Name Descriptor: Gego×
  • Gego
    Traba, Marta
    1977
    Marta Traba analyzes the special characteristics of Gego’s visual language by studying the public works rendered by the artist in Caracas. In her opinion, Gego’s work is based on an understanding of the structures that underlie nature and how [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1160134

  • Gego
    Tapias, Anita
    1999
    The subject of the essay, “Todo final es un comienzo” [Every End is a Beginning], is the Reticuláreas by the Venezuelan artist originally from Germany, Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt, 1912–1994). The text emphasizes the developmental process of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167047

  • Gego : 78 años de juventud e imaginación
    Monsalve, Yasmin
    1990
    Yasmín Monsalve interviews Gego and discusses the artist’s latest project, the series known as Tejeduras [Weavings]. Monsalve mentions certain facets of Gego’s life—such as her arrival in Venezuela and her architectural-engineering studies in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159562

  • Gego : anudamientos
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    2004
    The Venezuelan curator and critic, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas, speaking from a poetic perspective, highlights the relevance of “knots” (nodes) or “knottings” as singular elements in Gego’s visual discourse. The critic sees the knottings in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159704

  • Gego : arquitecto
    Gómez, Hannia
    2006
    Hannia Gómez provides an overview of Gego’s architectural/engineering training and how it influenced her work. The former outlines the latter’s academic education and describes the didactic style of most fashionable architectural schools in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148288

  • Gego : arte, diseño y el campo poético
    Brett, Guy
    2006
    In this essay, English critic and curator Guy Brett examines precisely what elements are responsible for making Gego’s creations works of art rather than works of design or visual investigation, both ideas that are closely bound to her work. Brett [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148211

  • Gego : Cálculo y espontaneidad
    Rodríguez, Bélgica, 1941-
    1972
    Bélgica Rodríguez begins this article, “Cálculo y espontaneidad,” with a brief account of Gego’s life: her studies in engineering and architecture at the Technische Schule von Stuttgart, her arrival in Venezuela in 1939, and her early jobs [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159991

  • Gego : Caracas 2000 or the side effects of modernity
    González, Julieta, 1968-
    2006
    Julieta González ponders the urban and artistic context of Gego’s work. According to the former, the latter’s work could be interpreted as a sort of map of the dissolution of the modernist canon, in both formal and self-referential terms. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159304

  • Gego : Caracas 3000
    Traba, Marta
    1973
    Marta Traba analyzes the entire body of artwork integrated with architecture in Caracas created by Gego, and contrasts them with those created by Jesús Soto and Carlos Cruz Díez, practitioners of Venezuelan Kinetic art. Traba observes that Gego’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864812

  • Gego : desafiando estructuras
    Amor, Monica
    1996
    In this article, Venezuelan critic and professor Mónica Amor refutes the constructivist and organicist approach that has been used to understand Gego’s work. That approach, she claims, does not address the way Gego’s production undermines [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156347

  • Gego : dibujos para proyectos
    Ossott, Hanni, 1946- 2002
    1976
    Hanni Ossott introduces Gego’s exhibition Gego: Dibujos para proyectos [Gego: Drawings for Projects], which includes the artist’s architectural, design, and art projects from 1937 to 1975. The critic suggests that during her training as an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159642

  • Gego : el prodigioso juego de crear
    Peruga, Iris
    2000
    In this essay, Iris Peruga analyzes most of the work created by Gego between 1955 and 1990. The curator examines the similarities between Gego’s artwork and that of her contemporaries. Examining the artist’s relationship with the trends of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1152737

  • Gego : entre la estructura y el objeto
    Auerbach, Ruth
    1988
    In this essay, Ruth Auerbach discusses Bichos [Creatures]—the three-dimensional works by Venezuelan artist Gego—within the overall context of her production. After providing an overview of Gego’s art, Auerbach states that these works are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850872

  • Gego : espacio dibujado
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    1967
    Roberto Guevara reviews the work that Gego presented at the exhibition, Gego: Esculturas. 1957–1967 [Gego: Sculpture, 1957–1967] (Caracas: Galería Conkright, 1967). Guevara states that the exhibition is clear and convincing proof of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159369

  • Gego : exaltación de la línea
    Burgos, Álvaro
    1967
    In this essay, Colombian critic and journalist Álvaro Burgos analyzes the sculptures by Gego, a Venezuelan artist of German origin, included in the exhibition Gego: Esculturas, 195­7–1967, held in Colombia. Burgos asserts that Gego’s works form [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156363

  • Gego : íntima y universal
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    2006
    In this essay, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas describes Gego’s body of work. The curator identifies the artist’s early work in the category of geometric abstraction; however, as she developed, she moved toward an approach that was “organic and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159752

  • Gego : Laocoonte, las redes y la indecisión de las cosas
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    2003
    In this essay, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas studies Gego’s work, Reticulárea (1969) as Venezuela’s first real incursion into contemporary art. The critic contrasts the premises maintained by Venezuelan Syntheticism (which claims to be the last [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1152689

  • Gego : outside in, inside out
    Carvajal, Rina
    1999
    In this essay, Venezuelan curator Rina Carvajal asserts that by means of the disintegration and reconfiguration of the form, the visual discourse formulated by Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt, 1912–1994), a Venezuelan artist of German origin, opened up [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1158157

  • Gego : para entrar al espacio
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    1977
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon.                                However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149443

  • Gego : se fue la gran tejedora
    Yagüe Jarque, Eloi, 1957-
    1994
    This article has a title as well as a subtitle: “Gego: The Great Weaver is Gone. The Winner of the National Visual Arts Prize 1979 Died Yesterday in Caracas.” The writer and arts journalist Eloi Yagüe Jarque made this written tribute to Gego [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1160166

  • Gego : tejer el tiempo : la obra como acontecimiento
    González, Lorena
    2009
    Lorena González sees similarities between works by Gego and those by the Venezuelan writer Antonia Palacios, in that they are both based on a noticeable sense of temporality. According to González, “the line”—the fundamental element in Gego [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150137

  • Gego : tejiendo poemas de alambre
    Lozada Soucre, Luis
    1977
    In this review of the opening of Gego’s exhibition at the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo [Contemporary Art Museum] in Caracas in 1977, Luis Lozada Soucre reports on the great, well-attended event. He quotes Marta Traba, and interviews people in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159498

  • Gego : trazas de trazos = Gego´s traces of traces
    Zegher, Catherine de
    2006
    This analysis by Catherine de Zegher focuses on Gego’s drawing in space. After an introduction in which she describes earlier works by important artists that engage the notion of drawing in space, as well as those by Gego’s contemporaries, de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149528

  • Gego : vive en la secreta tensión de sus sueños
    Gómez, Andreína
    1996
    Andreína Gómez interviews Elízabeth Gunz on the occasion of Gego. Dibujos. Dibujos, grabados y tejeduras [Gego Drawings: Drawings, Prints, and Weavings] the exhibition presented at the Centro Cultural Consolidado (Caracas, 1996). Elízabeth Gunz ( [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159288

  • Gego and the webs of the postnation
    Rangel, Gabriela, 1963-
    2003
    This is an essay on Gego’s work written by Gabriela Rangel. It emphasizes the international acclaim the artist’s work generated starting in the first decade of the twenty-first century. The recent success is proven by the international [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159928

  • Gego o la provocación para un mundo nuevo
    Montero Castro, Roberto
    1977
    Roberto Montero Castro reviews Gego’s exhibition based on his conversation with the artist in the room where her Reticulárea (1969) was installed for a group show at the Galería de Arte Nacional [National Art Gallery] (GAN, 1977). He describes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159594

  • Gego o la seriedad
    Feltra, A.
    1977
    In this interview with Gego by Venezuelan journalist A. Feltra, certain aspects of the artist’s life and personality are discussed. Gego says that she does not like to expose her private life to the public, and asserts that her work speaks for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159122

  • Gego premio nacional de artes plásticas : espero que mis alumnos hagan cosas diferentes a las que les he enseñado
    Comerlati, Mara, 1952-
    1980
    Venezuelan cultural journalist Mara Comerlati conducted this interview with Gego in 1980 soon after she had been awarded the Premio Nacional de Artes Plásticas in 1979. Comerlati provides biographical information about the artist: her arrival in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159057

  • Gego realizó el milagro de tejer en el espacio : Sao Paulo y Caracas le rinden homenaje
    Monsalve, Yasmin
    1996
    In this article, Yasmín Monsalve reports on Gego’s presence at the Twenty-third São Paulo Biennial in 1996, and on her exhibition Gego. Dibujos. Dibujos, grabados y tejeduras [Gego Drawings: Drawings, Prints, and Weavings] presented that same [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159546

  • Gego y la escena analítica del cinetismo
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    2000
    Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas believed that as a foreigner in Venezuela, Gego gave her work the function of an “analytical process” by constructing a “neutral space” in a time saturated by Kinetic art and geometric abstraction. Her work resists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159736

  • Gego y los nuevos ámbitos de reticulárea
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    1970
    Roberto Guevara’s review of Gego’s Reticulárea (1969) was written a year after the work was created and originally installed. Guevara calls it the most complete installation in Venezuelan visual art up to that point (1970) because the open [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149339

  • Gego y Silva Estrada : imagen del vacio pleno
    Flores, María Antonieta, 1960-
    1995
    In this review published in 1995 in the “Epífitas” column of the newspaper El Universal, Venezuelan poet, critic, and professor María Antonieta Flores asserts that the exhibition organized by the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Sofía Imber [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149510

  • Gego y sus telas de araña
    1981
    This review, dated March 29, 1981, is based on a visit made by some journalists from the “Caracas a Diario” supplement to the newspaper Diario de Caracas to Gego, and to view her work in gallery four of the Galería de Arte Nacional (GAN) in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148090

  • Gego, el juego de crear
    Peruga, Iris
    2006
    This is an essay on Gego’s artwork published to accompany the exhibition, Desafiando Estructuras [Challenging Structures] (MACBA, Barcelona/Museu Serralves, Porto, Portugal, 2006) by Iris Peruga. It starts out with biographical information on the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159816

  • Gego, la luz cernida dulcemente
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    1994
    Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas considers Gego the most important artist in Venezuelan modern art. In his opinion, her work broke through the conventional limits and was situated at the margin of the national art scene as “a work of critical importance [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159768

  • Gego, Reticulárea : exposición permanente
    2005
    A salon sheet, with neither author nor date, signed by the GAN (Galería de Arte Nacional) [National Art Gallery], published (presumably) in connection with the permanent installation of Gego’s Reticulárea (1969), after her death, by a team of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159255

  • Gego, retículas residuales y modernidad involuntaria : la sombra, los rastros y el sitio = Gego, residual reticulareas and involuntary modernism : shadow, traces, and site
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    2003
    Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas analyzes Gego’s work in light of what he considers her contribution to the history of visual art. The critic considers [the source of] that contribution to be the different artistic milieu in which her artistic life [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159784

  • Gego's performative geometry
    Cabañas, Kaira Marie, 1974-
    2006
    Curator Kaira Marie Cabañas argues that work by Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt, 1912–1994), a Venezuelan artist of German origin, constitutes a “performative geometry” based on a primordial interest in the act of “making.” The configuration of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1166787

  • Introduction
    Bloch, E. Maurice
    1971
    This note within the catalogue to the exhibition, Tamarind: A Renaissance of Lithography (Shasta College Art Department, Reading, California, 1971), indicates Gego’s participation in that event. In addition to some information about Gego’s life, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1158966

  • Introduction = Introducción
    Manrique, Josefina; Huizi, María Elena
    2005
    María Elena Huizi and Josefina Manrique wrote the introduction to the book Sabiduras y otros textos de Gego / Sabiduras and Other Texts by Gego that includes a selection of the artist’s previously unpublished manuscripts. The two researchers [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159417

  • John Cage : music of changes
    Dietrich, Malow
    1982
    This document shows a fragment of the score, Music of Changes, by the American composer John Cage, to be presented as an accompaniment to Gego’s environmental work, Reticulárea, in the exhibition Spielraum-Raumspiele [Play Room/Play Space] at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148193

  • La caverne moderne : histoires de pénétrables
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    2000
    In this essay, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas analyzes a fragment of modern Latin American art history, presented through the form of “penetrable” works. The critic describes the development of the form with respect to its representation as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159720

  • La colección Clara Diament Sujo
    Benko, Susana
    1995
    Divided into eight chapters, this text by scholar Susana Benko is a study of contemporary Venezuelan art. The first part serves as an introduction, and consists of a brief overview of the Clara Diament Sujo collection. Afterward, she turns her focus [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156736

  • La invención de la continuidad
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    1997
    In this essay, published in the catalogue for the exhibition La invención de la continuidad (Caracas: Galería de Arte Nacional, 1997), the curator Luis Enrique Pérez-Oramas discusses questions associated with the development of twentieth-century [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101838

  • La línea de tres dimensiones : acontecimiento plástico
    Montero Castro, Roberto
    1977
    Roberto Montero Castro wrote this review at the time of Gego’s exhibition at the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo [Contemporary Art Museum] in Caracas in 1977. He referred to the idea expressed by Pythagorean philosophers—that numbers are an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159610

  • La línea que se fue de paseo
    Núñez, Josefina
    2000
    In this review, Josefina Núñez refers to Gego’s training and development as a graphic artist, and discusses her technical and creative approach to printing and lithography. Núñez takes a long look at Gego’s art based on her unique use of line [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156752

  • La mano, la seda, el color
    Espinoza, Manuel
    1978
    Venezuelan artist, curator, and cultural manager Manuel Espinoza presents the exhibition La mano, la seda, el color [Hand, Silk and Color] (Museo de Arte Contemporáneo of Caracas, 1978), which featured prints on silk by nine Venezuelan artists: [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159106

  • La materialidad en Gego = Gego´s materialism
    Shiff, Richard
    2003
    In this 2002 lecture, the American art history professor, Richard Shiff, analyzes specific aspects of Gego’s use of materials and her manual sensibility. As a theoretical basis for the study, Shiff proposes the concepts of “vectors”— [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150029

  • La memoria visual de una colección
    Pérez- Ratton, Virginia
    2005
    The artist, curator, and researcher from Costa Rica, Virginia Pérez Ratton, describes the exhibition A contra corriente [Against the Current] that took place at Galería TEOR/éTica in Costa Rica in 2005 and which included works by Lygia Pape , Gego [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159800

  • La obra : espacio de un acontecer
    Ossott, Hanni, 1946- 2002
    1977
    Hanni Ossott reviews Gego’s three-dimensional works retrospectively back to 1976. Ossott observes that unlike other contemporary works, Gego’s work invites the viewer to see past technical and formal elements to find the human “perspective” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864374