Geographic Descriptor: Brazil×
  • [Letter] 1998 September 15, São Paulo [to] Aracy Amaral
    Maluf, Antônio, 1926-2005
    1998
    In September 15, 1998, graphic artist Antônio Maluf writes to art historian Aracy Amaral regarding her book Arte Construtiva no Brasil Coleção Adolpho Leirner. Even before its release, in his view, the book was considered an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1317439

  • 1 Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1951
    This flier announces the first Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, held at the Galeria Prestes Maia. The event was organized by the Secretaria do Governo do Estado de São Paulo during the same year it launched the Bienal de São Paulo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334683

  • 10. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1961
    The country was awash in optimism that year, when Brasília was officially declared the new capital city. The tenth edition of the salão paulista de arte moderna was held at the Galería Prestes Maia, organized on this occasion by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334818

  • 11. Salão Paulista de arte moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1962
    The flier’s cover is illustrated with a work of geometric abstraction (with no mention of the painter’s name), but includes no title for the event. The eleventh edition of the salão paulista de arte moderna, organized by the state [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334833

  • 1o. Salão de Arte - Feira Nacional de Indústrias
    1941
    The catalogue for I Salão, the exhibition sponsored by the Feira de Indústrias, includes essays written by the organizers of the event: Elias Chaves Neto, Vittorio Gobbis, and Quirino da Silva. Gobbis talks about the meaning of art and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785193

  • 3. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1954
    This is the official flier for the third edition of the Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, held in 1954 at the Galeria Prestes Maia under the auspices of the Secretaria do Governo do Estado de São Paulo. Mário Zanini was responsible [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334713

  • 4. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1955
    This is the official flier for the fourth edition of the Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, organized by the Secretaria do Governo do Estado de São Paulo at the Galeria Prestes Maia in 1955. The organizing committee was headed by two well- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334728

  • 5. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1956
    In 1956, what proved to be a critical year in Brazilian art circles, the first Concrete art exhibitions were organized at a national level. But this development had no impact at all in terms of the participants or the type of works presented at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334743

  • 6. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1957
    After President Getúlio Vargas committed suicide in August 1954, Brazil embarked on a program of renewal focused on two basic areas: industrialization and development. The democratically elected government of Juscelino Kubitschek (1956-1960) [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334758

  • 7. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1958
    This flier, which announces the seventh edition of the Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, has an excellent minimalist design on the cover. The (ordinal) “ o ” becomes one of the squares in the black and yellow composition, which uses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334773

  • 8. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1959
    The flier for the eighth edition of the salão paulista de arte moderna has been redesigned and relies mainly on lowercase letters, double-page spreads, and a simple cover design. Willys de Castro is a member of the jury responsible for the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334788

  • 9. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1960
    The ninth edition of the salão paulista de arte moderna (still written in lowercase letters) was held in June 1960 at the usual venue, the Galeria Prestes Maia de São Paulo. The flier carries over many elements from the previous year& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334803

  • A greve das cores
    Ferreira, Glória
    1985
    In this introductory essay, “La huelga del color” (The Color Strike), Glória Ferreira includes an article that had appeared in the newspaper Correio da Manhã on May 16, 1954. The article described the third Salão [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307631

  • América Latina Nação
    Ribeiro, Darcy
    1996
    Inspired by the creation of the Memorial da América Latina (designed by Oscar Niemayer), this article discusses the various attempts to promote cultural unity among Latin American countries. According to the author, the anthropologist Darcy [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 807699

  • Arte Concreta
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    1977
    In this essay, Ferreira Gullar challenges the position taken by Rio de Janeiro’s so-called neo-Concrete artists in his account of the two movements’ shared history and disagreements. In his opinion, the genesis of Brazilian Concrete art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315020

  • As bienais e a abstração
    Gonçalves, Lisbeth Rebollo
    In her introductory essay for As Bienais e a Abstração. A Década de ’50 (1978), the exhibition organized by the Museu Lasar Segall in 1978, Lisbeth Gonçalves explains that the goal of the event was to review [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315350

  • As ideologias construtivas no ambiente cultural brasileiro
    Brito, Ronaldo Correia de
    1977
    In this essay Ronaldo Brito discusses Brazilian Constructivism as an integral part of an “organized cultural strategy” that was in effect from the 1940s to the 1960s and was closely aligned with “the country’s social and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315150

  • Concretismo / Neoconcretismo : quem é, quem não é, quem aderiu, quem precedeu, quem tangenciou, quem permaneceu, saiu, voltou, o concretismo existiu?
    Morais, Frederico, 1936-
    1977
    Frederico Morais uses an extremely long title to provide a précis of his essay. But it only complicates the simplified narratives of a movement—whose embrace of doctrinaire Constructivism was followed by a critical rift between Concrete [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315134

  • Concretos de São Paulo no MAM do Rio
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    In this essay, Ferreira Gullar critiques the exhibition of works by São Paulo Concrete artists at the MAM-RJ (Museu de Arte Moderna de Rio de Janeiro, 1957). He also critiques Waldemar Cordeiro’s introductory essay and its assertion that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315102

  • Depoimentos : Aluisio Carvão
    Ferreira, Glória, 1947-
    In this text, Aluísio Carvão recalls taking part in the third Salão Nacional de Arte Moderna, which was also known as the Salón Blanco y Negro (Black-and-White Salon) “mainly because of the political statement it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307694

  • Depoimentos : Décio Vieira
    Interlenghi, Luiza
    This testimony records Décio Vieira’s recollections of taking part in the third Salão Nacional de Arte Moderna, also called the Salón Blanco y Negro (Black-and-White Salon) as a member of the Grupo Frente. Challenging & [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307712

  • Depoimentos : Ferreira Gullar
    Ferreira, Glória, 1947-; Interlenghi, Luiza
    In his testimony the critic Ferreira Gullar describes his involvement in the third Salão Nacional de Arte Moderna, also called the Salón Blanco y Negro (Black-and-White Salon), in 1954. At that point in time he was not a professional [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307732

  • Depoimentos : Iberê Camargo
    Yoschpe, Evelyn
    1985
    In this statement, Iberê Camargo recalls how the third Salão Nacional de Arte Moderna, also known as the Salão Preto e Branco (Black-and-White Salon), was planned as a protest against the Brazilian Finance Minister Osvaldo Aranha& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307754

  • Depoimentos : Sérgio Camargo
    Interlenghi, Luiza
    1985
    The curator Luiza Intermenghi interviews the Brazilian artist Sérgio Camargo, asking him about his involvement in what came to be known as the Salão Preto e Branco (Black-and-White Salon) (1954) in Rio de Janeiro. Camargo explains that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307831

  • Depoimentos : Ubi Bava
    Interlenghi, Luiza
    1985
    Luiza Interlenghi, in her role as curator, interviews the artist Ubi Bava, asking him about his involvement in what came to be known as the Salão Preto e Branco (Black-and-White Salon) in Rio de Janeiro in 1954. He explains that, with so few [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307851

  • Desexpl(l)os(ign)ção
    Campos, Haroldo de; Campos, Augusto de
    1997
    This brochure was designed in 1996 for the exhibition Desexp(l)os(ign)ição (a compound word meaning something like ignited-signs-that-do-not-explode-in-the-non-exhibition). This event was a historical celebration of the Exposiç& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315953

  • Duas linhas de contribuição : Concretos em São Paulo/ Neoconcretos no Rio
    Amaral, Aracy A., 1930-
    1977
    In this introductory essay, which appeared in the catalogue for the paradigmatic exhibition Projeto Construtivo Brasileiro na Arte, Aracy Amaral describes the “revelation” she experienced as she researched the period in question: “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315176

  • Entrevista com Djanira no programa clube da crítica
    Longo, Pascoal; Djanira, 1914-1979
    1985
    This is the transcript of an interview—broadcast during a radio program, Clube da Crítica—in which the host, Pascoal Longo, discusses the third Salão Nacional de Arte Moderna with the Brazilian painter Djanira. Speaking as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307678

  • Expõe o 'Atelier Abstração
    Zanini, Walter, 1925-
    1954
    In this newspaper article dated June 20, 1954, professor Walter Zanini reviews the exhibition of works by artists representing the Atelier Abstração at the MAM-SP (Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo). Despite the fact that, as a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1316720

  • Exposição nacional de arte concreta : artes visuais poesia : Museu de arte moderna, 4 a 18-dezembro
    Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo
    1956
    This poster was designed to promote the inaugural Exposição nacional de arte concreta: artes visuais, which was presented in December 1956 at the Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo (MAM-SP) and in January–February 1957 at [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1232176

  • Galeria de arte da folha : prêmio leirner de arte contemporânea
    Galeria de Arte da Folha (São Paulo, Brasil)
    1960
    This flier—produced by the Galeria de Arte das Folhas for the Prêmio Leirner de Arte Contemporânea, 1960—names most of the members of the Concrete art Grupo Ruptura (with the exception of Judith Lauand). They are introduced by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1316812

  • Hércules Barsotti
    Castro, Willys de, 1926-1988
    1959
    This group exhibition, held at the Galería de Arte das Folhas in November 1959, included works by Giselda Leirner, Maria Leontina, Tomie Ohtake, Hércules Barsotti, and Willys de Castro. The latter introduces Barsotti’s drawings [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1324959

  • IV Bienal do Museu de Arte Moderna
    Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo
    1957
    The first Bienal Internacional de São Paulo at the Museu de Arte Moderna en São Paulo (MAM-SP) was presented in 1951; it was a groundbreaking event outside of Europe, attracting the sort of attention usually reserved for the Venice [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1232311

  • Lógica e lírica
    Brito, Ronaldo, 1949-
    1988
    This essay by the Brazilian art critic Ronaldo Brito appears in the catalogue for the exhibition Milton Dacosta Anos 50 (1988). Brito describes Milton Dacosta’s Constructivist work, produced in the late 1950s, as a paradoxical hybrid after the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315398

  • Maria Leontina
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    1959
    At an exhibition of works being considered for the Prêmio Leirner de Arte Contemporânea at the Galeria de Arte das Folhas in 1959, the Neo-Concrete art critic and theorist Ferreira Gullar discusses the dominant features of Maria Leontina& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1324995

  • Memorial dos artistas ao Ministro da Educação e Cultura
    Gama, Flory, 1916-; Portinari, Cândido; Burle Marx, Roberto
    1985
    This memorandum, addressed to Antônio Balbino, the Brazilian Minister of Education and Culture, was signed by hundreds of artists who demanded radical changes in the political decisions that restricted the import of ink, pigments, paper, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307648

  • Música e poesia concreta
    Mendes, Gilberto, 1922-2016
    1977
    This essay, written by Gilberto Mendes, the Brazilian composer of experimental music, appeared in the catalogue for the exhibition Projeto Construtivo Brasileiro na Arte (1977). Mendes provides a brief description of how creators of Concrete poetry [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315272

  • Neoconcretismo e Merleau-Ponty : através
    Coutinho, Wilson, 1947-2003
    This essay by the Brazilian art critic Wilson Coutinho appeared in the catalogue for the exhibition Ciclo de exposições sobre arte no Rio de Janeiro: 1. Neoconcretismo (Rio de Janeiro: Galeria de Arte BANERJ, 1984). The essay outlines [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315430

  • O concretismo e o desenho industrial
    Katinsky, Júlio, 1932-
    1977
    In this essay, written for the paradigmatic exhibition Projeto Construtivo Brasileiro na Arte, Júlio Katinsky discusses the relationship between the Concrete art movement in São Paulo and industrial design. He points out that, in both [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315208

  • O hoje do ontem neoconcreto
    Pontual, Roberto, 1939-
    1977
    In this essay, written for the paradigmatic exhibition Projeto Construtivo Brasileiro na Arte, Roberto Pontual discusses the survival of the Neo-Concrete art movement that existed “officially” for “a little less than two years, from [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315192

  • O modernismo : Entre a renovação formal e a descoberta do Brasil
    Amaral, Aracy A., 1930-
    1988
    This essay, by the Brazilian curator and art historian Aracy Amaral, appeared in the catalogue for the exhibition Modernidade: arte brasileira do século XX (Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo, 1988). Amaral discusses the origins of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315764

  • O Salão Preto e Branco
    Herkenhoff, Paulo, 1949-
    1954
    In his introductory essay, Paulo Herkenhoff describes the 1954 Salão Nacional de Arte Moderna —also known as the Black-and-White Salon—as a political statement that was expressed in an official exhibition space. In protest against [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307599

  • Poesia concreta —a dinâmica do in(con)cluso
    Figueiredo, Luiz Antônio de
    1977
    In this essay Luiz Antônio de Figueiredo discusses some of the parallel developments in the fields of Concrete poetry and Concrete art. In the 1950s “they both started to map out the routes of non-figurative art, which was exploring [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315224

  • Poesia Concreta: as ambiguidades da ordem
    Coutinho, Wilson, 1947-2003
    1997
    This essay, written by Wilson Coutinho, the Brazilian curator and art critic, appeared in the catalogue for the exhibition Projeto Construtivo Brasileiro na Arte (1977). Coutinho discusses the context in which Concrete poetry developed in Brazil in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315240

  • Prêmio Leirner de Arte Contemporânea, 1960
    Galeria de Arte da Folha (São Paulo, Brasil)
    1960
    The leaflet produced for the Prêmio Leirner de Arte Contemporânea (Leirner Prize for Contemporary Art) in 1960 includes a brief biography of each of the artists who won a prize that year. There are also short critiques that focus on [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1232976

  • Rio : vertente construtiva
    Morais, Frederico, 1936-
    1984
    In his introductory essay, Frederico Morais identifies the basic criteria underpinning the three retrospective exhibitions that were presented as part of the Ciclo de exposições sobre arte no Rio de Janeiro (1984). He briefly discusses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1317025

  • Sanson Flexor
    Martins, Luís, 1907-1981
    1958
    In this essay, which appeared in the brochure for an exhibition of the 1948–58 work of Samson Flexor, Luis Martins claims that the painter experienced a transitional phase in his career when he stopped producing figurative art. In fact, as the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1316704

  • Tomie Ohtake
    Pfeiffer, Wolfgang, 1912-
    1959
    At an exhibition of works being considered for the Prêmio Leirner de Arte Contemporânea at the Galeria de Arte das Folhas in 1959, the art critic and businessman Wolfgang Pfeiffer discusses the parameters of Tomie Ohtake’s work. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1325013

  • Willys de Castro
    Spanudis, Theon, 1915-1986
    1959
    At an exhibition of works being considered for the Prêmio Leirner de Arte Contemporânea in 1959, this essay is about one of the artists whose work is part of the Adolpho Leirner Collection. Written by Theon Spanudis—one of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1325033