Name Descriptor: Bienal Internacional de Sâo Paulo (10th : 1969)×
  • [Letter] 1969 April 22, New York [to] Gyorgy Kepes
    Haacke, Hans, 1936-
    Hans Haacke’s letter shows that he pondered the invitation sent by Gyorgy Kepes and decided not to represent the United States abroad for a pair of reasons: because Americans were supporting an immoral war in Vietnam and a fascist government was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774427

  • [Letter] 1969 Janvier 17, New York [to] Pierre Restany
    The letter from [Greek artist] Takis tells Pierre Restany that he has not represented Greece at any international cultural event since Greece’s democracy was suspended. Takis thanks Restany for the invitation and hopes he understands the situation [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774652

  • [Letter] 1969 Juin 10 [to] Cher ami
    Wilde, Eliane de
    E. de Wilde’s letter concerns the arguments that he submitted to The Netherlands Ministry of Cultural Affairs in order to withdraw the Dutch participation from the São Paulo Biennial. In this regard, he considered not only the prevailing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774400

  • [Letter] 1969 Junio 2, París [to] Francis de Lulle
    Bury, Pol
    Pol Bury’s letter states his decision to withdraw his participation from the 1969 São Paulo Biennial due to the fact that several Brazilian artists had informed him that another biennial, held in Bahia, was compelled to close and that paintings [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774230

  • [Même dans le moment les plus durs, la France des travailleurs...]
    The text states that—although France had always been a symbol of freedom—the French government, along with its curators and some artists, was willing to send a submission to the São Paulo Biennial despite the dramatic situation that Brazil was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774679

  • A porta da cultura
    Klintowitz, Jacob, 1941-
    In this article, art critic Jacob Klintowitz discusses the international boycott of the São Paulo Biennial in the late sixties. He suggests that the Associação Brasileira dos Críticos de Arte and the AIAP—the two Brazilian institutions that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110906

  • Bienal
    Horta, Arnaldo Pedroso d', 1914-1973
    In this article, the journalist Arnaldo Pedroso d’Horta describes the boycott against the tenth Bienal de São Paulo (1969), sparked by the Brazilian military regime’s rejection of one of the curators in the French delegation, followed by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111041

  • Bienal e boicote no protesto inócuo
    Ferraz, Geraldo, 1905-1979
    The writer and art critic Geraldo Ferraz discusses the boycott of the tenth Bienal de São Paulo (1969), noting that the artists’ refusal to participate in the international exhibition would cause irreparable damage to the event. He calls the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111042

  • Helio Oiticica : lettre ouverte aux sélectionné
    Oiticica, Hélio, 1937-1980
    In this open letter, Hélio Oiticica writes against the 1969 São Paulo Biennial and expounds on the situation of strict censorship prevailing in Brazil. He considers that it is reason enough for France not to participate either. In addition, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774506

  • Non a la Biennale de São Paulo
    Text from a document written after a meeting at the Musée d’Art Moderne in Paris, in which it was agreed to boycott the 10th São Paulo Biennial. The document points out that after May 1968 the artists took a position regarding the repression, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774569

  • Non a la Biennale de São Paulo : dossier
    A drawing that circulated as a cover for the dossier which included several documents produced in connection with the support and organization of the Tenth São Paulo Biennial boycott. In this drawing the Latin American territory is firmly held [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774628

  • Petite histoire d’une séléction
    The text states that on December 23, 1968, the French newspaper Nouvel Observateur reported that the artists selected by art critic Gérard Gassiot-Talabot had declined to participate because of the French political situation several months after the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774667

  • Por falar em restrição
    Klintowitz, Jacob, 1941-
    Jacob Klintowitz, the author of this text, mocks the boycott of the São Paulo Biennial since many of the countries participating in it have committed countless “international sins” in his view. He states that he does not support any form of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111046

  • To Bienal or not to Bienal : San Pablo : protesta y abstención
    This article reports that the Mexican artists Alberto Gironella and Rufino Tamayo decided to support the position adopted by David Alfaro Siqueiros, as regards his decision not to attend the São Paulo Biennial, in a show of repudiation to the regime [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774207