Topic Descriptor: Surrealist×
  • ¡Por un arte revolucionario independiente!
    1938
    With war looming in the background, this manifesto, dated July 25, 1938, and signed by André Breton and Diego Rivera, expresses a particular point of view regarding the concept of freedom of expression for the artist and the man of science—“the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792914

  • [A ação de Maria como escultora]
    Mendes Monteiro, Murilo
    1956
    This essay by Murilo Mendes appeared in the exhibition catalogue for work by the sculptor Maria Martins at the MAM-RJ (Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro) in 1956. Mendes thinks the uniqueness of her work arises from a confrontation at a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110395

  • [Decía en noviembre de 1969 con motivo de mi segunda exposición surrealista..]
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1974
    In his essay in the catalogue for the exhibition titled Antonio Berni: oleos y collages [Antonio Berni: Oil Paintings and Collages] (Buenos Aires, Imagen Galería de Arte, 1974), Berni writes about the Surrealist influence in his work, and about his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 775249

  • [El siglo XIX estalla en una granada fantástica...]
    Moro, César, d. 1956
    1939
    In the introduction to this catalog, César Moro (a celebrated Peruvian poet and artist) alludes to the antecedents of Surrealism within the avant-garde movements of the beginning of the twentieth century. He also identifies the contact points that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752617

  • [En esta exposición presento dos etapas]
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1961
    Antonio Berni himself presents his works produced over a time span of three decades. Berni emphasizes that while he showed in the Sociedad Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art Society] his surrealistic production in 1932, there are many that do not know [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765359

  • [Ismael Nery nasceu em Belém do Pará]
    Mendes Monteiro, Murilo
    1948
    In his text on the life and work of Ismael Nery, writer Murilo Mendes asserts that, though Nery was mostly known as a painter, his true focus was philosophy. Mendes provides an overview of Nery’s “essentialism”—a philosophical system he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110383

  • [La aclimatación gratuita a las llamadas escuelas]
    Kosice, Gyula, 1924-
    1944
    In this article, Gyula Kosice speaks out against surrealism and reaffirms his belief in abstract art inspired by the image itself. In the author’s opinion, the latter view guarantees multidimensional harmony with no need for psychic adaptations [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 729940

  • [La difusión actual del surrealismo...]
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1967
    The critic considers that the relevance of Surrealism lies in the fact that it is not an artistic but an ideological movement; it is in art where it finds itself justified. Pellegrini analyzes, among others, several aspects such as humor, desire, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 745141

  • [Letter] 1927 December 25, São Paulo [to] Prudente de Moraes Neto
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1927
    This is a letter from the critic Mário de Andrade to the writer Prudente de Moraes Neto. Adopting a brotherly tone, de Andrade criticizes the Surrealist nature of Moraes Neto’s article in the modernist magazine VERDE, published in Cataguazes (in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110368

  • [Letter] 1957 January 27, Puerto Rico [to] los artistas de “El Mirador Azul” sobre el surrealismo y la vida de creación
    Echevarría, José R.
    1957
    This is an essay written by José R. Echevarría about Surrealism and the creative life. He believes that all creative acts are a protest against a “given” reality. He adds that dreams, delirium, fantasy, and memory are all means of accessing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 823787

  • [Na mesma medida em que]
    Araújo, Olívio Tavares de
    1985
    Olívio Tavares de Araújo introduces an exhibition of the work of Farnese de Andrade, an artist then known in Rio, but not in São Paulo. The writer brings up the strange nature of this artist from Minas Gerais, under the label of “mineiridad.” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111201

  • [Nada evoca tanto quanto a obra de Maria...]
    Péret, Benjamin, 1899-1959
    1956
    This essay by the French Surrealist poet Benjamin Péret appeared in the catalogue for the exhibition of works by Maria Martins presented at the MAM-RJ (Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro) in 1956. Péret discusses the artist’s sculptures, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110398

  • [Nadie ha logrado como Artaud]
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1956
    A text by Pellegrini which introduces the translation, which he himself wrote, of a text by the French poet Antonin Artaud. He points out that nobody other than this author has lived through the paroxysm of the most extreme questions a human being [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 744689

  • [Ninguna de las artes...]
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1969
    The critic highlights the fact that—in Roberto Aizenberg’s work—a process of purification was set into motion by three essential elements: space, light, and architecture. Pellegrini points out that technical perfection and impeccable detailing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 744959

  • [Roberto Aizenberg, Osvaldo Borda, Victor Chab y Julio H. Silva...]
    Llinás, Julio
    1966
    Julio Llinás states that Roberto Aizenberg, Osvaldo Borda, Victor Chab, and Julio H. Silva are gathered again after ten years in order to restart their dialogue. According to Llinás, their heterodoxy did not imply a formal and irrational [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 762798

  • [Terá existido um pintor verdadeiramente surrealista?]
    Mendes Monteiro, Murilo
    1948
    This text by writer Murilo Mendes addresses the connections between the work of Brazilian painter Nery and the Surrealist movement. It contains an account of when, in 1927, Nery met Russian painter Marc Chagall and remarks on certain affinities [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110384

  • A arte do fantástico
    Vieira, José Geraldo, 1897-1977
    1952
    The art critic José Geraldo Vieira reviews the history of Surrealism and mentions Hieronymus Bosch, Albrecht Dürer, and William Hogarth, among others. In the critic’s opinion, these artists created a “cosmogony of the absurd” centuries ahead [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111415

  • A arte na Inglaterra
    Carvalho, Flávio de; Head, H. Herbert (Henry Herbert)
    1935
    This is the statement of the British art critic Herbert Read, interviewed by the Brazilian artist Flávio de Carvalho. Read stresses the importance of the influence of black art on international modernism and claims that art is currently split into [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110385

  • A morte de Ismael Nery
    Machado, Aníbal, 1894-1964
    1934
    Writer Aníbal Machado published this text on the occasion of the death of Ismael Nery. He points out some aspects of the artist’s personality and work and compares his painting with foreign artists of the stature of Max Ernest and André Masson [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110380

  • A nova forma poética: uma conversa com Tristan Tzara
    Carvalho, Flávio de; Tzara, Tristan, 1896-1963
    1935
    This is the transcript of a statement made by the poet Tristan Tzara when he was interviewed by Flávio de Carvalho during the latter’s trip to Europe in 1934. Tzara speaks at great length about Dadaist methods, the movement he leads, and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110387

  • A un siglo de la muerte de Lautréamont
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1970
    Aldo Pellegrini’s text presents the centennial tribute for the death of Count of Lautréamont, Isidore Ducasse. Pellegrini highlights that Ducasse’s work uses canons, or rules, in order to break them and—by means of this mechanis— outwit or [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 745061

  • Agustín Lazo
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1939
    This article praises the artistic qualities of the work of Agustín Lazo, who participated in the international surrealist exhibition a few months later. Cardoza mentions the visual interpretation of the work of Giorgio de Chirico, as well as the use [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795181

  • Al público de la América Latina y del mundo entero : principalmente a los escritores : artistas y hombres de ciencia: hacemos la siguiente declaración
    Alvarez Bravo, Manuel
    1938
    The protest reports on a series of cancellations and blockages that prevented André Breton from arriving at the university and other college facilities. This occurred despite his official invitation and the fact that his presentation was planned in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 800240

  • Alice Rahon : Pintor- poeta
    Nelken, Margarita
    1961
    In this article, Margarita Nelken looks back over Alice Rahon’s career. Nelken explains that Rahon, the French artist who straddled between both Surrealist painting and Surrealist poetry, had shaken off her father’s aesthetic influence while [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772489

  • André Breton
    Barreda, Octavio G.
    1938
    Letras de México, the magazine directed by Octavio G. Barreda, devoted its May 1938 issue to André Breton and Surrealism. It published several of his essays: an excerpt of “Les vases communicantes” [Communicating Vessels], “Le merveilleux [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774259

  • André Breton
    Mendes Monteiro, Murilo
    1973
    This text by Murilo Mendes was written on the occasion of the death of French Surrealist writer André Breton in 1966. On the basis of certain encounters he had with Breton in Paris in 1952 and 1953, Mendes makes observations on the work and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110388

  • André Breton : la niebla y el relámpago
    Paz, Octavio
    1996
    This is a dense re-telling of Octavio Paz’s nexus to surrealism and particular link to André Breton. It tells of the role played by the poet Benjamín Péret in this long relationship, which the Mexican writer sums up as a moral bond: “My [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779416

  • André Bretón debuta en Hoy!
    Breton, André, 1896-1966
    1938
    This is the first interview granted by André Breton after he arrived in Mexico City. In the article, the French poet “provides a clear, insightful review of conditions in French literature and painting, the position taken by French intellectuals [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779813

  • André Breton o la búsqueda del comienzo
    Paz, Octavio
    1996
    In this essay, along with posthumous praise for the figure, André Breton, Octavio Paz establishes a new approach to surrealism, automatic writing and the concept of revelation: “The critics are saying that surrealism is no longer the avant-garde. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779424

  • Antonio Berni incorpora el fotomontaje a sus diversificados mecanismos expresivos
    1974
    Antonio Berni states his position on hyperrealism; he mentions the work of his surrealist stage in order relate the mechanisms of creation for photomontage and the collages from his Juanito Laguna series [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785316

  • Arte : Ortopedia, humor y algunas obsesiones
    1964
    This article describes the characteristics of the works included in the exhibition Sexteto [Sextet] (Buenos Aires: Galería Lirolay, 1964) and reprints the artists’ opinions regarding the show’s classification as Pop art, a term that was used by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760919

  • Arte destructivo
    Kemble, Kenneth, 1923-
    1961
    Kenneth Kemble tackles the authorship of an idea of destructive art, which is more an experimentation than an -ism. In his view, destructive art evokes the diversity of man’s essential needs: destruction as emotion, the pleasure and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 741463

  • Arte surrealista y arte concreto
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1953
    In this article, Aldo Pellegrini recognizes a link between Surrealist art and Abstract art prone to expression. In this sense, he also considers it possible to establish this same relationship with the Concrete artist. Although the latter rises out [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 742471

  • Arte y sujeto
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1938
    Antonio Berni writes about the development of modern art since impressionism, focusing in particular on both Paul Cézanne and cubism. In particular, his analysis of surrealism stands out. The artist likewise analyzes the dehumanization of art, pure [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 775602

  • Artes plásticas
    Noé, Luis Felipe
    1956
    Luis Felipe Noé comments on the exhibition by Orlando Pierri at the Galería Pizarro. In Noé’s opinion, all that remains of Surrealism is the concept of dissociation of the light now representing not what is beneath reality but what is above it. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 738367

  • Artes Plásticas
    Noé, Luis Felipe
    1956
    Commenting on the work of Argentine painter Juan Batlle Planas exhibited at Galatea, Noé praises the artist’s capacity for self-renewal after having completed a cycle of rigorous work in the realm of symbology. Noé also comments on the work of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 739979

  • Artes plásticas
    Noé, Luis Felipe
    1956
    Luis Felipe Noé delves into the work of Carlos Torrallardona as a search for geometry within reality. Also, Noé reviewed the exhibition by five artists at the Galería Peuser to establish the nexus between surrealism and abstraction, particularly [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 740099

  • Artes plásticas
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1954
    In this text, Peruvian writer Sebastián Salazar Bondy comments on the exhibition of Surrealist painting held at the Galería de Lima in July 1954. In Salazar Bondy’s view, Surrealism played a fundamental role in forming the language of modern art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138582

  • Artistas y exposiciones : la singular exposición de arte destructivo
    Córdova Iturburu, C. (Cayetano), 1902-
    1960
    Cayetano Cordóva Iturburu gives a positive critique of the Destructive art exhibition due to its intelligent organization of the artworks, as well as for the expanded interpretation of art as either life blasted experience or a new poetics [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 741878

  • Berni
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1974
    This text—included in the offprint “Elementos para una biografía” [Elements for a Biography] taken from the exhibition catalogue for Berni - Óleos y Collages [Berni: Oils and Collages]— points out the trajectory of Berni’s work through [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 744975

  • Ciência e lirismo
    Carvalho, Flávio de
    1935
    This is a literary article written by the artist Flávio de Carvalho, in which he describes his interview with and impressions of the French intellectual Roger Callois. During the interview, Callois states that twentieth-century science is no longer [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110390

  • Clérigo-Stalinismo Versus Cultura y Verdad
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1938
    Diego Rivera denounces the “sordid sabotage” that the French poet André Breton has been subjected to at the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de México: as an action driven by a network of intellectuals controlled by the Soviet GPU. He offers as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794683

  • Comentarios a tres frases de autores célebres : (La celebridad es la conciencia del horror)
    Pellegrini, Aldo
    1956
    In this text, Pellegrini applies a critical point of view to three statements, chosen at random, authored by Jorge Luis Borges, T.S.Eliot, and William Faulkner. In his conclusion Pellegrini notes that, although the analysis of these statements [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 744705

  • Crítica cinematográfica : El Perro Andaluz
    Villaurrutia, Xavier, 1903-1950
    1938
    A short article by the Mexican poet Xavier Villaurrutia in which he announces the opening of a film club, “16 mm Cinema,” and the projection of the “sobrerrealista” [over-realist] film by Luis Buñuel, Un chien andalou [UnPerro Andaluz /An [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774225

  • Crónicas París: Andre Breto [sic] : jefe del “Surrealismo”
    Núñez y Domínguez, José de Jesús
    1938
    André Breton is interviewed before his trip to Mexico, due to the great deal of anticipation caused by his forthcoming visit. The French poet declares that this trip “crystallizes a beautiful dream and a long deferred wish,” since Mexico has [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752340

  • Crushed Jewels, Air, Even Laughter : Matta in the 1940s
    Smith, Elizabeth A. T.; Dartnall, Colette
    2001
    This essay examines the impact of Roberto Matta’s presence in the United States during 1939–1948, when, as part of a Surrealist cohort of émigrés, he established temporary residence in New York to escape the war in Europe. The authors [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840187

  • De la evocación posmodernista a la ilusión moderna
    Silva, Carlos
    1997
    The critic Carlos Silva wrote a study of the work of the Venezuelan sculptor Edgar Guinand, pointing out two fundamental periods in his life in art. The first is defined by the writer in the visual arts context that follows the Latin American Post- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1169271

  • De lo abstracto a lo real
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1951
    Antonio Berni writes about developments in modern art and of formalism in art. He analyzes the artists who adhere to Nuevo Realismo [New Realism] and discusses the meaning of that movement [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794394

  • Del abstraccionismo a un nuevo realismo : presente y porvenir de la pintura
    Rengifo, César, 1915-1980
    1948
    In this article César Rengifo explains why the art world is disappointed in abstract formalism, and notes a resurgence of the realist movement. He refers to statements made or positions taken by artists such as Salvador Dalí, Giorgio de Chirico, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074194

  • Desde París : Autopsia del suprerrealismo
    Vallejo, César, 1892-1938
    1930
    In this text, eminent Latin American avant-garde poet César Vallejo asserts that “among the symptoms of the final decline of the capitalist intelligentsia is the vice of coterie.” He argues that the crises of economic imperialism are reflected [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293573