Name Descriptor: Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984×
  • [Muchos son los pintores y escultores que han trabajado...]
    Goeritz, Mathias, 1915-1990
    Through diverse photographs, Mathias Goeritz shows the development of what he calls the “problem” of Integración Plástica [Plastic Integration], a dogmatic movement in which the architect Mario Pani actively participated together with several [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 741770

  • Carlos Mérida
    Jiménez, Guillermo
    Based on the exhibition presented by Carlos Mérida at the gallery of the Palacio de Bellas Artes, and the recent favorable reviews received abroad by the artist himself, Guillermo Jiménez establishes the parameters that he considers necessary to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752294

  • Carlos Mérida
    Yáñez, Agustín
    Agustín Yáñez applauds the elements embedded in Carlos Mérida’s work. He mentions his search for Americanism in the color, which he considers “a terribly dangerous route . . . to his exposure to failure . . .”. However, in Yáñez’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 762447

  • Carlos Mérida y la crítica Americana
    This brief review deals with Carlos Mérida’s exhibition at the Delphic Studios in New York. It was widely accepted and attended by a large public that included artists, critics, and journalists. Some sections of comments about the show, published [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736587

  • Carlos Mérida: ensayo sobre el arte del trópico
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    In this text, Luis Cardoza y Aragón presents the early work (1920–27) of painter Carlos Mérida as the paradigm of a new kind of modern American art. He begins the text by characterizing Mayan culture as sensual (colorful and physically effecting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 832415

  • Contemporary painting and sculpture in Mexico
    Fernández, Justino
    In this essay from 1937, Justino Fernández conducts a study on the evolution of Mexican art during the 1920s and 1930s. The text is organized in three large sections: mural painting, general painting and sculpture. Fernández characterizes mural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748369

  • D. A. Siqueiros usa material nuevo para hacer pintura vieja : dice Carlos Mérida que duda si los plásticos líquidos de hoy sean mejores que los legendarios útiles
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    Carlos Mérida was one of the first artists to reply to Antonio Rodríguez’s questionnaire. The Guatemalan painter, a naturalized citizen of Mexico, agreed with David Alfaro Siqueiros regarding the use of new materials. Nevertheless, he doubted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758149

  • El espíritu del arte en México
    Westheim, Paul
    From a European perspective, Paul Westheim gives his first impressions on modern art in Mexico. He identifies two of its qualities: first, an originality and independence from European art and, second, a rebirth of folk art that is removed from the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 744729

  • El infantilismo en la decoración mural
    Molina, Renato
    Renato Molina Enríquez praises the “mural decoration” that Carlos Mérida painted on the ground floor of the SEP (Ministry of Public Education), in the Biblioteca Infantil [Children’s Library] annex of the main library. The theme for the mural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754908

  • El movimiento actual de la pintura en México : La influencia benéfica de la Revolución sobre las Artes Plásticas
    Hernández Araujo, Juan
    This is the last installment of an article in four parts by painters David Alfaro Siqueiros and Jean Charlot, about the character of the current movement of painting in Mexico. The article, as foretold by the title, is going to be about the positive [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757972

  • El Museo de arte Moderno : Hay de todo como en la botica
    Crespo de la Serna, Jorge Juan
    Critic Jorge Juan Crespo de la Serna reviews the content of the newly opened Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes at the Palacio de Bellas Artes. After several visits to take in the breadth of the collection, he concludes that the Mexican painting section [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 798315

  • Exposición de pintura actual organizada por la revista Contemporáneos : del 7 al 15 de diciembre en el Pasaje América : Catálogo
    This article analyzes the works exhibited by Abraham Ángel, Julio Castellanos, Carlos Mérida, Manuel Rodríguez Lozano and Rufino Tamayo. It also states that other artists were invited to participate: José Clemente Orozco, who promised to send [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 800222

  • Exposiciones : la de “Arte” y “Libertad”
    Nelken, Margarita
    The critic Margarita Nelken analyzes the success of the show organized at Galería Excélsior under the title Arte y Libertad [Art and Freedom] by the Asociación Mexicana por la Libertad de la Cultura. “The key feature of this exhibition is the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786403

  • Exposiciones particulares organizadas por la Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes de México : Carlos Mérida
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    Painter Carlos Mérida thanks and praises Alfredo Ramos Martínez, who was then director of the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes, for organizing a series of exhibitions that would influence the artistic development of Mexico. In the introduction to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733347

  • Historia de Diego Rivera
    Villaurrutia, Xavier, 1903-1950
    In 1927, Xavier Villaurrutia attempted an assessment of the Mexican art movement using Diego Rivera’s career as a timeline, since he considered Rivera’s history to be the least boring. Villaurrutia claims that, although the genre of painting that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734375

  • Inquietudes : Decoración mexicana
    Nelken, Margarita
    The Spanish art critic Margarita Nelken uses the term “Decoración Mexicana” [Mexican Decoration] as the title of her article on the work created at the Multifamiliar Benito Juarez [Benito Juárez Residential Project] by the Guatemalan artist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792968

  • Introduction
    Stewart, Virginia
    In this book, published in 1951, Virginia Stewart looks back at the 45 most representative artists of modern Mexican painting. Her list, created at the end of the golden era of the “Mexican School of Painting,” includes painters from the first [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748181

  • Jean Charlot
    Baciu, Stefan
    Baciu produces a panorama of the work by French painter Jean Charlot, from his early links to his country’s avant-garde and his integration into the first Mexican muralist movement, through to his relationships with the Estridentista movement and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737793

  • La exposición de 8 pintores jóvenes en la Galería de Arte Moderno
    The article covers the exhibition organized by the Galería de Arte Moderno in celebration of its first anniversary. The author comments on the Mexican capital’s vocation toward art, both in terms of diffusion and stimulus. He also mentions some of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736798

  • La exposición de Carlos Mérida
    Carlos Mérida was interviewed on the occasion of his first exhibition in Mexico at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes [National School of Fine Arts]. This article reports on that interview, quoting from the brief text written by the painter for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760504

  • La integración plástica en el C.U. Presidente Juárez
    Goeritz, Mathias, 1915-1990
    This article by Mathias Goeritz looks at the level of plastic integration achieved by the Benito Juárez Multifamily Urban Unit, a project under the architectural direction of Mario Pani and Enrique del Moral, working together with the plastic artist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735979

  • La juventud rebelde se erige en juez : … y entierra a los muertos
    Poniatowska, Elena
    Elena Poniatowska spent time gathering opinions on the Inter-American Biennial of Painting and Printmaking. According to Octavio Paz, the four great masters of painting were Carlos Mérida, Rufino Tamayo, Wilfredo Lam, and Roberto Matta; he felt that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769956

  • La mujer artista en America Latina
    Hernández, Carmen, 1963-
    In this text, researcher Carmen Hernández examines the visual discourse on gender issues of women artists from Latin America. She concludes that there is no artistic movement in the region that specifically reflects on gender of the sort that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155362

  • La nueva Galería de Arte Moderno : The new Modern Art Gallery
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    Carlos Mérida reports that given the global importance that Mexican painting has taken on and the interest generated by its evolution, the Departamento del Distrito Federal [DDF, Mexico City-City Hall] founded an art gallery to exhibit works by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757942

  • La pintura moderna en México
    The article suggests that only a few isolated painters existed in Mexico before 1930. Nevertheless, the text points out that by the time of the article’s publication Mexican painting already existed as a movement, shaped by indigenous art, although [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736616

  • La pintura monumental y de experimentación en México
    Crespo de la Serna, Jorge Juan
    In this article, art critic Jorge Juan Crespo de la Serna wrote about mural painting and its importance in the evolution of Mexican art. He believed the murals should be intimately connected to the life of the country that produces them given their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779993

  • La Ruptura, 1935–1955
    Felguérez, Manuel, 1928-
    In this essay, written in 1988, Manuel Felguérez relates the beginnings of what is known as the Ruptura movement in the 1950s. Felguérez points out that the arrival of refugees from the Spanish Civil War and other European nations in the previous [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 788048

  • Las sugestiones de Cardoza
    Cabada, Juan de la
    In this document Juan de la Cabada responds to Luis Cardoza y Aragón’s criticism of the first art exhibition organized by the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists]. At the same time de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779292

  • Lo visible y lo oculto. El mural de Alva Guadarrama en la escuela primaria Juan Palacios
    Soto Villafaña, Adrián
    This is the first systematic study of this painter’s murals in the so-called “Escuelas funcionalistas” [functional schools]. One school was built in 1932 in the Colonia Pro-Hogar (Azcapotzalco Area) in Mexico City; two years later, Alva [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 789185

  • Los pintores mexicanos no fracasaron en New York : La campaña en contra de estos artista (sic) sólo se ha hecho por la envidia
    Tablada, José Juan, 1871-1945
    On the occasion of the Exposición de Artistas Independientes [Exhibition by Independent Artists] in New York, José Juan Tablada responded—with a spirited defense of the Mexican artists whose work was on display—to rumors he had heard [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783816

  • Notas artísticas : la próxima exposición de Carlos Mérida
    This article reproduces some of the works by Carlos Mérida that would be shown in his upcoming exhibition sponsored by the Academia de Bellas Artes. The author states that the artist’s personality is well defined. He points out that Mérida is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781727

  • Nuestros artistas presentes...
    Lora Risco, Alejandro
    Commentary by essayist Alejandro Lora Risco on the Mexican art show organized in Lima by La Crónica newspaper. From within the event’s massive audience, the author highlights the presence of the individuals most likely to read his text: Peruvian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150959

  • Prólogo. Exhibition of Contemporary Mexican Art : Shown in Assembly Hall : January-February, 1935
    Crespo de la Serna, Jorge Juan
    In the prologue to the catalogue of the 1935 exhibition of contemporary Mexican art, Mexican artist Jorge Juan Crespo de la Serna provides a brief overview of Mexican art from the time of the Mayans until the present. He asserts that Mexican art, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 823372

  • Salón 61 : una sencilla mujer del norte : ¿Señor, por qué han premiado cuadros tan feos?
    Valdés, Carlos
    In this article Carlos Valdés writes a short review of the 1961 Salón la Plástica Mexicana [1961 Salon of the Mexican Visual Arts]. He tells the story of a woman who approached him at the exhibition and asked him if he understood why prizes had [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735951

  • The Mexican School
    Schmeckebier, Laurence Eli
    In this essay entitled “The Mexican School,” Laurence E. Schmeckebier analyzes the rise and evolution of the “Mexican School of Painting.” Schmeckebier places the origin of this “school” in the first generation of muralism and in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748241

  • Torre de señales : Una nueva sección a cargo de José Gorostiza
    Gorostiza, José
    In this document José Gorostiza analyzes the works of eight artists who participated in the Pintores mexicanos modernos [Modern Mexican Painters] exhibition organized by Carlos Mérida and Carlos Orozco Romero for the brewery, Carta Blanca. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760487

  • Un notable escultor americanista en México
    Noriega Hope, Carlos, 1896-1934
    According to José Corral, it is unquestionable that Mexico is completely unaware of Latin American art history, since the whole continent takes its cues from Europe and the United States. This is why the arrival of the Guatemalan sculptor Rafael [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760462