Name Descriptor: Méndez, Leopoldo×
  • ¿El abandono de su tradicional plataforma ideológica servirá a la pintura mexicana?
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1948
    In this short article by Antonio Rodríguez, the art critic shows his support for an article published in the previous issue of the journal Espacios by the artist Roberto Berdecio, in defense of “social painting.” Rodríguez believes that “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799572

  • [Calaveras del Mausoleo nacional]
    1934
    This print by Leopoldo Méndez was used for the cover of the first issue of Frente a Frente [Face to Face], in which the inauguration of the Palacio de Bellas Artes was satirized as an act of cultural exclusion. At the bottom of the page, a policeman [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774365

  • [Letter] 1935 Noviembre 8, Mexico City [to] Luis Arenal
    Ossa, Ben
    1935
    After discussing how busy Germán List Arzubide—the Estridentista from old times—kept in New York’s workers’ media, Ben Ossa mentions the ideas suggested to LEAR by the “Congreso de Artistas Americanos (de Estados Unidos)” [American [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801606

  • [Letter] 1958 Mayo 26, México D.F. [to] Fernando Gamboa, Bruselas
    Yáñez, Enrique
    1958
    While he was in Brussels, Fernando Gamboa stayed in close communication with the architect Enrique Yáñez, who informed him of the progress of the artists working on the Centro Médico [Medical Center]. In addition to designing the Centro, Yáñez [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796080

  • Artes Plásticas
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1954
    Last of the two articles by Sebastián Salazar Bondy, published under the pseudyonym “Juan Eye,” on the Mexican art exhibition organized by La Crónica newspaper. For the author, if Mexican painting has “laid the foundations for its own school [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138006

  • Artes Plásticas: publicaciones de arte
    Fernández Márquez, Pablo
    1958
    This article by Pablo Fernández Márquez analyzes the last two publications of the magazine Artes de México (numbers 17 and 18), which was then under the editorial direction of Rafael Salas Anzures. The first of these (17) deals with the pre- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786703

  • Cuenta y balance
    List Arzubide, Germán
    1944
    This is a summing up, by one key figure of the estridentista movement and of its impact, in spite of the small size of the group. Germán List Arzubide recounts, twenty years later, what Estridentismo consisted of, how the movement started as a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737609

  • El café de nadie
    Alva de la Canal, Ramón
    1930
    Ramón Alva de la Canal painted the first version of El Café de Nadie [No Man’s Café] in 1924. After it disappeared, he decided to paint the scene again, but this time he introduced some new elements. To illustrate it, he included the names of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799711

  • El espíritu del arte en México
    Westheim, Paul
    1945
    From a European perspective, Paul Westheim gives his first impressions on modern art in Mexico. He identifies two of its qualities: first, an originality and independence from European art and, second, a rebirth of folk art that is removed from the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 744729

  • El movimiento estridentista
    List Arzubide, Germán
    1926
    Five years after their first manifesto Actual [see doc. 737463 and doc. 754048], Germán List Arzubide recounted the early activity of the estridentista group. The author began with a description of the group’s leader, the poet Manuel Maples Arce. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737784

  • El rey ha muerto : Viva el rey: La renovación de la pintura mexicana
    Manrique, Jorge Alberto
    1970
    In this essay, originally published in 1970, Jorge Alberto Manrique points out that in the 1950s the Mexican School of Painting began to stagnate in terms of both form and motifs. However, official support allowed it to maintain its control of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 798006

  • El triunfo de la muerte
    Fernández Ledesma, Gabriel
    1948
    In this article, the painter Gabriel Fernández Ledesma traces the history of European funerary traditions during the colonial period. He explores “The Triumph of Death” and its portrayal on playing cards and in the theater, discussing its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774307

  • En el primer aniversario : Así se hizo Horizonte
    List Arzubide, Germán
    1927
    Based on this description by the chronicler of Estridentismo and director of the magazine Horizonte, Germán List Arzubide, said publication was sponsored by the revolutionary government of the State of Veracruz. The magazine got its impulse from the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737652

  • Grabadores mexicanos contemporáneos : Leopoldo Méndez y Alfredo Zalce
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1946
    In his comments on the work of José Guadalupe Posada, Carlos Mérida highlights the plasticity of Posada’s artwork. He goes on to point out that both Leopoldo Méndez and Alfredo Zalce have carried on the tradition initiated by Manuel Manilla, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733446

  • La ciudad de la Vanguardia : un recorrido estridentista
    Reyes Palma, Francisco
    2006
    This book takes as its subject a series of lectures held in 2000. It constitutes the first documentary account of the contributions of the visual artists who were involved in the Estridentista movement avant-garde and its relation to the urban scene [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752842

  • La exposición de artes plásticas de la LEAR
    Vela, Arqueles
    1936
    It had been a month since El Machete reported the end of a dispute between Luis Cardoza y Aragón and the defenders of the single cultural front promoted in the magazine Frente a Frente [Face to Face]. In this article, the Estridentista and active [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779378

  • La gran labor del Taller de Gráfica Popular
    Palencia Alvarez Tubau, Ceferino
    1950
    The Taller de Gráfica Popular [TGP, People’s Print Workshop], with Leopoldo Méndez, Pablo O’Higgins, and Luis Arenal as founding fathers, had always intended to work together as a group on various types of printmaking and painting in the studio [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781749

  • La trascendental exposición de la LEAR
    Urueta, Chano, 1904-1979
    1936
    The film director and screenwriter Chano Urueta reviews the group exhibition of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios [LEAR, League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] held at the former church of Santa Clara, which was later converted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 770220

  • Las sugestiones de Cardoza
    Cabada, Juan de la
    1936
    In this document Juan de la Cabada responds to Luis Cardoza y Aragón’s criticism of the first art exhibition organized by the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists]. At the same time de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779292

  • Leopoldo Méndez
    Guerrero Galván, Jesús
    1936
    Jesús Guerrero Galván makes some observations about the production by Leopoldo Méndez, within the context of several group exhibitions that were held in 1926. He qualifies the social function of the œuvre by his colleague and considers his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764626

  • Maestro tú estás solo contra: …
    Taller de Gráfica Popular (Mexico City, Mexico)
    1938
    This document is a flyer produced by the Taller de Gráfica Popular (TGP) [The People’s Graphic Workshop], with an engraving by Leopoldo Méndez that denounces the isolation and lack of teachers due to the reactionary wave of violence against them [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822763

  • MARCH : Movimiento Artístico Chicano
    MARCH (Organization)
    1976
    This document is a 1977 calendar produced by the Movimiento Artístico Chicano (MARCH), which includes biographies and reproductions of works by twelve Chicago-area Chicano artists, one for each month. Significant dates in Chicano history are also [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065497

  • Nuestra acción y su inercia : primera réplica del Centro de Arte Realista Moderno
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1944
    Once the Centro de Arte Realista was founded, David Alfaro Siqueiros refers to the successes of the last 40 days. He awaits the response from the opposition to the proposals made about “La Pintura Mexicana Moderna”. The Centro’s first success [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751153

  • Proemio o Parte Escrita de la Plática Dada por Carlos Mérida en Chicago en Marzo de 1938
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1938
    Carlos Mérida starts this lecture by commenting on the effort made by U.S. artists to found a center for the Union Artists Gallery, which would surely lay the foundation for the future of art in the United States. He notes the close affinity between [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747185

  • Prólogo. Exhibition of Contemporary Mexican Art : Shown in Assembly Hall : January-February, 1935
    Crespo de la Serna, Jorge Juan
    1937
    In the prologue to the catalogue of the 1935 exhibition of contemporary Mexican art, Mexican artist Jorge Juan Crespo de la Serna provides a brief overview of Mexican art from the time of the Mayans until the present. He asserts that Mexican art, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 823372

  • Que no los borren!
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1942
    Antonio Rodríguez interviewed some figures who were well known in the art world to find out their opinions on the paintings by Jorge González Camarena in the entrance hall of the Edificio Guardiola. Made up of two huge nudes, they had recently been [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804266

  • Respuestas a la carta de Cuevas
    Tibol, Raquel
    1958
    Art critic Raquel Tibol questions the writer Luis Cardoza y Aragón and four artists from the second generation of the Mexican School of painting–Raúl Anguiano, Alberto Beltrán, Leopoldo Méndez, and José Chávez Morado—about the letter signed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772083

  • Resumen del Congreso Nacional de Escritores y Artistas convocado por la LEAR
    1937
    This extensive document covers the various phases of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios [LEAR, League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] and the international causes the organization supported. Despite being billed as a “Congreso [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779402

  • The Mexican School
    Schmeckebier, Laurence Eli
    1971
    In this essay entitled “The Mexican School,” Laurence E. Schmeckebier analyzes the rise and evolution of the “Mexican School of Painting.” Schmeckebier places the origin of this “school” in the first generation of muralism and in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748241