Name Descriptor: Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957×
  • De miércoles a miércoles
    Nelken, Margarita
    This article announces a new column in the magazine Hoy that will feature “weekly comments from the desk of a Mexican diplomat who, for obvious reasons, wishes to remain anonymous.” Covering each of the days of the previous week, the author of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783845

  • Declaraciones del Sindicato de Pintores y Escultores
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    In an open letter to the newspaper, David Alfaro Siqueiros makes a number of statements about the article published in the same paper defending students’ rights in terms of the paintings at the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (ENP). Siqueiros [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755362

  • Desafiando la pistola cargada de piroxilina de Siqueiros : José Luis Cuevas arremete contra la falsa pintura oficial
    Cuevas, José Luis
    Following a trip through South America, José Luis Cuevas published this article to announce that in many countries there was no longer any interest in the “rubble” of the Mexican School of painting and its nationalist inclinations. In Venezuela [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772239

  • Desfiguración del Arte mexicano : Se la atribuyen a Siqueiros, por su Bolchevismo
    The painter Manuel Rodríguez Lozano declared in the newspaper Excélsior that Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros were mistaken in believing that an attack on communist painting constituted an attack on Mexican art. Rodríguez Lozano maintained [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758225

  • Diálogo con Andre Breton
    Valle, Rafael Heliodoro, 1891-1959
    According to Rafael Heliodoro Valle, the distinguishing feature of the Surrealist movement is that it has “old roots” that set it apart from the rest of the avant-garde. And that, “Mexico, [which] is not a myth,” but has a mythical past has [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774239

  • Diego M. Rivera pintor de América
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    David Alfaro Siqueiros begins his article by saying that for all the moving cosmopolitanism of this modern painter’s creations, Diego Rivera’s œuvre is essentially Mexican. Siqueiros claims that it is a huge mistake to classify true Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760474

  • Diego Rivera
    Poniatowska, Elena
    Less than a month after the death of Diego Rivera, the journalist and author Elena Poniatowska interviewed some of Rivera’s closest friends, colleagues, and family members, with the objective of recording their memories of the artist. Poniatowska [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786461

  • Diego Rivera contra España
    Magaña-Esquivel, Antonio
    This document outlines the opinions of Federico García, a Spanish artist who wrote an article for the Madrid daily ABC. Both a correspondent and columnist for the magazine, he states his disapproval for the manner in which Diego Rivera portrayed the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771764

  • Diego Rivera decorará el Centro Revolución
    This article discusses Diego Rivera’s commission to decorate the recently opened premises of the Centro Escolar Revolución, a school in Mexico City, and discusses how to transform the building into a school. The article also mentions that Rivera [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 753043

  • Diego Rivera desmiente a Alfaro Siqueiros y dice que no cree en las formas inmutables
    Tirado Fuentes, René
    Diego Rivera denied being a “static painter” responding to a statement David Alfaro Siqueiros had made about him at a press conference. Speaking from his studio in San Ángel, Rivera replied that it was wrong to say that he considered form and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 753179

  • Diego Rivera lanza ataques porque su mural no va a París : Descontento porque la obra que ensalza a Stalin se queda en México
    Diego Rivera speaks at length to the newspaper Excélsior on learning that President Miguel Alemán’s administration has refused to send his mural to the 1952 Paris Exhibition. In the first place, Rivera claims that the government has ridden [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735650

  • Diego Rivera no toma en serio la protesta : decorará, por lo tanto, la Bolsa de Valores de Los Angeles, California
    This article describes Diego Rivera’s reaction to the protests voiced by California artists who were adamantly opposed to inviting him to paint murals at the Los Angeles Stock Exchange. Rivera briefly outlines three of his reasons for not taking [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747566

  • Diego Rivera pintor
    Barrios, Roberto
    Having recently unpacked his bags after a trip to Europe, Diego Rivera was interviewed by Roberto Barrios at the courtyards of the Academia de la Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes, amid the classic statues that the students have traditionally copied [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755406

  • Diego Rivera pintor de cámara del gobierno de México
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    David Alfaro Siqueiros attacks the implacable enemy of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists], the Trotskyite Diego Rivera, “leader and supporter of the Fourth International in Mexico [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774385

  • Diego Rivera profeta del seguro social
    Ortega Colunga
    This article discusses the mural that Diego Rivera recently had painted at the Hospital de La Raza del IMSS (Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social) [Mexican Social Security Institute], in which he represented the medical culture of Mexico’s past in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734417

  • Diego Rivera y la Federación de Estudiantes
    In this piece, the Federación de Estudiantes [Student Federation] declares the muralists’ paintings to be “bad caricatures.” The federation expressed outrage by an offensive statement issued by a group of painters led by Diego Rivera. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755345

  • Diego Rivera y Rockefeller : asesinato de una obra artística : el famoso fresco borrado es conocido ya en todo el mundo
    Leblanc, Oscar
    Oscar Leblanc interviews Diego Rivera about the destruction of the mural that Rivera painted at the Rockefeller Center in New York. Leblanc asks Rivera about his reaction to the news, and questions him about the terms of the contract, since it had [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747108

  • Diego Rivera y su obra
    Amábilis, Manuel
    In the spirit of the post-revolutionary mood, Manuel Amabilis [an influential Mexican architect] encourages Mexican artists to commit to a collective mission to transform their country. He believes that Mexico faces the dawn of a new day in which a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732758

  • Diego Rivera y sus nuevos frescos
    The author of this article contemplates Diego Rivera and refers to an essay written by Alejo Carpentier, “El Renacimiento del fresco en México” [The Renaissance of the Fresco in Mexico] published in Le Cahier in Paris. According to this writer, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734304

  • Diego Rivera, íntimo
    Ortega, Febronio
    In this piece, Febronio Ortega gathered a variety of opinions from the art world. Among them, he recalled Diego Rivera’s description of his visit to the “Museo de Mediocridades” [Museum of Mediocrities]—Rivera’s characterization of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755334

  • Diego Rivera: science and creativity in the Detroit murals = ciencia y creatividad en los murales de Detroit
    McMeekin, Dorothy, 1932-
    Dorothy McMeekin examines Diego Rivera’s understanding of science and technology and the application of his knowledge to the overall creative and thematic design of the mural cycle Detroit Industry at the Detroit Institute of Arts, painted between [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802029

  • Diego y el trotskismo
    Reyes Palma, Francisco
    This article places Diego Rivera’s Trotskyist period within his phase of painting murals in the United States and in Mexico. It reveals affinities and differences he had with various intellectuals and artists’ organizations, as well as his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754296

  • Discursive Images and Resonant Words Address the Vox Populi: The Visceral Art of Carlos Cortéz Koyokuikatl
    Sorell, V. A. (Victor A.)
    In this catalogue essay, Victor Alejandro Sorell considers the 36-year career (spanning 1964–2000) of the Chicano artist Carlos Cortez, praising him as the “quintessential artist-reporter,” and emphasizing his virtuosity as a master printmaker [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840498

  • Dynamic Detroit : an interpretation
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    Diego Rivera explains the meaning of the iconographic and formal plan of his Detroit Industry murals in the courtyard of the Detroit Institute of Arts (DIA). He explains that he employed undulating lines as the unifying design element to represent [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782055

  • Ecos de una exposición
    Macgrégor, Joaquín
    The author of this article criticized Rufino Tamayo’s œuvre, comparing it to Picasso’s Cubism and remarking that the artist was “a servile imitator of the Paris School.” According to MacGregor, Tamayo’s contributions were for this “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772230

  • El “93” de la pintura mexicana
    Leal, Fernando
    Fernando Leal’s article talks about the dearth of art criticism, which uses different names to describe the movement: “al fresco decorations,” “national art,” “Cubism,” “revolutionary art,” “academic art,” and “Renaissance [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755413

  • El “Salón” de alumnos en Bellas Artes
    Tablada, José Juan, 1871-1945
    A visit to the salon of Antonio Fabrés’ students inspires the author to praise the master and his teaching methods, whose rigor in drafting and striking subjectivity had trampled the old methods of the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes (formerly [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786659

  • El anfiteatro de la Escuela Nacional Preparatoria
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    Diego Rivera describes the liberties he took when painting his mural La Creación [Creation], which expressed man’s relationship with the elements as a means of telling the prime history of Mankind. Rivera explains how he adapted his work to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732884

  • El arte al servicio del proletariado
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    Given the circumstances of the time, David Alfaro Siqueiros advocated that art should be transparent and dedicated to the struggle; it should be a tool for propaganda that was also open to technical innovation. In his opinion, pure art should wait [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822471

  • El arte de México : valorización del arte de Diego Rivera y del de José Clemente Orozco
    Selva, Roberto de la
    Roberto de la Selva—one of the earliest critics in the field of mural painting—set out to articulate a technical comparison between the work of Diego Rivera and José Clemente Orozco, with a distinctly favorable emphasis on the latter. Describing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749107

  • El arte en México
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    This is one of the articles written by Almagre in response to Margarita Nelken’s piece on Diego Rivera published in Cuadernos Americanos [American Notebooks]. He accuses her of “bad faith and myopia,” and of exerting her influence through a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774884

  • El arte en México : el feísmo de Diego Rivera
    Selva, Roberto de la
    Roberto de la Selva reviews Diego Rivera’s work and comments on the murals Rivera painted in the auditorium of the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria and at the SEP (Ministry of Public Education), both in Mexico City. De la Selva hints that these works [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749273

  • El arte en México : La tercera categoría artística
    Selva, Roberto de la
    Roberto de la Selva seeks to communicate to his readers the reach and present reality of Diego Rivera and José Clemente Orozco, establishing a comparative “technical and ideological” vision of the work of both artists. The author presents his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749262

  • El arte en París
    Fernández, Justino
    Justino Fernández provides a roundup of the exhibitions going on in Paris at the same time as the Mexican exhibition in France. Comparing European painting with Mexican, he argues that from the beginning, Mexican painting developed its own language [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779939

  • El arte independiente y claro de Frida Kahlo
    Palencia Alvarez Tubau, Ceferino
    According to Ceferino Palencia, the Spanish art critic living in exile in Mexico, Frida Kahlo’s pictorial art was an eloquent example of will in service to sensitivity. Palencia speaks of Frida’s lifelong rebellion against her mother’s violent [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 826847

  • El arte mexicano ante el público y la crítica de París
    Núñez Alonso, Alejandro
    Alejandro Núñez Alonso addresses the significant impact of Mexican art abroad. Both European critics and the public had been pleased with this great exhibition—Arte Mexicano en Paris [Mexican Art in Paris], 1952—with a full panorama of Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779932

  • El arte mexicano contemporáneo en Francia
    Michot, Albert
    This is a review of the exhibition of modern Mexican art that the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes [INBA, National Institute of Fine Arts] sent to Bordeaux, France; it was subsequently shown in Paris and Milan, Italy. Jaime Torres Bodet, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786478

  • El cementerio de las Bellas Artes
    Flores Guerrero, Raúl
    According to the art critic Raúl Flores Guerrero, the current stagnation and crisis of Mexican painting, was mainly due to three factors. The first factor was the lack of adequate preparation of the new generation, the second one was due to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758290

  • El director del INBA falta a la verdad dice Carrillo Gil
    Carrillo Gil, Alvar
    In a short article published on May 31, Miguel Álvarez Acosta, the director of the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes (INBA), stated: “The fact that the best paintings by Rivera, Orozco and Siqueiros did not appear in the Biennial was Carrillo Gil [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772162

  • El Dr. Atl y los antecedentes de la pintura mural contemporánea
    Moyssén Echeverría, Xavier
    Xavier Moyssén writes about mural painting’s nineteenth-century precedents, in private houses and in pulquerías [agave sap saloons,] and works painted by nineteenth-century students at the Academia; the artists, he includes, are José Obregón, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792934

  • El edificio del museo será uno de los más bellos muy pronto : Diego Rivera y Orozco avocados para decorar
    This article describes the program by the government of Jalisco to decorate, with mural paintings, the Museo y Biblioteca del Estado [State Museum and Library]. The author mentions the governor [Sebastián] Allende, who plans to invite one of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772011

  • El estadio nacional significa un gran esfuerzo en pro de la cultura del país : Lo que costó al gobierno el soberbio estadio, será reembolsado en breve tiempo si se le explota convenientemente
    This article describes in detail the creation of the National Stadium—inaugurated a month earlier—completed by the initiative of the Minister of Public Education José Vasconcelos (1921-1924). The text reproduces his statements as he mentions the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771755

  • El expresionismo como síntoma de pereza e inhabilidad en el arte
    Gómez, Laureano, 1889-1965
    The article “El expresionismo como síntoma de pereza e inhabilidad en el arte” [Expressionism as a Symptom of Laziness and Inability in Art] expresses the opinion held in traditional political circles in Colombia concerning avant-garde modern [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089142

  • El homenaje del Consejo Cultural al poeta José Juan Tablada, fue de una alta significación artística y socia : Algunos de los asistentes a esa fiesta, según nuestro caricaturista
    The Consejo Cultural y Artístico of Mexico City held a banquet to honor the poet José Juan Tablada, who would leave for New York the next day to continue the promotion of Mexican art in that city. This article includes a series of caricatures [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755265

  • El lío entre pintores y arquitectos : Serenando la contienda
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    This article summarizes the conflict between students at the Facultad de Arquitectura [School of Architecture] and those at the Escuela Central de Artes Plásticas [ECAP, Central School of Visual Arts] at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754989

  • El Machetazo
    Cortez, Carlos, 1923-2005
    In this text, Carlos Cortez comments on the need for a movement to liberate art from the market, private collections, and those who see the consumption of art as a means of separating themselves from the lower classes. He contends that too often art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801984

  • El movimiento estridentista
    List Arzubide, Germán
    Five years after their first manifesto Actual [see doc. 737463 and doc. 754048], Germán List Arzubide recounted the early activity of the estridentista group. The author began with a description of the group’s leader, the poet Manuel Maples Arce. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737784

  • El movimiento estridentista en 1922
    Maples Arce, Manuel, 1900-
    In the same year that the Estridentista manifesto was written, Manuel Maples Arce recounts the progress of both the literary and artistic avant-gardes in Mexico observing that indeed: “the few intellectuals who joined the revolution were corrupt [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774074

  • El mural de Diego no se exhibirá en París, pero aquí sí oficialmente
    On February 26, 1952, Diego Rivera was advised via communiqué number 2578 that his mural could not be shown in Paris because it contained serious political accusations against foreign countries with which Mexico cultivated friendly relations. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735617

  • El nuevo humanismo de David Alfaro Siqueiros
    Valcárcel, Gustavo, 1921-
    This article by Gustavo Valcárcel reports on the award that David Alfaro Siqueiros received at the XXV Biennale di Venezia held in 1950. It was, in the author’s view, only due to “sentimental French chauvinism” that Henri Matisse received [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138834