Topic Descriptor: Modernist×
  • “Martín Fierro” y Marinetti
    1926
    The article points out the importance of the activity brought forth by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti in “our milieu” as a “very valuable collaboration to the renovation movement,” started—long ago—by the group involved in the publication Mart [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731306

  • [A bordo do meu primeiro navio...]
    Lima, Medeiros
    1960
    In this excerpt from his book Pancetti (Rio de Janeiro: Ministério da Educação e Cultura, 1960), Medeiros Lima recounts José Pancetti’s first experiences with paintings when he was still a sailor. The section cited begins with the painting work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110455

  • [Compreender el mesaje expresivo]
    Romero Brest, Jorge
    1945
    In this essay, the well-known Argentinean critic Jorge Romero Brest attempts to assess national problems as they were understood by the most famous Brazilian artists, touching on a raw nerve concerning the differences between the art produced in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808053

  • [Con el presente LA CAMPANA DE PALO, inicia lo que será...]
    Grupo Editor de La Campana de Palo
    1926
    The text reports on the context surrounding the publication of Zancadillas [Missteps] by Alvaro Yunque (1926) within the editorial plan of La Campana de Palo [The Wooden Bell]. It also reports on forthcoming publications as well as the reasons and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737879

  • [Descoberta de rythmos, revelacao de possibilidades novas...]
    Martins, Luís
    1937
    In this lecture, Luis Martins discusses various aspects of modern Brazilian painting from the 1920s through the mid-1930s. He describes Brazil as a “country of reflections” that passively echoes the challenges faced by the visual arts in the rest [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110456

  • [El hecho de presentarnos en un grupo limitado...]
    Badi, Aquiles, 1894-1976
    1935
    In this brief text, the subscribing artists (participants in the exhibition 7 pintores argentinos [Seven Argentinean Painters] in August 1935) maintain that they do not support any specific pictorial trend; they have however conflicting ideologies. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733845

  • [EL jueves 17 de junio a las 18, se inaugurará una exposición de los pintores modernos...]
    1926
    Invitation to the Exposición de Pintores Modernos [Modern Painters Exhibition], which took place at Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art] (Buenos Aires, June, 1926), and included the following artists: Emilio Pettoruti, Norah Borges, Xul Solar, and Piero [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732226

  • [Letter] 1918 April 29, Paris, Francia [to] E. Restrepo
    Tobón Mejía, Marco, 1876-1933
    1918
    Written in Paris on April 29, 1918, this letter from sculptor Marco Tobón Mejía to his friend Carlos E. Restrepo reveals the nature of the relationship between the Colombian artist and one of the most important representatives of Colombia’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1100365

  • [Letter] 1923 Nov. 15, São Paulo [to] Tarsila
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1923
    In this letter to the painter Tarsila do Amaral, the writer Mário de Andrade urges her, Sérgio Milliet, and Oswald de Andrade—the “country folk” who have become futurists during their stay in Paris—to return to the “virgin jungle,” to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784204

  • [Letter] 1925 Jul. 16, Rio de Janeiro [to] Joaquim Inojosa
    Bandeira, Manuel, 1886-1968
    1925
    In this letter to fellow Brazilian Joaquim Inojosa (in Recife), the well-known poet Manuel [Carneiro de Sousa] Bandeira [Filho] (1886–1968) provides brief news about the modernist movement (then in full swing) in São Paulo. He emphasizes the “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784768

  • [Letter] 1928 May 20, São Paulo [to] Augusto Meyer
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1928
    This [document] by Mário de Andrade is a reply, dated May 20, 1928, to the letter in which Augusto Meyer discussed the former’s controversial activity, conscience, and references to national subject matter. De Andrade outlines his intellectual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784229

  • [Letter] 1929 Jun. 21, Rio de Janeiro [to] Joaquim Inojosa
    Gusmão, Clovis de
    1929
    Writer Clóvis Gusmão writes to Joaquim Inojosa about the Movimiento Antropofágico and takes the opportunity to clarify some parts of its agenda. Its principles include: the idea of establishing distance from European civilization by creating new [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784687

  • [Nome : Abelardo da Hora - Escultor, além de desenhista...]
    Hora, Abelardo da, 1924-
    1982
    In his testimony, the artist Abelardo da Hora (1924–2014) mixes autobiography with episodes that refer to the organization of the Sociedade de Arte Moderna (SAM) in Recife and the workshop known as the Atelier Coletivo as well as the Movimento de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110514

  • [Nuestra encuesta sobre la nueva generación literaria : de Jorge Luis Borges]
    Borges, Jorge Luis, 1899-1986
    1923
    Jorge Luis Borges answer to an opinion poll conducted by the Nosotros [We] journal of writers younger than thirty and trying to determine the existence and qualities of Argentina’s “new literary generation.” The poll consisted of seven [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730796

  • [Por segunda vez, ante la numerosa indiferencia de los muchos...]
    Borges, Jorge Luis, 1899-1986
    1922
    This text refers to the second issue of Prisma: revista mural; underscoring the bold and at times inscrutable quality that characterized the first number of the magazine—which did not exclude the unusual way in which it was published. In this sense [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732628

  • 1917 - Anita Malfatti
    Malfatti, Anita
    1917
    In this article written in 1917, Anita Malfatti records her impressions of her travels in the United States and Europe. The Brazilian artist enthusiastically describes the protests prompted by the paintings she exhibited on her return to São Paulo. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780289

  • A arte moderna
    Inojosa, Joaquim, 1901-
    1924
    This [text] is a “literary letter” sent by critic Joaquim Inojosa to the editors of Era Nova magazine in João Pessoa (in the state of Paraíba), which was later published as a book. It is considered a type of manifesto belonging to the Brazilian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083630

  • A hora presente
    Lopes, Ascânio, 1906-1929
    1927
    In his essay “A hora presente,” Ascânio Lopes Quatorzevoltas blames the belligerence in the world for the habit of viewing foreigners as enemies, and for the rampant nationalist anger in Europe and the United States. In his opinion those [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780387

  • A intelligencia brasileira
    Almeida, Renato
    1926
    This is a lecture delivered by Renato Almeida in Salvador (capital of the state of Bahia) on October 26, 1926. He praised the reformist line of thought that arose in Brazil as “a riot” against everything that was “sterile imitation.” He saw [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780412

  • A modernidade universalista da arte : fragmento de um ensaio
    Abílio, Henrique, 1893-1932
    1927
    Responding to a “pure” form of nationalism that was in vogue in the early 1920s, Henrique Abilio proposes a “synthetic” approach to art: the “Universalist” movement. In general terms, this approach means being modern in time, as well as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780451

  • A querela do Brasil
    Zílio, Carlos
    1976
    The introduction to this essay rejects the possibility of defining Brazilian art by clearly describing the parameters of such a process which, usually, refers to cultural policies based on folkloric and anecdotal visions of national reality. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074928

  • A quien leyere
    Borges, Jorge Luis, 1899-1986
    1923
    In this document, a prologue of his book of poems, Fervor of Buenos Aires (1923), Jorge Luis Borges explains certain aspects of the works: due to the book’s title, the possible misinterpretation regarding the verse development; the theme which is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731233

  • Alguns espaços culturais nacionais do agora
    Mautner, Jorge Henrique
    1976
    In this text, Jorge Mautner looks at Brazilian artists working in different disciplines (in the visual arts, music, literature, film, and theater), and the parallels between their past and present work. His thesis is that there is a liberating [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110450

  • Americo Panozzi
    Chiabra Acosta, Alfredo, 1889-1932
    1925
    Based on the exhibition held by painter Américo Panozzi, as well as the reception it enjoyed from the art critics, Atalaya denounces Panozzi’s methods as harmful to the development of young painters. Atalaya describes the “the frequent [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 738673

  • Arquitetura brasileira
    Warchavchik, Gregori
    1926
    Gregori Warchavchik, the Ukrainian architect based in Brazil, defends functionalism within the context of modern architecture and, in his judgment, that definitions should be restricted to the potential and means of the materials used. He states that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780522

  • Arte infantil mejicano
    Figari, Pedro, 1861-1938
    1925
    The Uruguayan painter Pedro Figari highlights the methods of teaching art to children in Mexico and its results, while appreciating the paintings exhibited at the Salón Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art] exhibition [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732706

  • Arte plástico y anexo : Exposición Doctor Figari
    Chiabra Acosta, Alfredo, 1889-1932
    1925
    Following an exhibition by Uruguayan painter Pedro Figari, Alfredo Chiabra-Acosta reviews the character of his pictorial production and considerations made about it by art criticism. Regarding the latter, he ponders that in view of such praise—“ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 768699

  • Artes emocionales
    Figari, Pedro, 1861-1938
    1925
    Pedro Figari explains the difficulties to both develop and become interested in emotional art, which requires a thoughtful and meditative interior life, in view of aspects of the present society; “all seems to be prone against poetic manners, [and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732929

  • Aspectos da pintura através de "Marco Zero"
    Andrade, Oswald de, 1890-1954
    1944
    Oswald de Andrade was invited by the American Contemporary Arts to give this lecture in São Paulo in 1944, in which he discusses the two characters he created for a series of novels (that was never completed) entitled Marco Zero. He used these [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783942

  • Assim falou o papa do futurismo : como Mario de Andrade defina a escola que chefia
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1925
    This is an interview with Mário de Andrade, who is referred to here as the “Daddy” of the new art movement that the newspaper calls “futuristic,” and that the São Paulo writer calls “modernist.” De Andrade prefers to reply to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784366

  • Balcón de Buenos Aires : la última exposición modernista
    1935
    Anti-Semitic critique of modern art that takes into account the exhibition of the Seven Painters at Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art] (Buenos Aires, 1935). In his judgement, the author stresses the abnormality and deformity of avant-garde art, in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769673

  • Balcón de Buenos Aires : pintores y pinturas
    1933
    The text praises the exhibition organized by Francisco Llobet at Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art] with works by Jean-Louis Forain lend from Argentinean collections. Forain’s works are considered as real art, in comparison with those previously [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769699

  • Campo de Agramante
    Pettoruti, Emilio, 1892-1971
    1927
    This article reproduces a letter sent by painter Emilio Pettoruti to Martín Fierro; in it he makes it clear that the letter has not met with acceptance by the magazine.  It responds to an article published in Martín Fierro regarding a text that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737989

  • Campo de Agramante : Algo más acerca de-: “La consagración de un músico mediocre: Honneger”
    Paz, Juan Carlos, 1897-1972
    1927
    This article continues the controversy between Leónidas Barletta and Juan Carlos Paz regarding the music of Swiss composer Arthur Honegger, which had debuted in Buenos Aires under the conductor Ernest Ansermet, of the Suisse Romande orchestra. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 738946

  • Carta aberta a Alberto de Oliveira
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    1925
    Mário de Andrade addresses this open letter to the writer Alberto de Oliveira, and in principle, defends the literature produced by Brazilian Romanticism, a group associated with a primitive approach to art combined with social, religious, sexual, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784258

  • Carta abierta, a “La Púa”
    Girondo, Oliverio, 1891-1967
    1924
    In “Open letter to ‘La Púa,’ [The Thorn]” Oliverio Girondo (1890–1967) shows an attitude, a “vital” stance regarding what involves “creation [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732604

  • Como eu penso...
    Menotti del Picchia, 1892-
    1924
    In this paean to modern urban life, written by the well-known modernist poet Menotti del Picchia, the highways, the media, and the industrial sector all work together in perfect harmony to consolidate “new values.” He bemoans “our obsolete [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780648

  • Corollario brasileiro
    Le Corbusier
    1930
    In this text, French-Swiss architect and urbanist Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, known as Le Corbusier, recounts the experiences he had during his first trip to Brazil (1929). He describes the aerial view of Rio de Janeiro and the “favelas”—the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780696

  • De como deve ser visto o binômio Clã-SCAP
    Baratta, Mario, 1868-1935
    1988
    In 1988 the art critic Mário Baratta described the origins and performance of the group of artists and writers who produced Clã [Clan] magazine and founded the SCAP (Sociedade Cearense de Artes Plásticas) in the mid-1940s in the state of Ceará. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111385

  • Do catálogo Lasar Segall
    Schmidt, Paul Ferdinand, b. 1878
    1927
    This text was originally published in German in the catalogue for a 1926 exhibition on [the work of] Lasar Segall at the Staatliche Kunstsamlungen Dresden. Paul Ferdinand Schmidt, the director of this municipal museum in Dresden at the time, compares [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783271

  • El aniversario de la muerte de Lenin
    1927
    On the third anniversary of Lenin’s death, this article critiques his revolutionary framework.  It states that the path of violence and force are not conducive to human happiness. It gives an example of his “blunder” though a description of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737976

  • El arte como expresión de las fuerzas fundamentales de la cultura
    Liévano Aguirre, Indalecio
    1945
    This essay by historian and politician Indalecio Liévano Aguirre for the magazine Revista de las Indias contains three parts in addition to the brief and untitled introduction and conclusion. The first provides an overview of art from antiquity, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1084526

  • El deber de la nueva generación argentina
    Ortega y Gasset, José, 1883-1955
    1924
    In this article, the Spanish philosopher, José Ortega y Gasset, expresses his concern about the “belligerent” attitude he encounters in today’s Spanish and Argentine young adults. With respect to Argentina, this observation is based on his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 743390

  • El momento actual de la pintura
    Chiáppori, Atilio, 1880-1947
    1930
    Atilio Chiappori writes about the current time in Argentinean painting from his authority as the director of Argentina’s Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes [National Museum of Fine Arts] in order to critique the development of modern art. And this in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733960

  • El último número de “Martín Fierro”
    1929
    This article examines from a critical perspective the latest issue of Martín Fierro. In the author’s judgment, the publication has become stale given that it has lost its initial “aggressiveness [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748555

  • El vanguardismo en el Brasil
    Peregrino Júnior, João, 1898-
    1928
    This article was written by the Argentinean critic Peregrino Junior about the expansion of modern art in Brazil. The writer emphasizes the avant-garde (peripheral to Brazil’s main art world) developed in the small town of Cataguases (state of Minas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 777342

  • Escaparate literario : Concurso literario
    Chiabra Acosta, Alfredo, 1889-1932
    1925
    In this article, Atalaya criticizes the results of the literary competition organized by the Sociedad Amigos del Arte [Friends of Art Society], specifically in relation to its juries. He brands them as lacking in “independence” as well as being [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 738002

  • Estética e ideologia: o modernismo em 1930
    LAFETÁ, João Luiz
    1973
    This critical essay by João Luiz Lafetá examines Brazilian modernism by distinguishing the “aesthetic project” from the “ideological project” of the literary production during the 1920s and 1930s. The author creates a dialectical division [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110363

  • Exposição cearense
    Baratta, Mario, 1868-1935
    1945
    This article by the art critic Mário Baratta is about the Exposição Cearense dos Pintores: Antonio Bandeira, Inimá, Raimundo Feitosa, Jean-Pierre Chabloz e Francisco da Silva, the exhibition presented at the Askanasy gallery in Rio de Janeiro in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111388

  • Exposição de uma casa modernista
    Warchavchik, Gregori
    1930
    The catalogue for the Exposição de uma casa modernista was written by the architect Gregori Warchavchik, creator of this radical project. Although it was controversial in the conservative milieu of the period, the project was fairly significant in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780808