Topic Descriptor: art×
  • A crise mundial e uma orden estetica = La crisis mundial y un nuevo orden estético
    Morais, Frederico, 1936-
    1984
    The Brazilian critic Frederico Morais suggests that the discovery of artistic production emerging from peripheral locales in nations on both sides of the Atlantic is leading to a process of cultural decentralization. This outward movement from the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805736

  • A piece of my heart = Pedacito de mi corazon
    Lomas Garza, Carmen, 1948-
    1990
    This artist’s statement by Carmen Lomas Garza was included in the catalogue for the exhibition of her work, A Piece of My Heart/Pedacito de Mi Corazón, which traveled to various cities in the states of Texas, California, and Illinois, in 1991. In [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803261

  • A propósito del curso de "arte incaico" en la Escuela de Bellas Artes
    Espinosa Saldaña, Antonino, 1888-1969
    1930
    The author, Antonino Espinosa Saldaña, proposes to replace the course name “Arte incaico” [Incan Art]—used by the ENBA beginning in 1930, with “Arqueología pre-incaica y su aplicación a las artes decorativas” [pre-Incan archeology and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143553

  • A propósito del curso de "arte incaico" en la Escuela de Bellas Artes
    Aguirre Morales, Augusto, 1888-1957
    1930
    The author, Augusto Aguirre Morales, questions the stance of painter Antonino Espinosa Saldaña, who does not believe Peruvian precolonial art is “art.” He challenges Espinosa’s premise that cultural differences among men are an obstacle to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143570

  • A propósito del curso de arte incaico en la Escuela de Bellas Artes : carta abierta
    Espinosa Saldaña, Antonino, 1888-1969
    1930
    Painter Antonino Espinosa opens this letter questioning the pertinence of the “Arte incaico” [Incan Art] course at the ENBA—to be offered by writer Augusto Aguirre, author of the novel El pueblo del sol [The People of the Sun]—arguing that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143520

  • A propósito del curso de arte incaico en la Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Aguirre Morales, Augusto, 1888-1957
    1930
    The author, Augusto Aguirre Morales, (who was selected by the ENBA to teach the controversial course) defends the existence of “Incan art,” using the examples conserved in museums and the testimonials of historians. He asserts that it was the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143537

  • A propósito del premio a López Antay
    Bernuy, Jorge, 1937-
    1976
    In this text, critic Jorge Bernuy points out that the decision to grant the Premio Nacional [award] to an altarpiece maker is unprecedented in Peru. He agrees that it is necessary to consider craftsmanship a cultural expression of the people, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136076

  • A public voice: fifteen years of chicano posters
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    In this essay, Shifra M. Goldman discusses the Chicano poster movement by considering its historical background, followed by an examination of poster collectives and the work of individual Chicano poster artists, including Rupert Garcia, Malaquías [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795860

  • A spirituality of resistance : día de los muertos and the Galería de la Raza
    Romo, Terecita
    In this essay, Tere Romo explores the syncretic nature of Chicano spirituality manifested in Chicano art and rooted in the initial encounter between indigenous American cultures and Europe, as well as in the Chicano movement of the 1960s and 1970s. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809703

  • A true barrio art
    Ytuarte, Eddie (Edy)
    “A True Barrio” by Edy (Eddie Ytuarte) is part essay, part interview. Edy introduces the essay with a brief review of the work by Harry Gamboa, Gronk, and Willie Herrón exhibited at Mechicano Art Gallery in East Los Angeles in 1972. The author [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848761

  • A wag dogging a tale
    Avalos, David
    1993
    In this essay, written for the catalogue of the exhibition La Frontera/The Border: Art About the Mexico/United States Border Experience (1993), artist and professor David Avalos describes his experience working at San Diego’s Centro Cultural de la [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809415

  • Across the street : Self-Help Graphics and Chicano art in Los Angeles
    Nieto, Margarita
    1977
    In this essay, art historian Margarita Nieto critiques the tendency to trace the genealogy of Chicano art to Mexican art. She locates the roots of the Chicano art movement and the art organizations that emerged within it to the countercultural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796051

  • Against Rasquache : Chicano identity and the politics of popular culture in Los Angeles
    García, Ramón, 1967-
    1998
    In this essay, Ramón García explores the foundations and essential qualities of Chicano camp (rasquache) and its artistic and literary manifestations. García begins with a discussion of the walking murals of the Los Angeles conceptual art group, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845797

  • Al encuentro de los pasos perdidos : los principios del arte y el arte de los principios en la Revolución Cubana (1959-1980)=A l'encontre des passos perduts : els principis de l'art i l'art dels prinipis a la Revolució Cubana (1959-1980)
    Nuez, Iván de la
    1996
    Iván de la Nuez’s entry for the exhibition catalog Cuba siglo XX: Modernidad y sincretismo [Twentieth-Century Cuba: Modernity and Syncretism] focuses on Cuban art made on the island as well as art made in exile from the onset of the 1959 Cuban [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847599

  • Al margen de una polémica
    Chacón, Alfredo, 1937-
    1965
    In this article, Alfredo Chacón reviews and issues commentaries on the principal arguments of the art critics involved in the controversy that Marta Traba began through her article “El arte latinoamericano: un falso apocalipsis.” Chacón states [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799015

  • Algo sobre el arte en el Perú
    Barreda y Laos, Enrique-Domingo, 1879-1944
    1939
    This text is an article written from Paris by painter Enrique Domingo Barreda, in which he attacks the prevailing indigenous art trend in Peruvian art. He states that “motivated by a ridiculous vanity, everyone in Peru paints natives and believes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143340

  • Altarmakers : the historic mediators
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    1985
    In this document, Amalia Mesa-Bains writes about the women’s practice of altar-making, suggesting that while there has been a decline in the performance of and engagement with popular ritual in contemporary life, the creation of altars as both [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1086039

  • América Latina : arte e identidad
    Rubiano Caballero, Germán, 1938-
    1989
    In “América Latina: Arte e Identidad,” Germán Rubiano formulates a criticism of the exhibition The Spirit of Latin America held at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York in 1989. He questions a reading of Latin America that, in his view, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091081

  • América y arte
    Quintana Castillo, Manuel, 1928-
    1982
    Drawn from the content of three chapters in Manuel Quintana Castillo’s book Cuadernos de pintura, this selection, the text “América y el arte” can be found in Chapter III. In it, the writer sets forth the dispute between those who believe in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156234

  • Amigos = Friends
    Barboza, Diego, 1945-
    1976
    In this editorial, published in the second issue of the bilingual magazine Buzón de Arte/Arte de Buzón, the Venezuelan artist Diego Barboza—who was the director and editor of the magazine—describes the issue, explaining that it includes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102014

  • An arts and crafts show by faculty and students of the Art Department : shown in the art room, university of Puerto Rico : May 21,22, 1929
    1929
    This essay, edited by poet and educator Muna Lee de Muñoz Marín, is a review of an exhibition of artwork created by students at the Universidad de Puerto Rico. The exhibition, held May 21–22, 1929, took place in the Salón de Arte [Art Room] at [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 824731

  • An Exhibition of Puerto Rican Art and History : Shown in the residence of the Chancellor, University of Puerto Rico
    1937
    The U.S. poet and educator, Muna Lee de Muñoz Marín, believes that the Exposición de Arte Puertorriqueño e Historia [Exhibition of Puerto Rican Art and History] held November 15–18, 1929, was an important event. Taking place in the residence of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 824746

  • An historical essay on heart imagery and expressions
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    Amalia Mesa-Bains’s essay proposes a historical lineage of heart imagery and the concept of “lo del corazón” [that which comes from the heart] that begins in the Mexico’s Aztec ritual of human sacrifice and culminates in public and popular [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795630

  • An icon of resistance
    Anreus, Alejandro
    1999
    In this essay, Alejandro Anreus outlines the cultural and historical conditions that have influenced what he terms the “iconography of Latin America.” He emphasizes the role of U.S. cultural imperialism and exploitation in the development of a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809206

  • An introduction to the history of Mexican American art = Introducción a la historia del arte Mexicoamericano
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    1981
    This essay by Tomás Ybarra-Frausto is included in the 1981 catalogue of selected works from the Mexican Museum in San Francisco, California. Ybarra-Frausto presents a historiography documenting the trajectory of Mexican American artistic traditions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809236

  • Anotaciones de una pintora en tiempos de crisis
    González Aranda, Beatriz
    1998
    As its title suggests, this article consists of notes by Beatriz González on her work as an artist, specifically the different stages of her production, as well as the processes, questions, and decisions that her work has entailed. She discusses the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1078663

  • Another Life Up Inside Her Head
    Mesa-Bains, Amalia
    1995
    As the curator of Another Life Up Inside Her Head (1995), an exhibition of seventeen emerging Chicana/Latina artists, Amalia Mesa-Bains considers the precedents for their work, as well as the contemporary contexts in which it has been produced. She [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845435

  • Apresentação
    Alvarado, Daisy V. M. Peccinini de
    1978
    In this text presenting the exhibition Objeto de arte Brasil anos 60, Daisy Peccinini describes the research carried out for the event, placing particular emphasis on the publication of a series of critical documents, statements, and interviews with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111424

  • Aproximación metodológica para una comprensión de la retórica del arte latinoamericano
    Glusberg, Jorge
    In his paper, Argentinean critic Jorge Glusberg provisionally applies the term “Latin American art,” although he considers it inadequate to define the parameters in which the “regional Latin American rhetoric” plays out. It is an analysis [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815475

  • Apuntes para una Bienal
    Auerbach, Ruth
    1994
    In this essay, Ruth Auerbach—the art critic and curator of the IV Bienal de Arte de Guayana (Ciudad Bolívar, 1994)—reflects on the challenge of positioning the biennial as a space devoted to the promotion of emerging Venezuelan art. Auerbach [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162199

  • Apuntes sobre Amelia Peláez y el arte latinoamericano
    Rodríguez, Bélgica, 1941-
    1988
    Venezuelan art critic Bélgica Rodríguez suggests that Latin American art is largely homogeneous. She discusses the impact of different international styles and artistic movements on Latin American artists such as Cuban painter Amelia Peláez, who [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805572

  • Apuntes sobre la colección de Arte de América
    Palomera, Federica, 1954-
    1988
    This text by Federica Palomero was written for Arte de América, the exhibition she curated in 1988 on the occasion of the anniversary of the founding of the Museo de Bellas Artes de Caracas. The text describes the origins of the collection of Inter- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161144

  • Apuntes sobre los escritos de Marta Traba en Puerto Rico
    Benítez, Marimar
    1984
    Puerto Rican curator and art historian Marimar Benítez explains the connections among the books that Marta Traba wrote during her stay in Puerto Rico: Propuesta polémica sobre arte puertorriqueño [Polemic Proposal on Puerto Rican Art] (San Juan: [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825033

  • Art on the Net
    De Cuba, Natalia
    1997
    The journalist Natalia de Cuba refers to three people who use the Internet to promote Puerto Rican art. The artist Mari Mater O’Neill created the online magazine, El Cuarto del Quenepón in 1995; it publishes articles, videos, gallery news, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 867060

  • Arte : Dewasne
    1954
    This is an anonymous article about the French painter Jean Dewasne’s forthcoming visit to Lima in 1954, including a review of his career and his status as a key figure in the European art scene. He is described as being among those who were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 859465

  • Arte : Fernando de Szyszlo regresa de París
    1951
    This brief interview with Fernando de Szyszlo took place upon his return to Lima after having lived in Paris—which he calls “a fountain of life”—for a number of years. With enthusiasm, he describes the stimulating cultural milieu of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137933

  • Arte Antiguo Mexicano
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1956
    Rivera claims that societal conditions influence a society’s cultural expression, and insists that making art is an integral part of the social fabric. Speaking from an essentially Marxist platform, he explains that art will disappear in future [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780488

  • Arte Argentino 78
    Glusberg, Jorge
    1978
    Argentinean writer, publisher, curator, and professor, Jorge Glusberg presented this article in 1978 at the Latin American symposium Arte Argentino 78. In the article, he explains that the study of semiotics has led to a new understanding of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126357

  • Arte Argentino del pasado y del presente
    Asociación Estímulo de Bellas Artes (Buenos Aires, Argentina)
    1943
    In 1943, an exhibition of one hundred and seven Argentinean artists, consisting of late 19th- century and early 20th-century painters and sculptors, was held in Montevideo under the auspices of the National Commission of Fine Arts of Montevideo and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1228201

  • Arte Chicano
    Martínez, César Augusto, 1944-
    1975
    In this article, San Antonio, Texas, artist César Augusto Martínez writes about Chicano art and the struggle for legitimacy and its acceptance, particularly within the academic community. Martínez argues that Chicano art resists clear stylistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845816

  • Arte chicano : part one
    Martínez, César Augusto, 1944-
    1974
    Written by César Augusto Martínez, one of the most active members of the Chicano art movement of the 1970s, “Arte Chicano” discusses the implications of the term “Chicano” (in Part One) and the status of Chicano art in the mainstream art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126597

  • Arte Chicano : una iconografía de la autodeterminación
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    1987
    This essay by North American historian Shifra M. Goldman examines the artistic production of Chicanos. She considers that production part of the nationalist strategy of a people that determines its own destiny by means of its declarations, be they [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806255

  • Arte Chicano de Texas=Texas Chicano Art
    Moser, Charlotte
    1981
    Charlotte Moser points out the efflorescence of Chicano art in Texas in the 1970s and how this decade saw the formation of a generation of college-educated Chicano artists; the foundation of Chicano art centers and exhibitions spaces; and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803231

  • Arte como expresión del pueblo
    Rodríguez, Pedro
    1981
    In this essay, Pedro Rodríguez discusses the complicated history up to the present (the document was written in 1981) of Chicano visual art, which he views as a critical means for the expression of the will and desires of the greater Chicano [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 820841

  • Arte conceptual : ¿Qué es? ¿Cómo se ha manifestado en Puerto Rico?
    Benítez, Marimar; Renta, Enrique; De Mater O' Neill, María; González, Julieta, 1968-
    2004
    In this essay, María de Mater O'Neill, Marimar Benítez, Julieta González, and Enrique Renta, who are all involved in art, join together to discuss their ideas about Conceptual art. O’Neill explains the development of Conceptual art, and suggests [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866822

  • Arte de la raza
    Torres, Salvador Roberto, 1936-
    1973
    In this bilingual essay, San Diego artist Roberto Salvador Torres presents the theoretical foundations for a project that traces the development of the United Farm Workers’ Huelga (Strike) banner through a series of four drawings. According to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822119

  • Arte de la resistencia en Puerto Rico
    Traba, Marta
    1976
    Marta Traba, the Argentine critic who lived in Puerto Rico for some time, accepts that there is a political and cultural “art of resistance” in Latin America and in Puerto Rico. This “resistance” refuses to follow aesthetic models developed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060984

  • Arte desde el exilio : enfoque metodológico y pautas generales de aproximación al II Salón Pirelli de jóvenes artistas y lenguajes
    Cárdenas, María Luz
    1995
    In this text, María Luz Cárdenas explains the key to her curatorial approach and how it sheds light on the context in which the artists participating in the II Salón Pirelli de Jóvenes Artistas developed their ideas. Cárdenas provides an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161345

  • Arte e identidad : métodos institucionales en el desarrollo cultural venezolano
    Montero Castro, Roberto
    1978
    In an attempt at historical reconstruction, and due to the intense political situation in Venezuela (between 1974 and 1978), art critic Roberto Montero Castro attempts to detect the presence of “the Venezuelan identity” in certain artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815631

  • Arte en las calles
    Padín, Clemente, 1939-
    1990
    In this essay, the artist and performer Clemente Padín explains the concept of “street art and urban art” following the alternative art exhibition, Tomarte, held in the city of Rosario, Argentina, in April 1990, with the pretense of injecting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243093