Name Descriptor: Kahlo, Frida×
  • [Letter] 1951 Septiembre 24, Acapulco [to] Rufino Tamayo
    Chávez, Carlos, 1899-1978
    1951
    This document is Carlos Chávez’s response to the letter that Rufino Tamayo had written to Fernando Gamboa on August 20, 1951. In it, Tamayo asks to know the government’s point of view on the Mexican Art Exhibition that would take place in Europe [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779827

  • A spirituality of resistance : día de los muertos and the Galería de la Raza
    Romo, Terecita
    In this essay, Tere Romo explores the syncretic nature of Chicano spirituality manifested in Chicano art and rooted in the initial encounter between indigenous American cultures and Europe, as well as in the Chicano movement of the 1960s and 1970s. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809703

  • Amelia Mesa - Bains
    Touhey, Meagan; Zayas, Andrea; Rozo, Arlene; Keller, Susan
    1998
    The author, Susan Keller, ponders the work of Amalia Mesa-Bains within the context of the Mexican-American social empowerment movement of the 1960s and 1970s, also known as the Chicano Movement. A figurehead of her generation, Mesa-Bains looked to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842013

  • Amelia Mesa - Bains
    Keller, Susan; Rozo, Arlene; Touhey, Meagan; Zayas, Andrea
    1998
    The author, Susan Keller, ponders the work of Amalia Mesa-Bains within the context of the Mexican-American social empowerment movement of the 1960s and 1970s, also known as the Chicano Movement. A figurehead of her generation, Mesa-Bains looked to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842035

  • Arte en América Latina
    Rojas-Mix, Miguel, 1934-
    1989
    Chilean art critic Miguel Rojas Mix provides an overview of the exhibition Art in Latin America held at the Hayward Gallery in London in mid-1989. Rojas Mix’s account attempts to explain the curatorial criteria underlying the show, its organization [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091066

  • Arte Latinoamericano en los Estados Unidos : al margen de algunas exposiciones
    Barradas, Efraín
    1988
    The Puerto Rican critic Efraín Barradas writes about the full schedule of exhibitions in the United States, where he lives; according to him very few include Latin American art, since little is known about Latin American artists and their work. Be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805513

  • Artes Plásticas : Primer Salón Frida Kahlo
    Tibol, Raquel
    1956
    This article tells the story of the first exhibition of women’s art held under the name, Frida Kahlo Salon, at the gallery directed by Lola Álvarez Bravo. The show brought together the works of 40 artists as dissimilar as Remedios Varo, Machila [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804280

  • Bellas Artes retiró el mural Comunista de Diego Rivera, ignórese donde fue a parar el discutido cuadro
    1952
    Carlos Chávez tells the press that he had received an order not to exhibit the painting Pesadilla de guerra y sueño de paz [Nightmare of War and Dream of Peace]. As such he had only two choices: remove the painting or close the museum; he opted for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780032

  • Border culture : the multicultural paradigm
    Gómez-Peña, Guillermo
    1990
    In this text, Guillermo Gómez-Peña declares the new dominant U.S. culture “border culture,” and assesses how Latino culture has infiltrated U.S. culture writ large. U.S. culture has, he argues, become fundamentally multicultural, and the “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065568

  • Citings (sic) from a Brave New World : The Art of the Other Mexico
    Sorell, V. A. (Victor A.)
    In this review of the exhibition Art of the Other Mexico: Sources and Meanings, Victor Alejandro Sorell writes that the border is the exhibition’s overarching and master trope. The exhibition features works of art by the “greater Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801878

  • Diálogo con Andre Breton
    Valle, Rafael Heliodoro, 1891-1959
    1938
    According to Rafael Heliodoro Valle, the distinguishing feature of the Surrealist movement is that it has “old roots” that set it apart from the rest of the avant-garde. And that, “Mexico, [which] is not a myth,” but has a mythical past has [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774239

  • El arte independiente y claro de Frida Kahlo
    Palencia Alvarez Tubau, Ceferino
    1946
    According to Ceferino Palencia, the Spanish art critic living in exile in Mexico, Frida Kahlo’s pictorial art was an eloquent example of will in service to sensitivity. Palencia speaks of Frida’s lifelong rebellion against her mother’s violent [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 826847

  • El espíritu del arte en México
    Westheim, Paul
    1945
    From a European perspective, Paul Westheim gives his first impressions on modern art in Mexico. He identifies two of its qualities: first, an originality and independence from European art and, second, a rebirth of folk art that is removed from the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 744729

  • Encuentros y coincidencias en el arte de América Latina entre oposiciones y antagonismos
    Ambrosini, Silvia de
    1984
    The Argentine critic Silvia de Ambrosini claims that there have always been “opponents” in the art field. In her opinion, these “opponents” are what revitalizes the creative atmosphere. She says that in Latin American art “we find [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805706

  • Frida Kahlo
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1953
    Cardoza y Aragón believes Mexican painting had reached a unique and magnificent era and in his judgment, some of the works by Frida Kahlo were “some of the best” that had been produced in the last fifteen years. He describes her work as “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 753118

  • Frida Kahlo
    Cardona Peña, Alfredo
    1955
    The article mentions several of the traits that make Frida Kahlo quite unique, even today, and combines some of them with certain elements that gave her production its distinct quality. Kahlo’s work, according to Cardona Peña is distinguished by a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765786

  • Frida Kahlo : La mujer que venció al dolor
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1954
    The critic Antonio Rodríguez sings praise for the life and work of Frida Kahlo in this posthumous tribute. He reviews the salient events of her career, stressing the martyrdom that haunted her work with a mood of constant struggle. Rodríguez refers [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764691

  • Frida Kahlo : su ser y su arte
    Flores Guerrero, Raúl
    1951
    Flores Guerrero believed that as an artist Frida Kahlo had been honest with herself and with her era. Her subjective expression in painting was a natural process that mirrored her innermost life as well as an awareness of her body. As an exponent of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 753092

  • Frida Kahlo : Una investigación estética
    Westheim, Paul
    1951
    Paul Westheim believes that, as an artist, Frida Kahlo belongs to an alternative trend, and he describes her as a “outstanding painter.” The critic emphasizes Kahlo’s pictorial qualities, a “subtle and expressive” technique, a palette “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 753102

  • Frida Kahlo y el arte mexicano
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1943
    Diego Rivera lays the groundwork for his article about Frida Kahlo by tracing a path through the history of the founding cultures of the Pre-Hispanic and Spanish periods and the nineteenth-century. In his opinion, Mexico’s social evolution can be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735544

  • Frida: paisaje de sí misma
    Monteforte Toledo, Mario
    1951
    The author believes that Frida Kahlo was the creator of a visceral and deeply dramatic type of painting, in which the artistic creation and personal life of the artist cannot be separated. Monteforte describes her work as "universally popular," as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 753057

  • Hay crisis en la pintura mexicana? : Es absolutamente indudable que la situación revolucionaria, no sólo de México sino del mundo entero, entre 1910 y 1923 fue el factor determinante del auge de la pintura mexicana
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1945
    Diego Rivera maintains that the crisis in Mexican painting is an invention. It may be a crisis invented by the literati so they will have a pretext for writing their books, or perhaps created by critics so they will have material to send to their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747275

  • Imagen de Frida Kahlo
    Freund, Gisèle
    1951
    From her perspective as a foreigner, Gisèle Freund regarded Frida Kahlo’s painting as an interpretation not only of the Mexican people, both their problems and aspirations, but also of the problems of all the peoples on the earth. Freund believed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 753070

  • INBA presenta en homenaje a Hoy obras maestras de la pintura mexicana
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1952
    In commemoration of the XV anniversary of the weekly magazine Hoy [Today], the Instituto de Bellas Artes (INBA) suggests the periodical publish a selection of images representing local painting throughout the ages. An article written by the critic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786710

  • La mujer artista en America Latina
    Hernández, Carmen, 1963-
    2007
    In this text, researcher Carmen Hernández examines the visual discourse on gender issues of women artists from Latin America. She concludes that there is no artistic movement in the region that specifically reflects on gender of the sort that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155362

  • La realidad ensoñada en la pintura de Frida Cahlo [sic]
    Palencia Alvarez Tubau, Ceferino
    1951
    In Palencia’s view, Frida Kahlo is one of the best representatives of the oneiric or surrealist genre. Nevertheless, he believes she should be included within this group with certain restrictions and limits. The quote by André Bretón (“Frida [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 753081

  • La realidad y el deseo en Frida Kahlo
    Moreno Villa, José
    1953
    This article covers Frida Kahlo’s first solo exhibition, organized by Lola Álvarez Bravo’s gallery in Mexico City. Moreno Villa believes it was impossible to separate Kahlo’s work from her life. He lists a series of points that must be taken [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 753110

  • Mexicanism
    Helm, MacKinley
    1941
    In this essay, North American critic and art collector MacKinley Helm analyzes the work of those artists whose style and content did not fit into muralism or the so-called “Mexican School of Painting.” Helm discusses, in the context of the 1920s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748165

  • Nuestras artes en Michigan: an overview of Chicano/Latino/Hispanic art in Michigan
    Gonzales, Jesse
    2003
    In this text, Jesse Gonzales presents an overview of Latino art in Michigan, from the nineteenth-century to the time when he published this essay, touching upon key moments from the 1920s to the 1990s. Gonzales features early fiestas patrias [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781991

  • O corpo repetido : espaço de sacralização/dessacralização nas obras de Frida Kahlo, Ismael Nery e Fernando Botero
    Borsa Cattani, Icleia
    1997
    In this article, the author Icleia Borsa Cattani discusses her opinion that a particular artistic process is an intrinsic aspect of modernity: repetition. She analyzes the portrayal of the human body in the works of Frida Kahlo, Ismael Nery, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808294

  • Proyecto de declaraciones del maestro Carlos Chávez
    Chávez, Carlos, 1899-1978
    1952
    Carlos Chávez announces the opening of the Mexican art exhibition organized by the governments of Mexico and France, in which a very carefully selected collection of masterpieces would be presented, beginning with the pre-Cortés era and continuing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779866

  • Southern Exposure
    Brenner, Marie
    2004
    In this article for the magazine Vanity Fair, Marie Brenner writes a biographical sketch of her aunt, Anita Brenner, about the relationship that is established with Mexican art and culture, particularly during the 1920s. During that decade, Anita [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748209

  • The Mexican presence in the United States : part I
    Nieto, Margarita
    1990
    In this document, Margarita Nieto details the influence of the School of Mexican Painting on the artistic production in the United States during the twenty-year period preceding World War II. She argues that contact between the two countries during [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083160

  • Turning it around : a conversation between Rupert Garcia and Guillermo Gomez-Peña
    Gómez-Peña, Guillermo; Garcia, Rupert
    1994
    In this interview conducted by Mexican performance artist and writer Guillermo Gómez-Peña, Chicano artist Rupert Garcia discusses his perspective on Chicano art, particularly its relation to mainstream institutions and current theoretical trends. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 847134

  • Veinte siglos de arte mexicano en Nueva York
    Franco, Lorenzo
    1940
    The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York inaugurated an exhibition of Mexican art that encompasses from the pre-Hispanic era up to and including examples of contemporary art, noteworthy among them the work by painters such as Orozco, Siqueiros, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751718