Topic Descriptor: mural paintings (visual works)×
  • [In response to Judithe Hernandez...]
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    1981
    This letter by the art historian and critic Shifra M. Goldman responds to a letter from the Chicana artist Judithe Hernandez. The latter’s letter was responding to Goldman’s review of the exhibition Murals of Aztlán: Street Painters of East Los [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847096

  • A personal response : to some of the twelve points posited with respect to chicano nationalism
    Sorell, V. A. (Victor A.)
    In this text, art historian and activist Victor Alejandro Sorell ponders on arguments for designating Chicano people a nation: the history of the twelfth-century Aztec homeland Aztlán, —located in the U.S. Southwest,— included; the seizure of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1064542

  • Arte : el mural del capitolio
    1947
    This article in the Revista Semana discusses the research and sketches being done by Santiago Martínez Delgado in order to portray the congressional session in Cúcuta when the Liberator, Simón Bolívar, and General Francisco Santander took office [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1134910

  • Artes guadalupanos de Aztlán
    Garduño, Geronimo
    1998
    Geronimo Garduño’s essay details the evolution and achievements of the Chicano mural collective, Artes Guadalupanos de Aztlán, which was formed in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Garduño enumerates the factors that led to the group’s creation in 1971; [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 848780

  • Chicano art - looking backward
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    1981
    This essay by art historian and critic Shifra M. Goldman is a review of two Chicano group exhibitions held in 1981: Califas: An Exhibition of Chicano Artists in California and Murals of Aztlán: Street Painters of East Los Angeles. The former was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847329

  • Chicano Art of the Southwest in the Eighties
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    1986
    In this essay, Shifra M. Goldman discusses the inextricable link between the politics and art of the Chicano movement. Political and social rifts of the 1980s were echoed within the Chicano art world. The main point of contention in both realms was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 820994

  • Chicano-Latino wall art : the mural and the poster
    Garcia, Rupert
    1983
    In this essay, artist and author Rupert Garcia focuses on two related modes of Chicano art: the mural and the poster. Garcia maintains that Chicano-Latino mural and poster art were both born out of the social upheavals of the 1960s and 1970s. Both [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809445

  • Citizens keep round-the-clock vigil on threatened mural site
    Lowe, Frederick
    1978
    This newspaper article describes how residents of Chicago’s Humboldt Park community kept a 24-hour watch over the building that housed the mural Breaking the Chains (1971 by John Weber and collaborators) in order to prevent it from being razed by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 857153

  • Ciudades Universitarias México y Caracas
    Torre, Guillermo de, 1900 -1971
    1968
    This essay by the Spanish writer Guillermo de Torre is divided into two separate sections. The first is about the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (located in Mexico City, in Valle del Pedregal de San Ángel), a project in which several [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172362

  • Creative aspects of La Raza inspired by chicano experiences
    Torres, Salvador Roberto, 1936-
    1973
    In this Masters of Fine Arts (MFA) thesis, Salvador Torres presents the theoretical foundation for his project that traces the development of the United Farm Workers’ Huelga (Strike) banner through a series of six paintings and six drawings. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 820503

  • Cry For Justice
    Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen of North America
    1972
    The text Cry for Justice is composed of three parts: a statement entitled “To Listen and to Act,” photographs with extended captions of murals in Chicago since 1967, and an essay entitled “Museum of the Streets.” In the first part, the civil [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782511

  • D. Alfaro Siqueiros y los “próximos-pasados”
    González Tuñon, Raúl, 1905-1974
    1933
    The Argentine poet and journalist, Raúl González Tuñón, mounts a defense of the work of the Mexican artist, David Alfaro Siqueiros, supporting his position of taking artwork to the street. The writer comments on Siqueiros’s lectures at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733230

  • Desarrollo artístico : murales en Fábrica de Fomento
    De La Rosa, Samuel
    1956
    Journalist Samuel E. de la Rosa explains that in the late 1950s, the management of the company, Fomento Industrial de Puerto Rico, took the initiative to install prefabricated murals in factories. The purpose of these installations was to awaken [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 854271

  • East Humboldt Park Community Unites to Save Building and Mural from City's Wrecking Crews
    Comite Provisional Del Mejoramiento de Nuestra Comunidad/Provisional Committee to Better Our Community
    1978
    This press release, issued by the Provisional Committee to Better our Community, announces a press conference on March 31, 1978, at which the East Humboldt Park Community would call for the city of Chicago to halt its plans to demolish a residential [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074915

  • Ejercicio plástico
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1933
    Indeed, by way of a manifesto, this document is signed by the Equipo Poligráfico Ejecutor [Polygraphic Work Team], made up of David Alfaro Siqueiros, Lino Enea Spilimbergo, Enrique Lázaro, Juan C. Castagnino, and Antonio Berni. The article [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733109

  • El pintor Siqueiros : el debate de la pintura mural es el tema del día en el ambiente artístico
    1933
    The chronicle shows the impact in the local media of the lectures on mural painting by David Alfaro Siqueiros, including discussions about the political function of art, the organization of artists, and mural painting. These lectures have created [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734039

  • Entrevista con Alex Garza
    1979
    In this candid interview in Abrazo, Chicago-based Chicano sculptor Alex Garza discusses his development and process, and voices his thoughts on public art and the Chicano community. Garza reflects on his involvement with ALBA (Association of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801969

  • Gender, muralism and the politics of identity : Chicana muralism and indigenist aesthetics
    Latorre, Guisela, 1970-
    2003
    In this document, Guisela Latorre examines the emergence of a Chicana muralist program that developed in response to the unequal treatment of women within national Chicano political and artistic movements, which often regarded their participation as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849343

  • Judy Baca
    Baca, Judith Francisca
    1986
    In this essay, muralist Judy Baca details the development of the contemporary Chicano mural movement that began in the 1960s, focusing on Los Angeles as the site of some of the most prolific and innovative mural projects. Baca underscores the deep [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809296

  • La decoración mural y las ideas sociológicas : el caso Siqueiros
    Canale, Mario A., 1890-1951
    1933
    Mario Canale presents an evaluative reading on Mexican muralism and in particular on the proselytism carried out by David Alfaro Siqueiros in Argentina. Canale writes against the use of art as a political instrument. In his judgment, art should not [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732942

  • La pintura en la Secundaria “Calles”
    1934
    This author describes the mural commission for the functionalist education center in Mexico City, with images accompanying his review. He emphasizes the collective nature of the works as well as the paintings’ subjects. The author applauds the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752979

  • Le démon des anges : a brief history of the Chicano-Latino artists of Los Angeles
    Nieto, Margarita
    1989
    This essay by Margarita Nieto details the history of Chicano art in Los Angeles and broader California. Nieto focuses on the artworks and activism of sixteen prominent artists, including Carlos Almaraz, Gronk, Patssi Valdez, Luis Jimenez, and others [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849362

  • Los enemigos del arte han prohibido la tercera conferencia del profesor Siqueiros : esta actitud tendrá la virtud de llevar un público diez veces mayor al lugar en que ésta tenga que realizarse
    1933
    This document reports on the prohibition of David Alfaro Siqueiros’s third lecture at Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art Association] in Buenos Aires. The article mentions the part played by writer Victoria Ocampo. It also discusses the content of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733972

  • Los murales de Torres y algunas afirmaciones
    García Esteban, Fernando, 1917-1982
    1972
    This article by Fernando García Esteban appeared in the weekly journal Marcha and is part of a controversy with the writer Juan Carlos Somma. All in all, the critic’s rant revealed behavior and decisions, both governmental and private, when he was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245013

  • Mujeres Muralistas
    1986
    This document is a brief manifesto written by the women’s mural collective Mujeres Muralistas. It states the principles behind their practice of mural painting, emphasizing the importance of collectivity and collaboration to their mission. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809311

  • Mural de Tamayo es obra trascendental
    Cordero, Sonia
    1957
    The journalist Sonia Cordero tells us that the mural commissioned by the Universidad de Puerto Rico (UPR) from the Mexican artist, Rufino Tamayo, was mounted in the General Library on the Rio Piedras Campus in 1957. Cordero mentions the materials [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 856770

  • Murals : fine, popular, or folk art?
    González, Alicia María
    1982
    Alicia María González’s recount of the Chicano mural movement in Southern California sketches the social and political circumstances in the U.S. during the 1960s and ‘70s that generated the mural movement, as well as the ones that led to its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796166

  • Murals changing face of east L.A.
    Olmo, Frank del, 1948- 2004
    1973
    This document involves a brief article published in the Los Angeles Times in late 1973 that reports on the early developments in Chicano muralism, focusing on the large-scale mural project at the Estrada Courts Housing Project in East L.A. It begins [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126945

  • Murals/ Public Art
    Baca, Judith Francisca
    1986
    In this document, muralist Judith Baca discusses the development of the Chicano mural movement, brought to light in conditions of unrest and injustice in Los Angeles. Baca underlines the unique physical characteristics of Los Angeles that facilitated [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847448

  • No sean majaderos
    Torres-García, Joaquín, 1874-1949
    1947
    “No sean majaderos” [don’t be idiots] is an example of the hostile, scornful tone that Joaquín Torres-García adopted in the latter years of his life to address colleagues and art critics who rejected or objected to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263777

  • Nuestras artes en Michigan: an overview of Chicano/Latino/Hispanic art in Michigan
    Gonzales, Jesse
    2003
    In this text, Jesse Gonzales presents an overview of Latino art in Michigan, from the nineteenth-century to the time when he published this essay, touching upon key moments from the 1920s to the 1990s. Gonzales features early fiestas patrias [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781991

  • Pintura al óleo y pintura mural
    Lurçat, Jean
    1933
    Taking readers on a journey through history, French artist and tapestry expert Jean Lurçat describes the difference between easel painting and frescoes. In Lurçat’s opinion, easel painting pertains to private property; whereas the fresco is a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732968

  • Pintura Gratuita : Alfaro Siqueiros y Carlos Chávez
    Núñez Alonso, Alejandro
    1932
    The writer Alejandro Núñez Alonso ironically comments on the restrictions imposed by the Secretaría de Educación Pública [Ministry of Public Education or SEP]. According to his comments, the visual artists will no longer receive a salary, nor [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733078

  • Pinturas en las escuelas
    1935
    The article refers to the “revolutionary painter brigades” commissioned by the Departamento de Bellas Artes to represent “the Mexican socialist struggle” and the “philosophy of the new teaching” in various murals within official schools [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752997

  • Pinturas murales mexicanas
    Charlot, Jean
    1930
    Artist Jean Charlot suggests that murals in “pulquerías” [agave sap saloons] and butcher shops are genuine works of art because of their superior aesthetic level. He remarks that, aesthetically speaking, Mexico is like Pompeii, Italy, in terms [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736696

  • Plástica Dialéctico - Subversiva
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1933
    David Alfaro Siqueiros defines the visual arts in the era of the proletarian struggle by their dialectic and subversive form.  This mechanically produced art is materialistic, dynamically objective, and is exemplary on multiple levels. Its approach [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 729869

  • Pro domo mea
    Payró, Julio E., 1899-1971
    1933
    Julio E. Payró critiques the work of David Alfaro Siqueiros, particularly the subject matter of his murals, proposing that there is a larger universality to these works, and the consideration that “beauty” is the true function of the artist. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733258

  • Reading the "writing" on the walls: three Chicago muralists in profile
    Sorell, V. A. (Victor A.)
    1983
    In this text, Victor A. Sorell considers the works of the three Chicago-based, Mexican muralists Aurelio Díaz Alfaro, Marcos Raya, and Vicente Mendoza through the prism of what he characterizes as three language types—“private,” “public,” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1064149

  • Sources
    Garcia, Rupert
    1976
    This essay by Chicano artist Rupert Garcia explores the use of the term “the other” in order to define and separate minority groups within mainstream Western culture and how this is reflected in art. The catalyst for this discussion is an exhibit [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796213

  • Space, power, and youth culture : Mexican American grafitti and Chicano murals in East Los Angeles, 1972-1978
    Sanchez-Tranquilino, Marcos
    1995
    In this essay, Marcos Sánchez-Tranquilino maps out the differences and points of contact between murals linked to the Chicano Movement of the 1970s and graffiti by Mexican-American youth, specifically youth gang culture. For this essay he uses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796234

  • Statements by mujeres muralistas
    Rodríguez, Patricia
    This document consists of paragraph-long statements by three members of Mujeres Muralistas. The first one is by Consuelo Mendez, who identifies herself as an artist-worker. She articulates her reasons for being a muralist and the importance of having [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1127481

  • The art of the Chicano movement and the movement of Chicano art
    Martinez, Manuel J.
    1972
    In this essay, Manuel J. Martinez discusses the origins of Chicano art and proposes that it is an art of social protest at all. According to him, Chicano art is influenced by three sources: indigenous, colonial Spanish, and modern Mexican (or mestizo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847019

  • The artist as a revolutionary
    Almaraz, Carlos, 1941-1989
    1976
    This document by artist Carlos Almaraz looks at the relationship between art (namely muralism) and social inequality, with specific attention paid to the potential role of the political image in empowering marginalized groups and challenging accepted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 845759

  • The contemporary mural movement : interview with Chuy Campusano
    Maradiaga, Ralph; Campusano, Chuy
    1977
    This document is an interview between Ralph Maradiaga and Chicano muralist Chuy Campusano. It centers on the relationship between the Mexican and Chicano mural movements, their similarities and differences, as well as the influence of famous Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803320

  • The Frescoes of Diego Rivera
    Evans, Ernestine
    1929
    Ernestine Evans reviews Diego Rivera’s murals, referring to their artistic and political values. In this introductory essay she discusses the murals at the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria, the SEP (Ministry of Public Education), and the School of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752555

  • Torres García no tiene la culpa
    Somma, Juan Carlos
    1972
    In the Montevidean press, the controversy between the writer Juan Carlos Somma and the art critic Fernando García Esteban developed and was published in installments. It revolved around the governmental and private decisions that were made in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245035

  • Turning it around : chicana art critic Yvonne Yarbro-Bejarano discusses the insider/outsider visions of Ester Hernández and Yolanda López
    Yarbro-Bejarano, Yvonne
    1993
    In this document Chicana art critic Yvonne Yarbro-Bejarano analyzes important works by two prominent Chicana visual artists, Ester Hernández and Yolanda López in order to show how both women subvert popular imagery and iconography to reclaim it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847421

  • Un problema técnico sin precedente en la historia del Arte : El muralismo figurativo y realista en el exterior
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1952
    During the construction of Mexico City’s UNAM campus, which was begun in 1950, architects and artists worked together to create buildings with murals on exterior walls. In this lengthy lecture, David Alfaro Siqueiros outlines the history of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751205

  • Una obra de incalculable valor es la realizada por Siqueiros y su equipo de pintores, en una finca cercana a Buenos Aires : importancia y explicación técnico-ideológica de la pintura monumental al fresco moderno
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1933
    Interview with David Alfaro Siqueiros about the creation of Ejercicio Plástico [Visual Exercise]  a mural done in Natalio Botana’s property, with his Lead Poligraphic Team made up by Spilimbergo, Berni, Lázaro, and Castagnino. He mentions the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730524

  • Visita de Massera al pintor Berni
    1978
    This is an account of the occasion when Admiral Emilio Eduardo Massera, a member of the ruling military junta, visited the Galerías Pacífico in Buenos Aires in 1978, to observe the mural restoration project in which Antonio Berni was engaged [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785256