Name Descriptor: Orozco, José Clemente×
  • El espíritu del arte en México
    Westheim, Paul
    1945
    From a European perspective, Paul Westheim gives his first impressions on modern art in Mexico. He identifies two of its qualities: first, an originality and independence from European art and, second, a rebirth of folk art that is removed from the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 744729

  • El fuego en el hombre y en la obra de Orozco
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1949
    When he first became involved in the muralist movement, José Clemente Orozco appeared hesitant and unaware of the basic principles of al fresco painting. In this article, however, Antonio Rodríguez reveals that Orozco possessed a sort of innermost [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735406

  • El homenaje del Consejo Cultural al poeta José Juan Tablada, fue de una alta significación artística y socia : Algunos de los asistentes a esa fiesta, según nuestro caricaturista
    1923
    The Consejo Cultural y Artístico of Mexico City held a banquet to honor the poet José Juan Tablada, who would leave for New York the next day to continue the promotion of Mexican art in that city. This article includes a series of caricatures [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755265

  • El mesurable espacio pictórico mexicano
    Zuno Hernández, José Guadalupe
    1930
    Zuno begins his article by pointing out the different “contributions” that tapatíos [Guadalajarans] have made to José Clemente Orozco’s work. In contrast to other tapatíos, Zuno decided to emphasize the different planes of his mural and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 762507

  • El movimiento actual de la pintura en México
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro; Charlot, Jean
    1923
    This is the first of a four-part article on the technical nature of the Mexican painting movement. Violent aesthetic transformations had occurred in the last few years while art criticism against painters oscillated between grand praise and fury. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815178

  • El movimiento actual de la pintura en México : Los Retardatarios.- El Clasicismo.- El Academismo y sus falsas glorias.- La Anarquía.- El Nacimiento del “MEXICANISMO”
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro; Charlot, Jean
    1923
    This is the third of four articles on the nature of the current painting movement in Mexico. It classifies those painters and writers as retrogressive, who continue to paint under outdated and foreign influences without contributing to the local [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815219

  • El nuevo humanismo de David Alfaro Siqueiros
    Valcárcel, Gustavo, 1921-
    1951
    This article by Gustavo Valcárcel reports on the award that David Alfaro Siqueiros received at the XXV Biennale di Venezia held in 1950. It was, in the author’s view, only due to “sentimental French chauvinism” that Henri Matisse received [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138834

  • El plastodonte blanco o Palacio de Bellas Artes
    Zepeda, Arturo
    1934
    The National Theater was a major architectural project during the Porfirio Díaz administration, but it was never completed due to the outbreak of the revolution in 1910. Later worked on by several post-revolutionary governments, it was transformed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774376

  • El taller libre de arte
    Oramas, Alirio, 1924-
    1949
    In the prologue to the catalogue, Alirio Oramas explains that the TLA (Taller Libre de Arte) is honoring the Mexican painter José Clemente Orozco for his magnificent mural paintings, which reflect the history and the soul of the Aztecs through a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101682

  • En blanca y negra...
    Miró Quesada Garland, Luis
    1954
    Commentary by Luis Miró Quesada Garland on the Mexican art exhibition organized by La Crónica newspaper. The author begins by recognizing the quality of the exhibition as a holistic view on Mexican painting within the last few years. Nevertheless, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138030

  • Exposición de pintura actual organizada por la revista Contemporáneos : del 7 al 15 de diciembre en el Pasaje América : Catálogo
    1928
    This article analyzes the works exhibited by Abraham Ángel, Julio Castellanos, Carlos Mérida, Manuel Rodríguez Lozano and Rufino Tamayo. It also states that other artists were invited to participate: José Clemente Orozco, who promised to send [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 800222

  • Extraordinario interés en Europa por conocer el arte mexicano
    1952
    Eager to cultivate Mexico’s good name abroad, President Miguel Alemán made every effort to obtain the best results for the presentation in Paris of artwork created by his Mexican countrymen. Alemán wanted to make sure that this exhibition— [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779969

  • Foreword
    Orozco, José Clemente
    1933
    This document includes an article in which José Clemente Orozco vents his negative opinion regarding symposia. He remarks that instead of wasting money on the artificial and pedantic speeches regarding the relationship between art and the academy, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733054

  • Fuerte impulso para la pintura mural : Protección decidida a los muralistas : Habla D. Rivera
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    Diego Rivera felt it would be an opportune time to publish the program of activities for the Comisión Nacional de Pintura Mural [National Commission for Mural Painting] given the lack of information that many painters had concerning its function. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758037

  • Función del Colegio Nacional : no es la de reproductor y amplificador : debe hacer una tarea de creación en el orden de la cultura
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1945
    In this article David Alfaro Siqueiros denounces and criticizes the Colegio Nacional. The charter and rules were written by Octavio Vejar Vázquez who was Minister of Education at the time, and whom the painter considers to be mediocre. Siqueiros [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760418

  • Grandeza y plenitud de Orozco
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1949
    This essay praises the work of José Clemente Orozco and considers him one of the greatest painters in the world. Luis Cardoza y Aragón analyzes Orozco’s article step by step in a rather poetic manner. He mentions the great complexity of his work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 826744

  • Guía general de los materiales de ilustración de la exposición
    Gamboa, Fernando
    1958
    This article is a description of the likely subject matter of the Mexican Pavilion that was to be erected in 1958 for the Brussels World’s Fair. In certain cases the artistic works that might illustrate these pavilions are mentioned; slogans are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780056

  • Guión
    Gamboa, Fernando; Barbachano, Manuel
    1952
    This document is the script for the documentary Pintura Mural Mexicana [Mexican Mural Painting], to be produced by Manuel Barbachano Ponce’s company, Tele-producciones. The documentary was made in response to a request from the Instituto Nacional [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 791962

  • Hay crisis en la pintura mexicana? : Es absolutamente indudable que la situación revolucionaria, no sólo de México sino del mundo entero, entre 1910 y 1923 fue el factor determinante del auge de la pintura mexicana
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1945
    Diego Rivera maintains that the crisis in Mexican painting is an invention. It may be a crisis invented by the literati so they will have a pretext for writing their books, or perhaps created by critics so they will have material to send to their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747275

  • Historia de Diego Rivera
    Villaurrutia, Xavier, 1903-1950
    1927
    In 1927, Xavier Villaurrutia attempted an assessment of the Mexican art movement using Diego Rivera’s career as a timeline, since he considered Rivera’s history to be the least boring. Villaurrutia claims that, although the genre of painting that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734375

  • Huesped
    Salazar Mallén, Rubén
    1947
    No one interviewed María Izquierdo for this story. Instead, she went to the editorial office of Últimas Noticias on her own initiative and expressed her point of view about the “nascent pictorial dictatorship.” Following Fernando Leal’s lead [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755494

  • Importancia de la nueva pintura en nuestro país
    1938
    The author summarizes a lecture given by poet José Gorostiza in which he talks about the “little teachers” of the new school of Mexican painting, as well as the “affinities that are enough, in my opinion, to characterize the work in its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765068

  • INBA presenta en homenaje a Hoy obras maestras de la pintura mexicana
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1952
    In commemoration of the XV anniversary of the weekly magazine Hoy [Today], the Instituto de Bellas Artes (INBA) suggests the periodical publish a selection of images representing local painting throughout the ages. An article written by the critic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786710

  • Introducción
    Toor, Frances
    1937
    In this book published in 1937, Frances Toor, the North American promoter based in Mexico, makes a study of the most representative artists of modern Mexican painting. Toor served as editor and author of the introduction, while the painter Carlos Mé [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748283

  • Introducción
    Friede, Juan, 1901-1990
    1946
    In his introduction to the book Luis Alberto Acuña: estudio biográfico y crítico, the Ukrainian art historian, critic, and nationalized Colombian, Juan Friede, sets out to clarify his own view of the meaning of art criticism. He believes that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093080

  • Introduction
    Stewart, Virginia
    1951
    In this book, published in 1951, Virginia Stewart looks back at the 45 most representative artists of modern Mexican painting. Her list, created at the end of the golden era of the “Mexican School of Painting,” includes painters from the first [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748181

  • Jalisco se reivindica
    Blanco Moheno, Roberto
    1944
    This article is a review of the exhibition of 19th- and 20th-century Jalisco painting that took place at the Palacio de Bellas Artes in the capital of Mexico. The exhibition included works by José María Estrada, Dr. Atl, Roberto Montenegro, José [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804384

  • Jean Charlot
    Baciu, Stefan
    1970
    Baciu produces a panorama of the work by French painter Jean Charlot, from his early links to his country’s avant-garde and his integration into the first Mexican muralist movement, through to his relationships with the Estridentista movement and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737793

  • José Clemente Orozco : Pinturas Murales : en la Universidad de Guadalajara, Jalisco
    1937
    The art critic Luis Cardoza y Aragón talks about the transformation undergone by José Clemente Orozco over a 15-year period, as he compares the murals at the University of Guadalajara with those at the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria in Mexico City, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733088

  • José Clemente Orozco decorará la cúpula del monumento a la Revolución
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1937
    Cardoza y Aragón writes about a supposed commission for a mural painting dedicated to José Clemente Orozco, meant for the recently considered monument to the revolution “little known to the majority of the inhabitants.” He describes the work, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765057

  • José Clemente Orozco y el horror
    Villaurrutia, Xavier, 1903-1950
    1949
    In this essay, Xavier Villaurrutia examines José Clemente Orozco’s paintings through a prism of dread. The writer contends that this dread, this sense of horror, though not the only feeling present in Orozco’s work, is almost always the dominant [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735365

  • La Asociación de Pintores y Escultores instaló sus talleres
    1917
    The article reports on the creation of the Asociación de Pintores y Escultores Independientes located at the Calle Reloj, 6 in Mexico City. Its members included the artists José Clemente Orozco, José María. Fernández Urbina, David Alfaro [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 739654

  • La cortina de nopal
    Cuevas, José Luis
    1988
    In this seminal text from the mid-1950s, a young José Luis Cuevas criticizes the cultural policies of the Mexican government three decades later for still favoring nationalist art, especially as pictured in murals. Cuevas tells an ironic story that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 788032

  • La crítica de José Luis Cuevas levanta una tempestad de protestas : se agita el agua de la pintura mexicana
    Flores Guerrero, Raúl
    1959
    A short article in which the critic Raúl Flores Guerrero tries to mediate a dispute among journalists set off by José Luis Cuevas, who has taken a position against muralism. It is a brouhaha that has been already going on for a few months. Flores [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786732

  • La Estética de la revolución : La pintura mural
    Méndez, Leopoldo
    1926
    Leopoldo Méndez not only contributed images for the magazine Horizonte, he also voiced his ideas, as in this text. In it he emphasizes the rebellious, antibourgeois, and anti-art for art’s sake aspect of mural art, describing it as that “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754076

  • La exposición de artes plásticas de la LEAR
    Vela, Arqueles
    1936
    It had been a month since El Machete reported the end of a dispute between Luis Cardoza y Aragón and the defenders of the single cultural front promoted in the magazine Frente a Frente [Face to Face]. In this article, the Estridentista and active [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779378

  • La función social del arte
    Tablada, José Juan, 1871-1945
    1923
    In his introduction to Método de Dibujo [Drafting Method], José Juan Tablada identifies it as a weapon in the struggle to establish harmony and democracy amid the chaos and authoritarianism in the artistic milieu. He states that the process at work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825932

  • La gran labor del Taller de Gráfica Popular
    Palencia Alvarez Tubau, Ceferino
    1950
    The Taller de Gráfica Popular [TGP, People’s Print Workshop], with Leopoldo Méndez, Pablo O’Higgins, and Luis Arenal as founding fathers, had always intended to work together as a group on various types of printmaking and painting in the studio [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781749

  • La imagen de México en Bruselas es la de un país que ha trabajado mucho por salir de la miseria y de la esclavitud
    Poniatowska, Elena
    1958
    This review by Elena Poniatowska describes the contents of the Mexican Pavilion at the 1958 Brussels World’s Fair, focusing especially on the works of art exhibited. Underscoring the topic by using bold letters, the author of the article speaks in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780082

  • La integración plástica en el C.U. Presidente Juárez
    Goeritz, Mathias, 1915-1990
    1952
    This article by Mathias Goeritz looks at the level of plastic integration achieved by the Benito Juárez Multifamily Urban Unit, a project under the architectural direction of Mario Pani and Enrique del Moral, working together with the plastic artist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735979

  • La obra de Diego Rivera
    García Maroto, Gabriel, 1889-1968
    1928
    Though using a moderate tone–and even an admiring one when he refers to the continuity, sense of color and form, knowledge of the avant-garde, and diversity in the work—García Maroto was part of the debate, discussion, or situation regarding the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780212

  • La pintura al duco es como un banquete de latas : debe haber mejores materiales que el óleo : afirma Clemente Orozco : pero nosotros no los conocemos en nuestros tiempos
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    José Clemente Orozco affirmed that he did not oppose any pictorial innovation because he believed that every new contribution should be well received. Nevertheless, scientific research was important for obtaining better results. Orozco did not agree [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758184

  • La pintura en Jalisco
    1929
    This is a historical review of the visual arts in Jalisco since pre-Hispanic times: the tonaltecas and their pottery, essential links in the chain of “tradition,” through the Viceroy period when there were plenty of “European copies.” The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 762426

  • La pintura mexicana está en decadencia, dice Tamayo : Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco y David Alfaro Siqueiros, en declive
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    Rufino Tamayo made no reference to the government initiative being handled by Rivera, Orozco, and Siqueiros, although he expressed his strong opposition to the idea. In 1944 Tamayo had warned that Mexican painting was stagnating and in a state of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755507

  • La pintura monumental y de experimentación en México
    Crespo de la Serna, Jorge Juan
    1952
    In this article, art critic Jorge Juan Crespo de la Serna wrote about mural painting and its importance in the evolution of Mexican art. He believed the murals should be intimately connected to the life of the country that produces them given their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779993

  • La primera Exposición de los Grupos de “acción de arte”
    Perez Mendoza, Efraín
    1922
    According to Efraín Pérez Mendoza, the Grupos de “Acción de Arte” [Art Action Groups] exhibition is one of the most interesting, complete and “most tormented that has been mounted by Mexican artists,” because the works express the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774133

  • La revolución artística mexicana : una lección
    García Maroto, Gabriel, 1889-1968
    1927
    La exposición de la joven pintura mexicana [The Exhibition: The New Generation of Mexican Painting] was presented at three cities: Paris, Berlin and Madrid. The Spanish art critic Gabriel García Maroto gave a lecture in December 1926 when the show [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734352

  • La revolución mexicana y los cuadros de la revolución de José Clemente Orozco
    Martínez Ulloa, Enrique
    1929
    Bandera de Provincias decided to “discover” José Clemente Orozco’s work, and commissioned writer Enrique Martínez Ulloa from the state of Jalisco to provide essays on his painting. The author wrote an essay in three parts on the revolutionary [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 762413

  • La revolución mexicana y los cuadros de la revolución de José Clemente Orozco
    Martínez Ulloa, Enrique
    1929
    Bandera de Provincias [Flag of Provinces] decided that they too would “discover” José Clemente Orozco’s work, and commissioned [Enrique Martínez Ulloa], natural from the state of Jalisco, to provide essays on his painting. The author wrote an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763494

  • La síntesis de las Artes
    Villanueva, Carlos Raúl, 1900-1975
    1963
    Referencing such Latin American nations as Mexico, Brazil, Uruguay, and Venezuela, and the European nations of Spain and Italy, Venezuelan architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva examines certain artists and movements that in the aforementioned countries, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864335