Name Descriptor: Szyszlo, Fernando de×
  • "Introducción", Salón de Artistas Jóvenes : Patrocinado por la Unión Panamericana y Esso = "Introduction" Salon of Young Artists: Sponsored by Pan American Union and Esso.
    Gómez Sicre, José
    This is the introduction to the catalogue for the Salón de Artistas Jóvenes Latinoamericanos [Young Latin American Artists Salon]—held at the Pan-American Union in Washington, DC in 1965. It was written by José Gómez Sicre, director of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091951

  • "La importancia de nuestra generacíon es haber puesto al día al Perú artístico"
    This is an anonymous interview with Fernando de Szyszlo on his successful presentation at the III Salón Moncloa in Lima in 1955. The artist stated that it was the first artistic competition in which he had participated since 1951 due to his distrust [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137778

  • "Me parece que no hay otra pintura que la europea"
    Moll, Eduardo, 1929-
    In this interview, Fernando de Szyszlo states that the only painting tradition that exists is the European tradition, under the standards that emanated from Paris in the late 19th century, to which all other schools have been assimilated. Even “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864956

  • "polémica Espacio"
    Pérez Barreto, Samuel (1921-2003)
    This text is Samuel Pérez Barreto’s response to the article by the Agrupación Espacio published as part of the debate that took shape around the polemic statements by Fernando de Szyszlo (“there are no painters in Peru”) published in La [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137916

  • "Qué arte abstracto ni que nada, el arte es esencialmente uno...": lo que debe hacer el pintor es "pintar", manifestó Sérvulo Gutiérrez
    Gutiérrez, Sérvulo
    In this text, Sérvulo Gutiérrez asserts that any classification that entails “dividing art” is conventional and falls into pigeonholing. It is misguided since it implies taking “a part for the whole.” Sérvulo Gutiérrez questions whether [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150851

  • “Sobre la pintura de Urteaga” : disertó ayer el artista Fernando Szyszlo [sic], en el local del IAC
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146131

  • [José Luis Cuevas realiza sus primeros dibujos ...]
    Banko, Catalina
    In a text on the drawings and prints of José Luis Cuevas written in 1985, the art historian Catalina Banko compares his work to that of the Mexican muralists in order to show the major differences between them. To accomplish this, the Venezuelan [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156829

  • [Letter] 1977 April 27, Cali, Colombia [to] Lorenzo Homar
    Uribe de Urdinola, Maritza
    The director of the Museo de Arte Moderno [Museum of Modern Art] La Tertulia, Maritza Uribe de Urdinola, writes to Lorenzo Homar to inform him that the Peruvian artist Fernando de Szyszlo will be told why his work cannot be printed. She then asks [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 863824

  • Arte : Fernando de Szyszlo regresa de París
    This brief interview with Fernando de Szyszlo took place upon his return to Lima after having lived in Paris—which he calls “a fountain of life”—for a number of years. With enthusiasm, he describes the stimulating cultural milieu of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137933

  • Arte : la guerra de los pintores
    Pérez Barreto, Samuel (1921-2003)
    Samuel Pérez Barreto defends abstract art in the conclusion to his article published as part of the debate generated by the polemic statements of painter Fernando de Szyszlo (“there are no painters in Peru) published in La Prensa newspaper (Lima, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137856

  • Arte : las pinturas recientes de Fernando Szyszlo
    Pérez Barreto, Samuel (1921-2003)
    In this text, critic and librettist Samuel Pérez Barreto (S. P. B.) comments on the show of abstract paintings by fellow Peruvian Fernando de Szyszlo held at the Sociedad de Arquitectos del Perú in Lima. Pérez Barreto points out the deep [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150721

  • Artes Plásticas
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    For the author, the circumstantial dominance of abstract painting at the III Salón Moncloa does not imply the true primacy of that trend within Peru’s painting [scene], although it does reveal how this trend has become (for young artists) an “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 859662

  • Artes plásticas : respuesta a Szyszlo
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    In this response to Fernando de Szyszlo, well-known critic Sebastián Salazar Bondy points out how dynamic the Peruvian art scene is; against all odds, “there are people working tirelessly, with no pointless nostalgia as they undertake the creation [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293656

  • Artist in a quandary
    Kemble, Kenneth, 1923-
    Kenneth Kemble writes about the dilemma of being simultaneously an art critic and an artist, mainly when one’s own work is being exhibited. The matter is worsened by having his wife, Silvia Torrás, included in the show as well. Also, Kemble [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 740974

  • Balance de una polémica : cuatro preguntas fundamentales
    Rios, Juan, 1914-1991
    Juan Ríos asserts that Fernando de Szyszlo’s provocative statement “there are no painters in Peru” serves to legitimize public disdain for the country’s own culture. He condemns what he deems “the dangerous melodrama” that leads to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137882

  • Cátedra libre : pintura clásica y pintura moderna ¿ritmo acelerado o retorno a lo clásico?
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    Several European intellectuals responded to the final question in the survey about “classical” painting and “modern” painting that was published in the Lima newspaper El Comercio. Paul Linder states that, in the course of history, there are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137531

  • Cátedra libre: ¿por qué se ha transformado la pintura?
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    In response to the survey published by the Lima newspaper El Comercio as to the difference between “classical” and “modern” art, respondents provided different and, in some cases, contradictory answers. Responding to the question regarding [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137463

  • Consideraciones estéticas : Szyszlo en el I. A. C.
    Acha, Juan, 1916-1995
    Juan Acha discusses the exhibition of Fernando de Szyszlo’s series of paintings inspired by the indigenous poem “Apu Inca Atawallpaman,” an event that was organized by the Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo (IAC) in Lima. Acha finds the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1292805

  • Cuidado con la pintura : el arte por el arte abstracto : comentario al premio “Manuel Moncloa y Ordóñez
    Valle, Alejandro Romualdo, 1926-2008
    Alejandro Romualdo Valle critiques the III Salón de Pintura Manual Moncloa which, in his judgment, posits “abstract art as a complete substitute for art,” arguing that abstraction divides man from art, thus debilitating the latter. [He states] [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227101

  • De arte : exposición Szyszlo
    Raygada, Carlos, 1898-1953
    In this text, critic Carlos Raygada comments on the show of abstract paintings by fellow Peruvian Fernando de Szyszlo held at the Sociedad de Arquitectos del Perú in Lima in May 1951. While Raygada praises the works’ “total commitment to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150738

  • Dice Fernando Szyszlo que no hay pintores en el Perú ni América : el joven pintor peruano declara sentir su pintura y la de los demás pero no puede explicarla
    This text contains the polemic statements that Fernando de Szyszlo made on the occasion of his exhibition of abstract paintings held at the Asociación de Arquitectos del Perú in Lima in May 1951. He starts off by provocatively asserting that “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137793

  • Dos notas sobre Szyszlo / Guido Strazza
    Pérez Barreto, Samuel (1921-2003)
    This page from the culture magazine Espacio reproduces the reviews offered by artist Guido Strazza and critic Samuel Pérez Barreto regarding the second individual show of Fernando de Szyszlo at the Galería de Lima (June 1949). Strazza begins his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1151228

  • El debate sobre pintura: carta del Sr. Juan Ríos R.
    Rios, Juan, 1914-1991
    In his response to the article published by the Agrupación Espacio, writer and critic Juan Ríos asserts that there are two positions in art today: “art for art’s sake” and socially committed art. He considers abstraction the extreme of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150912

  • El falso apocalipsis del arte latinoamericano
    Guillent Pérez, J. R.
    Making use of his philosophical background, J. R. Guillent Pérez critically analyzes the article by Marta Traba published in Caracas under the title “El arte latinoamericano: un falso apocalipsis.” In his judgment, Traba has not understood the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799219

  • En blanca y negra
    Miró Quesada Garland, Luis
    The author, Luis Miró Quesada, laments the absence of figurative artists [at the III Salón Moncloa], although he particularly values non-figurative art. He highlights the “fine and delicate pictorial qualities” of the winner of the III Salón [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 859754

  • Entrevista concreta a un pintor abstracto
    Orbegozo, Manuel Jesús, 1923-
    In this interview with Fernando de Szyszlo, the painter states that he is misunderstood within the Lima arts scene. He refutes the notion that an artist must be socially engaged because, in his judgment, “a painter’s only duty is to be a good [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227120

  • Exposición Szyszlo
    Raygada, Carlos, 1898-1953
    For the author, Carlos Reygada, the works exhibited exemplify a presumptuous attitude that merely imitates the “penultimate” European trends, although without first grounding them in a serious study of the pictorial material. In his judgment, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1151246

  • Exposiciones de Szyszlo y Eielson
    Flórez Estrada, Antonio
    The author analyzes the joint exhibition at the Galería de Lima. He states that the space dedicated to Fernando de Szyszlo requires effort to be promulgated given how unusual it is for the local [arts] scene. He points out that in these types of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1151263

  • Frente único
    Moncloa, Francisco, 1922-
    Francisco Moncloa applauds the decision to honor Joaquín López Antay, the Andean altarpiece artist who was awarded the National Culture Prize in the art category in 1975. Moncloa responds to critics who value “cultured art” above “handcrafts [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135914

  • Gran problema del arte peruano es la falta de críticos : "Xanno" : Alejandro Romualdo Valle agregó que los que escriben sobre arte son improvisados o huachafos
    Valle, Alejandro Romualdo, 1926-2008
    In this interview, Alejandro Romualdo Valle (“Xanno”) reacts to the ideological turn that the debate as to whether or not there are painters in Peru has taken. He states that the real problem facing Peruvian art “is the lack of critics.” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150928

  • I Salón de Arte Abstracto : Museo de Arte, paseo Colón, Lima, 15 de enero de 1958
    Patronato de las Artes (Perú)
    This text lists the works of the I Salón de Arte Abstracto held in Lima, Peru in January 1958. The brief prologue states that the exhibition’s mission is to demonstrate how painting in Peru has followed the same “logical” artistic development [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143441

  • Introduction
    Messer, Thomas M.
    In this text, Thomas Messer explains the logic behind how he selected the works for his exhibition The Emergent Decade: Latin American Painters and Painting in the 1960s. He also considers the questions that the exhibition raises about how [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1061823

  • La "polémica de los pintores"
    Costa y Laurent, Federico
    The author, Federico Costa y Laurent, considers the discussion about nonfigurative art to be anecdotal when he states that “painting, as such, simply is.” He claims that the core issue in the debate comes down to “sincerely living the essential [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150866

  • La nueva imagen del IAC
    Belaúnde Guinassi, Mario
    Founded in 1947, the Galería de Lima, gave rise to the Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo (IAC) eight years later. After its inception, the IAC was key in revitalizing the local scene with international modernism through exhibitions by foreign and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142594

  • La pintura abstracta : proceso de subjetivación : Szyszlo trata de explicar lo que pocos entienden
    Fernando de Szyszlo was interviewed following his success at the III Salón Moncloa. After presenting a brief biographical sketch of the artist, the anonymous interviewer records his opinions on the subject of contemporary art: “the fruit of a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227046

  • López Antay ha muerto...¡Viva López Antay!
    Oliva, Félix, 1932-2004
    In this article the artist Félix Oliva reviews the debate sparked by the jury’s decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to Joaquín López Antay, the altarpiece artist from the Andean region of Peru. Following the latter’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136445

  • Nota de arte: primera exposición de Fernando de Szyszlo
    Barreto, Juan, 1913-1991
    The author praises Fernando de Szyszlo’s first exhibition (May 1947) for breaking with the “imitative painting” practiced by other young [artists] “who adhere to the dead formulas of the Escuela de Bellas Artes.”  Identifying “two views [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1151195

  • Nuevas pinturas de Szyszlo
    Rodríguez Saavedra, Carlos
    In this text, Peruvian art critic Carlos Rodríguez Saavedra comments on a show of the series of painting by Fernando de Szyszlo based on Apu Inca Atawallpaman, a colonial-era Quechua poem translated into Spanish by writer and anthropologist José [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1292779

  • Pintores peruanos hay, lo que aún no hay es pintura peruana : dice Juan Ríos y agrega que la pintura abstracta es pobre e inhumana
    Questioned about Fernando de Szyszlo’s statement that there are no painters in Peru or indeed—with the exception of Rufino Tamayo—in the Americas, Juan Ríos defends Mexican muralism, thereby confirming that there are, in fact, Peruvian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137808

  • Pintura : la guerra de los pintores : plumas por pinceles
    Pérez Barreto, Samuel (1921-2003)
    In this article, Samuel Pérez Barreto argues that there is a connection between Fernando de Szyszlo’s polemic statement “there are no painters in Peru” and writer Juan Ríos’s assertion in response that there are excellent painters in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137839

  • Pintura abstracta : ¿Arte o "engañabobos"...?
    This newspaper article is about Fernando de Szyszlo’s exhibition at the Galería de Arte Moncloa Editores (April 1967). The anonymous columnist mentions the controversy that raged over abstract painting and provides comments from those who define [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142981

  • Pintura de Fernando de Szyszlo
    Sologuren, Javier
    Javier Sologuren reviews the abstract oil paintings by Fernando de Szyszlo exhibited at the Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo (IAC) [Institute of Contemporary Art] in Lima. The author praises the quality of the works, whose values express “visual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1292692

  • Pinturas sobre el poema de Atahualpa
    Szyszlo, Fernando de
    This document is the catalogue published by the Museo de Arte Moderno of Bogotá (MAM) on the occasion of the exhibition of Peruvian painter Fernando de Szyszlo entitled Pinturas sobre el poema de Atahualpa (1964). It contains two black and white [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093558

  • Poesía quechua y pintura abstracta : a propósito de una exposición reciente de pinturas de Szyszlo
    Westphalen, Emilio Adolfo, 1911-2001
    In this text, poet Emilio Adolfo Westphalen considers the series of paintings produced by Fernando de Szyszlo on the basis of the Quechua poem Apu Inca Atawallpaman written during the colonial era. Westphalen asserts that the relationship between [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1292880

  • Polémica
    Agrupación Espacio (Perú)
    Contrary to the arguments put forth by opponents of “non-figurative” painting, this article maintains that a country’s degree of cultural evolution is in no way tied to its adherence or lack of adherence to a given artistic tendency. While, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137823

  • Polémica : ¿hay pintores en el Perú?
    Agrupación Espacio (Perú)
    This article acknowledges that Szyszlo’s provocative statement ("en el Perú no hay pintores" [There are no painters in Peru]) might seem dogmatic because of the way it was twisted by the press and local intellectuals. The writer of the article [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139402

  • Prefacio
    Bayón, Damián
    In this text, Damián Bayón introduces a collection of essays on Latin American art with a broad overview of what he argues are the most critical issues when considering the historical and contemporary art of the region as a whole. He begins by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1061874

  • Primera exposición de Fernando de Szyszlo
    Eielson, Jorge Eduardo
    Jorge Eduardo Eielson discusses Fernando de Szyszlo’s first exhibition at the Instituto Cultural Peruano Norteamericano in Lima. The Peruvian poet and visual artist (who later settled in Italy) describes de Szyszlo’s work as “painting that is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1151211

  • Szyszlo : serie sobre el poema Apu Inca Atawallpaman
    Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo (Lima, Perú)
    This is the catalogue for the exhibition of canvases and gouaches by Fernando de Szyszlo inspired by the series Apu Inca Atawallpaman, based on the colonial-era Quechua poem about the death of the Inca Atahualpa and the fall of the Tahuantinsuyo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1292718

  • Szyszlo : una aproximación
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    In his remarks on the series of paintings Apu Inca Atawallpaman inspired by the colonial-era Quechua poem of the same name, Sebastián Salazar Bondy rejects criticism that “sets out to speak FROM painting” and, thus, marginalizes theme. He argues [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1292847