Topic Descriptor: sculpture (visual work)×
  • A arquitetura é a grande arte de nosso tempo —1948 : Romero Brest em São Paulo
    Romero Brest, Jorge
    This text includes a few excerpts from the six lectures that Jorge Romero Brest gave in São Paulo in 1948. At that time, Romero Brest held an academic position at the Universidad de Montevideo and was the director of the magazine Ver y estimar [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1314972

  • Entrevista con Pierre Restany
    Di Maggio, Nelson
    The Primera Bienal de Escultura was held in Uruguay in 1969. The controversial French critic Pierre Restany was one of the guests at the event. Nelson Di Maggio interviewed Restany, and this document reports on some of the latter’s thoughts [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1241306

  • Camargo
    Camargo, Sérgio de, 1930-1990; Gimpel Fils
    This is the catalogue published to accompany Camargo, the exhibition organized by the Gimpel Fils gallery in London. The Brazilian artist Sérgio Camargo’s works were exhibited there from November 17 through December 5, 1970. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1232709

  • Acerca de la crítica de arte
    García Esteban, Fernando, 1917-1982
    This essay, is on the art critic Fernando García Esteban and on his noted intellectual presence in Montevideo during the fifties and the sixties. The art critic echoes the difficulties encountered when critiquing local art and the differences in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227280

  • Reportaje a Romano Espinoza Cáceda
    Moll, Eduardo, 1929-
    In this interview, Romano Espinoza Cáceda classifies Peruvian art into three major periods: ancient (decorative, with its own characteristics), colonial (marked by “natural” European influences) and modern (attempting to pinpoint what makes art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227158

  • Michelena- Escultor
    Oribe, Emilio, 1893-1975
    On the occasion of Bernabé Michelena’s exhibition at the Subte de Montevideo (1939), Emilio Oribe, the writer and co-founder of the AIAPE (Agrupación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores), conducted a lecture in which he discussed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223386

  • Bernabé Michelena y la claridad solidaria
    Vitureira, Cipriano S. (Cipriano Santiago), 1907-
    The essay “Bernabé Michelena y la claridad solidaria” is the third chapter of the book Arte Simple, published in 1937 by the Uruguayan essayist Cipriano S. Vitureira. The author evaluates the sculptural work of Michelena at a time when the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1220692

  • La muestra de pintura y escultura de aspirantes a los salarios
    Cristóbal, Juan
    In this essay that originated from within the C.T.I.U. (Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay), the case was taken of a “sample of aspirants to artistic wages in 1933” with the intent to demonstrate the crisis in the quality of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1211379

  • Salón de Bellas Artes de ayuda a los niños de España Republicana
    Ateneo de Montevideo
    The exhibition “Salón de Bellas Artes de ayuda a los niños de España republicana” was the first political event of this kind organized in support of the children in the Second Spanish Republic (1931–39). It consisted of an exhibition and a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1186907

  • 1er Salón Municipal de Artes Plásticas : Su contenido artístico
    Vitureira, Cipriano S. (Cipriano Santiago), 1907-
    This special edition of the magazine AIAPE (Agrupación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores) was devoted entirely to the first Salón Municipal de Artes Plásticas (Montevideo, 1940). The sole article in the magazine was written by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1184568

  • Una música muy recta, cuadrada y rectangular
    Casique, Teresa
    This interview with Venezuelan sculptor Víctor Valera by journalist Teresa Casique makes mention of the artist’s early exhibitions of painting, specifically the one held in Paris in 1953 and the one held at the Ateneo in Caracas in 1965 (there is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172378

  • Villanueva and the Uses of Arts : The integration of painting and sculpture in his architecture constitutes a unique achievement of our period
    Moholy- Nagy, Sibyl, 1903-1971
    The writer of this text was Sibyl Moholy-Nagy, an art history professor and architecture critic in Germany. Here, she addresses the issue of art integration, which has been of interest to the art world for a long time. Focusing on the way [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172346

  • Las experiencias de un ensayo de integración : la Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbanismo
    Villanueva, Carlos Raúl, 1900-1975
    In this essay, Venezuelan architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva discusses in general terms why an architect might incorporate paintings and sculptures into an architectural project and the social implications of this integration. He outlines the concepts [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172330

  • Alejandro Otero, permaneciendo : retrospectiva en el Museo de Arte Contemporáneo
    Ramos, María Elena, 1947-
    The curator María Elena Ramos provides a broad overview of Alejandro Otero’s oeuvre on the occasion of a retrospective exhibition of his work. Ramos reflects on the Venezuelan painter and sculptor’s essential concerns which, in her opinion, wove [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172282

  • Cuerpos para un espacio en América
    Ramos, María Elena, 1947-
    In this essay, which is arranged in five sections, María Elena Ramos discusses Cornelis Zitman’s sculptures and drawings. In the first section Ramos explains how the artist has chosen to portray the female form with exaggerated features that do [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1171913

  • [Hay en la obra de Cornelis Zitman el poder...]
    Lorquin, Bertrand
    In this essay, French critic and curator Bertrand Lorquin analyzes the work of sculptor Cornelis Zitman. He discusses the range of influences on Zitman’s production, from classical Greek and Renaissance artists to Giacometti, Picasso, and Maillol, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1169299

  • De la evocación posmodernista a la ilusión moderna
    Silva, Carlos
    The critic Carlos Silva wrote a study of the work of the Venezuelan sculptor Edgar Guinand, pointing out two fundamental periods in his life in art. The first is defined by the writer in the visual arts context that follows the Latin American Post- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1169271

  • A las puertas del salón : diecinueve años de pintura venezolana
    Armas Alfonzo, Alfredo, 1921-
    The historian Alfredo Armas Alfonzo studies mid-twentieth century Venezuelan art (between 1940 and 1958) through the survey of the first nineteen years of art salons in the country. Following his analysis of the sociocultural context that certain [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1168284

  • Tablones de Alejandro Otero, 1974
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    Roberto Guevara writes this criticism about the series Tablones by Alejandro Otero. The writer refers to a dynamic that prevails in art: providing solutions that feature continuity along with a range of explorations. Guevara analyzes how the “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1168185

  • Las formas del poder = The forms of power
    Planchart Licea, Eduardo, 1954-
    In this essay, Eduardo Planchart studies the specific qualities of the sculptural work of Gaudí Esté. The text can be divided into four parts. In the first, the writer analyzes the art language used by the artist, which is characterized by her use [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167995

  • Cornelis Zitman
    Traba, Marta
    In this essay, Marta Traba presents a broad overview of contemporary sculpture. She bases her report on the writings of Werner Hoffmann, Gillo Dorfles, and Jean Clarence Lambert, who provide a breakdown of the various movements, trends, and artists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167924

  • No esta clausurado el Taller Libre de Arte : afirma su director, el profesor Celso Pérez Rodríguez
    Pérez, Celso
    The deterioration of the site occupied by the Taller Libre de Arte (TLA) [(in Caracas)] was evident in this [March 4, 1967] news item. The news piece reported on an order to repair the sanitary facilities and electrical system of the workshop and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167909

  • Introducción
    Medina, José Ramón, 1921-
    This essay by José Ramón Medina studies the production of artist Marisol [Escobar]. Medina discusses specific traits of the artist’s personality pertinent to her work, among them an incisive sense of satire, a spirit of protest, and an interest [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167893

  • [Una de las primeras cosas que sorprenden al contemplar...]
    Salvador, José María
    In this essay, the historian José María Salvador identifies the salient features of Carlos Medina’s work—such as his use of basic geometric elements and the material importance of stone—which provide the Venezuelan sculptor with a range of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167877

  • Tallar el poder
    Ramos, María Elena, 1947-
    In this essay, curator María Elena Ramos examines the philosophical and aesthetic implications of representations of man-animal hybrids in the history of humanity, specifically in relation to art and to the wood carvings by Venezuelan sculptor Gaud [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167844

  • El espacio dinámico en la obra de Alejandro Otero
    Bayón, Damián
    Damián Bayón reviews Alejandro Otero’s paintings and sculptures in search of what he calls their “dynamic space.” The Argentine critic and historian discusses Otero’s earliest work and the synthesis in his landscapes, then associates his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167828

  • El mágico mundo de Zitman : una mujer como un continente
    Leeuwen, Boeli van
    In this text, the Antilles-born writer Boeli van Leeuwen studies the sculpture of Cornelis Zitman, the Venezuelan artist of Dutch origin, offering a narrative description of the walkthrough that extends from the entrance of La Trinidad Hacienda to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167797

  • Una primera vida = première vie...
    Rodríguez, Bélgica, 1941-
    Bélgica Rodríguez analyzes the work of sculptor Colette Delozanne, the Venezuelan artist born in France. In this text, she covers Delozanne’s artistic and personal trajectory, including her arrival in Venezuela in 1955. The author divides the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167749

  • Un espacio para la plástica contemporánea del venezolano común
    Prada, Francisco Elías, 1958-
    Supported by theories of folk art that are backed by authors such as Néstor García Canclini and Francisco Da Antonio, the author, Francisco Prada, defends this genre through the formulation of a definition that affords it dignity and examines it in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1166318

  • Bienal de Churuguara : más leña para el fuego
    Suazo, Félix, 1966-
    In 1998, the Cuban art researcher and curator established in Venezuela, Félix Suazo, presented his review of the ninth round of the Bienal de Churuguara (State of Falcón). It was held in the Ateneo Casta J. Riera, and its purpose was to reconsider [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1166214

  • [Una vez más se presenta la bienal...]
    Erminy, Perán
    The art critic Perán Erminy sets forth the standards for organizing the Third Bárbaro Rivas Biennial of Popular Art (Museo de Arte Popular de Petare, Caracas, 1992), explaining the changes in the conditions of the competition stated in the related [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1166077

  • El planteamiento pictórico de William Stone
    Guédez, Víctor
    The critic Víctor Guédez reviews the work of the Venezuelan painter, engraver, and sculptor William Stone. He structures his readings at three levels: conceptual, aesthetic, and visual. At each level, Guédez points out the distinctive feature in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1165910

  • ¿Dónde están las nubes?
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    In this essay, the critic Roberto Guevara discusses the Cuban-born Venezuelan painter Rolando Dorrego’s career and latest work. Guevara begins with a review of the art movement of the early 1970s (in which Dorrego was an active participant), which [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1165822

  • El 51 Salón Arturo Michelena : fragmentos para una propuesta
    Oropeza, José Napoleón, 1949-
    The Venezuelan writer José Napoleón Oropeza reviews the works exhibited at the 51º Salón Michelena in Valencia (in the Venezuelan state of Carabobo) in 1993, and groups them in the categories mentioned in the invitation: painting, photography, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1165714

  • [Fabiola Sequera abre un capítulo desconocido...]
    Niño Araque, William
    In this text, curator William Niño Araque reflects on Fabiola Sequera’s sculpture on the occasion of the exhibition held at the Galería Astrid Paredes in Caracas in 1991. The curatorial essay proposes three approaches to a body of work that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1165647

  • Importancia y diversidad de la escultura en la Bienal Narváez
    Palenzuela, Juan Carlos, 1954-
    Historian Juan Carlos Palenzuela provides a detailed account of the first five editions of the Bienal Nacional de Escultura Francisco Narváez held at the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Francisco Narváez de Porlamar (state of Nueva Esparta) from 1982 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1164466

  • La escultura en Venezuela
    Erminy, Perán
    Perán Erminy discusses sculpture in relation to what he sees as its origins in Judeo-Christian mythology: the Bible states that man was molded out of earth, which Erminy understands as the first sculptural form. Erminy upholds the historical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1164439

  • Valerie, el magma, la burguja y la serpiente
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    In this essay, Juan Calzadilla describes some of the characteristics of classic works of sculpture. Both ancient artists like Polykleitos and more recent figures like Alberto Giacometti make use of a vertical form in sculpture akin to living bodies. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1164046

  • Las esculturas de Carlos Mendoza
    Guédez, Víctor
    In this essay, Víctor Guédez reviews the work of the Venezuelan sculptor Carlos Mendoza. The critic proposes a classification of the artist’s work according to four categories, each one focused on a particular aspect of his sculptural works, as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163669

  • [Domenico Casasanta adhiere, a nuestro juicio...]
    Da Antonio, Francisco, 1930-
    In this document, the critic Francisco Da Antonio develops a chronological essay on the life and work of Domenico Casasanta, starting in 1958, when the artist arrived in Venezuela. After almost a decade in which he produced no work, in 1968, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163653

  • Marisol in the 60's - social satire and search for identity
    Hyuga, Akiko
    This essay by Japanese art critic Akiko Hyuga on the art of Marisol [Escobar] is divided into three parts. In the first, Hyuga examines the origins of Pop art in North America, discussing its influence and major exponents. He then considers how [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163366

  • Con Marisol y a veces sin ella : crónica de una no entrevista
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    In this essay, the Venezuelan critic Roberto Guevara not only addresses the Pop art work of the Venezuelan-North American sculptor Marisol [Escobar] but also the varied characteristics of her personality. Guevara examines the underlying true [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163318

  • Alejandro Otero : los fundamentos de sus esculturas a escala cívica
    Guédez, Víctor
    In this essay, the critic Víctor Guédez reviews Alejandro Otero’s sculptural work, basing his comments on its visual, technical, and conceptual aspects. As regards the visual aspects, Guédez identifies movement, time, space, and light as Otero [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163158

  • Una conciencia de arte latinoamericano
    Palenzuela, Juan Carlos, 1954-
    The Venezuelan critic Juan Carlos Palenzuela examines the career trajectory of Alejandro Otero from the perspective of the notions of “innovation” and “renewal.” [According to Palenzuela,] the lucidity that the Venezuelan artist and sculptor [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163142

  • [Tal vez resulte un lugar común afirmar que...]
    Carreño, Freddy
    In this essay on the fourth Bienal Nacional de Escultura Francisco Narváez (Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Francisco Narváez, 1988), the critic Freddy Carreño introduces the reader to the history of sculpture from its beginnings. The writer points [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162982

  • Residencia en la tierra
    Silva, Carlos
    In this essay Carlos Silva provides a general description of Pedro Barreto’s sculptural work. Silva mentions the sculptor’s major influences, which include nature and the area around the Orinoco River Delta. The author identifies many of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162966

  • [La escultura - por no decir el arte de la estatua-...]
    Tapias, Anita
    This essay by the curator Ana Tapias is divided into two parts. In the first part Tapias rapidly reviews the history of sculpture in Venezuela, then describes what’s going on in the contemporary Abstract art scene. In the second part she discusses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162950

  • Maderas insistentes
    Balza, José
    This text by Venezuelan writer José Balza provides an overview of the life and sculpture of Pedro Barreto. Balza depicts the landscape of the Delta of the Orinoco River, where the artist was born, as well as his youth and relationship to his father [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162934

  • Para iniciar la ceremonia
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    In this essay, Roberto Guevara discusses Gaudí Esté’s visual art, acknowledging the importance of the Venezuelan sculptor’s relationship with wood, her material of choice. Guevara sees similarities between her carvings and Russian “matryoshka [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162839

  • Gaudi Esté : símbolos de una historia actual
    Chacón, Katherine
    In this text, Katherine Chacón analyzes sculpture in wood by Venezuelan artist Gaudí Esté in terms of symbolism, balance of form, and gestural violence. Chacón asserts that the two fundamental aspects of Esté’s work are an inclination for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162823