino, Wlademir
    In this essay, José Neumanne Pinto interviewed the poet Wlademir Dias-Pino about his research on Northeastern Brazil. He presents a selection of phrases written by the poet, indicating that he does not claim to advance any kind of theory, even [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111030