Topic Descriptor: Surrealist×
  • Exposición César Moro
    Tenaud, Ricardo
    1937
    According to the author of this text, the works by César Moro on exhibit are aggressively disconcerting; indeed, there is “nothing to say about ‘things’ so removed from mainstream painting.” The author points out that, at this time, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293639

  • Exposición de pintura moderna en la Academia Alcedo
    More, Federico, 1889-1955
    1935
    Poet César Moro describes the confusion and expectations of the public at the Surrealist art show, while also questioning the judgments pronounced on the show by “those charmers from the base police known as critics of purpose and profit,” whose [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293605

  • Exposición superrealista Moro-Valencia
    More, Federico, 1889-1955
    1935
    This text announces the upcoming opening of the show of Surrealism organized by César Moro at the Academia Alcedo in Lima. The writer, who confesses he has not seen the show, comments that it is the first Surrealist exhibition to take place in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293589

  • Desde París : Autopsia del suprerrealismo
    Vallejo, César, 1892-1938
    1930
    In this text, eminent Latin American avant-garde poet César Vallejo asserts that “among the symptoms of the final decline of the capitalist intelligentsia is the vice of coterie.” He argues that the crises of economic imperialism are reflected [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293573

  • Figuras y aspectos de la vida mundial : El Segundo manifiesto del suprarrealismo (1)
    Mariátegui, José Carlos, 1894-1930
    1930
    According to José Carlos Mariátegui, Breton (in his second manifesto) “prosecuted” all the writers and artists who, having initially embraced surrealism, then renounced it. Though he mentions the attacks on Pierre Naville, he claims that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293556

  • Un momento excepcional en la Pintura Uruguaya
    Espada, Roberto de
    1985
    In this essay published in 1985, educator and literary critic Roberto de Espada describes the situation of the visual arts in Uruguay in the sixties. He analyzes how informalism was assimilated and internalized by important artists in the country and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1236289

  • Situación de la pintura joven
    Platschek, Hans, 1923-2000
    1950
    This article is by Hans Platschek who was living in Montevideo between 1939 and 1953. The German artist makes a self- analysis on the resulting situation of postwar modernism, specifically the debated notion of “Art Nouveau or young art” both in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1228378

  • Otras latitudes, la encrucijada del surrealismo
    Guillot Muñoz, Gervasio, 1897-1956
    1947
    In this essay Gervasio Guillot Muñoz is displayed as a writer that was rather akin to twentieth century French culture as he wrote about the European cultural malaise during the interwar period. He wrote particularly regarding the crisis manifested [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226543

  • Un incesante viajero que al final descubre el enigma
    Chacón, Katherine
    1992
    In connection with the exhibition Antología del desarraigo (1992), the curator Katherine Chacón writes about the career of the Venezuelan mixed-media artist, Ángel Vivas Arias. The writer highlights the duality of mysticism and nature evident [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1169366

  • De la evocación posmodernista a la ilusión moderna
    Silva, Carlos
    1997
    The critic Carlos Silva wrote a study of the work of the Venezuelan sculptor Edgar Guinand, pointing out two fundamental periods in his life in art. The first is defined by the writer in the visual arts context that follows the Latin American Post- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1169271

  • Fuentes concretas del surrealismo de Poleo
    Noriega, Simón
    1983
    In this chapter of his book, art historian and critic Simón Noriega provides the most extensive and exacting analysis of the life and work of painter Héctor Poleo available in Venezuela at the time. The text is crucial to understanding the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153819

  • Poleo y la cultura figurativa de los años cuarenta
    Noriega, Simón
    1983
    “El surrealismo de Poleo” is the third of five chapters in Simón Noriega’s book La Pintura de Héctor Poleo. In the chapter’s third section, entitled “Poleo y la cultura figurativa de los años cuarenta”, Noriega reports that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153776

  • Tierra de nadie
    Rios, Juan, 1914-1991
    1954
    In this text, writer Juan Ríos remarks on the Surrealist exhibition held at the Galería de Lima in July 1954. In his view, Surrealism is outdated. Initially an iconoclastic movement, it has, over the course of several decades that witnessed a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138638

  • En blanco y negra...
    Miró Quesada Garland, Luis
    1954
    In this text, Luis Miró Quesada Garland offers theoretical observations on the Surrealist exhibition held at the Galería de Lima in July 1954. On the basis of specific quotes, the author disputes the arguments put forth by writer Sebastián Salazar [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138620

  • En blanca y negra...
    Miró Quesada Garland, Luis
    1955
    In this text, Luis Miró Quesada Garland enumerates the main formal virtues of the works in the exhibition of Surrealism held at the Galería de Lima in July 1954. In his view, the show reflects none of the movement’s initial aggressiveness in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138599

  • Artes plásticas
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1954
    In this text, Peruvian writer Sebastián Salazar Bondy comments on the exhibition of Surrealist painting held at the Galería de Lima in July 1954. In Salazar Bondy’s view, Surrealism played a fundamental role in forming the language of modern art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138582

  • Punto final
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1954
    This text is essayist Sebastián Salazar Bondy’s response to the ironic comments that architect Luis Miró Quesada Garland published in “En blanca y negra,” his column in the Lima-based newspaper El Comercio, on July 25, 1954. In his text, Mir [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138231

  • Matta y su pintura
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1954
    In this article, Sebastián Salazar Bondy discusses the work of Chilean painter Roberto Matta. In Salazar Bondy’s view, true art does not copy the appearance of “everyday vulgarity,” but questions conventions. That is why the run-of-the-mill [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138199

  • En blanca y negra...
    Miró Quesada Garland, Luis
    1955
    The majority of the excerpts from articles published throughout 1954 by Luis Miró Quesada Garland addresses the issues of art theory and exhibition critiques. In the overall summary of the year for his column “En blanca y negra,” the author [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137283

  • Servicio de inteligencia : lo universal y lo cosmopolita
    Valle, Alejandro Romualdo, 1926-2008
    1956
    The author argues that the confusion between the terms “universal” and “cosmopolitan” was caused by “the disagreeable and audacious accusation of the ‘made in Paris’ [artists],” who oppose the idea of a national art. In his opinion, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137266

  • A arte do fantástico
    Vieira, José Geraldo, 1897-1977
    1952
    The art critic José Geraldo Vieira reviews the history of Surrealism and mentions Hieronymus Bosch, Albrecht Dürer, and William Hogarth, among others. In the critic’s opinion, these artists created a “cosmogony of the absurd” centuries ahead [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111415

  • [Na mesma medida em que]
    Araújo, Olívio Tavares de
    1985
    Olívio Tavares de Araújo introduces an exhibition of the work of Farnese de Andrade, an artist then known in Rio, but not in São Paulo. The writer brings up the strange nature of this artist from Minas Gerais, under the label of “mineiridad.” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111201

  • Maria Martins
    1968
    The author of this anonymous article on the sculptural work of Brazilian artist Maria Martins places emphasis on its innovative nature and asserts that that is why it is acclaimed abroad but largely ignored in Brazil. Like Tarsila do Amaral in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111198

  • O surreal em Tarsila
    Amaral, Aracy A., 1930-
    1967
    Aracy Amaral scrutinizes Tarsila do Amaral’s body of work in search of traces of Surrealism; she also explains that the artist’s thematic and formal universe was conditioned by spending her childhood at her family’s coffee plantation in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111184

  • Viajou sem passaporte
    Raghy, Luiz Sergio
    1984
    In 1979 the writer and actor Luiz Sérgio Raghy agreed to be interviewed by the alternative newspaper Oras, Pombas! about the Brazilian group Viajou Sem Passaporte. Raghy talks about the origins of the group and its earliest theatrical productions, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110679

  • [Nada evoca tanto quanto a obra de Maria...]
    Péret, Benjamin, 1899-1959
    1956
    This essay by the French Surrealist poet Benjamin Péret appeared in the catalogue for the exhibition of works by Maria Martins presented at the MAM-RJ (Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro) in 1956. Péret discusses the artist’s sculptures, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110398

  • [A ação de Maria como escultora]
    Mendes Monteiro, Murilo
    1956
    This essay by Murilo Mendes appeared in the exhibition catalogue for work by the sculptor Maria Martins at the MAM-RJ (Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro) in 1956. Mendes thinks the uniqueness of her work arises from a confrontation at a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110395

  • Surrealismo
    Carvalho, Flávio de; Breton, André, 1896-1966
    1939
    This interview by Brazilian artist Flávio de Carvalho with French poet André Breton discusses the assumptions, historical precedents, various strains, and main players in the Surrealist movement that, in a certain way, Breton led. At Carvalho’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110394

  • Mestres da arte virgem
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1963
    In this text art critic Mário Pedrosa comments on the paintings by patients at the psychiatric center of the Engenho de Dentro, exhibited in an art gallery in Rio de Janeiro. He takes the opportunity to analyze the works of the following residents: [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110393

  • Ciência e lirismo
    Carvalho, Flávio de
    1935
    This is a literary article written by the artist Flávio de Carvalho, in which he describes his interview with and impressions of the French intellectual Roger Callois. During the interview, Callois states that twentieth-century science is no longer [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110390

  • André Breton
    Mendes Monteiro, Murilo
    1973
    This text by Murilo Mendes was written on the occasion of the death of French Surrealist writer André Breton in 1966. On the basis of certain encounters he had with Breton in Paris in 1952 and 1953, Mendes makes observations on the work and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110388

  • A nova forma poética: uma conversa com Tristan Tzara
    Carvalho, Flávio de; Tzara, Tristan, 1896-1963
    1935
    This is the transcript of a statement made by the poet Tristan Tzara when he was interviewed by Flávio de Carvalho during the latter’s trip to Europe in 1934. Tzara speaks at great length about Dadaist methods, the movement he leads, and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110387

  • A arte na Inglaterra
    Carvalho, Flávio de; Head, H. Herbert (Henry Herbert)
    1935
    This is the statement of the British art critic Herbert Read, interviewed by the Brazilian artist Flávio de Carvalho. Read stresses the importance of the influence of black art on international modernism and claims that art is currently split into [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110385

  • [Terá existido um pintor verdadeiramente surrealista?]
    Mendes Monteiro, Murilo
    1948
    This text by writer Murilo Mendes addresses the connections between the work of Brazilian painter Nery and the Surrealist movement. It contains an account of when, in 1927, Nery met Russian painter Marc Chagall and remarks on certain affinities [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110384

  • [Ismael Nery nasceu em Belém do Pará]
    Mendes Monteiro, Murilo
    1948
    In his text on the life and work of Ismael Nery, writer Murilo Mendes asserts that, though Nery was mostly known as a painter, his true focus was philosophy. Mendes provides an overview of Nery’s “essentialism”—a philosophical system he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110383

  • Ismael Nery : excertos de textos
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1928
    In this article, the writer and critic Mário de Andrade discusses the painter Ismael Nery’s creative process, mentioning aspects such as the unfinished look of his works, his compositional work in a Figurative vein, and his desire to build an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110382

  • A morte de Ismael Nery
    Machado, Aníbal, 1894-1964
    1934
    Writer Aníbal Machado published this text on the occasion of the death of Ismael Nery. He points out some aspects of the artist’s personality and work and compares his painting with foreign artists of the stature of Max Ernest and André Masson [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110380

  • Recordações de Ismael Nery
    Mendes Monteiro, Murilo
    1948
    Brazilian poet Murilo Mendes suggests certain autobiographical—and even religious and philosophical—considerations in the work of Ismael Nery. He cites and remarks on two texts on the painter written by Manuel Bandeira and published in 1929, that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110379

  • Nota Liminar
    Mendes Monteiro, Murilo
    1943
    This text by noted poet Murilo Mendes presents the book Pintura em Pânico, made of photomontages created by another poet, Jorge de Lima. The author calls the reader’s attention to the challenging nature of the works presented, stating that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110369

  • [Letter] 1927 December 25, São Paulo [to] Prudente de Moraes Neto
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1927
    This is a letter from the critic Mário de Andrade to the writer Prudente de Moraes Neto. Adopting a brotherly tone, de Andrade criticizes the Surrealist nature of Moraes Neto’s article in the modernist magazine VERDE, published in Cataguazes (in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110368

  • Péret
    Andrade, Oswald de, 1890-1954
    1929
    This article, published in the Revista de Antropofagia, reported that the French Surrealist poet Benjamin Péret was in Brazil. The text stresses the importance of understanding the functions of the subconscious, going so far as to refer to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110367

  • Sobre a sinceridade
    Moraes Neto, Prudente de, 1904-1977
    1925
    In this text, critic Prudente de Moraes Neto discusses an article by French writer Benjamin Crémieux published in the Nouvelle Revue Française. In his view, Crémieux fails to give due importance to the unconscious aspect of the artistic process, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110366

  • Historia abierta
    Traba, Marta
    1985
    Art critic Marta Traba authored the essay “Historia abierta,” which was included among the texts for the exhibition América: Mirada interior. Figari, Reverón, Santa María, in Bogotá, July 4 through August 18, 1985, published by the Banco de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1107039

  • Neoconcretismo
    Brito, Ronaldo
    1976
    In this text, Ronaldo Brito provides a critical analysis of Constructivist tendencies in modern art. He argues that the emergence of Neo-Concretism in Rio de Janeiro in 1959 was a consequence of the crisis of Constructivist ideologies. Brito presents [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091308

  • Del abstraccionismo a un nuevo realismo : presente y porvenir de la pintura
    Rengifo, César, 1915-1980
    1948
    In this article César Rengifo explains why the art world is disappointed in abstract formalism, and notes a resurgence of the realist movement. He refers to statements made or positions taken by artists such as Salvador Dalí, Giorgio de Chirico, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074194

  • Introduction
    Day, Holliday T.; Sturges, Hollister
    1987
    In this introduction, Holliday T. Day and Hollister Sturges explain how the theme of “the fantastic” underlies the art of the twenty-nine artists included in the exhibition The Art of the Fantastic: Latin America, 1920-1987. In explaining their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065330

  • Introduction
    Cancel, Luis R.
    1988
    In this introduction, Luis Cancel explains the logic behind how he and his colleagues organized the exhibition The Latin American Spirit: Art and Artists in the United States, 1920-1970. He also explains, at length, the curatorial team’s larger [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065293

  • Las "Instituciones de cultura" nos roban el oxígeno, afirman
    1962
    In this article the members of the group El Techo de la Ballena (Caracas, 1961–68) explain what prompted them to create the group. Keeping the works of the Surrealist and Dadaist movements in mind, but with no intention of reviving them, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060199

  • Rafael Ferrer : an interview
    Kind, Joshua; Flanagan, Michael; Ferrer, Rafael
    1987
    In this wide-ranging interview conducted by Michael Flanagan and Joshua Kind with Rafael Ferrer, the artist starts by discussing how he made the transition from being a percussionist to exploring the visual arts. Ferrer purposefully did not seek any [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842538

  • Crushed Jewels, Air, Even Laughter : Matta in the 1940s
    Smith, Elizabeth A. T.; Dartnall, Colette
    2001
    This essay examines the impact of Roberto Matta’s presence in the United States during 1939–1948, when, as part of a Surrealist cohort of émigrés, he established temporary residence in New York to escape the war in Europe. The authors [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840187